Winter can be called the worst enemy for motorists. Indeed, only in the winter period do drivers have many problems, starting with a frozen engine and ending with a more serious problem - driving in ice. And just so that the frosty period does not win with its harsh character, you have to prepare for winter in advance by installing winter tires on your transport.
Even a car well prepared for winter driving will not completely protect you from unforeseen situations. The worst thing that can happen is a loss of grip during ice, because most drivers begin to panic and lose control of themselves. It is very important in such situations to keep everything under control.
In icy conditions it is very important to use the brake pedal correctly. In no case can you press the pedal uncontrollably in the expectation that the car will stop, on the contrary, you can completely lose control. In this case, you need to be able to combine engine braking and sharp intermittent depressions of the brake pedal. Only in this case it is possible to achieve the desired result - to lose speed without losing control. When braking, it is also not recommended to work with the wheel - this rule also applies to dry asphalt, and even for icy conditions and even more so.
Winter is the worst enemy for motorists
How to choose tires for driving in ice
In winter, and especially in icy conditions, the adhesion of car tires to the road leaves much to be desired. In order not to get into an unpleasant situation, it is necessary to choose the right tires in advance. Most motorists have an opinion that the larger the tread on the tires, the better the car keeps on ice. But no matter how motorists consider it, this is a big mistake. Here, tires with a small, but quite saturated tread pattern are the best option.
But even with such tires an emergency is not excluded. The fact is that when choosing such tires, the coefficient of adhesion of wheels to ice cannot fully ensure the safety of both the car and the driver himself. If the usual ride turned into sliding on ice, then the coefficient of adhesion decreases by about one and a half times. If a wheel lock occurs, the car becomes uncontrollable and does not respond at all to the steering wheel. And that is why studded tires are the best option for winter roads.
Winter tires for car
Riding an obstacle or how to ride in ice
A car in ice can be completely uncontrollable for any driver. After all, even a professional driver can not always cope with the management of his "iron horse" in such a period. And that is why it is necessary to adhere to some tips for driving, which will help to cope with the most difficult situation in the winter.
Riding in ice is a dangerous business without preparation
Preparing a car for winter is a very important stage. The most important thing in preparing the car for the winter period is the replacement of tires from summer to winter. It is recommended to put winter tires already when the temperature does not rise above + 70C. In addition to tires, other details must also be prepared. Before leaving in the winter, you need to clear all car elements of snow, starting with mirrors and ending with the hood.
Do not forget about lighting fixtures, which are especially important in the winter season.
It is not uncommon on the roads to meet a scorcher who is trying to demonstrate his driving skills with one hand. Driving in icy conditions means accuracy and attentiveness, therefore, showing who, what much is useless. Drivers who neglect caution are more likely to experience emergency situations. In order not to get into a situation that could at least somehow confuse, you must immediately get into the car correctly. Firstly, the hands on the steering wheel should be positioned so that the thumbs are on the rim of the steering wheel, so you can better feel the car. The position should also be correct - slightly leaning back in the seat, you need to stretch your arms forward, the distance to the steering wheel should be small so that it is convenient.
Driving style changes
In winter, you must change the driving style without fail. Driving an “iron” horse in icy conditions should be very different from riding at any other time of the year. There are many ways that allow you to understand how to ride in ice.
1. The danger of "rolling"
A fairly common occurrence for accidents is considered to be coasting. The attack is considered quite a dangerous enemy on the road. In winter, coasting is not recommended at all, because there must be a traction margin on the drive wheels. Otherwise, the machine is doomed to skid the rear or front axle. If this happens, in no case should you press the brake pedal, otherwise the wheels may lock. If this happened, you need to get out of this situation as soon as possible. You need to smoothly release the brake pedal, squeeze the clutch and engage a lower gear. And, changing the force of pressing the gas pedal, take the car under control. Wheel lock can occur even if the driver starts to brake when coasting.
2. Handbrake for extreme
The handbrake is most often used by race drivers who need to enter a sharp 900 turn at high speed. In normal life, the hand brake can also be useful in emergency situations. To learn how to work as a handbrake, you need to choose a quiet place where there are no other cars, so as not to make an accident. For a big turn, it is enough for the rear wheels of the car to go a little skidding. For sharp turns, the handbrake must be held longer. This rule is suitable for cars with automatic transmission, as well as for cars with front-wheel drive.
3. "Clutch" for clutch
The clutch pedal is designed not only to shift gears, but also to prevent accidents. For example, the squeezed clutch prevents grinding of the main-driving wheels at the moment of starting movement on a slippery road. When skidding the car, when the rear part begins to overtake the front, you need to turn off the clutch for a short period, which will help reduce rotation. If in a certain case you need to brake, and this is permissible only by braking the engine, the clutch will allow you to smoothly engage a lower gear.
4. Housing offset
Another option to get out of an unpleasant situation into icy conditions is to turn with a counter-shift. But this is only suitable for cars with front-wheel drive.
Getting into a bend, the car enthusiast begins to brake and twists the steering wheel in the opposite direction. When the car starts to get across the road, you need to smoothly remove your foot from the brake and turn the steering wheel in the other direction. After that, you practically do not need to work with the wheel, you need to let the car into a skid, adjusting the slipping of the driving wheels by supplying gas. After the car has passed the turn, you can stop the skid by squeezing the clutch pedal.
In this way, riders often use rebuilding, both in winter and in summer. This concept is interpreted as a change of gears from high to low with increasing speed. At the same time, it becomes possible to prevent a strong deterrence of the wheels of the drive axle, which means that a slip stall is also inevitable.
In a slippery area, it is necessary to squeeze the clutch and gradually switch to neutral gear, then remove the foot from the clutch pedal. After that, depress the gas pedal for a moment, squeeze the clutch and engage a lower gear, then release the clutch. Sequentially walking through the gears from higher to first, you can slow down the speed of the car until it stops even on slippery roads.
6. "Tenderness" of management
Only in the winter season, the vehicle must be driven very gently and accurately. Smoothness should be in everything from steering control to braking. Indeed, in the winter you can get into the icy conditions, where it is extremely important to smoothly control the machine.
Drivers need to remember how the mass of the car with rear-wheel drive is redistributed - by dropping the speed, the front of the car is loaded, which means that the front of the car will be lowered, which means that the traction of the rear will deteriorate. To cope with such a problem will help fast steering wheel operation. This is the only time you need speed and sharpness. When the car is leveled, it is necessary to immediately turn the steering wheel in the opposite direction. These movements must be made immediately, otherwise the transport can get into a rhythm and pull the car out of a skid will be quite difficult.
Listening to tips and tricks is just a small part of what can be done. After all, theoretical knowledge will not protect against unforeseen situations. Of course, such knowledge is necessary and very important, but still this is not enough. In order to consolidate your knowledge, it would be nice to visit a driving school where instructors will tell, show and teach you how to ride in the winter.
Ice Driving Rules Video
Your safety on the road depends on you.
The first thing that is vitally necessary to be able to do is to brake correctly during ice. In the event of an emergency, reflexively want to press the brake pedal to the floor. And this is the worst thing that can be done on ice, because when the wheels stop completely, the car starts to slide and completely loses control. Most modern cars have an anti-lock brake system that prevents the wheel from stopping during braking. This is a pretty good system, but you should not always rely on it.
The best way to brake is engine braking.
To do this, remove the foot from the gas pedal, but not abruptly, and switch to a lower gear, the car starts to brake. Intermittent braking will also be effective in this case. It consists in briefly pressing the brake pedal. In this case, it is necessary to avoid strong and prolonged pressing.
Maneuvering. Here there is one single rule: when performing a maneuver, the steering wheel must be turned, firstly, by a small angle, and secondly, do it smoothly, avoiding sudden movements. Otherwise, you risk losing control of the car without changing direction.
Conclusion of the car from a skid. When driving in icy conditions, you cannot sharply twist the wheel, especially when the clutch is pressed out, shifting the gear stage, maneuvering or braking. The slightest sharpness leads to skidding and rotation. This is a big danger, since you do not have the ability to control a car that can roll anywhere. When all the wheels are locked and you are skidded, you need to quickly change the braking method. Release the brake pedal and slow down the engine. Remember that the steering wheel must be turned in the direction where you intend to continue driving. This is important, because after releasing the lock, the gas supply can pull the car towards the inverted wheels. Another danger in itself is fraught with white plastic, which markings are applied on the roads. During rain, snow and ice it becomes especially slippery. There is a high probability of a car skidding when wheels hit it. If you need to maneuver on such a markup, be sure to slow down.
Last but not least, safe speed and distance. This is perhaps the most important point to pay attention to. Driving in ice is also distinguished by the fact that the distance should be significantly increased, since the braking distance, compared with summer dry weather, increases up to 8 times. For example, at a speed of 40 km / h, the distance should be about 80 m. Do not be afraid to move slowly, if necessary. Do not exceed a reasonable speed limit, even if you are in a hurry.
Car withdrawal from skidding
Remember one main thing when driving in icy conditions - it is important not to make sudden movements with the wheel - this helps the car to skid, especially when shifting gears, braking, overtaking, maneuvering, depressed clutch pedal. When driving even at low speed, any careless driving can lead to skidding. The car becomes almost uncontrollable, can spin in a different direction.
Car withdrawal from skidding
When skidding, do not block all wheels; you need to remove your foot from the brake pedal and start engine braking. Turn the steering wheel in the direction where you plan to move. The machine cannot be controlled when the wheels lock.
Be careful when driving front-wheel drive cars on road markings, as in the winter season, especially when ice, white stripes become very slippery!
How to brake in winter
Glaze - it is it that causes massive accidents on the roads, since not everyone knows how to brake properly. The driver must feel his car when you press the brake pedal, in which case braking occurs without unforeseen situations. In winter, it is recommended that the engine be braked using additional pulsed braking technology. Everything is very simple, instead of pressing the pedal firmly to the stop and waiting for a complete stop, you should press the pedal with sharp, short presses 2 times, you can increase it to three, it all depends on the person and so to a complete stop.
Tips and tricks:
- As a rule, ice is at bridges and public stops,
- When braking, you should choose safer sections of the road, if there are none, you can smoothly turn onto the side of the road, which is covered with earth or gravel,
- If a sudden stop is necessary, it is recommended to use the “spring” methodology - we press the pedal all the way, release, press, release, and you should not completely release the pedal. This method is not suitable for everyone, as the car may drive. Braking must be controlled by the steering wheel. Use this method with caution.
Steering is the most important factor when driving on ice. You can never brake with the steering wheel turned, especially in icy conditions, this will necessarily lead to the inevitable drift. Keeping a distance will help to avoid an unforeseen situation and slow down in time, while managing should be smooth. If you need to turn around or turn around, do not wait for the peak point and put pressure on the brake, always freeze in advance. Slipping in the winter is a common thing, only professionals know that it is worth moving from a higher gear: second or third. Driving at high speeds can cause skidding.
In severe frost, there may not be ice, but you should not relax, because slush in combination with cold forms an invisible snow layer.
Winter is the most dangerous period of the year for drivers. Thousands of cars get into accidents every day due to non-compliance with simple rules for driving a car. As practice shows, most people, out of fear, lose control, and the machine continues to move freely without human control. Never give in to fear, do everything possible to avoid an accident.