In Spanish, there are several phrases for greeting a person:
|¡Buenos días (señor, señora, señorita)!||Good morning! (from morning to about 13-14 days)|
|¡Buenas tardes!||Good evening! (from 13-14 days to 18-19 hours in the evening, in other words until dark)|
|¡Buenas noches!||Goodnight! (from 18-19)|
|Muy buenas||Good day|
Further, according to Spanish ethics, one should ask a person "how are you?"
To express this phrase, there are also options:
|¿Cómo está?||How are you? (for people with whom you are)|
|¿Cómo estás?||How are you? (for people with whom you are)|
|¿Qué tal?||How are you?|
|¿Qué tal + noun?|
|¿Qué tal la vida? |
¿Qué tal la familia?
¿Qué tal los estudios?
|What's up? |
How is the family?
How to study?
|¿Qué hay de nuevo?||What's new?|
The answer may be:
|Muy bien, gracias||Very good thanks|
|Bien gracias||Well thank you|
|Más o menos||More or less|
For farewell, the following options are used:
Summarizing the topic in the form of a video:
We have put together the most important words and phrases in one video clip to help you remember them as quickly as possible. Under the video you will find a list of all new words and expressions with an explanation.
Listen to audio and read carefully the explanations about using words in live Spanish.
First, how to say “Hello!”
In the “Greetings” section, you will find many useful expressions that can be used at different times of the day. Therefore, now we decided to confine ourselves to the useful and simple word “Hello”:
“Hola” is a word that can be used in both formal and informal situations, that is, we can use it to greet our friend (as the equivalent of our word “hello”), and in a store or restaurant (in the quality of our word “hello”).
Now let's introduce ourselves
You will see that saying “My name is ...” in Spanish is very simple. In addition, we will learn two ways to ask someone what his name is:
Me llamo ...
My name is…
¿Cómo se llama? (politely)
What is your name?
This phrase should be used in formal environment when you need to speak politely, that is, to “you”. Below you will see an explanation about the use of “you” and “you” in Spanish.
¿Cómo te llamas? (informally)
What's your name?
This phrase should be used in a friendly, informalstop when we talk to someone on “you.”
Live Spanish Notes
What to use: “tú” or “usted”?
Over the past 30 years, Spanish has moved away from using the polite form “you,” and the informal “you” has become the norm of the language. This means that in most situations where a Russian-speaking person would use the word “you”, the Spaniards prefer “you”: when contacting a stranger on the street, in a store, in a restaurant, at the airport, with older people, etc. However, there are no clear rules for using “you” and “you,” and in Latin America the use of these words may vary by country or region.
This phrase is very easy to remember. Literally, it means something like “a lot of pleasantness”, and does not change depending on the gender of the speaker (in contrast to the phrases that we will see below).
Nice to meet you)
The word “encantado” is a masculine adjective, which is why it is used by male speakers.
Nice to meet you)
Pay attention to the ending “a”. The word encantada is a feminine adjective, which is why it is used by female speakers.
Kisses or a handshake?
In Spain, if someone was introduced to you in a formal setting or at work, this person needs to shake hands (both man and woman). In informal situations, men usually shake hands, and women greet each other with two kisses, one for each cheek. Man and woman, too, usually greet each other with kisses. Please note that these kisses are purely formal in nature: the cheeks only touch each other a little (so do not try to leave a delicious kiss on the Spaniard's cheek, he is unlikely to appreciate it).
We understand that starting a conversation without speaking Spanish is quite difficult. However, the following phrases will always come in handy:
1. ¿Cómo estás? (Como estas) translation:
“Como estasus” means “how are you.” This is the most neutral form for this issue.
This phrase consists of the word “Como” (how) and the verb “estar” (to be) in the form of the pronoun “tú”. If we want to ask a question in a more formal tone, we simply replace the verb “estar” with the pronoun “usted” (you)
“¿Cómo estás?” → You (tú)
“¿Cómo está?” → You (usted)
Pronounced TOaboutmy estbutwith.
2. ¿Qué tal? (Ke tal) translation:
This phrase also means "How are you." It is synonymous with the expression “¿Cómo estás” except that the phrase has an informal, conversational connotation.
In practice, both of these forms are used very often in colloquial speech. But, for example, at an official meeting it would be more appropriate to say ¿Cómo estás ?, with friends you can use both forms of the question.
Pronounced TOe tbuteh
How else to ask "how are you" in Spanish.
There are several more ways to ask “how are you” in Spanish, let's look at them:
- ¿Cómo te va? (How are you?)
- ¿Cómo van las cosas? (How's it going / literally: things)
- ¿Cómo andas? (how are you? literally: how do you go?)
- ¿Qué hay? (Literally: Is there something?)
- ¿Qué pasa? (Literally: what's going on?)
- ¿Qué te cuentas? (Literally: What will you tell?)
How to answer when you are asked "how are you?" in spanish
As in other languages, in Spanish there are several answers to the question “how are you” depending on your mood and well-being:
- Estoy bien (I'm fine)
- Estoy muy bien (I'm doing very well)
- Estoy mal (I feel bad)
- Estoy muy mal (Everything is very bad for me)
- Estoy regular (I have everything so-so)
- Estoy más o menos (I have more or less)
- Estoy así así (I'm so-so)
- Estoy genial (Everything is fine with me)
- Estoy aburrido (I'm bored)
- Estoy contento (I'm happy / happy)
- Estoy triste (I'm sad)
How to ask “how do you feel” in Spanish?
how do you feel:
- ¿Cómo te sientes? (this phrase is used to ask both about the mood of the interlocutor and his physical condition)
The answers may be as follows:
- Me siento bien / me encuentro bien (feeling good)
- Me siento / encuentro mal (feeling bad)
- Estoy enferma (i'm sick)
- Me encuentro / siento genial (I feel great)
- Me encuentro fatal (feeling awful)
- Me siento / encuentro maravillosamente (I feel amazing)