A tick is a small animal, but extremely dangerous, and it is living out its prey - a human being - not only in a dense forest, but also in a clear one.
The basic rule of protection against tick-borne encephalitis vectors is proper clothing that covers almost the entire body, and constant vigilance - you need to examine yourself, your neighbor and children at least once an hour. You need to look for ticks not only on clothes, but also on open areas of the body, in the hair, and special attention should be paid to places where large vessels lie - axillary hollows, neck, bends of elbows, knees, inguinal folds.
The tick does not bite right away, from half an hour to several hours it sits on the future victim and chooses a place for a bite - therefore, outdoor enthusiasts have every chance to feel it and remove it in time. This should be done as carefully as possible, without crushing the tick with your fingers.
But if the tick has already stuck into the skin, then you need to act immediately, because the sooner you remove the stuck parasite, the better.
Ideally, to remove the tick, you need to contact a regional emergency room. If it is not possible to seek help at a medical facility, then the tick will have to be removed on its own.
You can remove the tick with:
- A special tweezers is a hook that looks like a curved double-toothed fork. The tick is inserted between the teeth, and then twisted. In general, a tick can be removed even with ordinary tweezers or a surgical clamp, but a special device has an advantage - the tick’s body is not squeezed, which reduces the risk of infection with tick-borne infections.
- with your fingers - this method is less secure, but if there are no available tools, you can remove the tick with your bare hands.
- thread - it is advisable to use a silk thread, but you can take any other, most importantly, that it is durable.
What to do if you find a tick on yourself?
Ticks rarely stick at once: about half an hour they look for a place for a bite, in which the capillaries would be located closest to the surface of the skin.
If you find a tick on yourself, you can do the following:
- If you find that a tick is crawling on your skin, simply gently remove it with your fingers.
- If the parasite has time to dig in, you should immediately try to get rid of it: the faster you remove it, the better.
The tick must be removed by the doctor at the emergency room. However, if you cannot quickly see a doctor, you will have to take on this task. There are several options for removing the parasite.
You can do this with:
If you don’t have either one with you, you can try to remove the bloodsucker with your fingers wrapped in clean gauze.
Tweezers tick removal algorithm
Follow these guidelines:
- With tweezers, gently grab the body of the tick, being careful not to squeeze it. It is important to try to ensure that the body of the tick is not damaged. Otherwise, the risk of contracting infectious tick-borne diseases increases.
- Grabbing the tick as close as possible to the front end, that is, to the oral apparatus, rotate its body around its axis, clockwise. Keep the tick perpendicular to the skin.
- Slowly pull the tick up, trying to ensure that its proboscis or head does not remain in the skin at the site of the bite.
Rules for extracting the tick with your hands:
- Do not touch the tick with fingers not wrapped in gauze: this increases the risk of contracting life-threatening tick-borne infections.
- It is not necessary to embrace the body of the insect itself with the fingers, but the place of articulation with the head, which is already in the subcutaneous layer,
- Grab the body carefully, without crushing the tick, as close to the skin as possible,
- As if unscrewing a screw, we gradually remove the parasite along with the head and proboscis so as not to leave parts of the insect under the skin.
- After removing the sucked parasite, the bite site must be immediately treated with any suitable antiseptic.
Removal of the tick will best occur with silk thread. However, the presence of any other thread can also save the situation. The main requirement is durability in the process.
Proceed as follows:
- tie the thread into a knot,
- throw the knot on the tick in such a way as to capture its proboscis,
- slowly, without making sharp jerks, begin to swing the thread, pulling the tick up.
This method is not suitable if the tick has sucked on the skin recently and its size is too small. Most likely, a small tick simply cannot be tied with a thread. However, if you have a magnifying glass with you, you can try to resort to this method.
Is it possible to remove the tick with oil?
Quite often experienced tourists recommend extracting a tick with oil. From the point of view of official medicine, this method is considered rather doubtful.
However, if you have no other way to get rid of the tick, you can use the following algorithm:
- Pour a tick that has stuck to the skin with sunflower or any other vegetable oil so that its head is completely under a layer of liquid.
- To prevent the oil from spreading over the skin, you can attach a regular ring to the bite.
- The oil will block the access of oxygen. When the tick has nothing to breathe, he himself will begin to pull the proboscis from the skin.
- At this point, you can speed up the tick exit process by hand, rotating it clockwise, although this will be quite problematic due to oil.
This method is called by many the most effective and safest. You will need a plastic disposable syringe, a knife and a disinfectant, which you can use strong alcohol or cologne for.
Pull the syringe piston all the way back. Cut the upper part with a knife, which has a special hole for the needle. It is necessary to cut off as evenly as possible, otherwise, when removing the parasite, you risk injuring the skin.
Before “modifying” the syringe, you can heat the knife to get a smoother cut surface.
Next, proceed as follows:
- wipe the skin around the tick with a disinfectant,
- slide the syringe plunger down
- press the syringe to the surface of the skin, covering the parasite,
- start slowly pulling the piston up. This creates a negative pressure that will pull the bloodsucker out of the skin.
After removing the tick, grease the wound with any antiseptic you have.
Patients who want to get rid of helminths often ask for natural products with the least side effects. In such cases, I recommend this drug.
The tool paralyzes, removes parasites and destroys their eggs. Helps cleanse organs and tissues, neutralizes intoxication of the whole body.
What to do with a tick after removal?
If the tick you removed is dead, you can:
- burn it
- scald it with boiling water.
If as a result of your manipulations the tick remained alive, it is advisable:
- put it in an airtight container: bag, medicine jar,
- deliver to a laboratory where studies will be carried out for the presence of tick-borne encephalitis virus in the tissues of the parasite. The tick can be delivered only within two days after the moment of extraction from the skin.
What to do in case of tearing off the head or proboscis of a tick?
Do not panic if you suddenly see a tick bite on yourself or your neighbor. Do not pull the parasite's body: the risk of tearing off the head or proboscis of the insect in the skin increases. This is fraught with inflammation and suppuration at the site of the bite.
At the same time, the danger of contracting a tick-borne infection remains, although it is minimized: most of the pathogens are in the body of the tick.
If the head remains under the skin:
- you can remove it yourself using a carefully disinfected needle,
- smear the bite with iodine, after a while the head itself will come to the surface,
- should contact a specialist.
Can't handle the parasites?
Helminths are dangerous for the body, their waste products are toxic and provoke inflammatory processes where they live.
You should immediately begin treatment! Protect yourself and your loved ones!
In such cases, our readers recommend using the latest tool - Tibetan collection of TIBETTEA against parasites.
It has the following properties:
- Kills more than 120 types of parasites in 1 course
- It has anti-inflammatory effect
- Breaks down and removes eggs and larvae of parasites
- Destroys pathogenic bacteria and viruses
- Removes toxins and toxins
What is a tick bite dangerous?
Ticks are dangerous because they transmit dangerous infections that threaten human life.
If a tick has infected a person with a virus, the following symptoms will occur some time after the bite:
- redness of the skin,
- general malaise: weakness, increased fatigue, drowsiness,
- the bite site is slightly swollen, in some cases pus may be released from it.
Tick-borne infections are very dangerous, in particular, with encephalitis, the following can occur:
- brain inflammation develops, accompanied by psychopathological disorders,
- death may occur: the more quickly you seek help, the better the treatment results!
Stories of our readers!
"It’s unpleasant to realize that parasites live in you. I want to get rid of them as soon as possible. For the first time we learned about the drug from the Internet and decided to try it with my husband.
We have 2 dogs and a cat at home, we regularly prevent ourselves from being infected with helminths. We really like the product because it’s completely natural, and for prevention it’s important. "
Of course, it’s much easier not to extract the digging tick, but to avoid its “attack”.
To do this, observe the following precautions:
- Going for a walk in the forest, wear as much as possible closed clothing. Try to tuck pants or trousers into shoes: ticks sit on the grass and it is important to protect your legs.
- Periodically inspect yourself and the people with whom you went for a walk or a hike. Such examinations should be carried out at least once per hour.
- Inspect on the body and under the hair.
- Careful attention should be paid to places where there are large blood vessels: neck, armpits, knees and internal elbow folds, inguinal folds.
Having discovered a tick, do not get lost: using the methods described in the article, you can quickly remove the parasite.
Do not forget that ticks are carriers of encephalitis, so if after a walk in the forest you have a sharp rise in temperature and you feel unwell, immediately call an ambulance!
How to remove a tick at home
The surest way to safely remove the tick is to consult a specialist. But there is not always an opportunity and time for this, and it is impossible to lose it, since the insect, spinning, deeply digs into the skin. Therefore, you should take action on your own and quickly .. And - competently.
There are several ways to extract an insect.
In a situation where special tools are not available, wrap gauze on your fingers and fix the tick between your thumb and forefinger, then begin to make rotational movements and remove the insect.
During the procedure, the tick should be at right angles to the bite. Hold the parasite so as not to crush - the contents of the stomach can enter the human body and provoke some diseases.
You can not touch it with your bare hands, because if it is contagious, it is dangerous not only for the bitten, but also for those who touch the calf.
Take adhesive tape, tape or adhesive, stick a small piece to the place where the tick is sucked. Then, while holding the tape, pull back sharply.
Only maximally sticky materials are suitable for this method, so that the tick is pulled out of the skin and remains on the sticky surface.
The extraction technique is very similar to the manual method. In this case, it is necessary to stretch the skin, pick up the insect by the head, as close to the skin as possible, after which, twisting, pull it out of the body.
You can also use tongs, a nail file or a thick needle.
Special tools and accessories
Currently, in pharmacies, in the public domain there are specially designed devices that allow you to safely capture the tick and safely remove from the skin. Special transparent cards with a magnifier are popular. The card must be pressed tightly to the skin and moved towards the tick until it is in a special slot. Then it remains only to raise the card and remove the tick.
Thanks to this method, the proboscis of an insect will not remain in the human body, the parasite will not be squeezed or crushed, and dangerous infections and toxic substances will not enter the human blood.
Use of dense thread
Extraction occurs in this way: wrap the tick so that its belly is wrapped in a loop, and the thread is located as tight as possible to the body, then tighten it and pull the parasite up with a slight movement. This method is not very reliable, as it can lead to rupture of the parasite, as a result of which the trunk will remain inside. In addition, using a thread it is difficult to capture a small individual.
With a syringe
Cut the needle holder (cone) in the syringe as close to the cylinder as possible so that the hole completely covers the tick. Press the syringe tightly with the hole formed to the location of the insect and pull the piston with force. The resulting vacuum will push the parasite out of its place.
After the procedure, in addition to the wound, a bruise may also appear - but this is not as scary as the risk of getting infected.
To remove the tick, use an insulin syringe or a "trick" and try to cut the tool very evenly. It depends on whether you pull the tick or not.
Be sure to remember the date of detection of the insect, so that if adverse effects occur and you see a doctor, you can orient yourself in time and make an accurate diagnosis.
Ambiguous insect extraction methods in traditional medicine
You can get rid of the tick with the help of vegetable oil. To do this, moisten the cotton wool in it and attach it to the location of the insect. Wait a while for the parasite to weaken or suffocate, then remove the tick from the body.
Traditional medicine recommends using sunflower and other vegetable oils.
After removing the tick, drink propolis tincture, garlic soda or galangal tincture. For children, it is recommended to use from 0.5 tsp. up to 1 dining room. The bite site must be treated with alcohol. To prevent the development of a possible infection and to cleanse the blood, give the child carrot juice for 7-10 days in a row.
This method causes controversy among physicians, since they believe that the parasite during breathing and death spills out poison in the human body. It provokes diseases, inflammations and infections.
Along with this, it is not recommended to cauterize a tick, remove it using glue or nail polish removers. Of course, the insect suffocates from these substances, but this will not prevent him from launching the contents of his stomach and dangerous diseases into the human body before death.
After removing the parasite, wash the suction area thoroughly with soap, disinfect the bite site, and apply an antiseptic to it. Alternative may be apple cider vinegar, infusion of calendula or rosemary. Apply iodine to dry skin. If the temperature rises, inflammation appears in the contact area and general malaise, be sure to consult a doctor and state the date of the bite. All these signs indicate infection.
Do not worry if there are black dots in the wound - this is how the ticking mechanisms of the tick look that do not harm.
The most dangerous substances are contained in the body of the tick, which remains outside, on the surface. Therefore, you do not need to worry if you could not remove the head. It is possible to get it with tweezers, and so how can it fall off on its own over time. When the head is screwed deep into the skin, then a small abscess may form in this place. When the pus starts to come out, then with it the remains of the parasite will appear on the surface.
After removing the tick, do not throw it away, but send it to a laboratory or infectious diseases hospital for an identifying study. This must be done no later than 48 hours after removal, for this, put it in a jar of wet cotton wool. The specialist will be able to determine the presence of the virus and the degree of its danger.
After a tick bite, it is advisable to do a blood test, but not earlier than 10 days after contact. This is the most reliable way to establish the presence or absence of tick-borne encephalitis or borreliosis.
In the middle lane, ticks become active in early April. To protect yourself and your children and minimize contact with dangerous insects, do this:
- go to nature in closed clothes. Choose things with long sleeves, closed shoes, wear hats or headscarves,
- wear bright things, you can notice a tick on them faster
- while in a forest or park, do not walk on tall grass or among shrubs,
- перед выходом на природу обрабатывайте одежду соответствующими средствами для защиты, которые отпугивают насекомых.
Вернувшись домой, тщательно проверьте одежду и тело на наличие нежелательных паразитов.
У детей они чаще всего присасываются на голове, шее и за ушными раковинами, но могут быть и на руках и подмышками.
Adults “bite” into the chest area, dig into the arms and armpits.
Choose the appropriate method that will not cause difficulties and will be safe. Act carefully and accurately, do not make special efforts to get the tick completely and not to violate its integrity. If you have negative symptoms, consult a surgeon and other specialists.
Leave feedback on the information received. Share your own experience in removing dangerous insects from the body. Give a link to this page to your friends and acquaintances, maybe this article will help them take the right actions in a panic situation.
How to remove a sticky tick?
1. Grab the tick with tweezers or fingers wrapped in clean gauze as close as possible to its oral apparatus and, keeping it strictly perpendicular to the surface of the bite, turn the body of the tick around its axis, remove it from the skin.
If you use a thread, then a strong thread is tied into a knot, as close as possible to the proboscis of the tick, then the tick is removed, slowly swinging and pulling it up.
2. Disinfect the bite site with any suitable means (70% alcohol, 5% iodine, cologne, etc.),
3. After removing the tick, wash your hands thoroughly with soap,
4. In the case of a head or proboscis detachment (accidentally or during its removal), a black dot remains on the skin, which must be treated with 5% iodine. The head or proboscis should fall out.
If, during removal, the head of the tick remains under the skin, then it must be pulled out. For this operation, first treat the affected area with alcohol. Then ignite the needle on fire and wipe it with alcohol. Very carefully remove the head with a needle in the same way as a splinter is removed.
The tick head must be removed from the wound necessarily, because it is in the salivary glands of the tick that the main concentration of the virus is located.
5. Consulting a doctor is advisable, since according to statistics, on average, out of 10 ticks, 1 is infectious, and the appearance of infected and non-infected ticks does not differ.
The surest way to determine the presence of a disease is to take a blood test. 10 days after the bite, blood can be examined for tick-borne encephalitis and borreliosis. Two weeks after a tick bite on antibodies (IgM) to tick-borne encephalitis virus. For antibodies (IgM) to Borrelia (tick-borne borreliosis) - after a month.
What to do with a tick?
- The removed tick, if it is dead, should be burned or boiled with boiling water
- A removed tick, if it is still alive, can be delivered to a laboratory where they are tested for infection with tick-borne encephalitis viruses.
It is important to remember that:
- Only live ticks are suitable for research.
- Do not lubricate ticks with oils, creams, etc.
- The removed tick should be placed in a clean dish (test tube, vial, jar, etc.).
- Storage and delivery of ticks in compliance with the above conditions are possible only within 2 days.