How fun it is to play Indians with friends - shoot from a bow, look for a treasure, hide in a tipi, frolic and joke. And in order for a joyful Indian holiday to look colorful and colorful, you must definitely dress up in rainbow-colored “feathers” and create a thematic entourage.
How to make an Indian headdress with your own hands, I will tell you today. In addition, New Year's morning performances are on the nose. The costume of the Indian is very popular among the kids. But what an Indian without a hat?
Do-it-yourself indian paper roach
For work, please prepare:
Colored paper should be thick. It is better to take not a traditional set, but paper colored in bulk - several sheets of the same color .
1. Fold a sheet of paper in the shape of an accordion.
2. Having gathered an accordion, cut out a blank similar to a half of a feather. From the bottom, leave a small straight part - it will make a strip on which the feathers will be held.
3. From the top and somewhere to half of the pen, make incisions. They should not be too long, otherwise the feathers will not stick firmly to the head.
4. Expand the feathers. As you can see, they are located far from each other.
5. Slightly move the pen, glue the bends of the workpiece with glue (it is good if you have glue stick), firmly press it.
6. If the resulting workpiece does not cover the front of the head, glue to it the same, try on.
Glue a couple more colorful blanks to the top.
7. Now you need to hide the attachment points of the feathers. To do this, cut a colored paper strip, glue the bottom of the feathers. Decorate with colorful circles.
8. To make the ties You need a hat gum.
Here you go! The roach of the Indian is ready. Complementing the image with a stylish vest or poncho, you can safely go to the New Year's carnival.
But here it may look feather or felt indian headdress for the little ones.
We make the headdress of the leader of the Indians
The most important of the Indians is, of course, the leader. Let's make him a luxurious hat.
You will need:
- multi-colored corrugated cardboard,
- precision collet knife
- tube glue in a tube,
- cutting substrate,
- scissors with curly blades,
- colored thick thread
- glasses with a diameter of 4 and 6 cm,
- flat rubber
- multi-colored wooden beads (8 pcs.).
1. Print a template. From corrugated paper, cut the parts with a collet knife:
- one red feather A,
- two orange feathers B,
- two golden yellow feathers C,
- two lemon yellow feathers D,
- one blue feather D,
- two green pen E,
- two lemon yellow feathers F,
- two blue feathers G,
- two green feathers H.
And also cut the blue bandage with curly scissors.
Red color on the layout indicates a feather for pendants.
2. Glue the first row.
Glue the largest feather in the center of the dressing, backing 2 cm from the bottom edge. Putting feathers on top of each other, glue them to the bandage in descending order. Do not forget to leave 2 cm below the bandage.
3. Glue the second row.
Glue the rest of the pen by analogy with the first row. From the largest in the center to the smallest around the edges.
4. We collect the roach.
Cut the red bandage with curly scissors so that the strips are vertical.
And now cut a golden yellow circle with a diameter of 6 cm and glue at a distance of 11 cm from the center of the dressing. (On the other hand, glue the same circle). Using a thick thread and a gypsy needle, sew the circles to the red bandage with a cross.
5. Sew the red bandage to the blue cross, making four holes with a needle every 2 cm of the bandage for stitches. Start making crosses from the center so that the embroidery is smooth.
6. Attach a small flat elastic band to each end of the rook so that the headgear hangs well on your head.
7. From the wooden beads and feathers marked on the layout in red, make pendants. Sew to the yellow circle. Cut a red circle with a diameter of 4 cm, and there are four holes in it in the middle, sewn to the yellow cross.
Ah, what a beauty!
Feathers are the main decorative element of a headdress: how they will look and how much it will cost depends on how they are prepared and decorated. The Indians preferred the black and white feathers of a young golden eagle (Immature Golden Eagle). Along with this, feathers of the growing (Semi-mature) and adult (Mature) birds with a darker color were used. Currently, due to the prohibition in most countries to hunt any eagles, turkey feathers are used in the manufacture of hats, which are stylized in different ways to suit the tail feathers of an eagle. Most often, low-cost commercial models use white feathers with black or brown colored tips (Imitation feathers).
A better and more expensive way is the artistic painting of the pen with the transmission of the smallest nuances inherent in the eagle feather (Hand painted feathers). In appearance, such feathers are almost no different from real ones, but they have one significant drawback: unlike feathers, the tips of which are simply dipped in black paint, they are very delicate and their coloring can peel off from rubbing the feathers against each other. Hats made of such feathers are best used as interior decoration and should be worn occasionally. However, there are also feathers that are devoid of all these shortcomings and in appearance and touch are no different from real eagles (only here). The number of feathers on the headdress is from 24 or more (26, 28, 29, 30, 31, 36, 40).
The bases of feathers are usually wrapped with cloth (chintz, woolen threads, dyed tendons, etc.) of red color (from scarlet to fiery red), but other colors are also used: dark blue, dark green, orange, yellow, etc. It all depends on imagination and taste: the main thing is that the color of the winding is combined with the colors on the embroidery and down on the feathers.
Further, feathers can be decorated with down, small feathers, and at the ends either horse hair or fluff, or both, are glued together. At the tip of the pen, where horse hair or fluff is attached, something like a strip of ermine or gypsum fur, which used to symbolize “ku” (great deeds of the owner), is usually done. On modern clothes, instead of this, circles (sometimes, however, rhombuses, etc.) of white leather are usually glued.
In conclusion, we say that for all the seeming simplicity of the question and the abundance of foreign stores offering a wide range of "Native American feathers" (for example, Matoska, Crazy Crow, etc.), get suitable feathers of good quality (i.e. the right size, shape and the method of coloring) is very difficult. For example, on our most expensive models we use feathers that we have been collecting for several years!
2) Leather or felt hat (scull cap or crown)
Traditionally, the hat was made of soft leather (mainly deer or elk, sometimes bison). Along with leather, even in the old days, a felt hat was also used, which was cut from cowboy or army hats. At first glance - nothing special, but as it often happens, "the devil is in the details." There are no special standards for the cut, and yet, it is from the hat that you can judge in which style - traditional or modern - the headpiece is made. Many manufacturers or "folk crazy people" among Russian Indianists have no idea how this piece of headgear should be made.
The hat can be decorated with down and / or small feathers, fur (ermine, rabbit, coyote, bison, etc.), ermine skins, etc.
3) Headband (browband)
Although the headband embroidered with porcupine needles or beads is almost the main decorative element of the headdress (after the feathers themselves, of course), initially hats were made without it. A strip with various patterns or symbols appeared later: this is at least sweat to the fact that it was often sewn over feathers or could change on the same dress (if it fell into disrepair or the owner did not like for some reason).
Embroidery can be from porcupine needles (quilled) or beads (beaded). Bead embroidery - either with a lazy stitch (lazy stich) or on a loom (loom beaded). The most expensive and probably beautiful way is with porcupine needles. Instead of embroidery or in addition to it, you can make an ornament of coins, dots, rivets, etc.
4) Side adornments
As mentioned earlier, this element appeared on early models of hats and was given a deep magical meaning. Subsequently, this meaning was lost and the side pendants of various types began to be used exclusively for the sake of beauty. Traditionally, ermine skins (whole, in the form of tubes, fringes or simply tails), silk ribbons, strips of cloth, etc., are used as side pendants. Various combinations are also possible here and it all depends on the imagination. In commercial models, instead of expensive ermine skins, rabbit skins and other animals non-traditional for these purposes are used, for example, tails of a coyote, a wolf, etc. and they sew more leather fringe - the main thing is to look cooler :))
In addition, it became commonplace to use different types of outlets as side decorations: beaded or porcupine embroidered with needles, round mirrors, conches, small arms sleeves, bells, buttons, mother-of-pearl disks, feathers, large glass or metal beads, a pipe, metal cones etc. All these details are a relatively new element and were practically not used on old hats.
5) The main feather (Major plume or Sun Dance plume)
The main pen is an indispensable element for any more or less real, leisurely decoration. The main feather should be attached to the cap, approximately in the middle on the line between the two central feathers. The meaning of the Main Pen is to single out its owner, this is like a personal distinction. That is why it is almost impossible to find duplicates on old hats. In most old photographs, you can see that at the end of the Main Feather a bunch of fluff was attached (plume): it is possible that the pen got its name for this reason.
Another etymology of this name is quite likely: the main feather is made only of fly-feathers, i.e. the biggest feathers.
It is also possible that it is Main because it is the most important for the owner because it is called to connect him with the Great Spirit. Based on this, there is reason to believe that the Main Feather should be made only of the feathers of a young bald eagle (wanbligleska), since it is he who, according to Lakota, is the envoy of Vakantanka.
It is also noteworthy that at most museum exhibits the Main Feather is missing: this is probably due to the fact that when selling, giving or otherwise giving away his headdress, the owner left the Main Feather to himself precisely because it had too personal, sacramental significance for him.
K How to make feathers for an Indian headdress
If you are not comfortable wearing the whole “crown” of an Indian, make a couple of bright feathers and enjoy the active game!
You will need:
- linen fabric
- fabric paints,
- glue web,
- brushes, pencil,
- Fold a linen strip of fabric in half, put an adhesive gossamer inside. Iron the workpiece.
2. Now draw the contours of the feather, paint over the middle of the pen slightly with white paint.
3. Make strips with a flat brush: blue and black.
4. Using a thin brush with black paint, draw a pen outline and draw details in the middle.
5. Cut the pen along the contour. To make more natural, make incisions.
6. Sew a feather to the ribbon with embroidery. Everything - the headdress of the Indian is ready.