The unified state exam is the most important stage in the life of a modern student. His future life depends a lot on what the examiner is waiting for: whether he will receive a certificate, whether the chosen university will open its doors for him, whether he will go to the chosen specialty. In conditions of great competition and high requirements, every point counts. At the same time, there are several effective ways to improve your score on the exam - and we will tell you about them.
But first of all, you need to assess your chances.
How many points do you need to score?
First of all, we must determine what result we need to get in the exam in order to enter the chosen university. The results for each subject are set as the sum of points for all completed tasks - this is the primary point. Then, the resulting number is transferred to a 100-point system - this is a test score, which is then entered into the USE certificate.
It is important to note that in different subjects the ratio of test and primary scores is different. However, even within the same subject, points are not equivalent. To calculate the ratio of points for each subject, use the convenient online calculator.
Next, you need to familiarize yourself with the minimum score required for admission to the university.
Informatics and ICT
This minimum was set by Rosobrnadzor in the 2015th year. However, it is important to take into account that universities reserve the right to increase the passing score for a more rigorous selection of applicants. Therefore, be sure to check out the sites of selected universities, where information on the required results of the exam is in the public domain.
Now that you know what result you need to score, let's look at a few ways to get extra points.
Method One: The Final Composition
Since 2014, graduates are required to take the final essay in order to gain admission to the exam in the Russian language. However, the essay not only allows you to get on the exam, but also can bring you extra points. After you have written it, it will be in the electronic system, so all you need is to ask to check its availability in the database when submitting documents to the university.
An essay will bring you from 0 to 10 extra points. There are four main verification criteria: compliance with the topic (from 0 to 3 points), argumentation (from 0 to 4 points), structure (from 0 to 3) and speech literacy (you can be charged up to 6 points for errors). Possible topics come down to five areas: “reason and feeling”, “honor and dishonor”, “victory and defeat”, “experience and mistakes”, as well as “friendship and enmity” - it makes sense to read thematic literature.
If you are not sure about your essay - still apply it to the results of the exam: even one extra point can be decisive for admission. However, check out the system of scoring points of a particular university: not everywhere the essay is the basis for additional points.
Method Two: Individual Achievements
Your portfolio can also be useful to you when entering a university. Additional points are awarded for the following achievements: silver / gold badge of the TRP, certificate of secondary education with honors, participation / prizes in olympiads, etc., volunteer activities, status of champion and prize-winner of the Olympic, Paralympic and Olympic Games. Together, your initiative can bring you up to 10 additional points.
Just as in the previous case, you need to go to the official website of the selected university and carefully review the criteria - many achievements in different universities are evaluated differently. Please note that you cannot score more than ten additional points. If you have already received 10 points for the final essay, then the remaining achievements will not be taken into account.
Method Three: Retake
The following two methods imply that the exam has already been passed, but you are not satisfied with your points and want to raise them. The obvious way is to simply retake the exam. However, the right to retake are:
• Participants who receive unsatisfactory exam results,
• Participants who did not attend the exam for a good reason that can be documented,
• Participants who were unable to complete the examination for a good reason,
• Participants whose results were canceled by decision of the examination committee.
If you are unhappy with your result, but have passed the minimum threshold, you will be able to retake the exam only next year. But if you fit one of the definitions, then retake is the only right decision. As a rule, at least two reserve days are allocated for the re-delivery of each item, for those who have not scored a minimum score, the retake will take place in the autumn of that year.
For retake, you must contact the examination committee of the institution conducting the test. There you will be given a special form stating the reason for the retake and to which, if necessary, a document is attached (for example, a certificate of illness).
Method Four: Appeal
Another way to “knock out” a repeat exam and improve your outcome is through an appeal. Such a statement can be written in two cases:
• In connection with a violation of the established procedure for conducting an exam on a subject (a statement must be written on the day of the exam),
• In connection with the disagreement with the points awarded (a statement must be written within two days after the announcement of the results).
After that, the work can be revised, and the final score is changed. True, there are a number of nuances that are worth paying attention to:
• Drafts used in the exam are not considered appeal materials,
• It is worth coming up for an appeal with your parents. Far more likely to listen to the two of you,
• Do not forget that you must check the examination paper with you. An appeal may be held in absentia only if the applicant or his representative does not appear. Of course, you have the right to refuse a personal presence at the recheck of the work, but in this case you miss the opportunity to explain your point of view or to make sure there are errors,
• The commission is obliged to give a clear, reasoned answer to why points were reduced. Do not take general phrases as an explanation,
• If the appeal is rejected, you have the opportunity to file another, already at the federal level,
• Based on the results of the appeal, the score can be either increased or decreased - if errors are found that were not taken into account for the first time.
Thus, an appeal is a good, albeit risky, chance to increase your outcome. It is recommended if you are one hundred percent confident in yourself: there is always a slight possibility of equipment error that could incorrectly read the answer.
Fifth method: thorough preparation
No matter how trite it may sound, in-depth training is the surest way to score the right amount of points. If you are responsible for studying the school curriculum, then you already have the necessary basis. But in order to get a really high result, you need to go beyond.
Lancman School exam preparation courses allow you to gain in-depth knowledge in real time. Qualified tutors work with schoolchildren, which guarantees significant progress. You are provided with about 37 additional points - our students increase their average by so much.
Summarizing, each of these methods has the right to life - composition and individual achievements will serve as a safety net, and retake and appeal will help if there are no other options. Well, thorough preparation is a universal and far-sighted choice: to enter a university soon, and there the acquired knowledge will probably come in handy.
6 tasks that are important to pay attention to
The most difficult , according to experts statistics, are considered tasks number 14 (spelling) and number 19 (punctuation). For number 14, you need to learn the rules for writing n / a in different parts of speech, and for number 19 you need to repeat the punctuation rules for 8th grade.
Tasks No. 1 and No. 15 belong to the category of lungs, but for them you can get 2 points. For correctly solved exercise No. 7 they give 5 points at once, and for No. 25 - 4 points. They are rated so highly, because the student is required to give several correct decisions at once. So these tasks should be given special attention.
How not to lose precious points
Often schoolchildren on the exam fail inattention. Therefore, learning to read and understand the question is one of the key skills that will help you find the right solution (or at least not make any unnecessary mistakes).
For example, in the wording “indicate number” or “indicate numbers”, a concentrated student will immediately notice how many answers should be indicated - one or more.
The answer must be set clearly opposite the corresponding question. In order not to skip a line, you can attach any sheet (or ruler) to the cleaner, visually emphasizing the necessary question / answer pair to them.
It will be a shame to lose from one to several points only because of inattention. Therefore, the student must not only solve all types of tasks, but also train many times to fill out examination forms.
How to learn how to correctly calculate the time to complete tasks
To quickly and easily pass the first part of the Unified State Exam in Russian (1-25 tasks), you need to solve as many tests as possible with a mandatory analysis of errors and repeating those for which there are incorrect answers.
The remaining 2.5 hours will be spent on task number 26 - essay-reasoning, for which it is realistic to score up to 24 points, which is more than 40% of all points that can be obtained on the exam. Even if the child has difficulty deciding the first part, the second can bring additional points, so you can not ignore it.
To write an essay-reasoning also needs to be trained, and immediately with a gel pen on sheet A4, since it more closely matches the format of the forms on the exam.
Such training should be carried out regularly.
The graduate must understand how much text written in his handwriting fits on one and a half sheets of A4 — that is how much space is reserved for the essay in the clean-up.
Also, the student will not be counted as completely rewritten or retold the source text.
If you correctly approach the preparation for the exam in the Russian language (even when two months are left before the exam), you can seriously increase the chances of entering even a very prestigious university, because not all faculties have high scores for passing on budgetary education.
For example, in 2017, at Moscow State University, for the direction “Geography”, the average score for one exam was only 50.5 (for four exams - 202 points), and for the direction “Ecology and Nature Management” of the Faculty of Soil Science, the average score for one exam was 61, 5 (for four exams - 246 points).
Do not forget: the more attention and time a child devotes to preparing now, the easier it will be to cope with the tasks on the exam itself.