Useful Tips

How to properly care for the teeth of adults and children - the most important aspects


Teeth tissues, unfortunately, do not have the property of self-healing. Damage to the enamel remains forever and they progress. Serious problems with periodontal disease can also not be completely cured. It turns out that prevention plays the most important role here. And prevention is the right care for your teeth and oral cavity. Of course, a tooth can be damaged due to trauma, and serious tooth decay can be caused by diseases of the endocrine system. But in the vast majority of cases, problems with teeth arise due to improper and / or insufficient care for them.

Dental Care: Basic Rules

There are several rules for dental care, compliance with which will keep your teeth healthy for many, many years. Each rule is important for the prevention of caries and periodontitis. Only comprehensive dental and oral care will achieve a satisfactory result.

Dental Care: Rule 1. To protect against tooth decay, brush your teeth need at least twice a day: in the morning after waking up and in the evening, preferably right before bedtime. Morning you can brush your teeth 2 times - immediately after waking up, to clean off bacteria that have settled in the oral cavity overnight, and after breakfast to remove food particles. However, you can do one cleaning - after breakfast, and immediately after sleep, just rinse your mouth well with warm water.

Dental and oral care: rule 2.Teeth cleaning should be administered for approximately 5 minutes. Take your mobile phone with you to the bathroom and set a timer or stopwatch. Observe how much time it takes you to brush your teeth. If you spend less than 3 minutes, your teeth are at risk. Increase cleaning time - you can do it gradually. Bring the brushing time to at least 3 minutes in the morning and 5 minutes before bedtime.

Dental care: rule 3. At least once a day, preferably before bedtime, it is necessary clean interdental spaces with dental floss - floss. It is necessary to do this, but you should choose the right thread. It may turn out that you will need several different threads - thinner and thicker, because interdental spaces can be different. The floss should pass between the teeth with a “click”, but if you need to make some effort in order to insert the floss between the teeth, select another floss - thinner.

Dental and oral care: rule 4. After each meal you need rinse mouth thoroughlyand it’s better, if possible, to brush your teeth with toothpaste. During the day after eating, you can brush your teeth for a short time - 1-2 minutes, but it is important to rinse well. After eating sweet carbohydrate foods (cakes, cakes, etc.) and eating sweets, it is very advisable not just to rinse your teeth, but to brush them. If there is no brush and paste with you, you should chew gum for 5-10 minutes, but not longer.

Dental and oral care: rule 5. Every six months it is necessary to visit the dentist - not only for the diagnosis and treatment of caries, but also for mandatory professional brushing. Why do you need professional brushing? Not only in order to delight others with their white-toothed smile, but also in order to protect teeth from tooth decay, and also prevent periodontitis. It is proved that tartar and plaque on teeth - This is one of the most common causes of periodontitis. The procedure of professional brushing is inexpensive - for brushing 32 teeth you will pay from 1 to 5 thousand rubles, depending on the drugs used and the status of the clinic.

Dental and oral care: rule 6. The toothbrush needs to be changed every 3-4 months - during this time it manages to soften and “break out” and ceases to fulfill its function in full.

Dental and oral care: rule 7. Brush your teeth correctly!

Proper dental care and protection against tooth decay and periodontitis: additional rules

Were given above important rules for dental care, which must be observed. Now let's talk about additional measures that will allow prevent tooth decay and periodontitis.

1. Constantly use special mouthwash. Change them from time to time, alternating rinses designed for the health of gums, enamel and the general condition of the oral cavity.

2. Eat less sweet. Minimize the amount of milk chocolate, and eat bitter in small portions. Two or three “windows” of good dark chocolate per day will be enough to get the required dose of the nutrients contained in this product.

3. Refuse packaged juices and sweet soda. If you occasionally like to treat yourself to these drinks, drink them through a straw and rinse your mouth with clean water immediately after a sweet drink.

4. Buy good toothpaste for gums (with medicinal substances of plant origin) and for tooth enamel (fluoride pastes). Alternate them.

5. Do not use high abrasive whitening toothpaste every day unless you smoke and drink too much tea and coffee. Whiter teeth still will not become, but the enamel can seriously suffer.

If plaque and stones appear quickly, use this paste daily, but use only high-quality whitening pastes from well-established manufacturers. Cheap whitening pastes should be taboo: they do more harm than good.

6. If you have viscous saliva and tartar forms too quickly, ask your dentist for advice on which tests to take. You may be advised to consult an endocrinologist or gastroenterologist. Be sure to visit the right doctor, go through an examination and, if necessary, treatment.

The teeth reflect the state of the body as a whole. As the doctors say, "there are many teeth - one liver." This means that if teeth can be implanted and prosthetics, then vital organs must be treated on time, as their diseases can cause suffering, disability and early death. By curing an internal disease, you will also prevent tooth loss.

7. Use enough foods rich in calcium and vitamin D3. Eat dairy products (milk, cottage cheese, cheeses), fish, seafood, egg yolk, legumes, nuts, cereal bread, oatmeal, parsley, white and cauliflower, broccoli, dill, dried apricots.

8. From time to time do healing baths and applications for teeth and gums. The simplest but very effective method is applying medical toothpaste to teeth and gums. The paste should be left in the mouth for 10-20 minutes, then rinse your mouth well. This procedure can be done constantly 1-2 times a week - while, for example, you take a shower or bath. This method is very effective for prevention of caries in children.

In addition, sometimes you can do courses trays for the oral cavity from decoctions of medicinal plants. Especially useful for the oral cavity is a decoction of chamomile, calendula, and yarrow. Prepare a decoction or infusion, cool to room temperature or a little warmer. Gather fluid in your mouth and hold for 5-20 minutes. Do baths daily 2-3 times a day for 2 weeks. The course of treatment is preferably repeated every 3-6 months.

Love yourself and your teeth, because they have to work so hard. Doctors call teeth a millstone of the human body. Their failure incapacitates the whole organism. Fortunately, teeth can be inserted. Dental implants - a great medical inventionHowever, these days it is quite an expensive pleasure, not available to everyone. While dental and oral care and preventive measures against caries and periodontitis accessible to everyone. Take care of what nature has endowed you! Be healthy and smiling!


Daily oral hygiene procedures reduce the need for symptomatic dental treatment by 70–75%.

When brushing your teeth twice a day, a person reduces the risk of developing diseases such as caries, gingivitis, periodontitis, stomatitis, and the formation of mineralized deposits.

The reason for this is the spread of pathogenic microorganisms that live in the oral cavity throughout the body along with saliva, food, or through the bloodstream.

Selection of tools and accessories

Comprehensive care of the oral cavity involves the most thorough removal of bacterial plaque from all surfaces of the dentition, as well as the mucous membrane of the gums, tongue and cheeks.

To preserve the health and aesthetic appearance of the oral cavity, dentists recommend the use of additional devices that will help get rid of plaque and pathogenic microorganisms as efficiently as possible.

To do this, it is recommended to use- floss, brush, rinse, when choosing which you should pay attention to some key factors.


With a huge variety of models of toothbrushes, special attention should be paid to two parameters - the material of manufacture of the bristles and its stiffness.

According to the material of manufacture, the villi can be natural and synthetic.

Dentists recommend choosing the second option, since the hairs in this case do not have a cavity in which bacteria can develop, unlike natural bristles.

The degree of hardness is selected depending on the condition of the enamel and gums:

  • ultra soft bristles intended for patients with increased bleeding and gum sensitivity, in certain diseases, as well as after surgery,
  • soft villi it is preferable to use for children and the elderly, because their enamel and gums are more susceptible to external influences,
  • medium hard bristles used most often in the absence of dental diseases,
  • ultra-hard brushes must be used when recommended by a dentist to get rid of plaque.

Read reviews on the Waterpik WP 450 irrigator here.


When choosing a paste, you need to pay attention to the purpose of the goods. In the product range of most manufacturers there are compositions of hygienic, prophylactic, whitening purposes.

The choice of a specific variety depends on the condition of the oral cavity and the recommendations of the dentist.

An important factor is the RDA coefficient, which reflects the presence of abrasive particles in the paste. The larger the indicator, the larger the whitening particles will be.

The use of a brush is shown not only to users of orthodontic structures for the effective elimination of plaque between its elements.

The interdental device helps to eliminate small food debris from the interdental space, preventing the development of microorganisms in it.

When choosing a brush, it is important to pay attention to such points:

  • head size - the choice of one of the five options available for sale depends on the structure of the jaw row of a person, his age and the recommendations of the dentist,
  • bristle length - with a small space between the teeth, short hairs should be chosen, in the presence of large gaps, products with long bristles are better suited,
  • stiffness of bristles it is also chosen, as is the case with brushes - for increased sensitivity, soft models are used, in the absence of problems - products with medium hard fibers.

Dental flosses commercially available differ from each other by the following criteria:

  • Production material - artificial and natural.
  • Sectional shape. Round threads are used for large interdental space, flat - for cleaning narrow spaces.
  • Type of processing. Waxed flosses are recommended for beginners as they glide easily without injuring the gums. Unwaxed products better eliminate plaque, but require skills in use.


When buying an irrigator for high-quality cleaning of the interdental space, dentists recommend paying attention to such parameters as adjusting the force of the jet and the presence of interchangeable nozzles.

The ability to regulate the water pressure allows the device to be used by people with sensitive gums and various periodontal diseases.

The possibility of changing nozzles allows you to effectively remove plaque not only from the interdental spaces, but also from the gingival pockets, tongue and orthodontic design elements.

Rinse Aid

Dentists recommend using oral rinses after each meal to eliminate small food debris and eliminate pathogenic microorganisms.

When choosing these fluids, attention should be paid to their composition and purpose. On sale there are funds aimed both at protecting the gums, and contributing to the comprehensive protection of the oral cavity from dental diseases.


A key factor in caring for the oral cavity is the quality cleansing of all surfaces of the jaw row, as well as gums and tongue from bacterial plaque.

When implementing the procedure, the following recommendations should be adhered to:

  1. Before starting hygiene, moisten the brush head in water and apply a pea of ​​paste on it.
  2. To begin cleaning the dentition should be with distant molars, gradually approaching the center. Brush movements should be directed from the gum to the cutting surface.
  3. When removing plaque from the chewing part of the molars, it is worth moving from the edge to the center.
  4. Cleaning the dentition must be carried out with the capture of all three free surfaces.
  5. The duration of cleaning the jaw elements should not be less than 3-4 minutes.

In addition to removing plaque from molars, do not forget about the inner surface of the cheeks and tongue. They are cleaned with a brush with a ribbed nozzle or a special spatula daily, preferably before bedtime. Rinse aid and floss are recommended after every meal.

Competent brushing is available in the video.

Balanced diet

In addition to hygienic procedures, the daily diet also affects the condition of gums and enamel. Thanks to a balanced diet, elements of the dentition are saturated with vitamins and minerals, which prevents the development of many diseases:

  • hard fruits and vegetables, for example, apples, carrots, beets, cucumbers, clean the soft coating and the pathogenic microorganisms developing in it, preventing stone formation,
  • various greens - parsley, lettuce, cilantro, dill contain many vitamins and protect the elements of the oral cavity from the development of caries and periodontal disease,
  • lemons and oranges contain a lot of vitamin C, which also helps soften mineralized deposits.

Calcium-rich dairy products, fish containing fluorine and phosphorus, eggs, liver and legumes, which contain iron and vitamin D, must be present in the diet.

But it is desirable to reduce the amount of sweets - food containing sugar is poorly washed off enamel, serves as a place for the development and propagation of pathogenic microorganisms that cause the development of caries.

Sweet carbonated water, citrus juices, dishes with a high content of simple carbohydrates act no less harmful to the teeth.

The simultaneous intake of hot and cold food can also negatively affect the condition of the teeth, as the enamel becomes more sensitive and can become covered with microcracks.

Dentist visits

A preventive examination at the dentist allows you to timely detect a developing disease and eliminate it, preventing the spread to healthy tissues.

During this procedure, a specialist will carefully examine the dentition of the patient, find out the complaints, and draw up a plan for further action, if necessary. In some cases, to clarify the diagnosis, you may need to take a panoramic picture of the oral cavity.

Most often, during routine examinations, dentists diagnose the formation of supragingival and subgingival mineralized deposits, the initial stage of carious lesions of enamel and the development of the inflammatory process of the gums.

Timely detection and treatment of these diseases can save not only health, but also the appearance of the elements of the dentition.

In this publication, we will talk about mouthwash CB12.

Useful Tips

In the process of daily dental care and maintaining their health, it is important to adhere to a few more recommendations:

  1. Use individual toothbrush or a replacement nozzle to prevent transmission through this personal care product.
  2. Change brush every 3 months, to prevent the development of pathogenic microorganisms on it.
  3. Stop smoking and drinking alcohol. These habits contribute not only to discoloration of teeth, but also to the development of pathogenic microflora in the oral cavity due to suppression of immunity.
  4. Reduce mechanical stress on teeth. You should not abuse such solid foods as crackers, chips, candies, because of which chips and small cracks often form on the surface of the teeth. Кроме того, категорически не рекомендуется открывать зубами бутылки, разгрызать семечки или орехи, перекусывать нитки.

But chewing gum can help eliminate food debris and soft coating, if there is no way to brush your teeth.

Dairy units

In children, teeth are more prone to negative effects than in adults, so you need to start caring for them from the moment of teething.

At first, this responsibility rests with the parents. With a strip of gauze or a special napkin, milk teeth and gums are gently, without strong pressure, wiped from a soft coating.

Starting from two years, children can brush their teeth on their own, so they need to choose the right brush.

Particular attention should be paid to the bristles - it should be made of synthetic material that does not cause allergies and does not serve as a place for the development of pathogenic microorganisms.

To avoid damage to insufficiently strong gums and enamel, it is worth choosing soft or ultra-soft bristles. The size of the brush head should be 1.8-2 cm.

When choosing a toothpaste, it is important that its composition does not contain artificial dyes and chemical additives like sodium lauryl sulfate and triclosan.

In the video, Dr. Komarovsky tells how and how to clean the teeth of a baby.

Avoiding most diseases of the teeth and gums is much easier than treating them. To do this, it is enough to carry out regular oral care, visit the dentist in a timely manner and adhere to his recommendations.

You can share your opinion about the rules of dental care in the comments section of the article.

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