This method is called Sun Tea and is popular in the southern states of the USA.
In the United States, they rarely drink normal warm or hot tea. They like chilled drinks with ice. Therefore, if you order tea in a cafe, specify immediately that you need hot tea, otherwise they will bring you ice crumb. And in the southern states it’s also hot, I don’t want to make the house even hotter while a large amount of water is being heated, plus electricity bills. So do sun tea, which does not need hot water.
The technology is as simple as two pennies. Take tea, a tea bag, mint leaves or other herbs - what you want to “brew”, put in a transparent mug, jar or container, fill it with water at room temperature and place it on a windowsill illuminated by the sun. After some time, this case somehow infused.
The problem is that far from useful bacteria, for example, alcaligenes viscolactis, can develop in the infusion during this time. Please note that such a good thing easily settles in our tea leaves, left in the morning or even for several days until it is drunk. To protect yourself, it is recommended that you thoroughly wash the brewing vessel using soap or other cleaning antibacterials, including bleach, and rinse the herbs if you want to brew them. In a good way, it would be worth boiling the water, and the brewed material should be poured with such water as it should. But since we are talking about sun tea, at least do not insist on it for more than three hours, do not do it more than you can drink in a day, and immediately send the part that you do not drink to the refrigerator. Some companies that produce bottled sun tea “brew” it immediately in the refrigerator so that bacteria do not develop there at low temperatures - but what kind of lighting is in those refrigerators and how long does it take to “brew”, I'm afraid it’s not so easy to find out. But if you want to make "refrigerator tea" at home, take a quart (that is, a liter) of cool water, put 4-6 tea bags there and put in the refrigerator for 6 hours or more. At least for the night. Then remove the bags and serve with ice. You will be like Americans. The most is our winter at minus 30.
How to make black tea
To brew black tea, it is best to use soft, purified water. Such water can be obtained if you use a modern water purifier (many different types of water filters are sold today in specialized stores). You can also buy immediately purified bottled drinking water.
- boil drinking water, but do not wait until the lid of the kettle begins to rattle, and if bubbles occur, turn it off,
- prepare a ceramic teapot for brewing (it can be replaced if necessary with a porcelain or earthenware teapot),
- pour boiling water into the teapot, and for a moment close it with a lid, wait until it warms up a little, rinse it,
- pour dry tea, but do not immediately pour water, but let the leaves swell in a few seconds,
- Pour boiling water into the teapot with tea leaves 2/3.
Many prepare the tea leaves separately, and then add boiling water to the tea cup. It is worth noting that experts recommend making tea immediately in a large teapot, from which it is already possible to pour ready-made tea.
* For a cup of boiling water, 1 teaspoon of tea leaves is quite enough.
- cover the kettle with a lid, covering it with a napkin on top.
* The napkin will perform two actions: let the steam pass and retain the essential oils, which make the tea fragrant.
- Wait about 5 minutes until tea is prepared.
- after 2-3 minutes, after which you added boiling water and started making tea, add some more boiled water,
- close the kettle again with a napkin,
* Do not brew leaf tea for more than 5 minutes and fine for more than 4 minutes.
* Tea is also advised from earthenware or porcelain cups.
* To truly appreciate the taste of tea, it must be drunk slowly for 15 minutes after brewing.
How to make green tea
To properly prepare green tea, it is advisable to use live spring water with a low level of mineral salts.
- As always, the dishes should be rinsed with boiling water so that it warms up. Then you can proceed directly to brewing.
* It is worth noting that everyone chooses how much tea leaves to use, but on average 1 tsp is used. 150 - 200 ml. water.
- When you set the kettle to boil water, make sure that it does not boil, but has about 80-85C.
- for the first time, green tea is insisted 1.5 - 2 minutes,
- Next, you need to pour the tea into the chahai, and from there already into the cups, thereby achieving equal strength of the drink in all cups.
* It is advisable to pour all the tea without leaving anything in the teapot.
- after the first time, the brewing of green tea gradually increases by 15 - 20 seconds.
* Green tea can withstand up to five tea leaves, it all depends on the type of tea.
How to brew red tea (hibiscus tea)
- karkade must be brewed at the rate of 8-10 tsp. per 1 liter of water
- brewing time 3-5 minutes.
* You can add sugar to tea.
Karkade can be cooked cold
- add hibiscus inflorescences to cold water,
- bring to a boil and add sugar,
* Serve with ice.
How to brew white tea
Due to the special concentration of essential oils, this tea should be brewed in soft and not too hot water, approximately 50-70C. Otherwise, it may lose its rich flavor.
Brew white tea for 3-4 minutes at a temperature of 84C. After the first brewing, you can repeat the process 3-4 more times.
Brewed white tea has a floral aroma, slightly similar to herbal and its color is pale yellow or green-yellow.
In order to fully enjoy the aroma of tea, and the aroma of white tea is weaker than that of other types, you need to bring the cup with the drink to your face for a while, and pause to take a sip.
White tea leaves a bittersweet finish, which in China is called the "aroma between the teeth."
How to brew herbs (herbal tea)
At home, medicinal tea is prepared from several herbs and is done as follows:
- pour the mixture into a warm enameled bowl,
- pour warm boiled water and put in a water bath,
- to prepare an infusion of herbs, keep the mixture in a water bath for 15 minutes, and for broths longer - 30 minutes,
- Remove from the water bath and leave to insist (for broths also 15 minutes, for infusions 45-50 minutes). - drain the tea, and squeeze the sediment from the plants and strain the liquid through cheesecloth,
- Pour water into the finished tea to its original volume.
How to brew a rosehip
Rosehip must be brewed at the rate of 100 grams of wild rose (about 4 tablespoons) per 1 liter of water.
- Grind the rose hips and put them in a thermos,
- Pour boiling water and after seven hours get a decoction.
Rosehip should be boiled only in a sealed container and for one hour. Next you need to insist it for 12 hours.
The next step is to strain the resulting composition. It is advisable to drink such a drink before meals and a glass, and for children half a glass.
Tips for Making Better Tea
- The ideal water for tea is soft, with minimal mineralization. It is worth using spring water or carefully filtered tap water.
- It is believed that water for tea needs to be boiled only once and not kept on fire for very long: remove from the stove as soon as the first bubbles appear.
- How to choose a teapot? The main criterion is the material. Classic version - porcelain a kettle that perfectly retains the warmth of water and does not affect the taste, aroma and properties of tea. Also, traditionally in the East, tea is brewed in clay teapots: due to the porous structure, tea interacts with oxygen directly through the walls. Taking advantage glass teapot, you can enjoy the bewitching view of the opening tea leaves. In turn, cast iron the kettle retains heat for a long time and is ideal for brewing berry, fruit tea and infusions.
- Before brewing tea, make sure that there are no sources of unpleasant and pungent odors, in particular raw meat or fish, in the immediate vicinity. Otherwise, tea leaves will absorb them very quickly and will not be able to give their unique taste and smell.
Tea brewing procedure
- Before putting leaves in the kettle, rinse it a couple of times with hot water. It should be warm and as dry as possible.
- Despite the fact that we are used to making strong tea leaves in reserve and diluting it with boiling water, this is not entirely true. So tea loses part of its aroma and benefits. Best of all, it manifests itself in such a consistency that it can immediately be drunk. Usually, 1 teaspoon of leaves is brewed for each tea party participant.
- Correctly pour water into the kettle in stages: first, pour only tea leaves so that they open, and after a couple of minutes - the whole kettle, leaving 1.5 cm empty from the side.
- After you have filled the tea, cover it with a linen napkin, which will cover the spout and the holes in the lid. It absorbs water vapor, but retains all the essential compounds with their unique aroma.
- After brewing, do you see a yellowish foam on the surface, while all the leaves have sunk to the bottom? Congratulations, your tea is of good quality and it is brewed correctly!
- Most varieties of tea withstand several brews, while maintaining a rich taste and aroma. However, you need to re-fill the leaves within 15-20 minutes after the previous time and, of course, do not leave the finished tea for several hours.
Green tea is prepared by drying and is subjected to little oxidation (fermentation), so it retains many useful properties. So, it helps to smoothly lower blood pressure, regulate blood sugar and cleanse the body. Green tea also improves vascular flexibility and, thanks to the presence of antioxidants, fights aging.
Green tea should be brewed with not too hot water - 80 degrees - for 1-3 minutes. If you pour boiling water over it or hold it for too long, the tea will have a bitter taste. High-quality green tea retains its aroma and taste for 5-6 brews in a row.
Black tea is prepared by drying and long-term fermentation, as a result of which it gets its darkish color and strength. Black tea, like green tea, contains caffeine and thein: this combination gives it a softer and longer tonic effect than coffee. Black tea is good for blood vessels, heart and digestion. It boosts immunity and stimulates brain function. But do not forget that there is a lot of caffeine in black and green tea, so you should not drink more than 5 cups a day, especially before bedtime. In addition to excitation of the nervous system, tea can interfere with the absorption of vitamins B and C, protein and iron, so they should not be abused, despite its benefits.
Black tea is poured with hot water of 90-95 degrees for 4-5 minutes. Black tea retains its 2-3 brewing properties.
Tea buds and the youngest leaves are lightly steamed and dried in the sun - this is how white tea is obtained. Due to the fact that white tea is practically not oxidized, it retains more benefits than fermented. It perfectly refreshes, has an antioxidant effect, relieves fatigue and improves metabolism. And there is almost no caffeine in white tea! It is considered one of the most expensive varieties.
Tea leaves insist in water no higher than 60-70 degrees for about 1-3 minutes. White tea withstands 4-5 brews.
If white tea is young leaves and buds, then oolong tea is the most mature tea. According to the degree of fermentation, oolong is between black and green tea. In oolong tea, it stores about 400 nutrients - calcium, iron, phosphorus, vitamins D, E, C. The properties of oolong are similar to other types of tea: it favorably affects the skin and helps break down fats, enhances the body's defenses.
Oolong tea is brewed with hot water (90 degrees) for 1-3 minutes. You can brew 5-6 times.
The “earthen” taste of puerh, due to which some people are crazy about him, while others cannot stand it, is achieved through years of fermentation. The more years a puer is, the more valuable he is. Despite prolonged fermentation, high-quality puerh is useful: it lowers blood sugar, cleanses the body and normalizes blood pressure. Like white tea, it has very little caffeine. And this does not stop the puer perfectly to invigorate!
The water temperature for puer is 90 degrees, it needs to be insisted for 2-3 minutes. Real Puer can be brewed up to 10 times! True, it is better to drain the first infusion after half a minute to eliminate the dust that has accumulated in the briquettes over a long storage time.
There are a lot of options for herbal and plant teas - with thyme, mint, St. John's wort, berries and fruits, and other ingredients. Before brewing any herbs, it is better to learn about all their properties, because many plants are useful only in the right dosage and the right combination.
Herbal tea is usually poured with water at a temperature of about 100 degrees. If tea is prepared from flowers and leaves, then it is enough to insist it for 2-3 minutes, if there are hard leaves and seeds - 6 minutes, roots and seeds - 10 minutes. Each herbal infusion can have its own cooking time.
Herbal Extract Drinks
If you extract (isolate) valuable substances from the plant, you will get a herbal extract. In such drinks, the concentration of beneficial elements is higher than in traditional tea. For example, Herbalife Herbal drink is prepared in this way: from extracts of green and black tea, hibiscus, mallow, cardamom, lemon peel and caffeine. It invigorates well, enhances the antioxidant defense of the body, fights fatigue and strengthens the immune system.
Drinks from herbal extracts are prepared simply: they need only to be filled with hot or cold water.
This favorite drink of Latin Americans is prepared on the basis of leaves not of a tea tree, but of the Paraguayan holly. Mate has a high caffeine content, which explains its strong tonic effect. Mate is rich in vitamins, minerals and essential compounds that have a positive effect on the body and improve mood.
Mate is poured with water 90-95 degrees for 6 minutes. It withstands 7-8 brews.
Unlike mate, rooibos, a drink made from the leaves of an African legume shrub, doesn’t have caffeine, so you don’t have to worry about the nervous system. Rooibos has an antimicrobial and antibacterial effect and a very rich vitamin and mineral composition. And rooibos has a sweetish taste, so you can do without sugar.
It is filled with hot water of 90-95 degrees for 6-8 minutes, you can brew 5-7 times.
This vibrant hibiscus flower drink contains a record number of antioxidants that fight free radicals and slow down aging. It also has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effects.
Hibiscus insist in hot water 95 degrees for about 10 minutes. There are other options - for example, boiling or simmering.
International Tea Day is a good occasion to pamper yourself and loved ones by brewing a new variety of tea in order to enjoy its delicate aroma, original taste and benefits for the body!