You leave - indoor plants remain. If you like succulents, you don’t have to worry: they will endure the separation without any help. The rest will have to be handed out to neighbors, relatives and friends, or to ask someone to visit. Or make sure that watering happens as if by itself.
During coexistence with indoor plants, people have come up with a ton of ways to water flowers automatically. We do not claim to be an exhaustive list. There are only seven, but they are simple and effective. To make this work more efficiently, transfer the flowers from brightly lit places to penumbra - so the water from the pots will evaporate more slowly - water and spray well.
If a few days before departure the plant decided to bloom, cut the buds. You still will not see the flowers, and the green friend will need more water. Let it rest now and bloom later when you return and start watering it as usual.
1. "Drinking bowl"
From a plastic bottle you can make an automatic "drinker" for plants. With a hot needle or knitting needle, make two holes in the container: in the cork and in the bottom. Pick up a bottle of water, close and dig a cork down into the pot closer to the roots of the plant. Depth - 2-3 cm.
This will allow you to understand how quickly and how intensively a device with this size of the hole moisturizes the earth.
2. Capacity + cloth
The method is suitable if there are drainage holes on the bottoms of the pots. Lay out on the bottom of a container (bath, bowl or basin, laundry basket) wet cloth - wool, towels, etc. The main thing is that it absorbs and retains moisture well. Place flower pots on top (naturally, without stands).
3. Capacity + fabric "tube"
Grandma’s way that works great. You will need a container for water (a bottle is best - so moisture will evaporate more slowly) and strips of cloth or thread that absorb water well (bandage or gauze, woolen threads).
Place the pots on the table or on the floor, and a little higher, on some stand, place a container of water.
Prepare the “wires” of thread or fabric. Lower one end to the bottom of the bottle, and pull the other to the pot. Wet cloth will give water to the ground.
But keep in mind that if the house suddenly becomes very hot, the fabric will dry out and watering will stop. Therefore, it is advisable to make “wires” shorter - then the risk will be less.
It is a polymer with high hygroscopicity - that is, it absorbs a huge amount of water. Some types of hydrogel can be used as a substrate and plants can be planted in it. They will need to be watered much less often than usual. If you often leave, consider moving green pets into hydrogel pots.
You probably saw decorative gel in balls many times. Instead of water, cut flowers are often put in it. Balls can help out at the time of departure. Lay them on top of the ground, putting moss on top - they will give off moisture and water the plant. Or, if its root system is not superficial, mix the hydrogel with the topsoil in a pot.
5. Expanded clay
The principle is the same as that of a hydrogel: porous pebbles hold water well and slowly give it away. Wet expanded clay and spread it on the ground, covering it with moss on top. If your plants live in clay pots, you can put them in larger plastic pots, and fill the free space with wet expanded clay. Clay will let moisture into the soil.
6. Capillary mat
The structure of the mat is similar to felt. Only this fabric is synthetic and absorbs much more water. The principle of using the mat is simple: it needs to be moistened, laid out on a flat surface and placed pots with plants on top.
And you can simply lay it out on a tray or pallet (in stores there are even special ones for capillary mats).
The easiest and most reliable way if you are ready to invest a little more on your green friends. An autowatering system consists of a container with water, tubes that connect it to the pot, and a control element that can be programmed to be switched on with a certain regularity. The device can water the flowers twice a day, and maybe once every three days - as needed.
How to make drip irrigation for indoor plants with your own hands? Folk ways
If you do not have the opportunity to apply the previous method, then you can use the following options for drip irrigation for indoor plants and flowers.
Experts believe that these drip irrigation systems are best used as an addition to irrigation during the holidays, but in some cases they can and even need to be applied on an ongoing basis.
The festival "Flower Festival" recalls that the effectiveness of drip irrigation methods can vary significantly, and to achieve maximum effect, the system must be checked for a fairly long time.
To do this, take a wick (cord from the fabric), one end is placed inside the pot in circles on the bottom (before transplanting the plant), and the other in a vessel (pot) with water.
A pot with a plant is placed on top of a vessel of water, the wick absorbs water and moisture rises up to the bottom of the pot. This method is well suited for watering violets (senpolia), including on an ongoing basis.
In order not to transplant the plants before the vacation: the cord is placed on top of the pot and sprinkled on top of the soil mixture, and the other end in a vessel with water (bucket, basin), which is placed above the pot with the plant.
EXAMPLE. The pot is on the floor, and the bucket is on the stool. Depending on the size and type of plant, the number of wicks can vary from one to 5-7.
- In stores, you can find wick systems for irrigation in the finished form.
Drop watering from plastic bottles is well known to many gardeners, it is successfully used for indoor plants. In our opinion, making drip irrigation from a plastic bottle with your own hands is not difficult.
- The most common version of the system: a hole is made on the bottle cap and on its bottom using a hot nail, the bottle is fixed bottom up over the pot.
After installation, you need to measure how much fluid has left the bottle for 24, 72 and 144 (6 days) and 288 (12 days) hours and how wet the substrate is. Depending on the result obtained, the size of the hole on the cap and / or the volume of the bottle are changed.
- The system of drip irrigation from plastic bottles is simple and cheap, so it is easy to experiment and implement with it, including in the garden, greenhouse or garden.
Drip irrigation systems for indoor plants
We present you the options for drip irrigation systems for home flowers.
1.CAPILLARY MAT FOR FLOORING
This special coating of hygroscopic material is placed in any convenient level place, and under it lay a garden film. The edge of the capillary mat or its notched strip is moistened with water and lowered into a container with liquid.
- For use at home, do not buy capillary geotextiles, it is made from recycled materials.
CAPILLARY MAT PRICE: about 3 euros per linear meter of roll 100 cm wide. For example, Vivapol (Germany) with a protective coating Aquafol and a water capacity of three liters per m2. The width of the rolls is different: 100, 125, 150 or 200 cm, the color is black or white.
2.CAPILLARY MAT MATERATION PALLET
This automatic watering device consists of three parts: capillary carpet, external and internal tray.
The inner tray is covered with a capillary carpet, on top of which a pot with a plant is placed. The inner tray is placed in the outer, into which water is poured. The carpet absorbs water and transfers it to the plant.
- Similar designs are produced by many companies (Garland (England) and others), which assure that the plant will live offline for up to two weeks.
PRICEGARLAND: the price on Amazon is 7-8 euros per pallet with dimensions (55 cm - length, 31 cm - width, 3 cm - height) and a capacity of 1.8 liters of water from environmentally friendly materials.
3.AQUA GLOBES DEVICES
Devices like aqua globes (watering tubes, glass watering sphere, etc.) are widely used: a glass flask with a ceramic cone. The structure is placed in a soil mixture, where it uniformly moistens the substrate due to the capillary-porous structure.
PRICEAQUA GLOBES: on Amazon 10-12 dollars for 2 pieces, in the CIS in stores you can find at a price of about three dollars apiece.
- TIP: if there is no need for a beautiful appearance, then a device from a plastic bottle will not be watered worse, but for free.
4. CERAMIC CONES FOR PLANT WATERING
Ceramic cones can be sold separately without a water tank (such as the Blumat Tube Automatic Plant Waterer), and moisture comes into them through a thin hose from a water tank.
The lower part of the cone is made of special clay, which analyzes the moisture of the soil and gives off moisture after sufficient drying.
By changing the height of the pot with the plant, in relation to the tank with water, you can adjust the amount of incoming moisture.
BLUMAT SET PRICE: on Amazon 12-15 euros. Separately, a cone of an unknown manufacturer in the CIS can be purchased at about $ 1.5 apiece.
5.SMART POT FOR FLOWERS WITH AUTOFILING
Smart pot systems for flowers with automatic irrigation, for example, from smartpots.com_ or Lechuza, are becoming increasingly popular.
This device is easy to plant and care: you only need to add water once every 20-25 days.
- In Europe and the USA, many use smart pots everywhere and in the garden, growing garden crops (tomatoes, cucumbers) and strawberries.
SMART POT PRICE: an average of $ 13 to $ 35 per Amazon per pot, depending on its size and volume. There are a large variety of options for aliexpress at various prices.
6.HYDROGEL FOR INDOOR PLANTS
Hydrogel is a special polymer that absorbs a large amount of moisture (two grams are capable of absorbing up to 200-500 ml according to various sources) and slowly, then it is given to plants. Hydrogel for indoor plants is mainly found in the form of granules or balls, colorless or colored.
- Ideally, the plant should already be planted in a soil mixture with hydrogel (two grams are recommended for about 800-1000 grams of substrate) and before you leave, you just water it abundantly and that’s all.
Now there are hydrogel granules with complex fertilizer, which, in addition to moisture, supply the plant with nutrients.
According to manufacturers, on average, such hydrogel granules last for 3-4 years.
OTHERWISE: Before vacation, soak the hydrogel for 7-8 hours in water, and then pour the granules on top of the soil mixture and cover with moss. If the root system is not of a superficial type, then the hydrogel can be dug 2-3 cm in depth.
HYDROGEL PRICE: on aliexpress: 7 pieces of color - from one dollar, 125 pieces of smaller colored ones about 3 dollars, 100 pieces of medium transparent ones - about 7-8 dollars, 500 pieces of small multi-colored ones - 10 dollars. There are also weight: 500 grams - $ 20.
- There are many options and they can change so that you need to follow.
Automatic watering systems for indoor plants
The automatic irrigation system of indoor plants and flowers has a number of outstanding advantages. The automatic watering system allows you to provide indoor plants and flowers with moisture for a very long time.
- Every year, automatic watering of plants is becoming increasingly popular, many well-known companies produce devices (Brigadier werkzeuge (Switzerland), Weninger (Austria), Gardena (Germany), Hozelock (Great Britain), Uniflex (Italy)).
Automatic irrigation systems differ in the type of power supply (solar, electricity, battery), the number of plants to be watered (from one to several dozen), the method of water intake (plumbing, water tank), the method of water supply (pump or gravity drain), and watering settings in the timer .
- The price of an automatic watering system for indoor plants depends on the configuration of the system and the manufacturer.
Do-it-yourself automatic drip irrigation of indoor plants
Automatic watering of indoor plants is quite simple and easy to do yourself from improvised means. Drop watering for home flowers is made from a medical dropper system, which can be bought at a pharmacy.
The system has a built-in regulator that allows you to adjust the frequency of liquid dripping up to a second.
- As with wick watering, a container of water (bucket, basin) is placed above the plant, one at the end in a pot and the other in a container. After installing the automatic watering system (dropper), we begin to adjust the frequency of dripping.
After a couple of hours and every morning for several days we check the operability of the drip irrigation system. If everything is in order, then you can safely go on vacation and enjoy all the delights of relaxation!
We hope that now watering indoor flowers during the holidays will no longer be a problem, as you already know how to water indoor plants in the event of a long absence.
And drip and automatic watering systems for indoor plants will do a good job and preserve the beauty of home flowers.
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We wish you a great vacation and a sea of positive emotions!