Baptism of an adult: 7 stages of the preparatory period + 7 components of the rite itself + 5 rules, mandatory + 5 attributes that you will need.
It is never too late to find God.
If for some reason you were not baptized in infancy, you can even in adulthood find out about how an adult is baptized and arrange a ceremony in a church you like.
In principle, adults and children are baptized using a similar ritual, but still there are a number of fundamental differences that you need to know about.
The rite of baptism as one of the seven sacraments
The very word "baptism" has Greek roots and is literally understood as "dipping into water." Actually, this is the essence of the rite.
Of course, the water should not be simple, the font for immersion is special, and the ceremony is carried out only by the priest.
Baptism is one of the 7 Christian sacraments recognized by all faiths, although with some reservations and nuances.
It is after the ritual of the cross that a person acquires Christ, becomes a full-fledged parishioner, who can attend services, participate in church holidays, confess, receive communion, etc.
The essence of the rite is threefold immersion in water with the head. It was to this method that the clergy at one time called upon Alexy II, which led to the appearance in some churches of special fonts in which not only a child but also an adult could fit.
Although to this day, baptism is not always performed through complete immersion in water, especially when it comes to an adult. In small churches, there may not be a font in which someone other than the baby would fit, so water is simply poured onto the head and chest.
At the same time, the clergyman says special words:
And also - he reads a series of prayers.
It is believed that a baptized person renounces the powers of darkness, cleanses himself of all sins and gets a chance for a new church life.
In fact, a person goes through the ritual of the symbolic death of himself, in order to be resurrected with Christ. By the way, Jesus Christ himself was baptized by John in the Jordan River. So how can you not follow his example?
And baptized people get one more holiday, because the day on which the ceremony was held is considered Angel Day.
What is the difference between adult and infant baptism?
We are used to the fact that mostly children are baptized, while parents decide when their baby should undergo a special ceremony - up to a year or later.
The church does not recommend too much delay, because the sooner he receives a guardian angel and enters the bosom of the church, the better the child will be protected from evil spirits.
And, as practice shows, young children are easier to tolerate baptism than those older.
Often you can meet an adult who wants to be baptized, because in childhood his parents deprived him of the chance to find Christ.
In the 90s, such rituals were carried out in general, because in Soviet times, parents who decided to baptize a child succumbed to persecution. There were those who secretly agreed to baptize the baby, wanting to save his soul, but many parents remained who did not want to risk their own careers.
The children grew up and made a conscious decision to undergo the baptismal rite, which is entirely approved by the church.
Baptism of an adult has several differences:
- The meaningfulness of the decision - the children do not understand where they were brought and what they are doing with them, but the adult is obliged to understand this.
- Responsibility that you assume. The little ones can commit some evil deeds due to their lack of thought, but a baptized adult is obliged to reconsider his views on life and stop sinning.
- The lack of godfathers. The godfathers are needed for the infant to teach him to live according to the commandments of God and to answer for him until he is fully grown up. But an adult should be responsible for his actions, both good and bad.
The rite itself is not too different, except that the preparatory period in adults is more complicated and authentic than in children.
Preparing for an Adult Baptism
Often, both the parishioners themselves and the priests ignore the preparatory period. It happens that an adult comes to church and asks: “What do I need for baptism?”, But they just list what needs to be bought, name the amount and set a specific time.
So everything is simple that a person does not even have time to realize the essence of what is happening.
It happens that the priest approaches the question as responsibly as possible, but a man or woman who wants to find Christ does not want to complicate his life and simply requires to baptize them without any preparation.
Of course, no one will refuse you, but it is better to fulfill all the recommendations of the clergyman and undergo full preparation for the sacrament.
The preparatory period for the baptism of an adult consists of several stages:
- Understanding the essence of Christianity and its branches is Orthodoxy.
- Bible study.
- Attending Divine Services - It is advisable for an adult to attend at least 3 services before baptism.
Important! Women, trying to look their best, should understand that they will be dipped headlong. That means you don’t need to dye or build complex hairstyles. All this will flow, and you will look just ridiculous. And do not buy too thin a baptismal shirt so as not to shine with a “naked” body.
In addition, you need to stock up on ritual objects, without which the sacrament of baptism would not pass.
|1.||Pectoral cross||This is perhaps the main thing that should be. The cross can be made of any material - wood, tin, silver, gold. It is not necessary to buy it in the church itself, as the priest can do this during the ceremony itself.|
|2.||Christening clothes||Here you need to listen to what they say in the church. Sometimes baptism is carried out in swimsuits (swimming trunks, when it comes to men), sometimes in bright wide shirts, sometimes completely naked. Women still need a head scarf.|
|3.||Towel||An ordinary white towel will also work, but you can buy a special one with embroidered or woven crosses at the edges.|
|4.||Dry party wear||After the font, you will need to wipe yourself dry and change into clean, dry clothes. Since this is a holiday, it must also be beautiful.|
|5.||Other||Then listen to what they say in the temple. Usually, you also need to bring slippers, a camera with you to capture the ceremony, a few candles, etc.|
But godparents do not need an adult. Sometimes priests make concessions and are allowed to take one or even two pairs of godmothers, although this makes no sense.
Important! Remember that the church is not funded by the state, but lives on donations from parishioners. Of course, a fixed fee for the Christian sacrament is not too good, but it’s also wrong to give nothing to the temple.
As you can see, preparing for the baptism of an adult takes a lot of time, so consider this when choosing the date of the ceremony.
Rite of baptism of an adult
But most often the rite of baptism of an adult consists of 7 mandatory steps:
- The announcement. After special prayers, the priest should blow three times in the face of the candidate for church, which symbolizes the renewal of his life path. According to the Old Testament, this is exactly what the Lord did when He enlivened his creation - Adam. At the same stage, prayers are read that protect against evil spirits, and the adult standing in front of the priest is blessed.
- Questions. Now the “animated” and “blessed” ones need to turn west (after all, according to all Christian teachings, the forces of darkness live there) and answer the priest’s questions, which come down to faithfulness to Christ and renunciation of Satan.
- Prayer “Creed”. It is this prayer that is read with the priest after the adult renounces the Devil and confirms his allegiance to God. In this case, you need to face east.
That's all - it remains only to accept congratulations from loved ones in honor of your union with Jesus Christ.
Here is a video that will help you to see firsthand how this sacrament of baptism is performed and, perhaps, will inspire you to repeat the experience of adult heroes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lkbHBHV14R0.
How does an adult baptize?
The rules for adult baptism
Despite the fact that baptism is a holiday, it is not necessary to turn it into festivities, to convene a crowd of people who will make noise during the ceremony.
Yes, you can invite the closest to share your joy with you, you can even mark this event afterwards, but do not turn it into an indecent booze, indulging in gluttony and debauchery.
There are several rules that an adult should adhere to when baptized:
- True faith. If you don’t take the cross ritual seriously, if you don’t believe in God, if baptism is a fashion for you, then do not expect grace to come upon you. On the contrary, it will only get worse, because to the existing sins you add one more - a lie and hypocrisy in the face of the Lord.
- Free choice of place. You have the right to choose any Orthodox church for the ceremony - no one should put forward your conditions for you - only be baptized here or nowhere. If you have a spiritual mentor or have heard positive reviews about a priest, you can contact him directly to conduct a baptismal ceremony for an adult.
- Compliance with the rules. Despite the fact that all Orthodox churches adhere to a single procedure, it still has some nuances depending on the venue. This is why you need to speak with a representative of your chosen temple in advance to prepare for your baptism in the best possible way.
- Feeling good. You should not be baptized if you are sick. In this case, it makes sense to transfer the ceremony to another day. Women, choosing a date, must take into account their monthly cycle - during the period of lunar bleeding, you can not even attend church.
- Concentration. During baptism, an adult should be as focused as possible on what is happening, throw all sinful thoughts out of his head, ask God for directions on the true path. You can’t think of anything completely extraneous. If you can’t concentrate, read the prayer, it will help to put your thoughts in order.
The baptism of an adult is quite an interesting rite, even becoming a witness to it is fascinating. And to experience this in mature years is an incomparable experience.
Conditions for Baptism
For an adult who decides to be baptized, a prerequisite is faith in the Holy Trinity and the realization that the Son of God, Jesus Christ, has come into the world to save him. The Lord does not require much from the baptized person; all that is needed is sincere repentance and at least faith warming in the soul. During baptism, the Lord forgives a person for his sins and sets a Guardian Angel next to him. When a baby is baptized, the faith of the recipients (godmothers of the mother and father) is a commission to perform the sacrament.
Preparing an Adult for the Sacrament of Baptism
When an adult is about to be baptized, some preparation is required from him. It is advisable to acquire a prayer book and memorize the three main Orthodox prayers - “Our Father”, “Hail to the Virgin Mary” and “Symbol of Faith”. The last prayer is a hymn to Orthodoxy. You can read the teachings of the holy fathers about the meaning of the sacrament of baptism, and talk with the priest. It is necessary to hold fast for 2-3 days on the eve of the sacrament, which includes abstinence of the stomach and refusal to perform conjugal duties. On the eve of baptism, if it takes place in the morning, it is better not to eat food.
What you need to prepare for baptism
By the day of baptism should be purchased:
- Pectoral cross. It does not matter if it is gold, silver or made of a simple alloy. On the practical side, it is preferable to buy a cross made of silver.
- A baptismal shirt in the form of a hoodie with a cross embroidered on the chest and a scarf (for women and girls) or a full baptismal set.
- For children over seven years old, a sheet and slippers.
- Learn how to behave in the church so as not to get a comment from the priest.
Place of baptism
The sacrament is performed by an Orthodox priest in a church or baptismal hall, a special room, the so-called baptismal church. In special cases, a person can be baptized at home or in a hospital. But for no particular reason this possibility may not be blessed by a priest, since the rite of the sacrament itself contains rituals that require the presence of a baptized person in the church, for example, churching.
Godfathers are also called recipients. One of the meanings of this Greek translation is a surety for a debtor. That is, the godparents take a serious responsibility - a testimony before God of the sincerity of an adult to become a Christian. And if a baby is baptized, then they undertake by their prayers and active participation in upbringing, to help parents raise a true Orthodox Christian. In modern practice, when an adult is baptized, in certain situations, the sacrament can be performed without the participation of perceivers.
If you decide to hire a photographer for christening, be sure to find out in advance whether he will be allowed to shoot or use a flash. Some priests are very negative about filming the Sacraments and you may have an unpleasant surprise.
As a rule, photo and video shooting are not prohibited anywhere. Photos from baptism are a great joy for many years for the whole family, so if you can’t take pictures in the church, you need to look for a church where you can take pictures (but even in Old Believer churches you can take pictures on christening)
In some cases, the child can be baptized at home. The main thing is to agree on this with the priest.
Who can and cannot be godfather is the most common question. Is it possible for a pregnant / unmarried / unbelieving / childless girl to baptize a girl, etc. - the number of variations is infinite.
The answer is simple: godfather must be human
- Orthodox and church (He is responsible for raising a child in faith),
- not the parent of the child (godparents should, in which case, replace the parents),
- you cannot be husband and wife godparents of one baby (or those who are going to get married),
- the godfather cannot be a monk.
Contrary to popular belief, it is not necessary that there are two godparents. One thing is enough: women - for girls and men - for boys. More information about godparents, their rights, duties, etc. can be found here.
Conversation before Baptism
Now it is a must. For what? In order to baptize those who believe in Christ, and not those who come, so that “the child is ill_it is necessary to be baptized_a_to_witness the evil eye_a_my_zhe_Russian_and_Orthodox”.
You need to come to the conversation, this is not an exam. usually a priest talks about Christ, the gospel, recalls that the gospel must be read on its own. It looks like this.
Often the need for conversation causes resentment among relatives and many try to “get around” them. Someone, complaining about the lack of time, or even just desires, is looking for priests who can neglect this rule. But first of all, this information is needed by the godfathers themselves, because by inviting them to become godparents of their child you impose great responsibility on them and it would be nice for them to find out about it. If the godparents do not want to spend time on this, then this is an occasion for you to think about whether the child needs recipients who cannot sacrifice just a couple of their evenings for him.
If the godparents live in another city and can come only on the day of the sacrament, then they can talk in any temple that is convenient. At the end they will be given a certificate with which they can participate in the sacrament anywhere.
It is very good for the godparents, if they still do not know, to learn the Creed - this prayer is read three times during baptism and it is likely that the godparents will be asked to read it.
What to buy?
For baptism, the child needs a new baptismal shirt, a cross and a towel. All this can be bought at any church shop and, as a rule, this is the task of the godparents. The baptismal shirt is then stored along with other memorabilia of the baby. In foreign stores there is a whole line of stunningly beautiful clothes for baptism, you can use some beautiful set for discharge.
Name at baptism
Find out in advance what name will baptize the child. If the name of the child is not in the holy calendar, select in advance the one that is closest in sound (Alina - Elena, Zhanna - Anna, Alice - Alexandra) and tell the priest about it. And sometimes names are given strangely. One of my acquaintances Jeanne was baptized by Eugenia. By the way, sometimes in saints there are unexpected names, say. Edward - there is such an Orthodox British saint (though then all the church staff will not believe that there is such an Orthodox name). In church notes and in the performance of other Sacraments, the name given at baptism will need to be used. Proceeding from it, it will be determined when the child has Angel's day and who has his heavenly patron.
We arrived at the temple, what next?
At the church store you will be asked to pay a baptismal donation. Перед таинством ребеночка лучше покормить, чтоб ему было комфортнее и спокойнее.
Кормить в храме МОЖНО, хорошо для этого быть в кормительной одежде или иметь с собой фартук. Если нужно уединение – можно попросить кого-то из сотрудниц храма подыскать укромное место.
The only thing is that if the baby is feeding for a long time, it is better to have a bottle, drinker, syringe with food so that it does not happen that the baby is hungry in the middle of the service and you have to either wait half an hour while he eats or he will cry from hunger.
During the sacrament of the child, godparents are holding in their hands, parents can only watch. Baptism usually lasts about an hour.
It is useful to familiarize yourself in advance with what will happen in the service in order to understand the meaning of what is happening. Here is a diagram of the service of holy Baptism.
But mothers are not allowed to be baptized everywhere - it is better then to clarify this question in advance.
The font has WARM water. First, hot water is usually poured there, before the Sacrament it is diluted with cold. But the water in the font is warm :)
The temple attendants who take it will take care that the water is warm - they do not want your child to freeze at least as much. After dipping the child, one won’t be able to dress right away, and here it’s worth mentioning again that it’s good to baptize very small children in separate rooms and not in the church itself, where it is cool even in summer. In any case - do not worry, everything happens quickly and the child does not have time to freeze.
Should a child wear a cross all the time?
Often parents are concerned about the safety of a child wearing a cross. Someone is afraid that the child may suffer from a rope or ribbon on which a cross hangs. Many worry that the child may lose the cross or it can be stolen, for example, in the garden. As a rule, the cross is worn on a short ribbon that cannot get tangled anywhere. And for kindergarten you can prepare a special inexpensive cross.
And they say that ....
Baptism, like so much more in our lives, is surrounded by many silly superstitions and prejudices. Older relatives can add worries and excitement with tales of bad omens and prohibitions. Any doubtful questions should be clarified with the priest, not trusting, even very experienced, grandmothers.
Those who wish to be baptized
You want to receive the Sacrament of Baptism - you want to become a Christian.
To become a Christian does not only mean changing beliefs or even a way of life, it means decisively changing, becoming a different person.
From someone who knew the will of Christ, calling himself a Christian, he will be asked more, since being a Christian is not a privilege, but above all, responsibility for all your actions and thoughts. To be a Christian means to live and act in accordance with the will of Christ, His example, His commandments.
Intending to be baptized, a person is on the verge of an extremely important step in his life. If a person accepts it for the sake of earthly gain (“not to be ill, so that things go well”) or custom (“everyone is baptized, and I. Everyone in our family is baptized, etc.), then it will not bring any benefit. And moreover, without faith and a firm intention to live after the Baptism in a Christian way, sacred action is not only meaningless, but can also be harmful.
Therefore, the Sacrament of Baptism is performed only on a believer or an infant, subject to the further education of the infant in the Orthodox Christian faith by his parents and godparents.
What is the sacrament of baptism?
Sacrament there is a sacred action in which through some visible action, in an invisible, incomprehensible way for us, the grace of the Holy Spirit is given to us, or the saving power of God.
Baptism is a sacrament in which a believer, upon threefold immersion of a body in water and upon invoking the baptists with the name of the Most Holy Trinity, the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, dies for carnal, sinful life, and is reborn by the Holy Spirit into a spiritual and holy life. Thus, the baptized person is introduced into the Church and becomes its member. Only a person who has received Baptism can become a member of the Church, and therefore Baptism is also called “spiritual birth,” and a person’s true spiritual life begins only from the moment of Baptism.
Repentance and faith are necessary conditions for accepting the sacrament of Baptism. A penitent person realizes his sins and understands what great mercy God shows him in the sacrament of Baptism, forgiving all lawlessness, all sins committed earlier.
Faith is needed to realize that only Christ can free from sins, for Christ took upon himself the sins of the whole world, «that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life"(John 3:16).
The sacrament of baptism can be performed only once on one person.
The baptism of infants began in ancient times. Of course, faith and repentance cannot be expected from them, but they are baptized by virtue of the faith of their parents and recipients (godfathers), who have the holy duty to teach the baptized truths of faith and help them to be reborn for a new life.
The name in baptism is called during a special prayer before the beginning of the sacrament. According to the ancient tradition of the Russian Orthodox Church, the name is called in honor of some saint. It can be a saint whose memory is celebrated on the child’s birthday, on the day of Baptism, or just a saint revered in this family. Thus, the day of remembrance of this saint will be a day of name day. It is important to know the life of the saint whose name you bear, to turn to him in prayer.
If there is no name in the calendar (that is, there is no saint with that name), the name is either consonant (for example, Rustam-Rustik, Arina-Irina or Polina-Appolinaria), or corresponding in meaning (for example, Victoria-Nika) ) It’s okay if the name of the girl is given in honor of the holy male, for example, the names of Inna and Rimma, which are called girls, are given in honor of the holy martyrs of the men of Inna and Rimma.
What are the responsibilities of the godparents (perceivers)?
An adult baptized Orthodox Christian who knows the Articles of Faith and basic Orthodox prayers (“Our Father”, “Our Lady, Hail”, may become godparents). This is some necessary minimum. Ideally, the one who leads the church life should be the godfather: he regularly confesses and takes communion. After all, how can someone who is a beginner in it teach the godson the Orthodox Christian faith?
According to the godfather tradition, two are godfather and godmother. But it is strictly necessary only one of the same gender as the baptized. According to tradition, the parents of the baptized cannot be receivers. Church rules do not allow marriage between the godfather and the godson, as well as between the godfather and one of the parents of the godson.
The symbol of faith at Baptism should be read by the baptized (or godmother) in Church Slavonic.
After baptism, as the child grows older, the godfather should instruct the child in the faith, bring him to the temple, bring to the Sacrament, or make sure his parents bring him to the temple and take communion. Godfathers must pray for their godchildren. Godfathers are responsible for raising a child in the faith and will be responsible for this at the Last Judgment.
Symbol of faith
|Church Slavonic text||Russian text|
|1. I believe in the unity of God the Father, the Almighty, the Creator of heaven and earth, visible to all and invisible.||I believe in the one God the Father, the Almighty, the Creator of heaven and earth, all visible and invisible.|
|2. And in the unity of the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the Only Begotten, Even from the Father, born before all ages, Light from Light, God is true from God, true, born, uncreated, consubstantial with the Father, All of being.||And in the one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the Only Begotten, born of the Father before all centuries: Light from the Light, the true God from the true God, born, uncreated, one being with the Father, He created everything.|
|3. For our sake, man and ours, for our salvation, came down from heaven and embodied from the Holy Spirit and Mary the Virgin, and became human.||For the sake of us, people and for the sake of our salvation, he who came down from heaven, and received flesh from the Holy Spirit and Mary the Virgin, and became a man.|
|4. But crucified for us under Pontius Pilate, and the sufferer, and buried.||Crucified for us under Pontius Pilate, and suffering, and buried.|
|5. And it was risen on the third day according to the Scriptures.||And risen on the third day according to the scriptures.|
|6. And ascended into heaven, and the Father is seated at the right hand.||And ascended into heaven, and sitting to the right of the Father.|
|7. And the packs to come, with glory, judge the living and the dead, There will be no end to the Kingdom.||And again coming with glory, to judge the living and the dead, His Kingdom will have no end.|
|8. And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Life-giving, And from the Father proceeding, And from the Father and the Son we bow and glorify, having spoken the prophets.||And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord giving life, from the Father proceeding, with the Father and the Son co-worshiped and glorified, speaking through the prophets.|
|9. In one Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church.||In a single holy, catholic and apostolic church.|
|10. I profess one baptism for the remission of sins.||I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins.|
|11. Tea of the resurrection of the dead,||Waiting for the resurrection of the dead|
|12. and the life of the future. Amen.||and the life of the future century. Amen (true).|
At the time of the sacrament, the baptized person (and, when the child is baptized - the godfather) takes vows to God.
Renunciation of Satan. Christians know from personal experience what the power of Satan (the devil) is - the spirit of evil and the enemy of the human race. An unbaptized person is a slave to sin. When performing the Sacrament of Baptism, a person has to renounce this spirit of evil (Do you deny Satan, and all his deeds, and all his angel (i.e. demons) and all his ministry, and all his pride? Baptized: Denied).
Confession of the Right Faith. The baptized (or godfather) takes an oath - Symbol of faith, personally confessing Christ with his God and Savior and promising that he knew and wholeheartedly accepted everything that the Lord said about Himself in the Gospel and trusts the Mother Church founded by Him.
Combination with Christ. After that happens combination (union) with Christ(Have you been fit to Christ? Baptized: Fit together) and baptismal vows are made to Christ God: to live according to the commandments of God.
In case of infant baptism, parents and godparents take responsibility for his Christian upbringing and joining the Church, starting in his infancy. They will commit a grave sin and will answer at the Last Judgment of God, if they do not rejoice about it. That is why only the one who can become the godparent whoever lives Christianly obeys the commandments of God.
The baptism is done. What's next?
The man was baptized. The sacrament is perfect, and often many people calm down on this, believing that they have performed the necessary rites and nothing more is required of them. Deep delusion! Baptism is only the beginning of the path of salvation. It must be remembered that the original sin and guilt are washed in man for all transgressions and sins committed before Baptism. But the germ of sin - sinful habits and attraction to sin - remains in man, and they are overcome by the efforts of man himself, by the ACTION of his whole life, for the Kingdom of God, according to the Lord, is acquired by effort. And other church ordinances (Penance, Communion, Unction), various prayers and services are means of sanctification of a Christian. In them, the Christian, in proportion to his faith and need, receives Divine grace to help his salvation. Without this grace, according to the apostolic teaching, we not only cannot do good - we cannot even wish for it. (Philippians 2:13).
Every Orthodox Christian begins the day by reading the morning rule (Morning Prayers), and ends the day by reading the evening rule (Prayers for the coming dream) and thanksgiving of the Lord for the past day. These prayers can be read in prayer books that are sold in church shops. The Orthodox Christian needs to come to the temple at least once a month and take part in the sacraments of Penance and the Eucharist (to confess and partake of the Body and Blood of Christ).
In the sacrament of Penance, grace is communicated to a person, freeing him from sins and endowing the soul with the ability to understand the will of God. The sinner sincerely asks the Lord to give him the power to see his sins in the light of the Gospel, so that the remorse of sins committed in the soul will be awakened, so that the sincere confession of sins will strengthen the desire for correction. Christ, seeing that a man sincerely asks for His mercy, gives him through the priest not only absolution, but justification and sanctification.
In the sacrament of the Eucharist (Communion), the gift of oneness with Christ is communicated to man. The Holy Gifts (the Body and Blood of Christ), entering into the composition of man, mysteriously transform it: they purify the soul, sanctify thoughts, enlighten the activity of human feelings, give the Gifts of the Holy Spirit.
There is nothing meaningless in the Church, all that has been established: sacraments, worship, prayers, works of faith, fasting, etc., are called to help us walk the path of earthly life, perfecting the spirit and bringing us closer to the Kingdom of Heaven, the achievement of which, as it is said in the Gospel and was revealed by the examples of saints, possibly even during earthly life.
You can get answers to your questions on the sites:
www.azbyka.ru - Orthodox Encyclopedia "ABC of Faith"
www.missionary.su - Unfamiliar Orthodoxy - in simple words about the most important
www.pravmir.ru - Orthodoxy and the World (Daily Internet Media)
www.predanie.ru - Tradition - a large archive of Orthodox video, audio materials and mp3 books
www.pravoslavie.ru - Internet portal of the Sretensky Monastery
www.tvspas.ru - TV-Spas archive - a large archive of video and audio materials - films, lectures, television programs, etc.
Prepared using the brochure “A Memorial to the Preparing for Holy Baptism”, Moscow diocese, Vidnovsky deanery, Kazan church of the village of Molokovo.