If your device has a small amount of internal memory and you are constantly faced with the need to remove applications, photos and videos in order to free up more space for installing large applications, then you need to read this article.
In this article, we will explain in detail how to install or move Android applications to the SD card on a smartphone or tablet and how to make the applications install on the Android memory card.
How to transfer applications to an SD card?
There are currently two ways to solve this problem:
- Store photos, videos, and music in the cloud
- Using a microSD Card
If your Android phone or tablet allows you to install an SD card, be sure to install an SD card. In this case, the external memory will be designed to store photos, videos and music, and the internal memory for applications.
However, there are situations when the owner needs applications to be saved to the SD memory card. Thus, the question arises, how to install or transfer any suitable application to a microSD card?
So, further we will tell in detail how to make applications installed on the Android memory card by default. As a result of such manipulations, the internal memory will be substantially freed, which will positively affect the operation of the Android system.
Instructions for devices prior to Andoid 6.0
The instructions below may vary slightly for different phones. Some phones may just have a button. Move to SD. Therefore, you need to pay attention to every word associated with "Move", "SD" etc.
If you need to free up internal memory on your device, move any number of applications, photos or videos to the SD card. Also open the application "Camera" and go to the settings and set the save to the SD card. Instructions on how to transfer applications to an Android memory card:
- First of all, open the notification curtain and click on the settings button in the form of a gear. You can also log in "Settings" through the application bar.
- Open tab "Device"go to the tab "Applications", and then "Application Manager". On some devices "Application Manager" has a name "All applications".
- Then go to the list of your applications, find the application you want to move. We will move the submarine application to the SD card.
- After you find the application, click on it, then click on the button "Change"as shown below. Select “Memory Card” (Click on the image to enlarge).
It is worth noting that any game or application in which speed is important is best left on the internal memory, since the data transfer speed is much faster on the internal memory of the smartphone than on the SD memory card.
Using the capabilities of the system
Most users buying a smartphone immediately get a microSD card. An external drive is suitable for storing audio, video, photos and some documents. Most modern smartphones support external storage devices, with the exception of some devices that do not have a memory card slot. Before buying SD, you should know in advance whether there will be compatibility problems.
Another pitfall that the owner of an Android-based smartphone may stumble upon is the limitation on the amount of external storage. Budget phones often do not support cards larger than 128 GB. You can find out how much will be compatible with the gadget in consultation with a store employee. You can obtain information remotely by studying online technology stores.
If the SD card can still be used on the smartphone, and the owner has already selected the optimal amount, you should first try the internal capabilities of the gadget. Smartphones on Android older versions allow you to transfer applications to SD without additional software. Even in new versions of the operating system, one of the following methods may work:
- Setting the save path when downloading content from the Internet. Allows you to immediately install the apk files on external media.
- Transferring programs to SD through the "Applications" tab. Going into the description of the program, you can transfer it from the internal memory to removable.
- Moving software to the phone file system using a computer. Download data via USB.
These are the basic ways to install applications on an external drive. If they do not work, go to the instructions below.
Actions for versions of Android 5.0 inclusive
Smartphones with the Android operating system from 4.2 to 5.0 allow you to move applications to an external drive in just a few taps. File management is done through the “Applications” or “Application Management” settings section. Data Transfer Instructions:
- Go to Settings. Find the item "Applications".
- In this item, in the upper menu, different categories of programs will be presented: “Pre-installed”, “Downloads”. You need to select the "Downloads" section. It contains programs downloaded from the Internet or application store. It is them that can be moved to an external drive.
- Select any application from the "Downloads" list and click on it. The description will tell you where the program is stored - in internal memory or external. If the data is collected on the smartphone’s built-in drive, you can click “Transfer to SD card”.
- The transfer may take several minutes. After completing the process, you can verify its success by checking the amount of free internal memory and occupied external memory.
Some programs, even on older versions of Android, cannot be transferred to an external drive. This is due to the fact that the use of removable memory can disrupt the operation of applications. If the user tries to transfer important data on the memory card that is not intended for this, the system will warn him about this. It is impossible to make a mistake, so you can safely use the predefined functions.
Some files do not need to be transferred to the drive in such a long way. It is enough to save photos and videos once to an external card. After that, all new files of the same category will automatically fall on it.
The union of external and internal
If you are using a smartphone with an Android version higher than 5.0, then using an SD card will cause additional difficulties. Transferring the program to a removable disk, as in the example above, will fail. On the other hand, gadgets on updated OS versions have the Adoptable Storage utility. It allows you to combine external storage and built-in to create a single storage. For example, if you have a 64 GB memory card and an integrated 16 card, you can create a single 80 GB file system.
Convenient, but there is one caveat: the memory card cannot be removed. If you remove the SD after combining with the internal drive and then insert it back, system failures may occur. If you need to remove the removable disk and use it on another device, you will first need to prepare:
- Copy all important files from a removable drive to internal memory, cloud storage or PC file system.
- Format the card after removing.
- Transfer the copied important data to a new card if the device does not have enough internal memory.
And how to combine the two types of drives? Step-by-step instruction:
- Insert the SD card into the gadget. If this is not a new repository, then first you need to format it. The drive must be completely empty.
- The phone recognizes the inserted card and prompts you to install or remove it. You need to select the installation.
- During installation, an additional dialog box appears in which you can configure the properties of the drive. It must be indicated in it that the card will be used as internal storage.
- After the installation process is over, restart the gadget.
If the card has already been installed before, but the user did not specify it as an internal drive, you can change the settings. This is done through the "Storage" section when you click on SD.
After combining the drives, part of the files, as well as applications, will be saved to an external drive. If, in addition to automatically transferred documents, you need to move additional media files, you can perform the following procedure:
- Go back to the "Storage" section.
- In the section menu, go to the very bottom item - "Send data to a memory card."
- Select the documents you want to transfer. Confirm change of location. Wait for the end of the process.
Even when combining the two types of memory, the user will not be able to transfer system files to the removable card. Pre-installed applications, which are many in Android, will continue to occupy space in the internal memory and slow down the device. If the user needs to solve a problem with them, third-party programs will be needed.
Reliable assistants from outside
If the built-in functions were not enough, then you can use a computer or additional applications. Both methods are perfect for advanced users who want to adapt the smartphone as much as possible for themselves.
The long way is a computer
Using a PC does not require the installation of additional software, but it is time consuming. This method is suitable for those who are afraid to install Root.
Owners of smartphones have significant arguments against the root, despite all its benefits: after the changes are made, devices often start to slow down, and sometimes turn off or overheat. It can even cause the phone to malfunction. If the smartphone was on the warranty period, but its owner installed the root, then it will not work to get free service. For this reason, inexperienced users are advised to abandon the root in favor of functions that can be obtained using a PC.
How to set the location of the program through a computer or laptop:
- Go through the browser to Google Play. It is correctly displayed in any Internet programs. Find through the built-in search the necessary software and copy the link to it from the description.
- Go to the APK Downloader website. This site helps to download files for Android via the link from Google Play. You need to insert it into an empty field and click "Generate Link".
- The file or archive download starts. After the download is completed using USB, the files can be transferred to the external drive of the smartphone.
It is not necessary to connect the phone via USB. If the cable is not at hand or all the PC slots are busy, you can use the programs for synchronization via Bluetooth or Wi-Fi. An example of such a utility is Phone Explorer. The software needs to be downloaded to both a smartphone and a computer. How to use Phone Explorer and similar applications:
- Run software on both gadgets at the same time.
- Select a connection type. It can be Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, WLAN. Activate it on devices.
- Using the file manager on the PC, find the location of the downloaded application. Select files and copy them.
- Go to the phone’s file system and insert the archive into the folder of the external drive.
For the copied files to work correctly, you need to restart the gadget. It may take him some time to correctly process the data.
To transfer files between two types of memory, many Android-based programs have been developed. The best of them are presented below.
The Link 2 SD utility is suitable for transferring data, as well as clearing the cache and unpacking files. For correct operation, you must provide superuser rights. When using the root, it will turn out to completely transfer all the pre-installed applications, change the path for automatically downloading documents. Link 2 SD is recommended for advanced users.
AppMgr III, unlike the first program, does not require root-rights. If desired, the user can get them using KingsRoot, however this is not necessary. Route will only allow you to move preinstalled applications. AppMgr III is perfect for beginners, it's easy to figure out the interface of this manager.
If the owner of the smartphone has basic programming skills, he can force the extension. The essence of the procedure is that the user changes the place to automatically save a certain category of files. If initially the programs were installed on the internal card, then after manipulations without additional settings they will be immediately saved to SD.
To carry out the extension, you need to download the ADB Run program on your computer, and get root rights on your phone. The smartphone is connected by cable to the USB port of the PC. The main part of the procedure:
- Move the downloaded program to drive C. The path will take the form C: adb.
- Download drivers for correct interaction with your smartphone via PC. They will be offered to install automatically after connecting the phone.
- Run cmd.exe on the PC using administrator rights. You can find the application through the built-in search.
- Go to the settings of drive C. Add the command cd c: adb to them, confirm the action by pressing Enter.
- Enter the adb devices command, and then adb shell pm set-install-location 2. This combination will change the location for automatically saving files. Instead of internal memory, a removable drive will be used.
- Confirm with Enter. Break the connection with the PC and restart the phone.
After using third-party applications, the smartphone may begin to work more slowly. If the owner has noticed that these deviations do not disappear, but only intensify, it is recommended to roll back the changes. To do this, delete the application with which Root was made or return the system folders back to the internal drive. In extreme cases, you may need to use a backup. Its storage can be configured in the cloud storage by setting the frequency of copying - from several days to months.
Any manipulations on transferring files to an external drive must be carried out carefully, in accordance with the instructions. Then the smartphone and the programs installed on it will work correctly.
Ways to install programs
By default, Android games and applications are installed on the smartphone’s built-in drive, which may be too small. If there is SD, then you can make sure that some programs are installed there by default, thereby freeing up space for more information. Under certain conditions, almost any installed program can be transferred to a removable USB flash drive.
How to install the application on the Android SD card? There are several different ways to carry out this operation. Choosing the right method depends on the version of the operating system and the data you need to move. In the settings of Android 6.0 Marshmallow, you can adapt SD as a built-in memory, automatically installing allowed games and software on a removable drive.
Some smartphones without a new operating system allow you to move the application to the memory card manually, but only if the developer allows it. An alternative way to transfer programs is to use the Link2SD application.
It should be noted that programs launched from the card are likely to work slower than those in the internal memory.
That's why you can transfer applications to an external flash drive only in case of emergency. If possible, it is recommended to use this method for programs that do not need high speed for normal operation.
How to adapt an SD card to internal memory
Traditionally, Android SDs have been portable storage. This means that they can store videos, music and photos for use on your smartphone. SD can be connected to a computer to transfer files in a two-way manner. When used as a portable storage device, the card can be removed without compromising functionality.
How to install applications on a memory card? Android 6.0 Marshmallow system allows you to use SD as a built-in storage, turning it into an integral part of the smartphone. If you accept a removable USB flash drive as the main storage, then by default new software will be installed on it. If desired, the user can move the program back to the built-in memory.
If the external drive is used as the main storage, then it cannot be deleted so that this does not affect the functionality of the gadget. However, the card cannot be used on other devices (including PC). The SD card is formatted as an EXT4 local drive, encoded using 128-bit AES encryption and mounted as part of the system. When the Marshmallow system accepts the drive, it will only work with it.
Now about how to set up an SD card. It is necessary to create a backup copy of the data and save it on the computer before using the USB flash drive as an internal medium. The adaptation process will delete all data. Можно вернуть данные на SD после того, как накопитель будет принят в роли встроенного хранилища.
Для передачи данных нужно подключить Android непосредственно к компьютеру. Невозможно удалить SD с устройства и подключить его непосредственно к ПК для передачи файлов. Если накопитель использовался в качестве переносного хранилища и на нем содержатся данные, то необходимо перенести их во встроенную память. Если не сделать этого, то программы будут удалены и их придется устанавливать заново.
При использовании SD в качестве внутреннего хранилища нужно убедиться, что карта скоростная. При покупке нового накопителя нужно искать Class 10 и UHC. If you choose a cheaper and slower SD, then it will slow down the device as a whole. If you have plans to configure the drive as an internal storage, then it is better to spend money on a quick card. Android will test the SD speed during synchronization and will warn the user if it is too slow and can negatively affect the gadget's performance.
Memory card synchronization
How to install the game on an Android flash drive? You must insert the drive into a special slot on your smartphone or tablet. A notification should appear stating that a new SD card has been detected. Then you need to click "Configure". A menu will appear asking you to use the SD card on Android as portable or built-in storage. You must select "Use as internal storage" and click "Next".
A message will appear on the screen warning the user that after formatting the SD card as an internal memory, it will work only on this gadget.
In addition, it will be proposed to back up data on the map. You need to carefully read the messages on the screen. Then you need to press the button with the confirmation of the action “Delete and format”. If there is data that has not been transferred to the main storage, a warning appears that they will be deleted. To find out which program is still installed on the removable drive, you can click “View Applications”. If you are not worried about the fact that the data will be deleted, or copies of everything you need are made, you need to select "Delete Anyway."
Android will format and encrypt the SD card. Immediately after completing the formatting process, the user will be asked if he wants to transfer the data stored on the device’s internal media to a removable drive. At this point, photos, some programs, and other files will be transferred to the SD card.
To transfer data immediately, you need to click "Move Now". In the future, all applications will be installed immediately on the card, that is, in external memory, bypassing the phone, without any clarifications and additional questions to the user appearing on the screen.
Instructions for devices Android version Marshmallow 6.0 and higher
In older versions of Android, the SD memory card worked as both portable and removable storage. On devices from Android 6.0 Marshmallow and above, a feature called Adoptable Storage has been added. Thus, when you insert the SD card into the device, the system automatically sums the amount of internal memory and the SD memory card and displays the shared memory.
The advantage is that all applications are automatically installed on the SD card. As a result, there is no need to move applications manually.
- Insert the SD card, open the notification curtain and press "Tune". You can use the SD card as portable storage or as internal storage. If you select a function “Use as internal storage”, then the system will format the SD card, and then integrates with the device.
- After that, all data on the smartphone will be installed on the memory card by default.
However, the use of such a function fully integrates the SD card with internal memory, and now it will not work with other devices. This means that you can’t just pull it out and connect it to your computer to download music, photos or videos from the computer.
Be sure to backup any data or information on your computer before choosing a function. “Use as internal storage”since Android will fully format the SD memory card.
It is worth noting that at any time you can go to the settings in accordance with our instructions above and transfer applications from the SD card back to the internal storage.
Android 5.0 Lollipop and higher
If you are using a smartphone or tablet running Android 5.0 Lollipop and higher. Your device will use the SD memory card as portable and removable storage. This means that you can remove the SD memory card and download photos or music from your computer, and then reinstall the SD memory card on your Android device.
In case you need to move applications to the SD-memory card, use the instructions below:
- Open the menu, select "Settings", and then "Applications" and move any application to the SD card. To do this, simply click on the application and click on the button "Move to SD card".
However, remember that applications that come with preinstalled software cannot be transferred to an SD memory card. Typically, applications installed from the Play Market may be ported.
Method 1: Move installed applications
Due to the features of both Android and the shells of some manufacturers, moving installed programs from internal memory to external will be the easiest method to achieve our current goal. The options for carrying out the procedure, some additional features and many other nuances depend on the version of the OS and the installed shell, which is covered in detail in the corresponding manual, available at the link below.
Method 2: Combine the internal memory and SD card
In Android 6.0 and above, the principles of interaction between the system and the memory card have changed, as a result of which several convenient features have disappeared, but in return the developers added a function Adoptable storage - This is a merger of the internal memory of the device and external storage. The procedure is very simple.
- Prepare the SD card: copy all the important data from it, since the procedure involves formatting the memory.
- Insert the memory card into the phone. The status bar should display a notification about connecting a new memory device - click in it "Tune".
Wait for the integration procedure to complete, after which all applications will be installed on the SD card.
Attention! After that, you can’t just remove the memory card and connect it to other smartphones or a computer!
For devices running Android 5.1 Lollipop and below, there are also methods for switching memory to the card. We have already examined them in detail, therefore, we recommend that you read the following manual.
Method 3: Change the default installation location
There is also a rather ingenious method of replacing the place to install applications on the SD card, which is to use Android Debug Bridge.
- After booting, install ADB in the root of drive C so that the end address looks like C: adb.
Make sure that USB debugging is enabled on the phone - if it is disabled, use the following guide to activate it.
Read more: How to enable USB debugging
In the window "Command line" write cd c: adb. This is a command to go to the directory with the Android Debug Bridge executable file, because if you accidentally installed it in a directory other than C: adbafter operator cd You need to register the correct installation path. After entering the command, press "Enter".
This means that Android Debug Bridge recognized the device and that it can receive commands from it.
adb shell pm set-install-location 2
Confirm your entry by pressing the key "Enter".
This command changes the default location for installing programs, in our case, to a memory card, which is indicated by the number "2". The number “0” usually indicates the internal storage, so in case of malfunctions you can easily return to the old position: just enter the adb shell pm set-install-location 0 command.
This method, however, is not a panacea - on some firmwares the ability to change the installation location by default may be blocked.
AppMgr III (App 2 SD)
The most popular application that allows you to transfer almost any application to an SD memory card. It is worth noting that the application does not require root access, which is especially important for inexperienced users.
In addition, the AppMgr III application is multifunctional and provides many other useful features.
- Download the AppMgr III app, wait for the automatic installation (takes 2 to 5 minutes).