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Eczema - All About Eczema

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Dermatological diseases are a large group of pathologies with similar symptoms. In some cases, only one qualified specialist can distinguish one species from another after a series of diagnostic procedures. In medical practice, eczema is often confused with other reactions to internal and external provoking factors. With improper treatment, the disease becomes chronic. It is important to know the main differences between eczema and other diseases.

Characteristic symptoms of eczema

Eczema is a complex inflammatory disease of the skin. Doctors have identified many forms of this pathology, which are characterized by features:

  1. True It proceeds in stages: at first the skin turns red, then papules (vesicles) appear, the liquid inside them appears, the wounds get wet, become covered with crusts. It has a chronic course.
  2. Seborrheic (seborrhea, rosacea). A distinctive feature - it does not have vesicles (nodules), does not get wet. The rash is located on the scalp in the form of yellow greasy scales on yellow-pink spots.
  3. Microbial. It affects the legs, hands, forehead. Rashes are asymmetric, do not spread. The surface is covered with crusts. Varieties: varicose - around trophic ulcers, post-traumatic - in place of wounds, sutures. The culprit is the fungus.
  4. Professional. It is a response to an allergen. It proceeds in stages.
  5. Children’s. It begins with the head and face: swelling of the skin, redness, multiple papules.

Differences from other skin diseases

If a rash and other clinical signs of skin disease occur, you should seek help from a medical facility. Only a doctor can accurately diagnose, determine the severity of the course, prescribe adequate treatment.

The independent use of ointments, drugs, traditional medicine can cause complication, a transition to a chronic form with regular relapses and exacerbations.

Dermatological disease, which occurs in the form of inflamed foci on the surface of the body. It is the body's response to the influence of an external or internal negative factor.

Irritants:

  • sun or severe frost,
  • vaccinations
  • exposure to chemicals
  • Food,
  • overwork,
  • pollen of plants
  • fungal disease, infection,
  • insect bites
  • diseases of a chronic nature.

Dermatitis occurs suddenly, has a pronounced picture and is treatable. Rashes are similar, but the difference between dermatitis and eczema is the simultaneous appearance of externally different elements on one lesion site. Eczema is characterized by the gradual reproduction of one type of papule.

Chronic form - atopic (eczematized) dermatitis rarely develops. In this case, the clinical picture has many similarities, but the distinctive symptom of dermatitis is the dry nature of the rash without vesicles.

An allergic type of disease is not difficult to identify. It is accompanied by rhinitis, sneezing, lacrimation, rashes.

Contact dermatitis develops strictly at the site with which the allergen was in contact. Localization is diverse, does not have clear boundaries. Treatment consists in removing the inflammatory process. The main condition is to eliminate the annoying factor.

Herpes is understood as a virus, which manifests itself in the development of characteristic defects on the surface of the skin - red papules with watery contents. When many small bubbles appear, unification occurs, the formation of a whole spot. On the inflamed area, itching and pain are felt. The infection has a second name - herpetymorphic Kaposi's eczema. It is caused by the entry of type 1 virus.

The herpetic form, in contrast to other forms of eczema, is transmitted from a sick person to a healthy one. It is able to affect the skin, mucous membranes of the mouth, eyes, genitals, etc.

Herpes has a profuse rash. Characteristic: cracks, erosion with blood, crusts.

The main difference between eczema and herpes on the skin is localization, distribution. With eczema, it quickly captures new areas, which is completely unusual for the herpes virus family, each representative of which is manifested by rashes in a strictly defined area. Herpes zoster never extends beyond the projection of nerve bundles.

Herpetic eczema is diagnosed after being examined by a doctor and restoring the picture of the disease. The specialist is obliged to find out if the patient had any dermatosis before, whether he was in contact with herpes sick for the past few days. Be sure to measure body temperature, take a blood test.

Eczema causes

To date, the main causes of eczema have not yet been fully studied, but experts assign the main role in its development and progression to various factors (polyetiological disease).

These include:

  • frequent and prolonged contact of the skin with irritating and / or aggressive substances: detergents, washing powder, hard water, rough cloth or other chemical and physical agents in the framework of professional activities (nickel, resins, gasoline vapors, cosmetics, chromium, medicines),
  • allergic, often hereditary reactions to food, ticks, pets, pollen allergens,
  • prolonged infection of the skin (bacterial or fungal infection).

Predisposing factors for the development of eczema can be considered:

  • instability of the nervous system (depression, chronic stress, anxiety disorders),
  • decreased immunity,
  • hormonal changes (age-related endocrine changes in the body, the use of contraceptives, endocrinopathy),
  • prolonged recurrent infections, foci of chronic infection (caries, tonsillitis, sinusitis, otitis, labyrinthitis),
  • sweating or dry skin
  • prolonged exposure to the skin of the sun, cold or heat,
  • digestive tract pathology (functional or organic gastrointestinal diseases - chronic constipation, cholecystitis, enteritis, dysbiosis, biliary dyskinesia, irritable bowel syndrome, gastritis).

An important factor in the occurrence of eczema is a genetic predisposition, which directly depends on the absence or presence of an appropriate set of specific chromosomes with a multifactorial type of inheritance.

The main pathogenetic factor in the occurrence of eczema is the activation and increased production of prostaglandins by the cells of the patient's immune system, which contribute to the release of mediators of histamine and serotonin inflammation. In this regard, inflammation of the skin develops, which is characterized by swelling and increased vascular permeability of the epidermis and dermis.

In the absence of timely and proper treatment in people suffering from this disease, as a result of immune deviations, irreversible changes in the cells are observed, as well as the individual sensitivity of the skin to any external factors, which activates the progression of changes in the tissues, significantly increases.

Eczema symptoms

Manifestations of the most common forms of eczema, their localization and prognosis largely depend on the type and stage of the disease.

Type of eczema

Localization

Rash Elements

Complications

True eczema

Face, back of hands and arms

Multiple vesicles and papules on the background of significant redness of the skin. Elements are accompanied by severe itching. After opening the vesicles, erosion is formed, with the release of serous fluid

Secondary infection (bacterial and / or fungal)

Seborrheic eczema

Chest, scalp, face, area of ​​the interscapular triangle

It develops against the background of oily seborrhea.

The formation of yellowish-pink nodules with oily scales is noted. Later, these elements are transformed into plaques, prone to fusion and the formation of large foci

Microbial eczema

The back of the hands, lower legs, scalp (less commonly)

It develops in areas of the skin affected by purulent inflammation with erysipelas, extensive burns and wounds

The focus has a clearly limited shape, covered with plate-like crusts with a stratum corneum peeling off at the edges, and after removing the crusts, a wetting surface is formed

Erythroderma (spread of microbial eczema to larger areas of the skin)

Occupational eczema

Forearm and back of hands, neck, face

Multiple vesicle-papular elements on the background of severe hyperemia of the skin with severe itching. After opening the bubbles, point erosion is formed, and serous fluid is released. It differs from true eczema by a quick cure, after the termination of exposure to aggressive occupational factors, it does not have exacerbations

Secondary infection (bacterial and / or fungal)

Types and stages of eczema

Eczema is a kind of chronic recurrent inflammatory disease of the epidermis with the possible spread of the process to the papillary dermis. Pathology proceeds with periodic exacerbations and short-term remissions.

Eczema occurs at any age (pediatric, occupational, microbial) with the appearance of typical symptoms (rash with itching and weeping) of different localization, with a certain degree of manifestation, which differs in different patients by the stage and evolution of the inflammatory reaction. At the same time, activation of an allergic reaction against the background of various provoking and predisposing factors is necessarily present in the pathogenesis.

There are three stages of the development of eczema: acute, chronic and subacute, which differ in the features of the transformation of the elements of the rash.

Eczema Stages

Features of manifestation

Sharp

Redness of the skin (erythema) with edema and the formation of papules and vesicles. Cracks in the inflamed epidermis, opening of the vesicles, excretion of serous exudate and the formation of crusts.

Subacute

The formation of erythema, followed by thickening of the skin and impaired pigmentation (lichenization), the appearance of excoriation and scales.

Chronic

The formation of erythema with lichenization and subsequent hypo- or hyperpigmentation is noted.

In addition to the main types of eczema: true, microbial, seborrheic and professional, several forms are found that are less common and have their own characteristics.

Type of eczema

Localization

Rash Elements

Complications

Dyshidrotic eczema

Hands and feet (fingers, palms, feet)

Multiple sag-like vesicles with extensive flushing of the skin without opening erosion. A hallmark is painful itching

Secondary infection, with the formation of infected wounds and fistulas

Atopic eczema

It has a different localization, specific rashes develop as a result of the complicated course of atopic dermatitis

A rash in the form of vesicles that burst over time, forming wet surfaces with severe itching

Mycotic eczema

The back of the hands and feet, less often the scalp.

It develops in areas of the skin affected by fungal flora with a prolonged and / or chronic course

The focus has a clearly limited shape, covered with plate-like crusts with a stratum corneum peeling off at the edges, and after removing the crusts, a wetting surface is formed

The development of severe outflow of hands and feet with the addition of pyococcal (purulent) infection

Varicose eczema

This type of eczema develops against the background of varicose veins with prolonged stagnation of blood, which leads to a weakening of the protective properties of the skin, impaired trophism, a tendency to form superficial ulcers, erysipelas.

More common in older people.

Large lesions with jagged edges. Rash in the form of vesicles, cracks and crusts with severe itching, which intensifies after contact with water

Accession of a secondary infection in the form of microbial and fungal flora. Fistula formation.

Coin Eczema

Upper extremities with exacerbations in the cold season

Rounded forms of foci (in the form of coins) with severe infiltration of areas of hyperemia and lichenization (thickening of the skin and impaired pigmentation)

Horny (tylotic) eczema

Plantar surface of the feet and hands

The foci have uneven edges. A distinctive feature is considered hyperkeratic processes with the formation of multiple, deep and painful cracks with weeping and itching during periods of exacerbation

Secondary infection, with the formation of infected cracks and fistulous passages

Contact eczema

(eczematous dermatitis)

Hands, face and neck, in men can be spread to the genitals

One of the subspecies of occupational eczema.

Multiple vesicle-papular elements on the background of severe hyperemia of the skin with severe itching. After opening the bubbles, point erosion is formed, and serous fluid is released. When contact with an allergen is eliminated, symptoms are quickly eliminated.

Accession of a secondary infection in the form of microbial and fungal flora

Allergic eczema

May occur on any part of the body. It has a seasonal character with exacerbations in the autumn-winter period against a background of a significant decrease in immunity

Multiple vesicle-papular elements on the background of severe hyperemia of the skin with itching. After opening the vesicles, erosions are formed, which after opening are in the form of "wells" filled with serous fluid

The development of severe skin edema with the addition of pyococcal (purulent) infection or fungal flora

Numular eczema

The back of the wrists and lower limbs (feet and legs)

The rash has the appearance of oval round spots (about 3 cm) with clearly defined edges and protruding above the surface of healthy skin.

Severe itching noted

Weeping eczema

Face, back of hands and forearms, feet, legs

The rashes look like redness and swelling, then small vesicles and papules appear, which merge to form an erosive, wet surface with itching and burning

Accession of a secondary infection in the form of microbial and fungal flora

Eczema treatment

The treatment of eczema consists in the complete exclusion of skin contact with aggressive factors, the elimination of provoking and predisposing factors (normalization of the neuro-emotional background, treatment of concomitant diseases of the digestive tract, endocrine disorders) due to the fact that the nature of this disease in most cases is neuro-allergic.

Therapy of eczema consists in long-term compliance with the general recommendations:

  • milk-vegetable diet, with the complete exception of spicy, fatty and salty dishes of smoked meats, citrus fruits, eggs and alcohol,
  • as little as possible have contact with water (especially with localization of eczema on the hands and feet), with contact, microbial and mycotic eczema,
  • avoid contact with household chemicals and other aggressive chemical and physical agents,
  • protect exposed skin areas affected by eczema from exposure to cold or direct sunlight, especially with exacerbation of the inflammatory process,
  • healthy lifestyle and long sleep.

Also, in the treatment of eczema, drugs are widely used: local anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and emollient ointments, gels and creams, antihistamines and corticosteroids (local or systemic) in severe cases of the disease. Additionally, patients widely use folk remedies (decoctions, lotions and baths) to treat eczema.

Eczema than to treat?

It is important to know that all drugs that are used to treat eczema must be taken as directed and under the supervision of a specialist. A dermatologist determines the list of medicines, doses, frequency and duration of their use.

Often prescribed calcium preparations, vitamin and mineral complexes, antiallergic and sedatives.

In the acute period with weeping, dressings and lotions from astringent solutions, furatsilina and anti-inflammatory creams and ointments are used. When attaching a secondary infection, antibiotics are additionally prescribed (topically or systemically) and / or antimycotic drugs. In severe cases, courses of corticosteroids are used.

Treatment of eczema folk remedies

It is important to know that eczema is a complex polyetiological disease that is difficult to treat and can progress with constant, ongoing contact with factors provoking inflammation. Therefore, at present, patients are increasingly turning to alternative methods of treatment, forgetting about the basic principles of treatment of this disease.

Long-term and comprehensive is the treatment with homeopathic medicines, which are prescribed and controlled by a homeopathic doctor. In the treatment of eczema with homeopathy, not only the symptoms of the disease are eliminated, but concomitant pathologies, in which the root cause of the disease is often hidden, are primarily cured. This technique is distinguished by an individual approach to each patient and is based on the intuition and knowledge of the attending physician.

The pulp and / or raw potato juice is widely used to treat eczema. It has a good anti-inflammatory, astringent and regenerating local effect, and also normalizes the functioning of the patient's digestive system.

In this case, the flesh of raw potatoes is rubbed on a fine grater, wrapped in soft natural cloth (cotton or linen) and applied several times a day to the affected area, this can be alternated with lotions from potato juice, which are combined with a portion of freshly squeezed juice inside. Also, in folk medicine, the healing properties of raw potato juice and honey are combined (1 teaspoon of honey is taken for ½ cup of gruel) and the resulting mixture is applied in the form of compresses during the day, at night use a bandage with propolis ointment.

Quite often, fresh cabbage juice is used, which is mixed with egg white in the form of dressings or a cabbage leaf steamed in milk with bran is applied 1-2 times a day as a poultice.

A good result, especially with dry eczema gives corn oil, which must be taken orally for 1 month in a tablespoon in the morning and evening, washed down with 1 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar and honey dissolved in 1 cup of warm water. This product softens the skin, making it soft and supple, and also helps to cure eczema.

Eczema Herbs

Medicinal herbs are used in folk medicine for eczema in the form of:

  • lotions and compresses with decoctions of herbs (oak bark, St. John's wort, juniper, pine needles, plantain, chamomile, linden, yarrow, mint),
  • wrapping with decoctions of herbs for 30-60 minutes (infusion of burdock root - 5 tablespoons per bucket of water),
  • decoctions of herbs for oral administration (succession, plantain, yarrow, violet, leaves of black currant, walnut and strawberry, as well as dandelion, burdock and chicory roots).

Eczema Baths

Medicinal baths with decoctions of nettle, celandine, string, calamus and burdock root, oregano and chamomile herbs have a good effect.

It is important to remember that the use of herbs in the form of lotions, compresses, therapeutic baths or wraps does not always give the desired result, they can provoke an aggravation of the process, because with many forms of eczema, contact with water and allergenic factors, such as honey, propolis, egg white, are excluded. concentrated infusions and decoctions of herbs.

Caution should be exercised in the use of juice, broth and infusion of celandine, which, if used improperly, is poison and can cause intoxication and even poisoning.

Nail fungus

The most common skin disease among modern people is a fungus. It is easy to get infected, but it is difficult to remove from the body. Pathology has a similar picture with eczema, it is difficult to diagnose.

Eczema is able to affect the legs, arms, which makes it difficult to diagnose a fungal disease. But there are a number of distinctive characteristics.

Localization - foot, palm, nail, - eczema spreads to other parts of the body.

A separate view is fungal eczema. This is a secondary pathology. It develops in cases where the eczematous process is complicated by the addition of a fungus. The infection penetrates the skin through mechanical damage and a weakened immune system is not able to give an adequate response. Infection affects the feet, hands, but nails can be involved in the process - a typical localization zone. Damage to other parts of the body is possible.

The fungus is manifested mainly by dry rashes with flaky scales and crusts. With fungal eczema, the skin is covered with vesicles (nodules) and weeping wounds with a cloudy discharge. On the sites of inflammation, dirty crusts form.

Diagnosis with a scraping allows you to detect the presence of fungi, spores or their absence, which allows you to accurately determine the nature of the origin of the disease.

Hives

Urticaria refers to a disease that belongs to the group of allergic dermatoses. It arises as an organism's response to stimuli:

  • taking medication
  • food,
  • insect bites
  • Chemical substance,
  • high or low temperatures
  • gastrointestinal intoxication,
  • intestinal infestations by worms.

Clinical picture: a rash in the form of blisters of different diameters, resembling a burn after contact with nettles. The main symptom is intolerable itching. Blisters are able to combine and take the form of large plaques with uneven edges. If the rashes are extensive, covering the face and area of ​​the nasopharynx, suffocation, voice changes, and difficulty swallowing may occur. Urticaria or urticaria develops quickly, immediately after contact with an allergen.

Eczema is often allergic in nature, but the disease develops progressively. Dryness appears first, then inflammation, redness, papules, sores. A characteristic feature is the presence of weeping wounds during the development of a severe form.

Neurodermatitis

The disease proceeding in a chronic form. The following factors provoke:

  • disruption of the nervous system,
  • hereditary predisposition to allergic reactions,
  • body intoxication
  • mental and physical overwork,
  • digestive tract diseases
  • medications,
  • unbalanced diet.

Neurodermatitis is a response to changes in the body's reactivity system. Rashes are similar to eczema, but itching intensifies at night. The main difference is the type of rash. Neurodermatitis elements have a different shape, diameter - papules, nodules, erythema stagnant. A person shows anxiety, irritants, sleep disturbance, weight loss occurs. The neurogenic disorder that caused the disease is clearly manifested.

Relapse is seasonal.

Neurodermatitis is very similar in its manifestations to psoriasis, diseases have the same origin. Treatment is the same: ointment to relieve inflammation, diet, etc. The main difference with eczema is that mild neurodermatitis can be cured forever.

Diagnosis of eczema

An accurate diagnosis requires a differential study. If eczema is suspected, the anamnesis is studied in detail, a survey is conducted on disturbing symptoms, the doctor examines the patient for the nature of the rashes, the presence of specific signs.

A biopsy of the skin with subsequent histology, microscopic examination helps to distinguish eczema from fungus, dermatitis, pemphigus, scabies, psoriasis and other diseases. Be sure to analyze urine and blood.

After making a diagnosis, the doctor looks for the cause of the development of inflammation, checks the sensitivity to various allergens. Treatment directly depends on what factor influenced the development of the disease - internal or external.

The skin is sensitive to any malfunctions inside the body and the effects of external irritants. With the confluence of adverse conditions on the surface, various rashes, redness, rash appear on the surface. Do not neglect these symptoms. In many cases, skin lesions signal serious dermatological diseases that have developed as a result of infection, decreased immunity, and malfunctioning of the endocrine system. It can be a reaction to stressful situations at work and at home. Do not delay a visit to the doctor, do not self-medicate. It is difficult to accurately determine the disease and the cause of the pathology without special diagnostic measures.

Causes of Allergic Eczema

The main factor provoking the development of allergic eczema is a violation of the immune status, which manifests itself in an increase in the reactivity of the body. In simple terms, an organism with such disorders produces an inadequately violent reaction to an ordinary stimulus. The exact cause of such changes in immunity is unknown. Among the most likely include:

  • hereditary predisposition
  • chronic infections and fungal diseases,
  • stress and overwork
  • frequent contact with allergenic factors,
  • endocrine diseases
  • chronic diseases of the internal organs.

It is not always possible to find a specific reason in each case. Most often, a combination of several factors plays a role in the occurrence of the disease.

What can cause eczema?

Directly irritating eczema-causing agents can be:

  • chemicals (including detergents and cosmetics),
  • food items
  • insect and snake bites,
  • fabrics
  • metals in jewelry
  • pollen and other parts of plants
  • medicines.

Often a person is susceptible to several allergens at once.

Types of Allergic Eczema

Depending on the type of allergen that caused eczema, and the form of the course, the following varieties of this disease are distinguished:

  • true eczema - the exact cause of its occurrence cannot be determined. Most likely, the combination of external and internal factors plays a role. Rashes are located symmetrically and have a clear staging (erythema - rash - weeping - crusting). The course is chronic
  • microbial eczema - the allergen in this case is an infectious agent during re-infection (most often streptococcus). Purulent vesicles appear on the affected areas of the skin and around them, gradually transforming into crusts. The boundaries of the foci are erased and merged. This species is prone to the spread of the process,
  • occupational eczema - with the course and manifestations it is similar to the true one, but in this case there is a clear connection between the manifestation of the disease and contact with allergens during professional activities. When changing work, the process self-resolves,
  • atopic form - develops in allergy sufferers after contact with classical allergens (pollen, wool, food). This species is found mainly in patients with respiratory allergies (bronchial asthma),
  • fungal eczema - in essence, this species is similar to the microbial form, but the provoking factor here is not a bacterial, but a fungal infection,
  • seborrheic eczema - occurs in areas with a large number of sebaceous glands. It is characterized by the presence of oily scales and crusts and increased sebum secretion in the affected area,
  • varicose form - develops in patients with varicose veins. The lesions are localized on the legs. It is more common in older people. Many dermatologists distinguish this species as a form of microbial eczema.

Depending on the zone of localization of rashes, the following types of lesions are distinguished:

  • allergic eczema on the face. The main reason for its appearance is a violation of hygiene, frequent traumatic procedures (peeling and cleansing), the use of cosmetics,
  • allergic eczema on the hands. It occurs most often after contact with detergents and cleaners. Has a chronic recurrent course until a provoking factor is identified and excluded,
  • allergic eczema on the legs. Such localization is observed mainly with fungal and varicose eczema. In this case, hygiene of the lower extremities, their excessive sweating, injury to uncomfortable shoes, etc., are provoking factors.

How does allergic eczema manifest

In the clinical course of eczema, several successive stages of the development of the process can be distinguished.

Erythematous stage - red spots appear on healthy unchanged skin, accompanied by itching.

Papular vesicular stage - rashes in the form of papules and vesicles (vesicles with liquid) occur in the erythema zone.

Stage of weeping - the vesicles burst after a few days, a pink weeping surface forms with serous wells that secrete serous fluid.

Cortical (dry) stage - wet areas of the skin dry out and become covered with a dry crust of grayish-yellow color. In parallel, new foci of the disease may appear in other places, starting from the first stage. Thus, at the same time, one can observe a variety of elements - primary and secondary - as a result of their evolution. Such a variety of rashes is called false or evolutionary polymorphism. This phenomenon occurs not only with this disease, but it is still its distinguishing feature from other allergic dermatoses.

Clinical features of various types of eczema

True Allergic Eczema characterized by an acute onset, when microvesicles with serous contents appear on the edematous reddened skin. After a few days, they burst, exposing a wet surface with erosion. Gradually, weeping dries up with the formation of crusts that begin to peel off. An acute process can turn into a chronic one. In this case, congestive erythema appears, areas of skin tightening with scales and cracks. The process is often symmetrical with localization on the back of the hands, forearms, feet, in children a rash can appear on the face, buttocks, chest.

Microbial eczema develops in places of chronic pyoderma (around infected wounds, cracks, trophic ulcers). At the edges of the foci, rashes of vesicles with purulent contents appear, at the opening of which crusts of yellow or green color are formed. If they are removed, a wet erosive surface with the so-called "serous wells" will be exposed. The process has a tendency to spread.

Occupational eczema arises among employees and workers as a result of interaction in the course of their professional activities with various chemicals and their sensitization of the body. In clinical manifestations, it is similar to true eczema. Quickly resolves upon elimination of contact with the allergen.

Atopic eczema according to the clinic and the causes, it has many similarities to atopic dermatitis. But with dermatitis, the process is almost always dry, and with eczema a wet surface forms. This type of disease has a prolonged course and a tendency to relapse even when the factors that cause the allergy have been eliminated.

Fungal eczema It is a combination of the fungal disease itself and the allergic reaction provoked by it. It occurs in places affected by the mycotic process, most often on the feet and hands. The color of the rashes ranges from pink to gray.

Varicose eczema develops most often on the lower extremities due to violation of trophic skin integument as a result of progression of varicose veins. Women are more susceptible to this type of disease than men. The process begins with congestive swelling of the tissues and redness of the skin, then there are foci of peeling, erosion and scratching. Subsequently, bubbles appear that begin to exfoliate to form a wetting surface with crusts on it. The disease has a chronic recurring nature, but with the surgical treatment of varicose veins, a complete cure is possible.

Seborrheic eczema localized in places of accumulation of sebaceous glands (this is the scalp, forehead, skin behind the ears, upper chest, bends of the limbs and the interscapular region of the back). It is characterized by the appearance of gray or yellow scales and peels that stick together hair, after the removal of which a swollen pink weeping surface remains. This type of disease is more susceptible to men in their teens.

Allergic Eczema Treatment

Treatment of eczema must be comprehensive and include:

  1. Elimination of a provoking allergenic factor.
  2. Antihistamines (Suprastin, Tavegil, Zirtek, Erius, Tsetrin, Claritin, etc.).
  3. External hormonal drugs (Elokom, Celestoderm, Fluorocort, Flucinar, etc.).
  4. Hyposensitization of the body (intravenous infusion of sodium thiosulfate, calcium chloride, intramuscular injection of magnesium sulfate).
  5. In a wetting process, lotions with boric acid solution, silver nitrate, antiseptic solutions (Rivanol, Resorcin). After the termination of weeping - oil, water and water-alcohol mashrooms, pastes and cooling creams.
  6. Vitamin Therapy.
  7. Physiotherapy.
  8. With microbial eczema or the attachment of a secondary infection - antibacterial drugs or corticosteroid ointments with an antibiotic (Celestoderm with Garamycin, Triderm, Lorinden C, Diprogen).
  9. With seborrheic eczema - locally sulfuric ointment, triderm, shampoos with ketoconazole, zinc, tar.
  10. With fungal eczema, local and systemic antifungal drugs (Clotrimazole, Exoderil, Nystatin, Lamisil, Mifungar, etc.).
  11. With varicose eczema, it is important to treat the underlying disease and its prevention.

Timely initiation and proper prescription of treatment is the main guarantee of success for a full recovery with this difficult disease.

Relapse prevention of allergic eczema

Since the course of this disease is most often chronic, the prevention of exacerbations is important to maintain the health and quality of life of patients. Key preventative measures include:

  • compliance with personal hygiene rules,
  • use only hypoallergenic drugs,
  • dieting
  • timely treatment of chronic diseases,
  • wearing clothes and shoes made from natural fabrics and materials,
  • the use of gloves in contact with cleaning and detergents,
  • prevention of chronic stress and overwork.

If, despite all the precautions, the first signs of exacerbation of eczema appear, you should immediately consult a doctor.

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