Useful Tips

What subjects you need to pass to the programmer, how to successfully prepare for exams


The exam is ahead, but you are not sure that you will have time to prepare for it? We will tell you how to prepare for the English exam correctly, without the hassle and sleepless nights.

Preparing for an English exam - stress? Get rid of him with our tips. Despite the recent fashion in our country for everything originally Russian, English is getting closer and closer to us: new technologies, the Internet, work, study - all of these areas are somehow closely related to English. It is not surprising that more and more people begin to learn the language every year in order to obtain a certificate of English proficiency in order to have a document confirming their knowledge. But before you get the coveted certificate, you have to work hard: preparing for an exam in the English language is a serious matter and time-consuming.

1. Set real deadlines

Many can prepare for the exam for several years, each time delaying the moment of passing the exam. At the same time, a person may be ready for a knowledge test, but for fear of failing the exam it will seem to him that it is too early. A dream is a deadline goal. If you have a deadline for completion, you can plan your preparations to the last detail.

2. Get ready for intense work with a minimum of weekends

You need to do daily, at least 1 hour a day. Closer to the exam date, it is advisable to increase the duration of training to 2-4 hours per day. However, do not forget about the breaks. Check out the article “Tomato Technique for Learning English,” the principles of time management described in it are ideal for preparing for the exam.

4. Choose the “right” teacher

Which teacher to deal with: Russian-speaking or native speaker? As a rule, native speakers can help break down the language barrier. English-speaking teachers do not know Russian, so you have to speak English, and the teacher at that time corrects your mistakes and teaches a conversational cliche, useful vocabulary - helps your speech become “lively”.

Which teacher to deal with: Russian-speaking or native speaker? As a rule, native speakers can help break down the language barrier. English-speaking teachers do not know Russian, so you have to speak English, and the teacher at that time corrects your mistakes and teaches a conversational cliche, useful vocabulary - helps your speech become “lively”.

Thus, the optimal choice is a combination of classes with a native speaker and a Russian-speaking teacher. The lessons will complement each other and help you achieve your goal.

5. Complete typical tasks

Find out what tasks are waiting for you in the selected exam, then find online examples of such exercises and do them every day, at least for a couple of tasks per day. If you have to pass the exam, get a special manual with typical tasks and solve it from beginning to end.

You can familiarize yourself with the format of Cambridge exams and practice in standard tasks on this site There you will find free tests to prepare for IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, CAE, FCE, KET, PET, PTE Academic, PTE General, Michigan.

6. Develop all skills at the same time

Any exam consists of several parts, on which all English skills are tested: written and oral speech, listening, reading, vocabulary, knowledge of grammar, pronunciation. Each of us has our strengths and weaknesses, we need to use strengths skillfully, and develop weaknesses to strengths. How to work on each of the skills? We offer the following techniques:

  • Reading skill. Read texts on various subjects: from newspapers and magazines to fiction and non-fiction. So you learn new words from the context, increase the speed of reading, with the help of visual memory, remember the spelling of new words, refresh the knowledge of words and phrases on specific topics. A typical reading assignment in an exam is questions for understanding the text. You can practice this skill at Dozens of tests of the most diverse subjects are presented there and questions for understanding are given.
  • Writing skill. A typical exam assignment is an essay. Learn to write it correctly: your letter should contain an introduction, a few paragraphs of the main text and a conclusion. Please note that in some exams you may be given the task of writing a letter in a certain style: formal or informal. Therefore, train to use the correct vocabulary and grammar. In addition, try to keep within a certain volume and allotted time when writing. For example, if you know that in an exam you need to write an essay for about 200-250 words, train yourself to write just such volumes, then when passing you will not need to count the words, you will see that you have achieved the ideal length. An important condition for working on a letter is the presence of a person who can test and evaluate your writing skills. Such a person will be able to tell how to and does not need to be written. You can get acquainted with the main types, structure and rules of writing an essay in our article "How to write an essay in English perfectly".
  • Listening skill. A typical task in an exam is listening to an audio file and answering questions to it. Testing the understanding of English speech by ear is one of the most difficult parts of the exam. However, if you will be engaged in listening, then there will be no problems with this test. One of the most effective and affordable ways to train a skill is to listen to audio podcasts. We wrote about the secrets of working with audio files in the article “Modern Listening in English: Podcasts, Audio Series, Radio Shows”.
  • Speaking skill. A typical task is a spontaneous speech on any topic. This part of the exam is best rehearsed with your teacher: he will help you correct typical mistakes and teach you to speak naturally. There is a simple and very effective exercise for training spontaneous speech: select any subject and try to talk about it for 1 minute. So you learn to talk about anything, and this is exactly what you need in the exam. You can also work independently on your speaking skills. To do this, try the following method. Take an interesting video, watch it several times, learn subtitles. After that, turn on the video without sound and try to get into the pace of the speaker. This exercise will help you learn useful vocabulary and learn to fluently speak English. In addition, do not forget to read out loud: you improve your pronunciation, work on intonation and the correct accent, learn to formulate your thoughts clearly and competently.

7. Read about the experience of people who passed the exam.

On the Internet, find the articles of people who took the exam, find out in detail about the format of its conduct, the assessment system, the secrets of successful preparation. For example, if you want to pass the IELTS exam, check out the helpful articles by our teacher Lily, “How to Prepare for IELTS Speaking.” She successfully passed the exam, knows about all of his “pitfalls” and will be happy to share her experience. And Lilia talked about "TOP-9 common mistakes when passing the IELTS exam."

If you are interested in a series of Cambridge exams FCE, CAE, CPE, then you should definitely read the article by Svetlana's teacher “How I passed SAE. Confessions of a certificate holder. " She shared her personal experience of passing one of these exams, gave practical advice on how to show the “class” in the oral part of the exam. Try learning from other people's mistakes.

Learn all you can from the mistakes of others. You won’t have time to make them all yourself.

Learn everything from the mistakes of others. You don’t have enough time to do them all yourself.

8. Rehearse the exam

Find out how the test passes, how much time you will have to complete each task, etc. Together with a teacher or friend who also needs to take an exam, try to write an essay, read a text and answer questions, do listening exercises and speak a variety of topics in English. In this case, you need to meet the specific time allotted for each part of the exam. By the time of the exam, you should have the notorious “sense of time”, which will tell you at what pace to complete this or that task.

9. Get all the information in English

Try to get all the information you need during the day in English. Looking for a new microwave? See descriptions of models and reviews on the websites of foreign online stores. Would you like to bake a pie? Look for the recipe on English-language sites. Can't imagine your life without books? Read them in English. Want to learn how to prepare for your English exam? Look for information in English! In such a simple way, you will enrich your vocabulary with vocabulary from various spheres of life and discover many useful and fascinating resources.

10. Do not be distracted by alarmists

Proper preparation for the English exam is the key to success and good mood. Surely before the exam, you will go to some forum studying English, where you will look for tips on how to prepare for the English exam. It happens that the participants in the discussion give very valuable recommendations, but you will hardly have to isolate them from the stream of complaints and panic messages about how “it is difficult to pass the exam”, “this year they promise super-complex tasks”. Such messages distract and push you away from your desired goal. Better to spend precious time on training or on vacation.

We hope that after reading our article you will no longer torment Google with the question "How to prepare for the English exam," but begin hard work and productive work. If you need help, try enrolling in the English Exam Preparation Course. Experienced teachers will be happy to help you prepare for the test. Passing an exam is not so difficult if you thoroughly prepare for it. We wish you no fluff, no feather!

Who is a programmer

Not only adults, but also schoolchildren know that there are people who are called programmers. Only not every one of us knows what the tasks of a professional are. In addition, programming has several directions:

  • creating programs and applications,
  • analytics, economics,
  • Electronics and Nanotechnology
  • computer science and computer engineering,
  • instrument making.

There are other various directions that can be connected completely with other sciences. For example, for a person working in the field of analytics and economics, higher mathematics is important, and for someone who creates new programs or devices, physics is important.

Therefore, in this case, when answering the question about what subjects should be handed over to a programmer, it is impossible to unambiguously list all school subjects, but the main ones are still mathematics and the Russian language.

How to prepare for a student

Real professionals are those who have a calling. Often, talent is revealed even in young years, when in his spare time from school, a student happily takes up work on a computer, learns programming languages ​​and hones his knowledge in practice.

It is important for a talented student to know what subjects you need to take in order to become a programmer. But first of all, you should decide on the direction of preparation: creating programs, analytics, design developments, or, for example, instrument making. The fact is that a “programmer" is a specialist’s qualification, but there are several specialties themselves. You need to decide in advance what you want to do. It is recommended to familiarize yourself with all existing specialties, choose the most suitable. Next, you need to find out which entrance exams should be taken.

Basic school subjects

And now let’s list what exam items you need to pass to the programmer, which you should generally know quite well:

  • mathematics (algebra and geometry, higher mathematics),
  • computer science,
  • Russian language,
  • physics.

But, depending on the chosen specialty, there will be differences in two sciences: physics and computer science. Therefore, you should familiarize yourself with the rules for applicants a few years before admission. Only nevertheless, it is desirable to know both this and the other subject well in case there is a desire to change the sphere of activity. For example, a first-year student expected to be the creator of programs (games, applications), but in the end, by the end of his studies, he moved to the banking sector and became a systems analyst. In the first case, physics is needed, and in the second, computer science.

In addition, programming involves knowledge of the English language, so you should take school and the study of this subject seriously. What disciplines should I take for a programmer if you decide to go to study as an adult working in another specialty? Of course, the same. But you need to prepare for a long time and seriously.

Student disciplines and sciences

Starting from the first year of the institute, you will have to study various technical sciences: cybernetics, database theory, programming languages, analytical mechanics, economics and others.

The student must have logical thinking, be able to present ideas that have not yet been created, and understand what the result will be. Therefore, emphasis should be placed not only on what subjects need to be handed over to the programmer, but also on their own abilities for certain tasks.

The specialist often has to work for several hours to arrive at the final result. In addition, the detected errors and failures can only be corrected by him, as the creator of a particular information product.

You have learned what kind of profession this is - a programmer, what subjects you need to take. Make the right choice. We wish you good luck in admission and success in your future work!

Sleep in hand

1. Of course, the temptation is great to sit at the notebook all night, but science urges you to sleep. It is during sleep that the information received on the eve is consolidated. In experiments on rats, scientists showed that during slow sleep in the brain the same groups of neurons are excited as during training, which the rats did the day before. That is, in order to better remember Aristotle's aphorisms, it is best to act like a rat - to go to bed early. In a dream, the brain will once again scroll through everything that he heard about the philosopher, and then lead you to success on the exam.

2. American scientists conducted experiments not on rats, but on students, after which they confirmed that sitting on assignments all night was a bad idea. Side effects of sleepless nights are manifested in the form of a delay in reaction and a tendency to blunder mistakes everywhere.

The most effective strategy will be this: to read difficult places right before bedtime and lie down before midnight in the hope that the brain will not confuse what needs to be transferred to long-term memory - facebook tape or pages of lectures given.

Food for brain

1. For breakfast before the exam, scientists at the Boston University School of Medicine offer you scrambled eggs. The fact is that eggs are rich in choline, a vitamin of group B. Choline, according to studies, improves memory and slows down brain aging. But it is precisely the aging of the brain that prevents the examiners from responding successfully.

2. The American Academy of Food and Dietetics is upset when you refuse oatmeal. Whole grain cereals contain slow carbohydrates and useful trace elements, they give the brain energy that should be enough to reach the end of the exam.

3. What appeared on your table should be generously sprinkled with curry. It includes turmeric, which is highly praised by scientists from the Institute of the Brain of the Russian Academy of Sciences (St. Petersburg). Turmeric, despite the name, strengthens memory and is a good prevention of Alzheimer's disease.

4. Turmeric on the table can interrupt the smell of mint. Peppermint improves concentration, so a couple of leaflets can be stuck in your buttonhole in the hope that this will impress the teacher.

5. Going to show off mental abilities, you can not do without Omega-3 fatty acids. A study published a few years ago by the British Journal of Nutrition reported that college students who did not neglect walnuts showed more impressive reasoning abilities than their colleagues who didn’t get nuts. Even richer than nuts on Omega-3 fish: salmon and tuna. Before the exam, a few capsules of fish oil should definitely decorate your dish.

6. All of the above ingredients should be washed down with water. Firstly, students who drink water before the exam pass it 10% better than their dehydrated friends. Secondly, after fish oil and turmeric, I just really feel thirsty.

7. And it’s better to get chocolate for the dessert. Scientists from the University of South Australia, hiding candy wrappers, say that those who eat chocolate at least once a week perform better various cognitive tasks than those who modestly refuse chocolate. Предполагается, что это свойство шоколада обеспечивается действием флавоноидов, которые содержатся внутри.

Исследователи из Университета Северной Аризоны, что в США, продолжили изучать проблему и заявили, что лучше всего брать шоколад с 60-процентным содержанием какао: он мощнее всего повышает концентрацию внимания. Однако он повышает и кровяное давление. К счастью, решение было найдено: запив плитку зеленым чаем, вы сразу же обеспечите организм релаксантом L-тианином и нормализуете давление.

What else to do before you are called

1. It turns out that you need to jump not after the exam, but before. Even if you look a little defiant, cutting circles around the building on a run or on a bicycle, science will be on your side. Just 30 minutes of cardio workout can improve your memory and reduce the effects of stress caused by the examiner's friendly face. Cardiac loading will delight the brain with a whole cocktail of hormones, including serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine. This is an excellent composition that has a beneficial effect on attention, perception, motivation and learning ability.

2. Music playing on your headphones is a recognized way to relieve stress. Before the exam, let Wolfgang Amadeus perform the role of music. In 1993, the cognitive scientist Francis Rauscher and his colleagues studied the influence of Mozart's sonatas on experimental students. During the experiments, students showed a temporary improvement in spatio-temporal thinking. In other experiments, rats that listened to Mozart had a better maze than rat-fans of other composers. And although many scientists do not believe in the Mozart effect, this tool is still not so difficult to implement to neglect.

3. Engage in meditation. A person who knows firsthand the lotus position, during meditation disconnects the brain from excess noise and unloads working memory to the maximum. Psychology professor Sayen Baylock in the book “Moment of Truth” talks about one study: in his course, the guys for whom Ohm is not only a unit of electrical resistance, showed exceptional ability to concentrate.

4. In addition to ignorance of the subject in the exam, a person can be hindered by low self-esteem, writes Sayen Beilock in the same book. A good way to raise it is to write a list of your positive qualities right in front of the audience door. While you display indisputable advantages on a piece of paper, such as “riding an attraction and not yelling,” self-esteem is growing, anxiety is removed, and intellectual abilities are improving at the same time.

5. Chewing gum is an excellent exam assistant. She can not only mount cribs under the desk, but also improve her concentration. At the risk of incurring the wrath of a teacher, scientists suggest that it somehow forces more active areas of the brain that contribute to better attention.