Japanese (日本語, nihongo) is a language spoken by about 125 million people. Thanks to many isolated islands, there are more than a dozen dialects in the country. They differ both in vocabulary, morphology, and pronunciation. Among the common dialects are Kansai-beng (эн 西 弁), Tohoku-beng (эн 弁) and Kanto-beng (эн 東 弁), a dialect of Tokyo and its environs. Speakers of different distant dialects often do not understand each other (although every Japanese knows the standard Japanese language). Based on the Tokyo dialect, a “common language” ((語 ketsugo) was formed.
Foreigners studying the Japanese language should not forget about the differences between male and female forms of speech.
The convenient word "home" in Japanese means a whole scattering of actions or emotions, for example: hello, thank you, well, have not seen each other for a long time, I apologize and so on. The word “iy desu”, on the contrary, can lead to a difficult situation. Despite the fact that it translates as "good", it means - "thank you, no need." In case of agreement, one should say “itadakimasu”, they pronounce the same word, sitting down at the table.
Greetings, general expressions
Numbers and numbers
Then, in the score, dozens of “ju” are joined by the corresponding number, showing units.
. and so on. To denote dozens from 20 onwards, on the contrary, dozens of “ju” must be added to units.
Further, the numbers are formed according to the same model: that is, units are added to the 100 "hyak", and then tens and units.
Hello in Japanese (spelling and pronunciation)
The universal greeting for all occasions, at any time of the day and applicable to all people, regardless of financial or social status, is familiar to many konnichiwa. This word is an analogue of our "Hello" or "Greetings to you."
"Hello" in Japanese (spelling and pronunciation)
You must have heard this phrase repeatedly in the anime. In general, “moshi moshi” can be translated as “hello”, but they use it exclusively as a greeting by phone, that is, it is an analogue of the Russian “hello”. The caller also answers, “moshi moshi.” You can use this phrase at any time of the day, but, I repeat, only by phone.
も し も し - (moshi moshi)
Good Morning in Japanese (spelling and pronunciation)
Most often in the mornings (before lunch) from the Japanese you can hear “Ohayō” - this is an abbreviation for the phrase “Ohayōgozaimasu”. The most common is the shortened version, that is, “Ohayo”.
- お は よ う ご ざ い ま す - (Ohayōgozaimasu)
- お 早 う ご ざ い ま す - (Ohayōgozaimasu)
Good Night Japanese (spelling and pronunciation)
Parting with the onset of darkness, in Japan it is customary to say “Oyasuminasai”. This can be translated into Russian as "good night." However, keep in mind that the Japanese use the same expression for greeting at night (but more often for farewell). You can use the abbreviated expression “Oyasumi” with loved ones.
- お や す み - (Oyasumi)
- お や す み な さ い - (Oyasuminasai)
"Hello! Long time no see! ”In Japanese (spelling and pronunciation)
When meeting with an old acquaintance or relative in Japan they say “Hisashiburi”. The expression “Ohisashiburidesune” is much less commonly used. Its approximate value is “Hello! Long time no see!".
Short welcome in Japanese (spelling and pronunciation)
In modern Japan, young people often use the phrase “Yāhō” as a greeting. Most often, girls use it. The guys reduced it even more - "Yo." This greeting appeared in Osaka, and later spread throughout Japan.
"Hi dude" in Japanese (spelling and pronunciation)
Japanese boys of the same age (ONLY boys, girls do not use this phrase) in an informal setting often greet each other, saying "Ossu". Literally, this can be translated as “hey dude” or “hello dude”, “healthy”, etc.
“How are you?” In Japanese (spelling and pronunciation)
The Japanese have the expression "Hello, how are you?" Or "Hello, how are you?" And it sounds like: "Ogenkidesuka." However, close acquaintances, friends, colleagues or classmates, if they want to ask “how are you?” Or greeting, say in Japanese “how are you?”, They often use the expression “Saikin dō”.
最近 ど う - (Saikin dō)
Informal greetings in Japanese
Some more greetings you can use when meeting close friends:
- ハ イ ー! - hai! - Hello! (borrowed version from English hi)
- ハ イ ハ イ ー! - hai hai! - Hi Hi!
- こ ん ち ゃ! - koncha! - “Zdarova!” (Shortened version by konnichiwa)
How to say hello in Japanese
In general, to begin with, it is worth taking into account the fact that in the Japanese language there are 9 only the most popular greetings, not counting everything else. The easiest way to say hello in Japanese is to kon’nichiwa. It is pronounced as “conic”, it is possible and “connective”. The easiest way to pronounce a word in syllables is “kon-ni-chi-wa”. This is the simplest and most common greeting, which is suitable in 80% of cases. That is, if you meet a person at any time of the day and don’t know how to say hello to him - say “Konichiva” - it will work without problems “Good morning”, “Good afternoon” or “Good evening”.
And another moment - do not forget that in a personal meeting you must bow down.
If you need to say hello in a letter, then for this you can write "Hello" in Japanese in the form of a hieroglyph:
By the way, there is another very cool fragment from the movie “Taxi” on this subject.
How to say hello to a friend in Japanese
The second Japanese popular way to say hello to friends is to say “Hi! Long time no see!". For this, the phrase "Hisashiburi" is used. It is pronounced as “hisashiburi." In writing, such a Japanese hello is spelled like this: 久 し ぶ り
Note: There is also an older and longer variation of this phrase - “Ohisashiburidesune”. But it’s only used much less often and in the most honorable context.
You can say to your closer friends and comrades in Japanese “Hello, dude!” There is also such a slang greeting in the land of the rising sun - “Ossu”. It is pronounced “oss”. It is used only in an informal setting and only between guys. Literally, it means “hey dude”, “hello dude”, “healthy”, etc.
You can write “Ossu” with hieroglyphics in Hiragana as follows: お っ す
Japanese short greeting
In Japan, young people (especially among young girls) use the short phrase “Yāhō” as a very popular option to say hello to each other. At first, this greeting appeared in Osaka, and only then spread throughout the country.
It is read as "Yahho" (yahoohoo!). In katanaka, you can write “hello” in this way as follows: ヤ ー ホ ー.
Sometimes the phrase is abbreviated to "Yo."
But again, keep in mind that this can only be used when talking to a friend. At an official evening or at a meeting of a distinguished guest, such a "Japanese hello" will look, to put it mildly, strange.
"Hello! How are you ?! ”in Japanese
The Japanese have a special expression, “Ogenkidesuka.” It sounds like “fires des ka” and literally translates as “are you awake?”. With it, you can say in Japanese, "Hello, how are you?" It is also suitable if you want to ask the interlocutor “How are you doing ?!”.
But if you really want to take an interest in the interlocutor’s affairs, then the phrase “Saikin dō” will be more suitable. Pronounced as Sai-Kin-Doo. This will ask you in Japanese, "How are you?"
You can write it in hieroglyphics like this: 最近 ど う
This phrase is more common and more common.
・ お は よ う ご ざ い ま す！ [o-hayo: godzaimas]
Translated "good morning" and used until about 10 in the morning. If you say お は よ う ご ざ い ま す after 11, then you may already be answered by こ ん に ち は, and that won't be impolite. There is a less formal version of this greeting - お は よ う [oohyo:].
Translated "good evening" and used from about 6 pm, or after dark.
・ い ら っ し ゃ い ま せ [Irassimimase]
A greeting used by service workers to greet customers, customers, and guests. The word itself refers to polite speech and is an imperative for verbs to come and go.
The response to this greeting should be こ ん に ち は [connective] or another appropriate greeting.