Especially for Letidor, the article was prepared by our permanent expert Sergei Anatolyevich Gorin, psychiatrist, psychotherapist, author of eleven monographs on manipulation of consciousness, advertising, hypnosis and NLP, the creator of the Russian-language model of Erickson hypnosis. According to colleagues, Gorin is a living classic of Russian neuro-linguistic programming.
Sergey Anatolievich Gorin
There are rare people that nature has endowed eidetic memory, that is, almost photographic: saw - remembered. These people-phenomena and books read like this: they flipped through quickly, captured them with their eyes, and then they slowly take them out of their memory and read them slowly. Of course, in the exam they can extract from the brain the image of a textbook or abstract and simply quote the desired page of the source. If your student is just that unique, you can skip the article; it is not for you.
If your graduate is unlucky and doesn’t have a photographic memory, read on because we’ll talk about mnemonics (the art of memorization) and mnemonics (memorization techniques).
Simple folk techniques of mnemonics
You will be surprised, but tying knots in memory is a real mnemonics based on conditioned reflexes.
It works like this: you are focused on something that you need to remember / do not forget to do, and tie a knot on a handkerchief. Then you take out a scarf (maybe by accident), see a knot on it and successfully remember what action you tied it for.
The same principle was applied for nicks on the nose: you take the nose (a wooden stick that the illiterate peasant NOSIL took with him, which is why it is called that) and, concentrating on what you need to remember, make the nick. They saw a nick - they remembered what needed to be done.
There was another use case at the nose: as many nicks as many sacks of wheat were made on it, the peasant Ivan borrowed from the peasant Peter. Then the wand was split in two along, and both illiterate participants in the loan agreement had evidence of the conclusion of this agreement.
To learn how to swim, you need to swim, and not read books about swimming training. To develop memory, you need to remember a lot, and the more often you load your memory, the more trained it will be for the rapid assimilation of new information.
Cramming is just a multiple repetition of the text (date, phone number) that you want to remember.
So cram on health! Poems, for example, you do not memorize differently.
Everything that you kept in the short-term memory for at least 40 seconds, goes into the long-term, so we remember the total huge amount of information.
By the mechanism of long retention in short-term memory, memorization of educational material also works while taking notes of lectures. Only in this case we use the whole complex: we connect visual (tables, illustrations) and motor, motor (selective recording plus additional pondering of theses during recording) to the auditory memory.
The complex “hearing-vision-recording” for the development of memory is very useful:
And he wrote down - that means he did it. With independent assimilation of the material, you can also connect different types of memory:
• briefly retell someone read in the textbook, pre-highlighting the most important in the text,
• make a short summary of the main points.
True, in everyday life people write down not in order to remember, but in order not to forget: "Yeah, I wrote it down, you don’t have to remember, just not to forget where you wrote it."
therefore additional consideration of material during recording - an important component of memorization.
Help to the crammer
Try to give memorable material own system - Most of the mnemonic techniques are based on this.
For example, it is almost impossible to remember without writing the sequence of letters vfvf cibkf vyt infys bp, th`pjdjq rjhs. But the task becomes ridiculously easy if the sequence is otherwise systematized. In this case, this is the phrase “my mother sewed me pants from a birch bark”, typed in Russian letters with an English keyboard layout.
Some of the material is already systematized to you, therefore, preparing for the exam, you can memorize not all the chapters in a row from the textbook, but the answers to specific exam tickets.
Questions from the tickets are not secret, their contents are usually posted at the institute or school on the bulletin board, they can be copied or photographed. If you have learned at least half of the tickets, the probability of getting five on the exam is almost one hundred percent - probability theory is on your side.
The following simple techniques can be attributed to creating your own systematization schemes: rhyming and rhythmization memorized material.
Remember at least the elementary school and the multiplication table: “five five - twenty five” and “six six - thirty six” are remembered instantly. But after “seven,” he is drawn to answer “forty-seven,” although the correct answer is “forty-nine.”
The author of the article easily reproduces the number “pi” (π) up to the 11th decimal place (which was never needed in everyday life), because even at school he was presented with a mnemonic poem:
“You just have to try and remember everything as it is: three, fourteen, fifteen, ninety-two and six. If we ask more, five, three, five and eight. ”
Modern schoolchildren tend to pose as rappers, betraying their deep knowledge as a recitative:
However, the additional rhythmization of the text that you need to remember by tapping with your hand, trampling your foot and swaying your body to the beat of speech helps with memorizing classical poems, and chemical formulas, and mathematical equations. Give it a try!
Exactly this way, with additional rhythmization, radio operators once helped themselves to memorize Morse code. To absorb her visually heavy load, but the radio operators worked by ear, so they correlated individual “dot-dash” signals with common speech and song phrases.
For any old radio amateur, the number 2 Morse code is not 2 dots and 3 dashes, not a visual image. " . _ _ _ ”, For him it’s the phrase“ I'm on the go-ooo-kuUu-shlaAa ”
Accordingly, the number 3 is not 3 points, 2 dashes, not a picture. " . . _ _ ", And the phrase" i-dut-tri-braAa-taAa. "
Visual Imaging Mnemonics
This is the largest group of memorization techniques; it is impossible to describe them all in one article. Take the most common and simple tricks.
Reception "Ulekele". Described in one Hollywood movie.
The criminal dropped a piece of paper on which the mysterious word Ulekele was written with his hand. And so the investigator thinks intensely: what did the criminal want to say, what does this word mean? There is a musical instrument ukulele. If this word was on a piece of paper, the detective could not have bothered at all - maybe the villain decided to learn music in old age?
But no, the word was spelled incorrectly, and through an incredible strain of mental abilities, the detective guesses: after all, the criminal element simply wrote off the letters from the phone, which, like numbers, are written on the phone keys and can correspond to some seven-digit telephone number !
And the number 8535353 just belongs to the victim - which means that a bad killer remembered her phone to call and find out if she is at home! (True, we would have remembered such a number even without a secret).
Welcome triumphs, the offender is exposed, and the viewer was told a simple system for storing phone numbers or a sequence of two dates.
Difficulties arise only with unity and zero: on mobile phones, the keys 1 and 0 are not provided with letters. You’ll have to enter a plus sign (0 key is a + sign or a space) and your favorite punctuation mark for a unit (1 key is a punctuation mark).
Then the years of life of the once very popular, and now less and less frequently quoted Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov-Lenin (1870-1924) will look in encrypted form like this: @ oh + @ ebi. If you get something more meaningful, remembering will be easier.
Reception "Live numbers". In its simplest form, it is described in the story of Karel Chapek "Poet".
The city poet, a witness to a traffic accident did not remember the number of the car that hit the old woman, but in hot pursuit wrote a poem with the lines: “O swan’s neck! Oh chest! O drum and these sticks - a tragedy a sign! ”
The investigator, questioning the poet, found out that the lines were inspired by the poetic interpretation of the numbers: 2 (swan neck), 3 (chest), 5 (round drum and two sticks). At the same time, the poet himself did not remember the number of the car and refused to name it. The number of the car that the investigator sought out on a pedestrian was indeed 235.
For example, you need to remember that Columbus discovered America in 1492. Suppose that in your personal set the number 1 resembles a two-meter iron scrap, 4 - a children's slide, 9 - an elephant with a trunk, 2 - well, let it be the same swan (or goose). Then, to memorize the date, you mentally draw a video: Columbus (in a luxurious hat with a feather, for authenticity), holding a two-meter crowbar in his hand, drives down a children's slide and hits the trunk of an elephant who was talking peacefully with a goose, and they all shout in chorus: " America is open! ”
Now, with the word “Columbus”, you involuntarily reproduce this small film in your mind by reading the date encoded in it.
Reception "Roman Room", or the Cicero Method. The technical essence of the method is the same: to memorize any abstract sequence of words or concepts, you create in your imagination your own video in which all concepts are encoded.
You look around the room in a clockwise direction: a door, a closet, a window, a TV stand, a work desk with a computer, and a sofa. There are 6 items that you remember well (or 8 if you divide the cabinet with the TV, and the desktop with the computer).
You need to remember 6-8 words or abstract concepts - theses of the speech, for example: pope, housing and communal services problems, salty herring, bodybuilding, raspberry jam, AA palm battery.
We create a mental film: the pope enters the door, he bumps into a closet from which a plumber jumps out with the inscription “Housing and Public Utilities” on his overalls and shouts “I have problems!” Throws a salty herring out of the window and watches the bodybuilders perform on TV, pouring raspberry jam on a table with a computer and picking out a finger battery from the sofa.
"Bullshit!" - you say. Yes. Therefore, it will be remembered. Watch the movie again and all the concepts will pop up.
Auditory Based Mnemonics
The admission “Digital Letter, Digital Syllable” originates in the task, which, according to rumors, Academician Landau offered graduate students in exams: “Continue the sequence - R, D, T, H, P, W ...”
The solution is very simple if you know it: one, two, three, four, five, six ... True, according to the same rumors, Landau did not accept post-graduate studies because he thought that either a genius or an idiot could solve it .
A genius could prove himself in the work on physics that the academician already knows, but he does not need idiots.
Let's write: 1 = P (times) or O (one), 2 = D, 3 = T, 4 = H, 5 = P, 6 = W, 7 = C, 8 = B, 9 = D, 0 = H .
Please note that the letter D corresponds to two numbers: 2 and 9. Therefore, agree with yourself that:
D means 2 in any syllable, except for syllables with the letters D and E (de-, dev-, den-, ar-, de- and so on.), Which are firmly given to the number 9,
Letters that do not correspond to the written series of numbers, you can sometimes use "for a bunch of words." For example, the syllable Ra means the number 1, but the words Ra-Ma and Ry-Ba also mean 1, since the letters M and B are not in the initial alphanumeric sequence.
Now we begin to play with digital syllables. “You-Tres-Vi-Tel” - 8383, the telephone code of Novosibirsk. “Wo-Wah Chi-Tai” - 8843, code of Kazan. “Damn De Po” - 8495, Moscow code. “Virgo Re-Shai” - 916, a very popular telephone prefix (remember that “dev-” is firmly given to the number 9, therefore we do not divide the abstract maiden into two syllables). Drev-Niy Rome - 901, also a frequent beginning of a telephone number.
The years of life of the leader of the world proletariat (1870 - 1924) in this memorization system will sound like "Oh Wa-Xia Nu Rad De-Du Chai", and the year of the abolition of serfdom (1861) - "Oh You Shi-Re."
In general, play and enjoy the memory!
Humblers and tikhoni fail
Many students are used to thinking that taking exams at a university is difficult. But this is not so: there are several effective tips on how to pass the exam without cramming, even if you do not know anything.
But before you reveal a few secrets, you need to understand a few important points, without which our advice may not work:
- Nothing will work out if you mumble, behave insecurely, constantly doubt and twitch. Set yourself up for success, practice at home in front of the mirror. If you are naturally a modest and indecisive person, try to imagine yourself an actor capable of performing those tricks, which will be discussed later.
- An examiner is a person waiting for a direct answer to a directly posed question. But first of all, he is a man, so that nothing human is alien to him (temperament, pride and other points of pressure).
Well, if initially there is a set of certain qualities that will help you pass the exam for five (for example, confidence, calm, calm, talkative, etc.). But even the biggest shy and shy do not despair. There are several rules on how to pass the exam successfully and easily, even without prior preparation.
Ready to get to know them? Go!
Rule number 1: do not be silent
It doesn’t matter what happens on the exam: the tongue is swollen, the fish bone is stuck in the throat, the voice or something else has disappeared. As soon as the teacher asks about something, you can’t hesitate, you need to answer something right away. No pauses! Even thoughtful silence can lead to failure, as teachers tend to perceive it as ignorance or, even worse, doubt.
And vice versa: the student’s constant speech convinces the examiner, if not in confident knowledge, then at least in the student’s high level of culture. And sometimes this is enough to pass the exam (and sometimes automatically).
On the exam as a performance
Rule number 2: Chatter, chatter yes gossip
The faster you speak, the more difficult it is for the examiner to understand whether you are telling the truth or not. However, fast speed gives a signal to the teacher’s brain: wow, he’s confident in himself! Surely knows the answer, so you can sleep with your eyes open.
There is one snag. Often, teachers are aware of this trick, constantly pulling the student and asking them to speak more slowly. No panic! Quietly (but quickly!) Tell the examiner that this is your natural speech. If you try to speak more slowly, it will be unusual and much more difficult for you to pass the exam well.
Rule number 3: Use compound words
Try to use as many foreign, complex, incomprehensible words as possible. Your task is to make the teacher begin to think about one word, not your complete answer.
Do you think every examiner knows what tactility, aberration or procrastination is? Prepare in advance, in which case you should be ready to explain an incomprehensible term to the examiner. This in turn will give you substantial solidity.
Rule number 4: Give the performance a theatricality
Being tormented by the question “Will I pass the exam?”, Try to practice at home as often as possible in front of a mirror in ordinary talkativeness. Your task is to completely get rid of this eternal “I'm afraid to take exams!” And speak more meaningfully. At the same time, pay attention to the tone of speech.
Speaking meaningfully and openly, we win over the listener, separate him and ourselves from the rest of the audience, ranking you among the participants in the conversation on an equal footing.
Moreover, the significantness allows you to quickly "move out" of an incomprehensible question, smoothly moving on to another topic. What is not a great way to successfully pass any exam (even written), if you do not know anything?
By the way! Our readers now have a 10% discount on any kind of work
Rule No. 5: Be Provocative
If you see that you can’t pass the exam, you have no choice but to try all the methods. Try to provoke the examiner, take him off the path of the chosen topic and push the discussion of the problem as controversial as possible.
What are we doing this? Sometimes, to pass the exam correctly and perfectly, it is enough to switch places with the teacher, take his place as an examiner or the position of an equal interlocutor.
Yes, not all teachers like to argue with them. But if the teacher is one of those who pay attention to the quality of acquired knowledge, then putting him in the position of an equal interlocutor, you will have the opportunity to pass the exam by creating an atmosphere of equality, a full discussion.
Rule number 6: We distract the attention of the teacher
Is it easy to take exams without preparation? Well, if you can distract the examiner's attention. If you succeed in distracting the professor from your question, you can pass off completely "left" information as truth.
Many tricks serve this purpose: rustling with a piece of paper, spinning of a pen, stamping of a leg, etc. If the teacher asks to stop, remind him that you are now in the position of the subject, which makes you very worried.
В любое время вы можете обратиться к помощи студенческого сервиса, чтобы избавить себя от повседневных студенческих забот. А сами тем временем лучше потренируйтесь в искусстве красноречия или просто поучите билеты, в конце концов!