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Playing softball is a very fun activity. Softball is played by people of different ages. The basic thing to know.

1. What is the difference between softball and baseball. In fact, this is one and the same game, just in different variations. The difference is in the serve of the ball. According to the rules of baseball, the ball is served from above, and in softball, vice versa from below. In addition, the balls are different. In softball, balls are slightly larger and heavier. The softball field is smaller, moreover, the game does not last 9 innings, but 7. Basketball bits are longer and longer.

2. The difference in innings. Software is divided into 2 subspecies, and there is practically no difference, even the rules are almost the same. In the first case, the ball must be served from below. In the second case (most often this technique is used by women), the pitch is very similar to a baseball, it happens quickly and swiftly.

3. Regarding the rules. The game lasts 7 innings, in addition, each of them is divided into two more. In the first half the bat is owned by the guest team, in the second half the home team. The pitcher must throw the ball to the player who owns the bat. This will happen until the pitcher receives three strikes, or four hits that kick the ball out of the playing field. In order for the player to be put out, the pitcher needs to knock out the strike three times. In order for the running player to be in touch, you must catch the ball and touch the player with it. Players who own the bat must go to their home base, hit the ball, run around the circle, and then return to their home base. Thus, a point is earned. At the end of the 7th inning, the winner is the team with the most points.

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4. Regarding the positions. A team that plays on the field must strictly distribute their players to certain positions that they do not have the right to leave without a coaching team.

Softball. Description, development history

Softball - This is a kind of baseball. The game differs from its ancestor by the size of the field, bat and ball. And by the way, women can play softball. Consider this sport in more detail.

The first mention of softball dates back to 1887. It was then that the American journalist George Hancock invented a game similar to everyone's favorite baseball, but it could be played in the hall. He wrote the rules, fixed the size of the field and took into account all other points. The first demonstration of the novelty took place in Chicago, at the Farragot Boat club. In 1895, the game began to be held outdoors. In the same year, the first women's softball team was assembled. It is worth noting that at that time the game was called “kittenball” and “mashball”. And only in the twenties of the 20th century she received a modern name.

In 1933, ASA, the Softball Fans Association, appeared. In 1952, ISF, the International Softball Federation, was founded; today it includes more than 130 countries. The first “light ball” competitions were held among women in 1965, and a year later a men's tournament appeared. Softball was included in the program of the Olympic Games in 1996.

The essence of softball, like the rules, is very reminiscent of baseball. Two teams play, nine people each. The venue for the match is similar to a rhombus with sides of 27.4 meters (90 feet), at each corner there is a "house", "base". First, the away team plays in the attack, the hosts stand in defense. The main player is in the middle of the rhombus on the hill. Squatting behind the so-called "house" sits a catcher. At all "bases" are the defenders. It is important for the attackers to run through all the “bases” and return to the “house”, the defenders need to remove the three attackers from the game (out). Batter - the attacker, stands in front of the catcher, next to the "house" with the bat. At the same time, the pitcher tries to throw the ball to the catcher. Here, perhaps, are all the rules.

As noted earlier, softball is played both indoors and outdoors. The field for the match, covered with soil, is called infield, the area with grass is called outfield. Infield is also called a diamond, since the platform with the "house" and three ordinary "bases" has a triangular shape, resembling a faceted diamond.

A mandatory attribute of a softball game is a ball of a spherical shape. Its circumference is measured from 30.2 to 30.8 centimeters, weight - from 166.5 to 173.6 grams. Not so long ago, a colored ball was introduced (yellow with red stripes) so that players would not lose sight of it. Gloves are made of leather, they have a pocket in which, if necessary, a game ball can fit. A bat can weigh no more than 1,077 grams, its maximum length is 86.4 centimeters, its diameter should not exceed 5.7 centimeters. It can be made of bamboo, metal, plastic, graphite, fiberglass, magnesium carbon, ceramic or any other material that is approved by the International Softball Federation Equipment Standards Commission. The batter and the baserunner must wear helmets that protect them from hitting the ball. The catcher must wear a mask, helmet, protection for the chest, legs, legs, as the balls sent to him can reach speeds of up to 100 kilometers per hour.

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