Why people are leaving California. Several decades ago, millions of Americans simply dreamed of moving to a thriving state of California, where one could enjoy endless sun all year round, the beach, California showed rapid growth of the housekeeper, beautiful nature, picturesque countryside, cultural freedom, California in many ways resembled Ukraine as part of the USSR , the most prestigious republic with the strongest economy and acceptable climate. However, now California has shared the fate of Ukraine, California and Ukraine are now experiencing rising unemployment, while unemployment is falling across the United States, real estate prices have melted, the state has been overwhelmed by crime, gangs, illegal immigrants, and state authorities have faced a disastrous budget situation , the million-strong army of illegal immigrants significantly worsens the economy, leading it to the shadow side, as a result, the budget loses money, which leads to underfunding of the social sphere if rich neighborhoods are still not lost with howling gloss, then in general, California already does not look as safe as before.
Again, California reminds us of Ukraine, which a couple of years ago was only three salaries behind its neighbors in the USSR Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, now Ukrainian salaries are 5 times lower than neighbors, the average salary is already below $ 100 per month and this is not looking at a favorable location, fertile agricultural soil, so to speak live, work and rejoice.
The outflow of population from Ukraine is confirmed, for example, by the rules of the Green Card lottery, when participants from Ukraine received a quota, as those who wish to escape from Ukraine are several orders of magnitude higher than in Europe or former USSR replicas. Also, by the year 2000, more than 1.6 million people left California in search of a better fate in other states. Indirect reasons for leaving are earthquakes, constant droughts, houses can be destroyed by landslides, which does not attract huge investments in real estate, a cheap house is easier to recover after natural disasters.
California Funny Laws
Funny laws of California. California is a very large and diverse state, and prosperous areas and cities remain, but in general, things have worsened. Locals claim their “California Dream” has evolved into “California Nightmare.” The most stupid politicians came to power in California, they adopt completely ridiculous laws, for example, at least 20 new households must be built on one acre of land, smoking is prohibited in the courtyard of your own house, meetings between friends are prohibited in some cities in California, in San Juan -Capistrano forbidden home study of the Bible without special permission of the authorities.
California Unemployment Rate
The unemployment rate in California. The unemployment rate in California is above 10%, while in the United States as a whole it is already 5%, the number of unemployed in California is equal to the population of the states of Nevada, New Hampshire and Vermont combined, in 2010 only 37% of California residents had jobs. Of course, all this is the result of the bankruptcy of local enterprises, which for the most part have closed.
California crime and bare budget
Crime and bare budget California. The lack of money in the budget of California cities led to a significant reduction in social programs, for example, the city of Auckland led to the dismissal of almost all police officers, the local sheriff said that the police would not respond to car thefts, robberies, vandalism, identity theft, now at the entrance to Stockton hanging sign: Welcome to the 2nd most dangerous city in California. Stop the dismissal of the police. The state budget of Sacramento bankrupt also applies to the beautiful and prosperous city of San Diego.
California High Taxes
High taxes in California. In California, the highest income tax rate in the USA, the highest sales tax and gas tax rates, the local authorities have been informing the population about the next increase in tax rates over the past couple of years, although local residents no longer pay attention to these taxes, since they already pay none of which.
California used to be considered a state of great opportunity, now they say it is a state of great poverty and misery. Since 2007, the number of children living below the poverty level has increased by 30%, as a result of which 60% of all children in California come from low-income families and are eligible for free lunch at schools.
Illegals in California
Illegals in California. California authorities are very liberal with illegal immigrants, to support illegal emigration each year the state treasury leaves $ 21 billion, which California citizens do not like, Los Angeles just turned into a city from third world countries, it may seem that got into Africa, garbage everywhere, graffiti, Latin American gangs, the city is not safe. Respectable and hardworking families in droves begin to leave California in search of a safer place to live, and an empty place will never remain unoccupied, poor migrants take the place of prosperous people, mostly Mexicans in California, the quality of education is deteriorating, as normal ones leave teachers, hospitals close, real estate is sold for nothing or even abandoned. In Los Angeles, you can already see signs of the emergence of Africa, it is funny to watch how modern electric cars drive past African shacks, where goats, hens, geese walk in the yard.
California School Disaster
Disaster schools in California. The level of education and the quality of schools in California fell to 48th place in the United States, as early as the beginning of the 1980s, California schools ranked first among all states in terms of quality. The liberal policy of the authorities has led students to write compulsory essays on the topic: what role did sexual minorities play in California's prosperity.
California Hospitals and Medicine
Hospitals and medicine in California. California has also slipped down in the number of hospitals per capita since the 1980s, today the state is in 50th place among all US states, hospitals are closed due to the influx of the poor and illegal immigrants who required social medicine, the state budget could not digest everyone who wanted and need , qualified doctors were the first to leave California.
Unemployment rate calculation
The method used by BLS to calculate unemployment is simple and simple. More than 60,000 households are surveyed annually, randomly selected to approach a larger population. In conducting this study, BLS seeks to identify two things. First, he wants to isolate those who are actually considered to be in the work force, which means that they have jobs or are actively looking for work. Only these people are considered when unemployment is calculated. The rest, that is, those who have no work and are not actively looking for work, are classified as not in the workforce. These people, although unemployed, do not take into account unemployment.
Secondly, BLS wants to know from the survey members in the workforce what percentage currently has jobs and what percentage is not. Percentage of people who do not make up the unemployment rate. Therefore, if the survey for this month included 100,000 people, of which 80,000 are considered to be in the workforce, and 75,000 of them have jobs, the number of officially unemployed is 5,000 out of 80, 000 or 6. 25% . Thus, this is the unemployment rate for a given month.
Deficiency in calculating BLS
The biggest flaw in how the BLS calculates the unemployment rate is for those 20,000 people who are considered outside the workforce. The fundamental assumption, apart from these people, is that they have no job, because for one reason or another they do not want them. However, further research contradicts this assumption. Studies show that many people who are considered BLS as not in the workforce really want jobs, they simply refused to search because of a long lack of success in finding them. Therefore, the unemployment rate underestimates the number of people who want to work, but do not work.
Another disadvantage of the method is that it does not distinguish between part-time and full-time workers. Many of the people BLS believes are part-time workers who want to work full time. Part-time employment rarely provides benefits or even sufficient income to cover living expenses. Therefore, labor, consisting of a large number of part-time workers, cannot be considered healthy. Unfortunately, the unemployment rate reported by BLS does not take this into account, and often it reports the amount that gives full-time employment, when in fact many of those considered to be employed simply decided to take part-time jobs.
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The past year has deprived the American economy of so many jobs that the country has not remembered since World War II. 2.75 million people lost their jobs in 1945, and 2.6 in 2008
Photo: Lorenzo Dom / flickr.com ->
The past year has deprived the American economy of so many jobs that the country has not remembered since World War II. In 1945, 2.75 million people lost their jobs, and in 2008, 2.6, the US Department of Labor said in a report to the statistical office. The percentage of lost jobs to total employment was 1.8% - this has not happened since 1982.
In the last 4 months of the year alone, the number of jobs in the United States fell by 1.9 million, while in the fourth quarter this figure was at the level of 1.5 million. The unemployment rate for the year increased by 2.3 percentage points, and the number of unemployed increased by 3.6 million people and totaled 11.1 million by the end of the year. Another 3.4 million workers were forced to switch from full-time to part-time.
In December, the country's unemployment rate was 7.2%, employers refused the services of 524 thousand employees. Most of all layoffs affected the service sector: among those employed in the last month of the year, 273 thousand people were unemployed, including 67 thousand in retail. Only a quarter of 274 sectors of the economy recruited new workers, out of 84 sectors of the manufacturing industry - only 11%. Employment in it for the first time since 1942 fell below 13 million people with a loss of 149 thousand jobs. Only civil servants and in the healthcare sector were doing well - there was a new job for 32 thousand people
The average number of working hours per week among Americans in December fell to 33.3 from 33.5 in November. Another important indicator, which is considered an alternative indicator of unemployment - the number of people who need work, but they could not find it - rose in December to 13.5% from 12.6% in November, which again is a maximum of 13 years in which this indicator is calculated.
They lose their jobs even in those social groups that are usually considered insured against the economic downturn - for example, among holders of higher education, the unemployment rate rose from 3.2% to 3.7%. 7.9% of men were unemployed in the USA in December, compared to 7.4% in November and 5.9% of women (5.6% a month earlier). Among white Americans, 6.6% became unemployed (previously they were 6.2%), among blacks this figure was 11.9% (previously 11.3%), in the Latin American environment, unemployment rose to 9.2% from 8, 6% By the way, in November it became known that the amount of money sent by Mexicans working in the United States home fell by more than 10%.
Unlike the 2001 recession, mainly related to the dot-com collapse, when the western states (Oregon, Washington, Alaska, and California) experienced major employment problems, the most affected states were scattered throughout the US map in the current crisis. The five leading states in terms of unemployment — Michigan, Rhode Island, South Carolina, California, and Oregon — unite the fact that their economic structure is most vulnerable to the underlying factors of the crisis, including the collapse of housing construction, the decline in manufacturing, and centralization automotive industry and the collapse of the financial market.
The dubious honor of leading this rating belongs to Michigan - the state's unemployment rate in November reached 9.6%. This is not surprising, because in Detroit and its suburbs are the headquarters of General Motors, Ford and Chrysler, the rescue of which from bankruptcy has become one of the main topics of recent months. However, the auto industry also has a hard time in states such as California, where many representative offices of well-known brands have closed, and South Carolina, where the German manufacturer BMW has reduced 500 temporary workers. The local unemployment rate is 8.4%, which is due, among other things, to the decline in the textile and clothing industry.
In California, unemployment is the same, but the reason is mainly in the housing crisis. According to the results of the year ending in November, 71% of California job cuts (excluding agriculture) were associated with this industry. Some of the largest US mortgage lenders are Countrywide Financial, New Century Financial, IndyMac Bancorp, Fremont General Corp. - based in this state and were absorbed by larger banks or went bankrupt
The largest lumber producer in the country, Oregon, also suffered from a decline in construction. Over the past two years, Oregon’s logging has reduced one thousand jobs, and the state’s woodworking industry has lost 7,000 workers. Even the tiny state of Rhode Island, with a population of just over a million people, reduced more than 3 thousand builders in 2008, and in November unemployment amounted to 9.3% - second place in the United States.
The lowest unemployment rate in November was recorded in the agricultural states of Wyoming, North and South Dakota, Nebraska and Utah - from 3.2 to 3.7%. Historically high prices for electricity and grain keep their economies afloat, but even in these regions, the effects of lower commodity prices are beginning to be felt.
Not observing immediate employment options, layoff workers across the country are applying for unemployment benefits: for the week ending January 3, the number of applications amounted to 467 thousand. According to Mike Cullen, head of the Colorado agency, over the past six weeks, the number of people wishing to receive benefits has been the highest since 1985, when such data first began to be recorded.
Typically, those who are eligible for benefits fill out an application online or call the bureau for paperwork and payments. Last week, due to the influx of those who wished, problems arose in the computer systems of three states - Ohio, North Carolina and New York; in many other regions, the bureau’s sites are slower than usual. The Department of Job and Family Services of the Ohio State usually calls about 7.5 thousand people a day. Two weeks ago, this number increased to 80 thousand calls per day.
To cope with this flow, some states are hiring additional workers. In Pennsylvania, where the number of new benefits applications increased by 6.4%, 600 full-time employees and 300 temporary employees were hired in the fall, and funding for the state computer system was increased. In anticipation of the deteriorating situation (the metallurgical giant Alcoa is going to cut 15 thousand people), local bureaus work until late on weekends.
Meanwhile, about 50,000 New Yorkers who received unemployment benefits for 11 months this week will receive it for the last time. Typically, full-time workers are eligible for benefits for 26 weeks, but in 2008 Congress twice approved an extension of the corresponding period - once by 13 weeks, the other by 20. However, New York, Massachusetts, Texas, Virginia , Pennsylvania and another 20 states did not receive the right to take full advantage of the second extension of the benefit payment period because, at the time of the amendment, the unemployment rate was lower than in other states. Experts predict that at least 200 thousand people will remain without payments.
What do these people lose? In New York State, the maximum rate of weekly unemployment benefits is $ 405, in Texas its amount varies from $ 58 to $ 392. There are more "generous" states - for example, in New Jersey the maximum weekly benefit in 2009 is $ 584. To get the maximum weekly rate ($ 450) in California, you need to earn at least 11 thousand 674 dollars per calendar quarter during the estimated base period (12 months determined in accordance with the rules). In Washington State, the maximum weekly benefit is $ 541, and the minimum is $ 129.
Избранный президент США Барак Обама намерен серьезно взяться за безработицу: на прошлой неделе он заявил, что его двухлетний план подъема национальной экономики позволит создать 4 миллиона новых рабочих мест, прежде всего, в строительстве, обрабатывающей промышленности и торговле. Согласно исследованию, подготовленному его экономической командой, к IV кварталу 2010 года в строительстве будет создано 678 тысяч рабочих мест. Еще 604 тысячи придутся на торговлю, 408 тысяч — на обрабатывающую промышленность.
А пока Обама не вступил в должность и деньги еще не выделены, на местах изобретают способы помочь малоимущим. After the number of people wishing to get a free grocery set at charity canteens increased by an average of 30%, and 70% of them had to reduce the number of food served at a time, many companies offered their help in providing food to the poor.
So, dozens of yoga centers hold Yoga for Food promotions: bring a package of products and get a free lesson. And Feeding America, the largest organization in the United States that feeds the poor, teamed up with General Mills and NBC's Big Big Loser and urged Americans to lose weight. For every pound a registered member loses weight on, General Mills donates 10 cents to Feeding America. In 2008, Feeding America donations increased 13% over the previous year.
US unemployment rate for 2019
The last reference point for the level of employment in the United States was the crisis of 2008-2009. Then there was a sharp jump in many negative economic indicators - and the unemployment rate reached a serious 10%. This figure is relevant at the beginning of 2010. Today, in 2019, the situation is completely different.
After the crisis of 2008-2009, a process of gradual decrease in the indicator began — the current level of unemployment in the United States:
- 2013 - 7.3%
- 2017 - 4.4%
- 2018 - 3.7%
- 2019 - 3.6% is forecasted.
The latest figures are unprecedented even for the American economy. There are two reasons for surprise:
- The record low unemployment rate, which has not been since 1969.
- The stability of this indicator is the unchanged level for 4 consecutive months.
Are unemployment rates real in America?
Often there is an opinion that statistics are lying, and in fact unemployment in the USA is higher.
The official and real volume of unemployed citizens are divided. And if the statistics speaks of 3.8%, then in fact the non-working - approximately 25-30% of the population. It would seem that here we have caught statistics on a lie, but in reality everything is different. If we measure the number of unemployed not in percentages, but in the number of people, today in the United States 92 million unemployed are:
- Disabled children
- Senior citizens
- Parents on maternity leave
- Disabled people
- And some other groups of people.
Also in this category are able-bodied people who have chosen life for themselves on benefits and grocery cards. Official statistics do not take them into account, since this category of citizens is not involved in job search. In the official unemployment rate, only those people who want but cannot find work are taken into account.
US unemployment rate - state statistics
Talking about what unemployment is in the US today is impossible without an analysis of individual areas. The situation in the country is heterogeneous. There are states in which the unemployment rate is traditionally high - Alaska (7.3%) or low - Colorado (2.6%). Figures at the beginning of 2019 are only for months for 2018:
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It is interesting to consider unemployment in the United States from different angles. First of all, it is a strong economic factor that affects the dynamics of securities, currency stability and other macro-indicators. In the second place is the human aspect, since unemployed people were considered and are considered a socially unstable element of society. The more non-employed citizens, the more often the unrest in the country. And the last, important aspect is financial. Hearing the myth of a comfortable life in America, many plan to emigrate without even specifying what unemployment benefits are actually in the United States.
What is the unemployment benefit in the USA: is it possible to live on it?
The reason that some able-bodied citizens of the United States of America are not looking for work is the opportunity to live on benefits. Thanks to strong social support, the unemployed practically do not need anything. Even the minimum guaranteed level provides a normal life - no frills, but moderately comfortable.
Payments from the state are not carried out for long - within six months after the loss of official employment. The amount of the subsidy depends on many factors, but the amount of unemployment benefits in the United States does not exceed $ 2700 per month or 49% of the average earnings at the last job. At the same time, the minimum wage is 1100-1700 dollars.
The amount of unemployment benefits in the United States is paid once a week and varies greatly between states and cities.
- Oklahoma - $ 65. This is the minimum subsidy offered in the United States.
- Washington - $ 2,000. The official registered maximum, allowing you to live with dignity, but only the time prescribed by law.
For more information about unemployment benefits, as well as the intricacies of life on US benefits, see the video:
Comparison with Russia: unemployment rate, difference in benefits
Russia and the United States equally affect the global economy. This determines the high requirements for each state and increased attention to indicators of the life of citizens.
If we compare the unemployment rate in Russia and America, then the indicators vary, but not much. Against the US 3.8%, Russian statistics suggest 4.9% - according to 2019. The one percent difference is significant, but not critical. More seriously, it is worth assessing the standard of living of unemployed citizens.
In the United States, the amount of benefits varies in the range of 65-2,000 dollars or 4,200-130,000 Russian rubles. The figures are borderline, so consider them as an absolute is not worth it. But it is convenient to use for comparison.
In Russia, a similar subsidy according to 2019 has a size of 850-4 900 rubles. The difference is significant, which indicates a low social protection of citizens of the Russian state.
Causes of US Unemployment
The percentage of unemployment in the United States determines the market situation and the state of the global economy. The main prerequisites for the growth of the indicator:
- outflow of production to other countries - American factories in China, India and Latin America provide jobs for indigenous people, not Americans,
- global competition - the financial attractiveness and quality of goods from other countries reduces the sales of US products on the world market, leads to the closure of companies and reduce the number of jobs,
- professional competition - specialists from other countries offer their services to American companies, depriving local residents of a chance to find a job,
- obsolescence of knowledge - professionals after a job loss do not find a new one precisely because of the need for additional training,
- a variety of benefits - life without work seems attractive to many US residents.
What kind of unemployment in the USA will be in the near future is difficult to predict. There are two scenarios with a positive outcome and a negative one. The first will lead to increased competition in the professional environment and increased wages. The second is that enterprises will stop recruiting employees, and the US unemployment rate will begin to rise again.