Koran - The word (Speech) of Allah, its superiority over the words (speech) of creations is similar to the superiority of Allah over His creations, and reading the Qur'an is one of the best activities for a person.
The study of the Qur'an and the teaching of others have many advantages:
Quran reading reward: Prophet ﷺ said: “The one who reads one letter from the Book of Allah will be recorded the completion of one good deed, and the reward for the performance of good deeds is increased tenfold” (At-Tirmidhi).
In another hadith it is said: Once the messenger of Allah ﷺ asked his companions: - “Who wants to go to Butkhoi or Alik (settlements located near the Medina. - Approx. Aut.) And, without quarreling with anyone, without sinning, return with two large camels?” Companions answered: “Oh Messenger, we all want this!” Then the Prophet said: “Why then do not you go to the mosque and learn two verses from the Book of Allah or read it? It is better for him than a camel. If you read the three verses, they are better than three camels, four to four, no matter how much you read the verses, they are all better than camels ” (Abu Dawood, Muslim).
Remuneration for teaching the Qur'an: Prophet ﷺ said: “The best of you is the one who studied the Qur'an and taught it to others” (Al-Bukhari).
The merits of learning the Qur'an, memorizing it and reading it by all rules: Prophet ﷺ said: “Whoever reads the Qur'an, knowing it by heart, is with noble, humble messengers (angels), and who reads the Qur'an with difficulty and at the same time makes great efforts (wanting to read it correctly), a double reward awaits” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).
How to start memorizing the verses of the Quran?
1. Sincere intention. Make sure that you make an intention only for the sake of Allah, His contentment, to be rewarded by His grace. No need to show off or learn the Quran for show.
2. One must learn to read the Holy Quran with the correct pronunciation, and also in accordance with the rules of Tajwid. If a person can fluently and at the same time correctly read one page (it is understood that if the page is complex, he can read it in 1.5 minutes, and if easy - in 1 minute), he can confidently start hifs (memorize the Quran). But, if the student has not yet read the Qur'an fluently, it is not advisable for him to immediately start the hifsu as he may encounter great difficulties. In many cases, such students do not finish their studies, except for those who have a great desire to learn.
3. Constancy. The more often you learn the verses, the easier the process of memorization will become. It is very important not to miss a single day. There is no weekend in worship. At least if you don’t have time at all, learn 3-5 lines a day. If you are consistent, insha Allah, you can become a hafiz in 5 - 6 years.
4. The atmosphere. Solitude in a quiet place to concentrate only on the Quran and not to be distracted by extraneous thoughts. Turn off distracting objects (e.g. mobile phones, TV, etc.)
5. Remember verses with meaning: read the translation, before you begin to learn verses, understand the meaning of what is written.
6. Before learning, it is useful to listen to the ayah that you want to learn. This will help you overcome pronunciation problems and improve the quality of your memorization.
7. Read in the daily prayer what you have learned. If you forget a piece, you will immediately correct your mistake by looking in the Qur'an and will never make that mistake again.
8. Have a good teacher (friend, family member) who has knowledge of the suras. The most serious problem in this great work is the student’s lack of desire. In this case, the final result will depend on the experience of the teacher. Having an experienced mentor is very important, so start your training with a teacher. Let him check your learned verses every day. Or test each other with a person who also teaches the Qur'an.
9. Read the suras aloud. Reading aloud helps not only to speak, but also to listen to oneself.
10. Dua. Ask Allah to make it easier for you to memorize the Koran.
Of course, everyone wants to be a strong hafiz. To achieve your goal, you must follow some rules.
Given the possibilities of their memory, everyone should choose for themselves a suitable memorization method, for example:
• Read the page from beginning to end in a row and thus memorize.
• Learn one ayah, then the second, connect them together, then the third and so on.
• Learn by words, that is, learn one word, then the second, combining them until you finish the ayah completely.
• Divide the page into three or four parts, learn them individually, and then combine them.
• Learn the page from the end, that is, first memorize the lowest ayah, then the next one and connect the ayah gradually until you reach the top.
• Remember by writing.
• Remember, listening, that is, choose one reader and, repeatedly listening to his record, try to memorize. Mostly the visually impaired resort to this method.
As for memorization by reading the page from beginning to end, the page when memorizing in this way should be read one hundred, one hundred and fifty or more times. In general, it would be better if the Hafiz teacher chooses the method of preparing lessons for the student himself. In general, it is only under the strict control of the teacher that the student quickly reaches the intended goal. The secret of a well-learned page is to keep repeating - the more you read the page when you memorize, the more you will know it.
If you, having learned a page or at least half a page, can read it by heart without hesitation or read it slowly, pronouncing each letter, then know that you memorized it well, you can continue to memorize it with confidence and don’t worry - such a hiffs will not be easily forgotten.
You should not worry if you have a weak memory, because in educational institutions for the preparation of hafizas, nine out of ten students have lower than average memory. And also do not worry about the fact that you cannot immediately memorize the page you just learned, because many people need one night or even two days before the learned surah fixates, and this is normal. For most students, the memory is revealed only after memorizing the ора Koran, and for some it is not revealed until half of the Qur'an is learned.
So don’t worry your friend - you can become a hafiz! Ask Almighty Allah for this and show sincerity. Amen.
2. The manifestation of ethics (adaba) to the Qur'an
It is very important that you adhere to ethical standards (adab) when dealing with scripture. Here are some of them: do not turn your back on the Quran, touch the Quran only in the state of ritual washing and read it only in this state, before reading the oral cavity should be clean from food particles, it is recommended to brush your teeth with a sivak, the Quran reading is recommended to be in the best look, in good clean clothes, while sitting upright while reading, without leaning on anything, sitting in a clean place, facing the Qibla, do not flip the Koran with your fingers moistened with saliva, the Koran should be placed above all other books, to putting another book on him is not allowed, it is recommended to start reading the Qur'an by saying: “Auzubillahi mina-sscaytani-rajim” (“I resort to the help of Allah against the machinations of the cursed shaitan!”), and then “Bismillahi-rahmani-rahim” (“In the Name Allah, Gracious in this world to all, and in the next world - only to those who believe ”), the reader of the Qur'an should be so focused as if he is quietly, whispering with Allah, being sure that he is in front of Him and is reading His Word, to read The Quran is calm, not in a hurry, even if its meaning is incomprehensible, to break the Koran’s reading for conversations, except if absolutely necessary, if there is a pause while reading the Koran, then, before starting to read again, you should say “Auzu billyahi mina-schschaitani-rajim”, brush your teeth and gums with a sivak, read the Koran better, watching text with eyes: this is valued more than reading by heart, because there is worship of Allah and the eyes, the reading of the Qur'an in a state of drowsiness is not approved, since it is likely to make mistakes, etc.
8. Learn the meaning of memorized verses of the Quran
Before memorizing the next ayah, try to study its general meaning. Memorization with understanding written is more effective than simple cramming.
May the Almighty facilitate the process of reading and memorizing His Book for all of us, and may He send to all those who strive for His satisfaction the keys of knowledge! Amine.
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The beginning of your journey
Any way begins with the first step, and the first step in any business is a decision. Make a decision to memorize the Holy Quran, and this will be one of the most important events in your life that will change it forever!
Do not be afraid of failure, do not be afraid that you will not achieve this goal! Allah Almighty himself promised to facilitate this matter, but determination and firm intention are required of you. Do not think that it is difficult and you can not do it! If a person does not know how to swim, then he will never learn if he thinks that there is deep. After all, to learn, you must go into the water! Even if he doesn’t succeed right away, all the same, from that day on, he will learn to swim and eventually learn! And memorization of the Koran is a much greater project, and having undertaken it, you will certainly feel the help from Allah Almighty and achieve success!
Keys to Success
The most important rule in memorizing the Qur'an is sincerity before Allah! If your intention is pure, victory will certainly come to you! Therefore, exclude from your intention all the benefits associated with this Dunya, and dedicate this matter to Allah alone!
The second thing that will help you achieve your goal is to appeal to Allah to grant you success in memorizing the Holy Book. Verily, He is the only one who facilitates all matters, and only by His will can you fulfill your intention. Duʻa - This is one of the main things that will help you learn the Holy Quran. Read Duʻa as often as possible and choose the times when it is more likely that it will be fulfilled - between ‘Azan and Ikamat, during the trip, during the rain, on Friday, in the last 10 days of Ramadan. And you will see that these Duʻa did not go unanswered, and you will feel a special grace.
Another important rule is do not commit sins! Do not hope to perfectly learn the Holy Scriptures, while violating the commands of the Almighty and acting contrary to what is written in it!
When you learn the Qur'an, act in accordance with it! Decorate yourself not only with wonderful reading, but also with wonderful deeds.
It is said in Ayat 155 of Sura 6 Al-Anʻam:
وَهَذَا كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ مُبَارَكٌ فَاتَّبِعُوهُ وَاتَّقُواْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ
It means: “This is the Quran - the blessed Book sent by the Almighty. “Follow him and be afraid to violate what is said in him, so that you may have mercy!”
Memorizing the Holy Quran is a grandiose project! Realize the importance of this - take the time to memorize and repeat the Qur'an every day and be ready to make efforts to memorize it. This is a very valuable time, so in no case miss it! Do not make memorization of the Holy Book something secondary!
Your fellow travelers and helpers
Having decided to memorize the Qur'an, do not listen to those who consider memorizing the entire Qur'an to be a difficult task. Do not let these people influence your intention and weaken your diligence. Communicate with those who will support you in your wonderful pursuit and try to bring them to your project to memorize the scriptures. And it will be even better if your family and friends will share your goal with you, encouraging, inspiring and helping you along the way!
If you want to make the process of memorizing the Koran faster and more interesting - compete with any of your friends or family members.
Inspired by the idea to learn the Qur'an, find a good and reliable teacher who received his knowledge through the chain. In no case do not start learning the Quran yourself, even if you know the Arabic language!
Step by step
Any business, and especially such a grandiose project as memorizing the Heavenly Book, requires a plan. Make a plan for memorizing the Quran, based on how quickly you want to learn it, as well as your abilities, because people have different memories and different jobs. Making a plan means determining how much you need to learn new every day, and also repeating what you learned before.
Many people ask: “How long can I memorize the Qur'an? Per year? For two? Five? ”For each person it is individual. There are people whom Allah granted to learn the whole Quran in just a few months! Some learn the Quran in 5 years. The important thing is not how much time you spent memorizing, but how well you learned the Noble Quran! But for most people, it’s realistic to learn the Quran in 3 years. This means that you need to memorize 1 page per day.
All these plans are absolutely real - you just need to choose the one that suits you. But no matter what plan you choose, it’s important to follow this plan, not memorizeKoranthinking: "Someday I will learn it completely."
Addition: It is possible that in the future you will have to adjust your plan, taking into account real circumstances. For example, a person thinks that he cannot learn a lot at a time. But as he teaches, memory trains, and he realizes that he can learn more. Then he should correct the plan - to increase the memorization rate, and so he will learn the Quran faster. It happens the other way around - a person set himself a high bar, but then for some reason he can’t fulfill his original plan. Then you need to reduce the amount of memorization and lengthen the period. but in any case, you need to learn according to plan.
When the teacher checked how you read the passage from the Qur'an and asked you to teach it as a keepsake, how can you learn it?
Read the first Ayat from the passage given to you two or more times, then close the Muskhaf and repeat, peeping into the text only if necessary. And then repeat without peeping. When you are convinced that you learned the first Ayat, go to the next and teach it in the same way. And then teach the third one in the same way. When you learn three Ayatas - connect them, that is, read in a row - the first, second and third. When you have learned the three Ayatas, go on to the next three. And so teach the whole passage - first in the Ayat, three Ayatas and combining them all. If you need to learn more than half a page, then learn half a page - first the first half, then the second. When you have learned everything that the teacher asked you, repeat this passage, reading not in a chant, as in memorization, but quickly.
Recommendations to make it easier to remember
By memorizing the Quran, follow the principle - few, but constantly, better than many, but intermittently.
Use to memorize one mucxaf - visual memory will remember the page as a picture, and it will be easier for you to remember the desired Ayat when you need it: you mentally recall this page and “see” this Ayat - it is on the right or left, at the top, in the middle of the text or at the bottom. You will read it from your memory, as if from a real Mushaf.
The editions of the Koran differ among themselves. Some advise using Mushaf, in which each page begins with Ayat and ends with Ayat, that is, Ayat is not torn between two pages.
There is another way to use visual memory for better memorization - after you have well learned the passage given to you in the usual way, open Muskhaf and read this passage is in it, without taking your eyes off the text, not less than 15 times.
It also helps to better remember recording learned from memory without looking at Mushaf. Memorization through writing is the basis of the Moroccan method of memorizing the Koran, and it is considered one of the most effective.
The best time to memorize is Fajr. At this time, memory and thinking are pure and clear, and at this time there is a special grace.
Try not only to memorize the Quran, but also understand its meaning. Study Tafsir Ayatov with a reliable teacher in order to more deeply feel their meaning - then your reading will be even more penetrating, and remembering is durable.
If you memorize a large passage at a time, then one of the basic and important rules is divide it into semantic partsmemorizing them individually and combining them.
Many complain that when they learn a new passage, they forget what they learned before. therefore memorizing the new, always tie it to the old. This will help you not to forget what you have already learned.
And also follow the general recommendations for strengthening memory.
Repetition - the mother of learning
Reiteration no less important than memorization - without it you cannot learn the Quran completely.
If the Qur'an is not repeated constantly, it is forgotten. This also applies to repetition in the learning process, and constant repetition after you learn the Quran completely.
The Messenger of Allah, (ﷺ), said:
تَعَاهَدُوا هذا الْقُرْآنَ فَوَالذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ لَهُوَ أَشَدُّ تَفَلُّتًا ِمنَ الإِبِلِ فِي عقلِهَا
It means: "Let beKoranwill be with you constantly [i.e. read it often], for Allah swearoh, he forgets faster than the camel (getting rid) of his fetters runs away ”.
Repetition is necessary both in the learning process and after it. Determine for yourself the daily rate of repetition and repeat each day, allocating special time for this, as well as reading the lessons learned in Namaz.
To repeat, as well as learn new things, you need to the plan! Важно иметь конкретный план повторения на день, на неделю и на месяц. Никогда не повторяй в день меньше одного Джуза! Тот, кто выучил меньше Джуза, должен повторять всё, что он выучил.During the week, one of the days must be sure to repeat everything that was asked this week! The monthly repetition plan is to choose the day on which to repeat at least 5 Juzes, and if you know less than 5 Juzes, then repeat everything that you learned. So you will not forget the Quran and will not allow it to slip away from you. After all, the Heavenly Book is valuable and dear, but it leaves the one who does not repeat it constantly!
When you have learned a lot and you need to repeat a lot, master quick read method (Al-Hadr) - this will allow you to spend less time repeating a large amount of text.
One way to save what you have learned is read in Namaz everything you learned from the Qur'an. Of course, it is not necessary to read the entire Qur'an every day in five Fard Namaz. And if you cannot read a lot from the Qur'an, because you perform Fard-Namaz at the imam, then read the Sunna-Namaz. Read what you learned from the Qur'an in the Sunnah Namaz, which are performed before and after the Fard Namaz. Standing the night in Namaz - “Kyyamul-leil” - for Hafiz Koran should become a permanent habit.
Secrets of Mastery
The Messenger of Allah, (ﷺ), said:
زَيِّنُوا الْقُرْآنَ بِأَصْوَاتِكُمْ
It means: "DecorateKoranwith your voices, that is, try to read the Quran beautifully.
Teach the Quran right away TajatId - the only way you will achieve real mastery. By studying the Qur'an with Tajuid, you memorize accurately and thoroughly and enjoy memorizing and reading. Reading with Tajuid is prettier, and the reward of one reading with Tajuid is much greater.
To reach a high level in reciting the Qur'an listen to famousHafisovKoranbut. Sheikh ʻAbdullah praised the reading of Muhammad Siddik Al-Minshawiy, so we recommend that you choose it as role models. When you learn a new passage from the Qur'an, listen to the same passage in its performance - this will help you learn better and read beautifully.
A very important quality of this Hafiz is sense of humility and reverencewhen he reads the Quran. True mastery is to read the Holy Scriptures not only in language but also in the heart!
One of the secrets that will help you achieve success in memorizing the Holy Quran is participation in reader contestsKoranbut. There are many such competitions - from school to national and international. Take part in all competitions you can. Participation in competitions makes you be more careful and diligent in memorizing the Koran, you remember what you learned better, and by competing with other readers, you improve your skills.
It is said in Ayat 26 of Sura 83 “Al-Mutaffifin”:
خِتَامُهُ مِسْكٌ وَفِي ذَلِكَ فَلْيَتَنَافَسِ الْمُتَنَافِسُونَ
It means: “Let competitors compete for this!”
There is no such Muslim who would not want to be the Hafiz of the Quran! The Qur'an is your wonderful companion in this life and your guide to the highest steps of Paradise! The Qur'an is a jewel that will decorate your life. He is the light in the grave and protector on Judgment Day!
How great are the virtues of the Koran and how honorable is the degree of the reader!
You read it, and your heart softens, and tears flow from your eyes. You read it and find out which paths lead to Paradise, and you begin to follow it. You will also find out what leads to hell, and beware of this. Truly, the miracles of this Book are endless, the benefits of it are unchanged, and its virtues are innumerable.
We ask Allah to grant us to memorize the Heavenly Book and to seal it in our hearts!