Although this health disorder is the least serious of those considered, it cannot be ignored. Heat cramps can go into heat exhaustion, and heat exhaustion can lead to heat shock. By learning to identify symptoms and take some necessary measures, you can stay alive and healthy in the most extreme conditions.
Heat cramps are painful muscle contractions, usually affecting the abdomen, arms, or legs. More often they are found in athletes and in people in good physical shape, with large muscle mass. If you overstrain on a hot day, then the muscles give off a large amount of heat, the body sweats profusely, losing the necessary salt. Low levels of sodium in the blood and cause muscle cramps.
In addition to excessive sweating, orientation harms and weakness can be harbingers of muscle cramps. Body temperature in such cases often remains normal or only slightly elevated.
The main steps to be taken in such cases:
Stop overexert. Usually, cramps in themselves make it impossible to continue physical activity.
Find a cool place. Staying in the shade will reduce perspiration and, consequently, the loss of electrolytes.
Drink liquid. Water can help cool the body, but it does not compensate for the loss of minerals. How you can turn water into a full drink is described in the What to Drink section above.
Gently but surely massage your muscles to help them relax. It may be helpful to take a pose in which the legs are above the rest of the body. Depending on the intensity of the seizures, the victim should rest for a day or longer before resuming exercise. Do not rub the body with alcohol, do not take aspirin.
How to treat heat cramps
Thermal cramps are muscle cramps or cramps that occur during physical exertion at high temperatures, such as on hot summers outdoors. Muscle cramps differ from heat cramps in that they occur due to sodium deficiency caused by increased sweating (and not the heat itself ) Pain usually occurs due to the inability of the body to maintain water balance in order to compensate for sweating. As a result, the level of electrolytes in your body drops too low (hyponatremia). Most often, such cramps occur in the calves, thigh muscles and the press (however, thermal cramps can affect any muscle). But don't worry, heat cramps are pretty easy to cure.