Having thought over the floristic composition and planning the design of the future flower garden, the time comes for planting. This work needs to be approached responsibly, because the beauty of your flowerbed, mixborder or rockery will depend on the accuracy of all agricultural practices. To plant plants in the flower garden is not only beautiful, but also right, you need to at least have an idea of their main characteristics and take into account the advice of experienced flower growers.
Preparing a flower bed for planting
After carefully thought out the form and content of future flower beds, you should prepare a suitable place for them. A breakdown of a regular flowerbed should start with choosing the best site for it, determining its geometric shape and size. In addition to personal wishes, one should take into account the availability of free space, and the factor of maximum preservation or addition of landscape design. Although more often they create round regular flower beds, but you can plant the flowers yourself in the flowerbed and in the form of a rhombus, oval or an irregular shape, taking into account the terrain.
Before planting flowers on a regular flowerbed, you need to tightly limit the space - only in this case you get the desired picture from the plants. To highlight clear boundaries, you can use the border tape, which allows you to do everything quickly and easily, without making any mistakes.
These photos show how you can beautifully plant flowers on a regular flowerbed:
Along the country fence, mixborders using plants of different heights will look good. Trimmed hedges add weight and significance to the compositions. In addition, any hedge is a great reason to fence yourself off from the outside world, if you wish, the hedge can actually be made completely impregnable. Such a mixborder always has a one-way view, that's why tall plants are in the background, medium-sized in the center and low-growing and creeping species in the foreground. The density of planting flowers in the flower garden must take into account the dimensions of an adult plant. Powerful crops with large leaves and high peduncles look good against the background of low ground cover grass or lawn.
Mixborders can also be used to mask areas of the site that are difficult to close with ordinary garden flowers, in particular a cracked or peeling wall. Here, garden decorations from plants will greatly help. Among the elements of the mixborder, you can include tall plants or liana plants in the background. Lianas are capable, clinging long stems to the support, rise to a considerable height and quickly cover all the unsightly areas in the country. Some creepers, such as morning glory and sweet peas, live only 1 season. They will have to be planted anew every year. But there are also perennial climbing plants that are able to decorate your garden for many years.
After all the details are thought out: plants for planting on the flower bed are selected, a suitable place for the flower bed is selected, a detailed plan is drawn, you can begin to prepare the site.
If the flower garden is located on a new, only mastered site, then the breakdown of flower beds of any shape will not be difficult. Before planting a flower bed, it will be right to clear a place under the flower garden, removing any construction, household and other garbage. After this, the borders of the flowerbed should be outlined and any organic fertilizers applied to the soil, covering them with the entire surface of future flower beds. Then it is necessary to dig the top layer of soil to the depth of a full bayonet of a shovel - this is 15 - 20 cm. Then you need to level the area with a rake until the earth has time to dry. Then you can proceed to planting plants in accordance with a sound plan.
A little more complicated situation is when a flower garden is planted with its own hands on the site of an old lawn. Mistakes should not be made here, since you will have to remove the sod at the place of breakdown. Therefore, before beautifully planting flowers in the flowerbed, you should once again make sure that the shape and size of the flower bed are correctly selected. If the area is limited, then the best decorative effect is achieved by creating a variety of mixborders. These straight and curved flower beds are available around bushes and trees or along paths. It is more convenient to maintain the flower garden when you can reach the middle of it without stress. Therefore, it is better to make it of optimal width - not more than 1.5 m. In the case of breaking up a wider flower garden, you should consider where you will have to step on your foot when weeding it.
After all the clarifications, you can start marking the contours according to the plan of the flower garden, for which it is available to use a garden hose or rope. According to the rules for breaking the flower beds, outlining the contours, you need to look at the flower garden again. It is advisable to do this from above, for example, from the windows of the 2nd floor to make sure that the shape and size are chosen correctly. At this stage, it will not be difficult to amend if necessary.
After the outlines of the flowerbed take the desired form, it should be noted with the help of sand, and then cut the turf with a sharp shovel around the entire outline of the flowerbed. After removing the sod, you need to carefully dig the earth. If the soil at the place of the flower bed leaves much to be desired, it is necessary to remove it to a depth of about 30 cm. Put a specially prepared planting mixture in this place. When preparing a flowerbed, a thorough digging of the soil is best done with a pitchfork - this is an effective enough tool to destroy the roots of perennial weeds.
What preliminary work remains to be done before planting flowers on the flowerbed is shown in these photos:
By the way, when removing weeds, you should not throw them next to the flowerbed - you just need to put them in a bucket. Then these plants, adapted to survive in any conditions, will not have the opportunity to take root next to the flower bed and continue their distribution throughout the site. Then, manure, peat or peat compost should be embedded in the soil. If the soil is heavy, it can be lightened by adding sand. In order to draw the borders of the flower garden, you need to dig a groove along the edge of the flower garden and install the selected border stone or brick, or other material so that its edge protrudes slightly above the surface of the earth.
To prevent weed growth before planting plants in the flower bed (flower bed, mixborder, etc.), the soil should be covered with geotextiles. This landscape fabric prevents the growth of weeds, but passes water and air to the roots of plants. Such conditions will allow seedlings to quickly take root and start to grow. When the flowers begin to grow, the fabric needs to be removed. Now, in accordance with the plan, it is necessary to place the plants in seedlings on the surface of the flower garden. Moreover, it has long been determined which plants and in what order will be planted on this flower bed. It is worth adding to this that as much naturalness and picturesqueness as possible should be brought into their arrangement. The more natural the order in which they appear, the better. Of course, when planting plants there is no need to make exact mathematical measurements, it is not necessary to observe a strict geometric order in their arrangement - let there be a certain amount of natural chaos in every magnificent flowerbed. If necessary on this
stage, you can adjust the placement of some instances, changing their places. It is not recommended to place plants close to each other, planting them too tightly.
About half an hour before planting a flower garden, flowers should be abundantly watered, removed from the pots and carefully examined each. If the roots of the plant are tangled, then you need to carefully straighten them and remove the excess. Usually, those thin roots that braid the root lump outside are removed. After the preparation is carried out, cross-shaped incisions should be made in the geotextile at the landing sites. Dig holes of appropriate sizes and place plants in them. Then condense the soil around the roots to remove air.
We plant a flower garden: preparation and placement of plants
Before planting plants in the flower garden, the planting material of tuberous and bulbous plants should be processed. For this, all bulbs intended for planting should be lowered for 1 to 2 hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Such bulbs will sprout much faster, and will also be at least slightly protected from diseases. If some tubers or bulbs are slightly affected by the disease, then defective spots on them can be cut out. However, such planting material needs to be treated with a strong solution of potassium permanganate, and then sprinkled with ash.
When preparing plants, in order to get more flowers of the same species, large tubers need to be cut strictly vertically. With this cut, each half will have its own root part and sprout. But it should be remembered: freshly chopped bulbs can not be planted immediately, they should dry out a bit and wind off. But the best planting material can destroy its improper planting.
If you plant plants in the flower garden by sowing seeds, it is advisable to start from the center, gradually moving to the edges. Why draw grooves with a depth of 0.5 - 1 cm on a level surface, at a distance of 30 cm from each other. Sowing seeds in the grooves, it is necessary to cover them with humus, pouring it on top with a layer of a thickness of not more than 0.5 - 1 cm, which depends on the size of the seeds.
Look at the photo, how you can beautifully plant a flower bed:
The flower garden will look more beautiful and picturesque if you sow seeds not in rows but in groups. Why, when placing plants, you need to scatter seeds on the prepared area scatter from the bag, and then close them up.
When planting plants in the flower garden, the covered seeds can not be watered if the soil is moist at the time of sowing. But when planting seeds in dry soil, you should carefully pour a bed from a watering can with a small strainer, carefully loosening the soil after watering. Its friability will help young shoots to break through the compacted earthen crust to the surface. In the places of sowing, check the boxes so as not to forget where which flowers are located.
At the end of the sowing work, seed packs should not be thrown away. Perhaps later there will be any questions on the timing of flowering or plant care. In this case, the information from the bag can be very valuable and useful.
These photos show the planting of flowers in the flower bed with seeds:
A certain order in the appearance of the flower garden will bring its clearly marked borders that will give it a finished look. The borders of the flower garden can be easily identified in any suitable way, for which there are a variety of fairly simple options. You can lay out the borders of the flower garden with decorative stones or various special borders. If this option seems too costly, then you need to buy nice, inexpensive plastic fences in specialized stores, which, along with fences, are always sold next to expensive products. You can do with even simpler options: pour a thin strip of colored sand or pebbles, overlay the edges of the flower bed with wild natural stone, brick, ceramics or make a low wattle fence. All these options will look attractive, decorative and will cost you no special additional costs. Of course, it is not difficult to take an example from the English royal gardens and evenly trim the edges of the turfy surface along the flower bed border.
Such a border in the English manner will look great. The creation of borders will be the final part of the work on the design of the flower garden.
After planting, it is required to fill the surface of the fabric and the planting area with an even layer of mulching material, and then carefully water the entire flowerbed. Herb plants, which can be considered the majority of flowers, have a variety of individual needs. However, there are a number of care activities that are important for almost all plants. In order for plants to better take root, bloom and develop, they should be watered and fed with special fertilizers. Mulching the soil interferes with weed growth and helps maintain moisture in the soil. If some specimens are too large or lose their natural appearance, then they must be divided and planted again.
Next, you will learn how to beautifully plant autumn flowers on a flower bed.
Autumn flower garden: examples of planting flowers on a flower bed
Flowerbeds that are familiar and familiar from childhood can be given a seasonal character from the very beginning by planting flower arrangements from plants, the flowering period of which lasts for one time period or is clearly expressed for only one season.
Seasonal flower beds can be spring or summer-autumn. Why each flowerbed is filled with annual and perennial flowers and plants of the desired season. On such flower beds, a wide variety of color combinations are allowed. It can be either just one type of plant, or a combination of several species, which allows you to get a lively bouquet, saturated with all kinds of shades.
The design of the autumn flower garden, in which the flowers were planted late in flowering, is distinguished by a riot of magnificent and rich colors. It shimmers with golden, yellow, bronze, purplish-red or fiery-orange hues. For example, planting flowers such as armeria, New England asters, frankincense, vinca, colchicum, Korean chrysanthemums, rudbeckia and many other late-flowering plants in a flower bed is very effective. Late flowers of marigolds, which go under the snow in bloom, complement this splendor.
The garden of autumn flowers retains its beauty from the beginning of September until the onset of frost. A tonal composition when planting flowers on such a flowerbed can be built on a harmonious transition of tones from silver-yellow, orange, red shades to purple-violet colors. No less magnificent is the autumn garden, built on contrasts, where a silver or green tone is combined with shades of purple, red is found with orange tones.
The final section of the article is devoted to how to plant plants beautifully in a spring flower garden.
We plant plants in a spring flower garden
An early seasonal flower garden is very effective, which gives the beauty of the first spring flowers. On it, in turn, immediately from under the snow, snowdrops, scylls and various tender crocuses appear and bloom. Then comes the turn of the flowering of hyacinths, lilies of the valley, daffodils, primroses, grouse and tulips.
In the spring flower garden, the main role is given to bulbous plants, thanks to which the garden is transformed before our eyes, beginning in late April. They are actively opening all new buds under the rays of the warming sun, hastily preparing the garden for the magnificent coming of the season with tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, primroses, grouse and decorative bows. Bulbs in the spring flower garden can be supplemented with early flowering biennial plants: daisies, pansies and forget-me-nots. A wonderful part of the spring flower garden can be the inclusion of miniature gardens of tulips or daffodils of all kinds of colors.
For a proper planting under such a flowerbed, you should allocate a site that is reliably protected from the cold and winds by beautifully flowering shrubs, and is also framed by a border from low trimmed shrubs. As a protective fence for spring flowers, you can use plants such as Japanese quince, barberry, honeysuckle, winter-hardy roses, various types of lilacs, spirea or mock up.
Spring plants in the country are able to add variety not only to existing flower beds and flower beds. They can be planted in May near trees or sown on lawns.
Proper planting of flowers in the spring flowerbeds of the show in these photos:
For this purpose, you need to use flowers such as mouse hyacinths, anemones, daisies, chess grouse, tulips and many other plants. But they are able to please with their appearance and wonderful smell of spring flowers, only if you know exactly the subtleties of their planting and subsequent care for them. First of all, planting plants on flower beds should be carried out in a strictly defined sequence, taking into account the time of their flowering. Then the flower garden will have an attractive appearance throughout the season.
Unfortunately, in our country such a beautiful plant as sweet peas is not popular. In the UK, where it is ubiquitous, there are about 10,000 of its varieties that belong to different garden groups.
Plants that bloom in the spring in the very first place should be planted in a beautiful flowerbed so that in summer they are covered by flowers that bloom later. Almost all bulb flowers, such as tulips, daffodils and others, quickly fade.
After flowering, they lose their decorative effect. Therefore, flowers with a later flowering period should be planted next to them; any ground cover plants are available for this.
К примеру, для посадки на клумбе рядом с луковичными прекрасно подойдут такие растения, как флокс шелковидный или камнеломка, гвоздика-травянка или кавказская резуха. По этой же причине не стоит сажать в центре будущей клумбы мелколуковичные растения, позже, по завершении их цветения, на этом месте можно посадить только растения с поверхностной корневой системой.
When planting spring flowers nearby, you should leave a little free space for placement of later varieties.
To fill the free space left, it is necessary to propagate in advance by dividing or grafting flowers such as dolphiniums, feverfews, phloxes, chrysanthemums or others so that they later make the flowerbed attractive.
The first crops for spring planting in the flowerbed at the cottage you need to choose left-handed or sweet peas - these are cold-resistant crops. Before planting, you need to fertilize the soil with a nitroammophos - 3 g for each well. Fertilizer will help the plant to confidently take. If, by the time of landing, good weather had already set in, it had become warm, then before landing it is advisable to slightly moisten the ground. In addition, the space remaining on the flower bed needs to be filled with gladiolus plantings - they will please the eye in late summer. Bulbs of these flowers should be planted no later than May 10. With such a distribution of places, the flower bed will have a beautiful flowering appearance from the onset of the first heat until early autumn.
The best options for planting flowers on flower beds are shown in these photos:
Flowers in street planters: planting and care. Flower containers
The beginning of summer is the time when the main country troubles are over, and gardeners finally reach their hands to flowers in flower beds and flower pots. How to plant flowers in plastic containers, ceramic pots and wooden boxes? How to make a street planter with your own hands? And which flowers will grow well in flowerpots and containers, and which ones will not like it?
The container garden is a special element of the landscape that allows you to realize unusual ideas in the garden. They complement large forms, linking the flower decoration of the garden into a single composition.
And container gardens are mobile flower beds. They can “travel” through the garden with your help, changing its appearance every time. If, for example, you want to decorate a shady rest area by the time guests arrive, then simply expose a group of containers with bright colors on it.
In the container you can grow the most demanding flowers, as it is easier to create specific conditions for such plants in it. And in case of adverse weather conditions, containers are easy to bring into the house.
You can exhibit containers on flowerbeds: it will be very useful in the case when any flowers have already faded and you need to urgently decorate empty spaces. This technique is especially good after the spring onion blooms - because they don’t even have foliage in the second half of summer.
The containers can be of any size, but still you need to try so that even the largest container can be moved if necessary.
Flower containers: flower pots or flower pots?
Flower containers, they can have holes and represent flower pots - or not to have them and represent a cache-pot. Both pots and flowerpots can be miniature, literally on one flower, and can be giants with a diameter of more than a meter, capable of accommodating a fairly large tree.
For planting flowers in a flowerpot, special conditions are required - because there is no flow of water, and it is more difficult for the roots to breathe. Typically, flower pots of appropriate size and shape are inserted into the pots. However, it often happens that the planter has an original design, a non-standard shape, and you can not pick up a pot for it. Holes are also impossible to pierce, otherwise the cache-pot will crack.
Well, you can plant flowers directly in the pots, but then you need to provide especially good drainage: at least one third of the pots should be expanded clay and sand, and the soil should be used light, not clay. You need to water the plants in a cache-pot carefully, little by little, using a small teapot or a watering can with a thin nose.
Material of flower containers
According to the material, the containers are ceramic, plastic, wooden and metal. Each material has its own characteristics, and planting of plants in them should be done in different ways.
Ceramic pots are best suited for plants - moisture passes well in them, because the ceramics are hygroscopic, maintains optimal temperature conditions, and plant roots “breathe” across the entire surface. But ceramic containers are fragile and heavy, starting with medium sizes.
Plastic containers keep moisture for a long time - you can not water it for longer. But they "soar" the roots, and they can only breathe from the surface. However, plastic is lightweight and durable.
Wooden crates are almost as good as ceramic ones, but they are very short-lived, and if they get wet, they also support increased humidity in the container.
The most difficult thing with metal containers. The roots do not breathe in them, and the containers themselves either heat up very much or cool very much, depending on the weather. When they heat up, the plants in them are too hot, and they quickly evaporate moisture. When cooled, the result is cold and rooted, and the container is constantly moist. Metal containers are very durable, medium in weight.
How to plant flowers in street pots
The most important thing is to provide the right ratio of soil and drainage. For ceramic containers, it is enough to pour a bit of expanded clay on the bottom - so that this bottom is closed. Then you can pour soil and plant a plant. Landing in a wooden container is similar, but expanded clay requires a little more.
For a plastic container on a layer of expanded clay, you need to pour a layer of coarse river sand with a thickness of 1.0-1.5 cm. You should try to choose a lighter soil, it is advisable to mix it with perlite.
When planted in a metal container, expanded clay occupies one third of the height of the container, followed by a layer of sand and light soil. At the same time, it is still better to move such containers in the shade in the heat, and in rainy and cold weather to remove them under a canopy or in the gazebo, and the place should be protected from the wind.
Accordingly, if your containers are a cache-pot, then all the indicated drainage rates should be increased.
Container Flower Care
Features care container flowers stem from the conditions that give containers. In any case, the containers have little soil, nutrients and often little moisture. Therefore, plants in containers need to be watered and fed much more often than in open ground. You can use the same fertilizers as for the main flower beds in the garden, or you can buy special, more concentrated ones, they are usually sold in bottles.
Be sure to occasionally cut off faded inflorescences, this should be done much more often than flowers in the ground.
What flowers to plant in containers
Not all colors are comfortable in small containers. If you have large containers with a diameter of more than 30 cm, then you can plant any garden flowers in them, and if your containers are more than 45-50 cm in diameter, then even perennials.
If you want to plant a perennial, and the container is smaller than the required size, for the winter you will need to bury it in the ground to the surface level so that the flowers successfully wintered.
If you have small containers, then it makes sense to plant flowers that are undemanding to the volume of land. These are petunia, lobelia, viola, ageratum, marigolds, undersized varieties of zinnia, asters, daisies, verbena, salvia, calendula, begonia, dahlias "Funny Guys", all spring bulbs, gladioli.
But nasturtium is very capricious in this regard. Decorative sunflower loves large containers; in a small one, it can grow only in a strongly "reduced" version. Curly flowers also do not tolerate a small amount of soil, of which the exception is only sweet peas, and even then to a certain extent.
Flowers in the country: how to arrange a container garden
Containers in the redistribution of the kindergarten, of course, can be put at random. It will be beautiful anyway. But you can make some design elements for the container garden:
- make a small (5-10 cm) podium,
- to build a wooden garden whatnot with steps,
- surround the container garden with a finished decorative fence,
- put containers in the kindergarten according to some geometric pattern,
- put beautiful stones (not too big) between the containers, arrange garden figures,
- place small solar-powered lights in some containers,
- sprinkle loose soil in containers with decorative pebbles or shells,
- wrap large containers with embossed synthetic fabric, burlap or coconut copra,
- to place plants in approximately the same containers in shape, color, material - this is the most stylish version of the garden. If all the plants are in approximately the same containers, a single impression will be created, and the flowers themselves will attract attention,
- arrange a container garden on the steps of the old stairs. For this, the staircase itself and the containers need to be painted in a harmonious color scheme.
Author Olga Voronova landscape designer, interior designer, author of books, TV presenter