Since ancient times, people have been looking for new increasingly effective methods of birth control.
Sexual desire is the normal, natural need of all living things, including man. And, of course, we do not have sex solely for the purpose of reproduction, and we do not always do this while we are legally married.
In most cases, birth control allows us to enjoy intimacy without worrying about the potential for conception.
Condoms, coils, female condoms, and birth control pills are just some of the contraceptive methods used by couples to avoid an unwanted pregnancy.
Unfortunately, birth control pills sometimes have side effects, for this reason they are not suitable for every woman.
Therefore, many are looking for more natural and harmless methods of contraception.
So, in addition to proven effective, so-called medical methods, there are also other contraceptives. However, it should be remembered that they do not work 100 percent efficiently.
The editorial staff of infoniac.ru warns that none of the following tips is a complete contraceptive from the point of view of science.
Therefore, one of the following methods using a condom will be the best way to avoid an unwanted pregnancy.
1. Method for calculating "safe" days
There are certain days during the female cycle when the chances of conception are extremely low. Such days are called "safe periods."
There are three ways in which you can calculate the very safe days when a woman can enjoy intimacy with her loved one without fear of becoming pregnant.
So, the first method is the temperature method of contraception, which includes checking the basic body temperature.
The second method is the so-called calendar, when a woman calculates “safe” days by special calculations.
And finally, the third method is the so-called cervical mucus method, which includes a daily check of the density of vaginal discharge.
None of these three methods are one hundred percent effective. Therefore, for greater accuracy, you can use all three methods of contraception to determine those very safe days.
Residents of India, Sri Lanka and other countries used papaya as a folk contraceptive.
Raw papaya is known to be an effective natural method of contraception. Therefore, doctors often warn women about the dangers and ask to avoid eating this fruit during pregnancy.
In its raw form, the fruit is rich in vitamin C, which, as you know, increases the production of estrogen in the body. In addition, papaya also helps in regulating menstrual cycles.
If you are afraid to become pregnant, as a preventative measure, eat a ripe fruit daily. Papaya in the diet reduces the likelihood of conception.
Another mild and safe contraceptive is parsley.
This greens is available to everyone, you can buy it at any supermarket or in the local market.
Dried parsley can also be brewed as tea and consumed twice a day to avoid unwanted pregnancy.
In addition, this plant has no side effects, so you can drink a cup of parsley infusion throughout the day without hesitation.
Parsley is a plant known for its properties: it perfectly normalizes and stimulates the menstrual cycle. Therefore, in moderation, parsley is very useful for women's health and is a wonderful natural contraceptive.
4. Dried apricot (dried apricots)
Women who are in the early stages of pregnancy are advised to stop eating dried apricots, as this can lead to a miscarriage.
But if you want to avoid an unwanted pregnancy, try to eat dried apricots. Dried fruits also help restrain excessive bleeding.
Take 100 grams of dried apricots, mix with four tablespoons of water and one teaspoon of honey. Boil the resulting mass until a homogeneous mixture is obtained.
You can eat this sweet dessert dry, or you can drink it with a glass of clean water.
Neem or Indian lilac is a popular drug that is used as contraception in developing countries. The leaves of this plant can be used in different ways. Some prefer to drink a decoction from its leaves, while others use plant oil.
This product is believed to be a natural contraceptive. Women choose neem oil, applying it to the vagina before and after intimacy.
It acts as a lubricant, preventing genital infections. It has been proven that this product contains spermicides, substances that destroy sperm.
Plus, women in some developing countries dry the leaves of a neem tree, then turn them into a kind of pill, which is used every time before intercourse.
By the way, it does not have pronounced side effects. The plant is widely known for its healing properties and a positive effect on the female body.
How to prevent pregnancy
6. Asafoetida (sylph)
This herb can be found in some pharmacies. Asafoetida is known to prevent pregnancy.
It is used as a contraceptive in countries such as India and China. In boiled form, this plant has a rather pungent taste.
In addition, it is an excellent antiviral agent that helps maintain a healthy immune system. This herb is also used to improve the digestive system.
You can take a decoction in the form of heat with the addition of apple cider vinegar. Such a decoction will not only prevent an unwanted pregnancy, but also help to keep the figure in perfect shape.
Another plant that is often used as a natural contraceptive is the blue cohosh plant.
It is known that this herb not only prevents the occurrence of an unwanted pregnancy, but also alleviates pain during menstruation, and also acts as a laxative.
The prescription of the contraceptive is as simple as possible: you need to brew a couple of spoons of dried grass in a glass of boiling water and drink the mixture two to three times a day.
However, unlike previous tools, this method is not the most harmless. The thing is that you need to use the plant with extreme caution. Blue cohosh is known for its ability to constrict blood vessels and block the flow of oxygen to the heart.
Therefore, before using this tool, you need to weigh the pros and cons.
8. Seeds of wild carrots
Queen Anne's wild carrot or lace is a folk remedy that has been used by women for several centuries in order to not get pregnant.
The seeds of this plant are a very effective natural contraceptive. The following recipe was most popular: the seeds of the plant were crushed, then one teaspoon of the resulting mixture was diluted with a glass of water.
The woman had to drink this decoction within 7 days after unprotected intercourse.
9. Rue fragrant
Fragrant ruta or odorous ruta has also been an effective contraceptive for many centuries.
Residents of Latin and North America prepared a potion from this plant and took it as a contraceptive potion.
The herb contains pilocarpine and rutin, substances that are known to cause menstruation. Women simply brewed this plant like tea, and then drank it. For greater effectiveness, such a drug was drunk two to three times a day.
10. Chinese angelica (Dong Kwai)
Dong Kwai is a Chinese herbal analog of a contraceptive that has been quite popular for a while.
This is an effective way to prevent pregnancy, but modern women have refused to use it. The thing is that a direct connection between this plant and oncological diseases was revealed.
Experts say Chinese angelica causes hormonal disruption and provokes cancers, such as breast cancer and ovarian cancer.
But, according to Chinese healers, in moderate doses, Chinese angelica is an excellent contraceptive.
Folk remedies for pregnancy
It should immediately be noted that before using this tool, it is necessary to consult with specialists.
Sparrow root is usually immersed in cold water and infused for several hours, after which the water needs to be drunk.
It is known that a contraceptive produces lithospermic acid, which affects the pituitary gland. Acid interferes with the pituitary gland to produce hormones that control our reproductive system, which in turn interferes with the production of estrogens and androgens.
Experts warn that the use of the passeriformes root can adversely affect the health of a woman who decides to resort to this method as a contraceptive.
Pregnant and lactating women are usually asked to avoid buckwheat because it contains a chemical called rutin.
Therefore, if you include buckwheat in your daily diet, you can reduce the likelihood of conception. However, this method of preventing pregnancy is not so safe.
Some people may be allergic to buckwheat. Therefore, it is best to talk with a specialist before resorting to this method.
13. Ginger Root
Ginger root is known for its contraceptive properties.
This plant helps in preventing an unwanted pregnancy. Just take the root, rinse it, grate it. Add grated ginger to a cup of hot water. Bring the water to a boil and let the mixture boil a little.
Then strain the water and drink it while it is still hot. You can add a teaspoon of honey to the mixture. So the drink will be tastier.
Two cups of such a drink per day not only help prevent pregnancy, but also contribute to better digestion, as well as getting rid of menstrual pain.
14. Indian wormwood
Indian wormwood is another effective method of contraception.
When dried, the plant really prevents an unwanted pregnancy. However, one must be very careful with the dosage of this herb. In large quantities, Indian wormwood is known to cause renal failure and can become toxic to the body.
In general, the advice will be as follows: when choosing folk methods, always be careful with the dosage. Since exceeding the norm of some plants can lead to fatal consequences for women's health.
Well, and of course, without consulting specialists, it is strictly forbidden to take anything on your own.
Finally, the only method that is 100 percent effective is abstinence.
You have no chance of becoming pregnant if you do not have sex. In addition, you will not become infected with dangerous sexually transmitted diseases.
The most appropriate and effective will be to use an emergency contraception. Preparations of the old type, but sold now, have a large concentration of the hormone in their composition. The same hormone that contains birth control pills taken on a regular basis (for regular contraception). These drugs have many side effects, including intermenstrual bleeding. Their risk is especially high if you take emergency contraception regularly. One of the most famous drugs of this action is Postinor.
Drugs of a new type have a different effect, they “suppress” the hormone progesterone. Due to this, pregnancy becomes impossible. However, this tool can not be taken on an ongoing basis. Although it has much less side effects. Such drugs include, for example, Zhenale.
It should be noted that emergency contraception is far from 100% effective. It is advisable to take the drug immediately, delay may lead to a decrease in effectiveness.
Is it possible to avoid pregnancy in the first days of folk remedies and without the consequences in the form of hormonal failure that occurs after taking hormonal drugs? Unfortunately not. We will describe several methods that are used, and also explain why this is useless, and sometimes harmful.
1. Urinate after intercourse. In general, this is an old recommendation to prevent sexual infection. And mainly for men. In urine, they flush germs from the urethra. Well, what does this recommendation have to do with preventing an unwanted pregnancy is a mystery. After all, sperm are already inside the vagina, and maybe even in the cervix.
2. Douching with water and lemon. The acidic environment is unfavorable for sperm, and even with the help of water they are washed out. But not all. And lemon can really harm the vaginal mucosa.
3. The use of "chemical" contraception - suppositories, vaginal tablets, cream after sex. Not quite a folk remedy, but does not affect the hormonal background. True, and does not bring benefits. This type of contraception is more or less effective only if used before intercourse. After - there is no point.
If time is wasted
But what to do, how to avoid an unwanted pregnancy in the early stages and provoke the onset of menstruation? For this purpose, many women drink ascorbic acid, eat lemons, parsley. These drugs thin the blood and in large concentrations can cause bleeding, including uterine bleeding. On the other hand, such an amount of acid is a huge harm to the stomach.
Another way is medication, taking a hormone. But it can help cause menstruation only if there is no pregnancy. If the woman is pregnant, then this, on the contrary, will serve as a prevention of the threat of miscarriage. The fact is that a lack of progesterone is a common cause of delayed menstruation. And with a lack of progesterone during pregnancy, there may be a miscarriage.
With delays in menstruation, doctors usually prescribe progesterone for 10 days - in tablets or injections (intramuscularly), and after the course ends, after a few days, menstruation begins.
If pregnancy does occur
Miscarriage in the early stages can occur due to various reasons. Even severe physical overwork. But do not try to provoke an abortion on your own. It is dangerous to your health. And taking various drugs like tansy not only threatens with severe uterine bleeding, but also causes fetal malformations. It happens that a woman drank tansy, but abortion did not happen in the early stages. Meanwhile, the woman no longer wants an abortion. But leaving the child is now risky, tansy could very much harm his body. So, think a hundred times before taking anything.
If the decision to terminate the pregnancy is final, and the gestational age is very short, you have a choice: have a medical abortion (you can delay up to 2 weeks) or remove the fetal egg and endometrium by vacuum aspiration.
Vacuum aspiration is an inexpensive procedure, it is done in the gynecologist’s office with local anesthesia.
With medical abortion, a miscarriage results from taking certain pills given by a doctor. This is a rather expensive type of abortion, always paid. But convenient, since it does not require surgical intervention, a miscarriage occurs at home.
How to avoid pregnancy after unprotected sex
Now, thanks to the vast number of methods and various methods of abortion, it has become much easier to avoid an unplanned pregnancy. But unpleasant situations sometimes occur, and a woman after unprotected intercourse falls into a panic because of sperm that got into her, as she is against an unplanned pregnancy at this time.
What sexual acts are considered unprotected
Unprotected sexual acts are considered those in which none of the partners used any contraceptive methods, or they were used incorrectly:
- Condom burst
- Birth control pill was missed
- During the ejaculation, intercourse was interrupted inopportune.
- Sometimes one of the partners is against pills and contraceptive methods.
Folk remedies against the occurrence of pregnancy
There are many old and modern folk methods with which many women try to avoid pregnancy:
- Careful hygiene of the genitals with a shower after intercourse
- Having a hot bath right after sex
- Douching with vinegar, lemon juice or its acid
- The use of medicinal plants
- Taking various tablets not intended against conception.
How to prepare a vinegar solution for douching:
Stir two tablespoons of vinegar in a liter of cold water and douche with the resulting solution. Это простой и эффективный способ для предупреждения беременности, из влагалища вымывается вся мужская семенная жидкость после незащищенного секса. Вместо уксуса можно использовать другую кислоту.
Многие врачи выступают против этого метода, считая, что эффекта от него нет.
Настой из корня водяной лилии
Dry root of a yellow water lily in an amount of 50 g. finely chop, pour into one liter of boiling water and leave on fire for fifteen minutes. Filter and cool broth to wash the vagina after unprotected intercourse.
But the protection of folk methods does not give a one hundred percent guarantee against pregnancy. Therefore, most gynecologists oppose them. Each woman has a different organism, and if one was able to protect herself using one of these methods, then the second may not work out. To prevent negative effects, you must always consult a doctor.
What effect does interruption have?
Immediately before ejaculation during unprotected intercourse, a man removes his penis from the vagina, in this case, the sperm almost does not enter the woman's body. This method is very simple, but not quite effective, so many women oppose it.
If after a short rest the sexual intercourse continues, then the remnants of sperm remaining on the penis can enter the uterus. Therefore, before the next act, a man must empty his bladder and take a shower, a woman should do such procedures, only in this case, pregnancy can be avoided after unprotected sex. Emergency contraception using medical methods is more effective and safe. Modern tablets, which contain female sex hormones or dietary supplements that are not related to sex hormones, can prevent conception after unprotected sex, but if pregnancy has already occurred, it is impossible to interrupt with the help of a drunk pill.
Therefore, it is possible to use such methods no later than 72 hours after the sex that has occurred, until the fertilized egg has time to attach to the uterine wall. After this, the tablets no longer give any effect, and pregnancy will not be avoided. According to the observations of doctors, after this time only 10% of women did not fertilize, and if the drugs were taken in a timely manner, their effectiveness reached 98%.
After taking them for three days, short menstruation appears, since these drugs violate the menstrual cycle, which is restored after six months. There are many “horror stories” among women about these drugs, so some women are categorically against taking them, but if you compare abortion and EC pills, it is safer to take pills. An abortion injures the uterus, causes a hormonal storm from an organism that is set up for pregnancy. The medication method that helps prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex is milder.
How to take emergency contraception:
- Pills should be taken immediately after sexual intercourse and no later than 72 hours pass.
- Before use, carefully study the instructions and do not exceed the dose indicated in it.
- It is advisable to take the medicine on an empty stomach, so protection will be more effective
- If, after taking the medicine, vomiting occurs within two hours, it is better to take another dose.
The use of modern means for emergency contraception is almost safe if a woman does not have contraindications to them, which are described in the instructions. In no case should you take such pills for liver diseases so that there are no prolonged and serious adverse reactions.
You can use them no more than twice a month, some once every six months. All information is in the attached instructions. Before using the tablets, it is advisable to discuss their intake with the gynecologist, if he is against their intake, he will be able to offer other methods of contraception.
So that unforeseen situations do not occur, and a woman can maintain her health for the desired conception, she must know the characteristics of her body. This requires observing the menstrual cycle and maintaining its schedule.
In the first phase of the cycle, when it remains six days before ovulation, and immediately after it, you can have sex without being protected, since the likelihood of conception is excluded. At this time, cervical mucus becomes dense and sticky, forming a cork that impedes the progress of sperm. Because of this, the environment in the vagina is acidic, due to which the sperm become immobile and quickly collapse.
- You must constantly monitor your organisms
- Keep daily records required
- Daily basal temperature measurement required
- It is required to abandon sexual life on days favorable for conception - this is more than a week in each cycle, so many men oppose this method.
- Not suitable for women who have an irregular menstrual cycle.
- Protection against sexually transmitted diseases is not provided
Many girls and women who oppose drug treatment and do not want to take hormonal pills, use contraceptives, put candles and categorically against condoms, can use physiological means and not be protected.
If after all the measures taken, menstruation still lingers for a week or is short and sparse, other signs of pregnancy are observed, you should use a pregnancy test and consult a doctor.
Unprotected sex includes:
- sexual intercourse in which a man had ejaculation inside the woman’s vagina; - after or during intercourse, you noticed that the condom was torn, - birth control pills were missed, - ejaculation occurred on the woman's external genitals, sperm in this case could get inside the vagina The first place among contraceptives is a condom, which is convenient to use and has a large percentage of protection against unwanted pregnancy.
Despite the fact that condoms undergo strict quality control, there is still a chance that it will tear during intercourse, this is not an absolute method in the matter, how to prevent pregnancy. Incorrectly selected size, intense sexual intercourse, the use of additional artificial lubrication can affect the integrity of the condom, so at the end of sexual intercourse, you need to carefully check whether everything is in order with this contraceptive. If you notice that the condom was torn during intercourse, then regardless of whether the ejaculation was or not, you need to do douching. A douching solution can be prepared from 0.5% salicylic acid, laundry soap or lemon juice. The solution should be made slightly acid, diluting it with water and rinsing the vagina with it in circular motions for 3-5 minutes.
Interrupted sexual intercourse
The advantages of this method of protection are accessibility, profitability, the absence of unpleasant sensations, as well as interrupted sexual intercourse is harmless to health. However, he has many shortcomings: - interrupted sexual intercourse does not protect against sexually transmitted infections, - a man has to control his ejaculation during intercourse, which often prevents both partners from enjoying full pleasure, - there is a chance of conception due to the fact that sperm can be contained in a man’s lubricant. Interrupted intercourse is best used by partners who are mentally prepared for pregnancy, but have not yet decided to actively plan it. Means of contraception with medium protection. To means of this type are all kinds of birth control suppositories, gels and creams. This contraception is advisable to use only as directed by a doctor. Its disadvantage is that it has a low degree of protection, and also often causes allergic reactions, because of which its use has to be excluded. But in the absence of other means, these contraceptives will come in handy, and if you want to have double protection, they can be used together with interrupted sexual intercourse.
No matter how we try to always clearly monitor protection, contraceptives may not be at hand at the time of passion and therefore unprotected sex will occur. After an orgasm, we can think, and what if today was the maximum chance of becoming pregnant, and we will begin to think about how to protect ourselves from an unwanted pregnancy. In the pharmacy you can buy special spermicidal drugs that can be used no later than 72 hours after unprotected intercourse.
This type of contraception helps to avoid the development of pregnancy. If during an abortion there is a suppression of the development of an existing embryo, then emergency contraception methods impede its development. It is useless to use emergency contraception after three days after unprotected intercourse, because they will not have any effect. These drugs have a high percentage of effectiveness, but also an extensive list of side effects, because of which many hesitate to use them. The impact on women's health when using emergency contraception is inflicted by a large dose of the hormones contained in them. That is why drugs for emergency contraception should be used only as a truly "emergency method" and only if absolutely necessary. In order not to puzzle over how to prevent pregnancy you need to carefully choose contraceptives, not to hope for a miracle and try not to have unprotected sex. Also, just in case, you need to discuss with your partner a possible pregnancy situation and the actions that you will take in case of it.
Thanks to the achievements of medicine, in our century there is a large arsenal of tools and methods for preventing unwanted pregnancy. Do not use contraceptives on your own, without the recommendation of a doctor. A competent doctor will choose the method of protection for you.
A condom should be put in the first place. To date, a condom can be considered not only as a means to prevent pregnancy, but also as a kind of “toy” introducing diversity into the couple’s sex life. When a condom breaks, a woman should be douched regardless of whether there was an ejaculation or not. The douching solution can be prepared from citric acid, juice, laundry soap, boric acid, but one rule must be observed: the solution should not be concentrated, but slightly acidic. If there is a burning sensation, dilute the solution with water.
Douching is carried out for 3-5 minutes, the sperm should be washed out of the vagina in a circular motion.
What is the essence of natural contraceptive methods
Natural methods of contraception are considered natural, because in this case, mechanical intervention in the woman’s body and various manipulations with hormones are not required. The main thing in them is to avoid sexual intercourse at a time when the egg is ready for fertilization.
To use them, you need to monitor for signs and symptoms that indicate that ovulation has occurred or is about to happen.
On average, an egg leaves the ovary about 14 (plus or minus 2) days before the next menstrual cycle. But since the egg lives from 3 to 4 days (from 6 to 24 hours after ovulation), and the sperm can live from 48 to 72 hours (up to 5 days in cervical mucus), the actual time during which a woman can become pregnant is not measured in hours or days, and in weeks.
This method of birth control can be up to 98% effective, but this requires constant self-monitoring. Although these methods have been developed to prevent pregnancy, they can also be resorted to by spouses who, on the contrary, plan a pregnancy and expect a timely conception.
Advantages and disadvantages of natural methods
The advantages of natural methods include saving money on the purchase of contraceptives, the absence of medical prescriptions and visits to the gynecologist, there is no need to take medicine.
But there are also drawbacks, the main of which is the difficulty in using some methods, insufficiently high efficiency in comparison with other methods of contraception, the need to avoid sexual intercourse on certain days of the month, the additional cost of tests for ovulation.
Method # 1: mucus control
The method for controlling mucus depends on the presence or absence of a certain type of cervical mucus that forms in a woman on different days. In large quantities, mucus appears immediately before the egg leaves the ovary. This is a slippery substance that stretches if you hold it in your hands.
After some time (5-6 days), the structure of the mucus changes and turns into a substance similar to raw egg white. The essence of the method is to learn to recognize differences in the quantity and quality of cervical mucus by studying the discharge on underwear and toilet paper.