Useful Tips

How to prevent trouble


Escaping summer from the bustle of the city into nature and fresh air is the “blue dream” of every city dweller. The accumulated fatigue and possible stresses, both at work and at home, do not give the opportunity to fully recover and gain strength during the working week. We look forward to the weekend. And camping or a bicycle trip along the unexplored “paths” in the forest give us the opportunity to restore our strength, general physical condition and get positive emotions. And therefore, traditionally during this period, the risk of getting injured in the form of a bruise, abrasion, cut in people leading an active lifestyle increases. How to resist summer injuries and cope with them if you could not avoid them?

Here are a few rules for outdoor enthusiasts that must be observed when going on a summer trip to the forest or to the country house.

As a rule, abrasions, cuts and bruises are constant "companions" of people leading an active lifestyle and it is not possible to anticipate an unexpected fall, for example, from a bicycle, but by observing safety precautions, dangerous consequences can be prevented. And, of course, it is very unpleasant if abrasions or cuts appear in open areas of the body, and especially on the face. Household injuries in the form of a bruise, abrasion, or cut, including and other mechanical wounds, are formed with a sharp contact of the skin with a rough surface. When this type of injury occurs, the upper skin is removed, and as a result, damage to small blood vessels occurs, the so-called spot hemorrhage and exudation occur. Usually, the resulting lesion area with such wounds is quite painful, since as a result of damage to the epidermis, a large number of nerve endings are exposed, which causes a fairly strong pain syndrome. In addition, in order to prevent re-infection of the wound surface, it is necessary to immediately treat the affected area with an antiseptic, because due to mechanical damage, the resulting wound was already initially infected, particles of dust, earth or sand could get into it. In addition, many bacteria, getting into the wound, cause a purulent-inflammatory process, which can complicate the healing process and lead to a long treatment time. It should be remembered that improper treatment of the wound surface, especially with hands not washed or the use of non-sterile dressings, can lead to secondary infection and the occurrence of inflammation and suppuration. When providing first aid for such injuries, it is necessary to remember that it is not only time that is important, but aseptic safety measures aimed at preventing the infection from re-entering the affected skin surface.

First you need to sanitize your hands with an antiseptic or, if there is no antiseptic, wash your hands well with soap. Then you can start processing open abrasion or cut with a 3% hydrogen peroxide solution, the resulting foam from hydrogen peroxide will remove foreign particles. Then, the area around the formed wound surface should be treated twice with an antiseptic and a sterile dressing with an anti-inflammatory component should be applied. The dressing needs to be changed daily, until complete healing. If skin damage has occurred in contact with a metal surface or the wound has severe contamination, then in this case you should immediately seek medical help at the hospital to treat the wound and introduce serum against tetanus, as well as the appointment of further treatment. It should be remembered that in case of serious skin lesions, only a medical specialist can provide the highest quality medical care.

Remember that alcoholic solutions in the form of iodine or brilliant green cannot be used to treat an open wound. They can only process undamaged areas around the abrasion or cut, because in an open wound when applying brilliant green or iodine, it is possible to burn the tissue and intensify the pain syndrome and, as a result, the formation of a rough scar after healing.

When providing first aid and treating wounds, abrasions and cuts, experts recommend the use of the natural anti-inflammatory drug Abisil, created by Russian scientists on the basis of Siberian fir terpenes. Long-term clinical research in leading research centers, such as the Institute of Surgeons. A.V. Vishnevsky, Main Military Hospital. N.N. Burdenko, as well as the results of clinical application have proved its effectiveness in the treatment of purulent-inflammatory processes on the wound surface. The natural anti-inflammatory drug Abisil has a wide spectrum of antimicrobial activity, inhibits the growth of pathogenic bacteria, prevents infection and helps to quickly cleanse the inflamed surface, stimulates the healing process and significantly reduces the duration of treatment. Abisil should treat the wound surface immediately after the occurrence of an injury. Next, it is necessary to apply the drug daily to the affected area with a thin layer 2 times a day daily for the entire healing.

Thus, with the timely initiation of treatment of domestic injuries in the form of abrasions and cuts, as well as the correct provision of first aid and compliance with all safety and aseptic measures, re-infection of the wound surface can be prevented at an early stage, the occurrence of inflammation and suppuration can be prevented, and as a result, as much as possible reduced terms of treatment. And the natural drug Abisil will allow you to get rid of the injury in a short time, which is important in the summer and avoid unpleasant consequences in the form of a rough scar or scar at the healing site.

This information is for informational purposes only and cannot serve as a substitute for face-to-face consultation with a doctor. Before use, it is necessary to read the instructions and / or consult a specialist.

The seven most common causes of childhood injuries

Four-year-old Verochka climbed to the second floor of a private house on Pravda Street in Voronezh. Played with a lighter. The fire broke out instantly. Fortunately, the firefighters arrived in time to pull the girl out of the blazing house.

Five-year-old Christina from Tolyatti nearly choked in the ditch, stepping on the thin ice covering her. It is good that my mother was nearby, who managed to notice how her daughter went under water.

In Moscow, a child died from severe intoxication, to whom his mother mistakenly gave a teaspoon of manganese potassium instead of activated carbon powder.

Similar examples can be cited ad infinitum. Considering these and similar tragedies, security experts and children's doctors agree that they occur mainly for two reasons.

First of all, parents underestimate the dangers that exist within the walls of their own home, mistakenly believing that fatal diseases or crimes like kidnapping are more serious threats to the life and health of their children.

Secondly, they overestimate the ability of children to avoid dangers, and are mistaken in thinking that a small child will follow a strict order not to touch, for example, a hot stove or not to take anything in his mouth.

- If adults mostly suffer from accidents on the street, and their home is a fortress, then young children receive the most dangerous injuries at home. And in 80% of cases - in front of parents, - says the chief surgeon of the Department of Health of the Government of Moscow, MD Vakhtang Nemsadze. To do everything possible so that misfortune does not happen is the duty of every parent.

Start today to take the following seven dangers more seriously and you will be able to prevent an ambulance from calling your child.

Child and car

Accidents on the roads remain the main cause of death and injuries of children.

In Russia, about 1.3 thousand small passengers die in them annually and another 22-23 thousand children are injured.

According to the traffic police, the number of children injured in accidents (without death) over the past ten years has been increasing by an average of 1-2% per year.

Of every five children injured in an accident, two become disabled.

Despite the law prohibiting the carriage of a child in the front seat, many parents violate it. The safest place in the car dealership is considered to be the back right side. There, the child should sit in a specially installed seat.

In this case, the speed of the machine should not exceed 60 km per hour.

From the book of Professor V.P. Nemsadze "Children's injuries"

Fire and burns

This is your worst nightmare. Fire engulfs the house, flames and smoke everywhere: fire and burns are the main cause of death of children under the age of fourteen. The main risk group is children five years old and younger. The number of deaths among them is more than two times higher than the same figure for other age groups. In Moscow alone, up to 12 thousand children suffer from burns annually, of which one and a half thousand need hospital treatment.

Young children are especially vulnerable in situations involving fire, as they lack a sense of danger and do not immediately respond to the threat to their lives. In addition, the child's body tolerates poisoning from combustion products worse.

How to minimize fire hazard:

  • Store matches and lighters in lockers.
  • Tell the children about the dangers of fire.
  • Prepare an “evacuation plan” and do exercises from time to time to avoid panic and confusion if disaster strikes.

Other hazards are burns caused by hot foods and liquids. A child can be seriously injured if he overturns a vessel of boiling water on himself or turns over a bucket of hot water prepared for bathing. When exposed to high temperatures, a second or third degree burn will appear in the child in a split second.

“Serious injuries are caused by contact with water, the temperature of which is above 50 degrees,” says the head of the burn department for young children at the Moscow City Children's Hospital No. 9 MD Lyudmila Budkevich. - Now there are a lot of very young mothers who, due to their age, are extremely frivolous towards children. Not only do they smoke in the presence of children (and where there is a cigarette, there is always a game with fire, which ends with the delivery of the child to the burn center), they still manage to wash the baby right under the tap, from where just boiling water often pours. Every year only to us

1.2-1.3 thousand injured children turn to the burn center, most of whom are not even three years old.

To avoid personal injury, follow these guidelines:

  • Watch the temperature of the water. The temperature is up to 50 ° C.
  • Place hot drinks so that your child cannot reach them. Never carry hot when you have a baby in your arms.
  • Place pots and pans on the stove so that the handles are turned away from you! To ensure the safety of the baby, place him in the playpen or put him on the high chair while you cook.

All parents are well aware that water attracts children like a magnet. They love to play with her wherever they find her: in the bath, in the toilet, in the sink, in the pool. Less well known is the fact that children under the age of four drown 2-3 times more often than older children.

The water level does not have to be high to be dangerous. A baby can drown in less than a minute, even if the depth is only a couple of centimeters. In young children, the upper body outweighs the lower, and if they fall into the bucket upside down, they may not have enough strength to get out. Although cartoons are immediately remembered, the danger is really great.

According to OSVOD, 3-3.5 thousand children drown in Russia annually. Most accidents occur at the beginning of summer. Children perish in rivers and ponds, and half of them were able to swim. As many as 7% of them were choked in puddles - their parents could not even imagine what the launch of the boats could lead to. Another 10% drown in their own baths, you just have to leave the elders.

Heather Paul, director of the US National Organization for Save the Children, believes: “Drowning is a quiet death, it comes unnoticed. Neither screaming nor crying, the child just faints.” A member of the American Academy of Pediatrics Academy of Pediatrics Injury and Poisoning Committee, University of Kentucky pediatrician and medical doctor Susan Pollack emphasizes: “Nothing can replace adult supervision. Even if your children are swimming with a trainer, you should not be absolutely sure that they already not in danger of drowning. "

So that trouble does not happen:

  • Never leave a small child in the bath unattended. Children at least six years old should bathe in the presence of an adult, and even at an older age they should be monitored.
  • Drain water from the bathtub, pool, bucket and any other container immediately after use. Do not let your baby get out of control while pots and buckets are filled with water.

Children explore the world by mouth, it is completely natural for them to try on the tooth everything that is not screwed tightly. Their curiosity can lead to tragedy. “Little Nikita found a dangerous razor on the floor and set about“ yummy ”-“ eat ”stuck in the esophagus, had to urgently operate on the child,” says Professor Nemsadze.

- Everything that can fit in a box from a film is too little for children's games - says Dr. Pollack.

All small items must be removed in a place inaccessible to the baby. Solid foods, such as nuts and popcorn, should also be out of reach for children under six years old.

Other tips:

  • Let the child eat at the table. In this case, you will have the opportunity to monitor what size pieces he puts in his mouth.
  • Take safety warnings seriously. If the toy says that it is not intended for children under 3 years of age, this indicates the presence of small parts that can be swallowed by a child. Carefully ensure that the child only plays with toys appropriate for his age.
  • Store toys for older children separately. Prefabricated parts from the designer and doll shoes are not dangerous for a six-year-old, but a baby just starting to walk can seriously suffer because of them.
  • Do not buy latex balloons. They burst easily, and children can swallow scraps.
  • Lock all the cabinets in the house, then the child will not be able to get to the box with threads, needles and buttons, he will not get nails, nuts, screws.

Several road safety rules for adults and children

  • Crossing the street, do not trust only the traffic signal, look around.
  • Do not start crossing the street in several rows when the traffic light has been on for quite some time. You will not have time to overcome it, and only two or three rows of cars closest to you will be able to see you.
  • The most dangerous car is a standing one: it can start unexpectedly and, which is especially dangerous, block the view.
  • Crossing the road with a stroller, you can not lower it from the sidewalk in advance, but only at the moment when you really begin to move.
  • While in the car, fasten your seat belts yourself and fasten your child.
  • If you cross the road with a baby, he must hold on to your hand, not the handle of the bag or the edge of the stroller.


The use of special packaging for toxic substances could help to avoid many poisonings. Unfortunately, in Russia there is no law on poisons, and each manufacturer produces, sells and packs its goods in a convenient way. Many people get poisoned because, for example, vinegar and acetone are sold in the same bottles.

According to the information and advisory center for poisoning of chemical etiology, about 300 thousand people suffer from poisoning in Russia every year, 20-25% of them are children under 14 years of age. Moreover, the majority of poisoning occurs in children 1-4 years old whose body is less resistant to toxic chemicals. It is in children of this age that multi-colored liquids and small tablets cause an irresistible desire to try them. Therefore, everything from dishwashing detergent and bleach to over-the-counter medications and fertilizers can end up in your child’s mouth if you don't care about controlling them and keeping them out of the reach of children.

- I have to repeat it again and again: parents should take away everything that could get into the child’s mouth and cause poisoning - medicines, cosmetics, hygiene products. “You need to clean up your first-aid kits, place hazardous and non-hazardous drugs on different shelves, mark particularly active agents with warning labels,” says Sergei Strakhov, head of the toxicology department of the Filatov hospital in Moscow.

The consequences of a child swallowing a toxic substance are terrible. Даже если он выживет, ядовитые средства могут обжечь пищевод, а это повреждение, которое останется навсегда. "Может образоваться столько рубцов, что ребенку постоянно будет требоваться медицинское вмешательство, чтобы есть, пить или глотать", - говорит доктор Поллак.

Прислушайтесь к следующим советам:

  • Проверьте вашу аптечку. Храните дома только те лекарства, которые вам абсолютно необходимы.
  • Carefully consider storing toxic substances. Hygiene products, chemicals and medicines should be in tightly closed containers in places where they are not visible to the child and he will not be able to get them.
  • Install safety latches on drawers and cabinets that a child can reach.
  • Check any liquid, powder, or tablet you are about to give your baby.

Down pillows, fluffy blankets and soft toys make the baby bed surprisingly comfortable, but can be a deadly trap. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, asphyxiation is the main cause of accidental death of children under one year old. The main defendants are bedding because the baby’s face is immersed in a pillow or wrapped in soft cloth so that the baby cannot breathe.

MD, Daniel Larak, associate professor of clinical pediatrics at Columbia University in New York, advises: the child should sleep on a hard mattress that is precisely sized and does not form a gap with the crib wall. Pillows, soft toys, large wadded and heavy woolen blankets have no place in the baby’s bed, he can suffocate under them. The sheet should be properly stretched over the mattress. Give preference to a thin blanket and cover it with a child no higher than the chest. Thrust it carefully under the mattress. Keep your baby sleeping on your back - this is the safest position. “If you put the baby on her stomach, there is a risk that she will suffocate. This is one of the causes of sudden death in infants during sleep,” explains Dr. Larak.

Specialists consider the situation when the child sleeps with parents to be dangerous: there were cases when in the morning they found the baby dead. Children suffocated, being between the mattress and the wall (or wall of the bed), or died due to the fact that one of the parents or an older brother or sister crushed them in a dream. Among them, three quarters were under the age of three months.

And although lactating mothers often prefer to have their baby sleeping next to them because of nightly feeding, it would be safer to just put his crib in her bedroom. Or buy a special cradle, which is attached to the bed of adults, like a stroller to a motorcycle. This will provide the child with a comfortable separate sleeping place.

Other recommendations:

  • Think carefully before placing children in your bed.
  • Do not put the child on the sofa and do not support him with pillows - he may roll over, being faced in between. The place where the child sits or lies must be firm.
  • Do not throw plastic bags and brown paper around the house. Children play with everything that they can reach, not realizing that these materials are dangerous.

Dog bites, cat scratches

Most often, it is children who are targeted by dogs. Why is this happening and how to protect the child?

According to pediatric traumatologists, animal aggression is mainly experienced by children from three to fourteen years old, moreover, as a rule, from their own pets or from animal friends and neighbors. Stray homeless animals rarely attack.

In Moscow, the average figure has not changed for several years - 850-900 visits to doctors per year. The nature of injuries is very different: from scratches to serious injuries.

Parents should be aware that if there is an animal in the house, the child should be monitored even more carefully. After all, the baby is impulsive and very sincere in his actions, and the animal may inadequately respond even to an attempt to caress it if the child behaves incorrectly.

One and a half year old boy was admitted to Filatov hospital. He and his parents came to visit his grandmother, who had a dog. The boy decided to hug his furry friend by the neck and reached for his face, but the dog did not understand what the child wanted to do, and bit him right in the face. The dog regarded the approach of the child as a threat. In this situation, of course, adults are to blame, they had to foresee the consequences.

Any dog ​​attack is not forgotten for a long time. This is not only physical, but also mental trauma for the child. The fear of a dog sometimes persists for life.

A child may be injured under the name “cat scratch” while playing with cats. As a result of such an injury, an infection gets into the lymph nodes, the glands swell in the elbow and armpit, severe pain occurs, redness appears.

In order not to injure the baby and keep his love for animals, heed the advice of specialists.

  • Do not leave children with animals alone, keep them constantly in sight.
  • Never allow children to take away from a dog or come close to it when it is eating.
  • Do not let children play aggressive games with animals: a cat can severely scratch a child, a dog can bite.
  • Under no circumstances should children be allowed to come very close to dogs, pet unfamiliar dogs, feed them, hug them.
  • Do not let children tease or torture animals.
  • Tell even the smallest children about the rules of behavior with animals, about their habits.

It seems natural for a moving child to fall. However, this does not apply to falls from a staircase, from a window or from a cart in a store.

The health of young children is threatened by falls from furniture, stairs, walkers, and strollers. This is what causes many cases of unintentional bodily harm, as a result of which the child is in the emergency room. Every year in Moscow alone, about a hundred babies receive serious head injuries as a result of falling out of strollers alone.

Moving around the house without parental supervision, children can be hurt by pulling them off the table and dropping various household appliances, heavy objects.

Young children are more likely to fall from the window, while older ones are usually injured in the playgrounds. "Now we even build playgrounds out of reinforced concrete," complains Professor Nemsadze.

The most dangerous subjects at school are ladders and sports "goats" with bars. Doctors distinguish the so-called "sports injuries." In the summer, they are mainly associated with roller skating and skateboards. Doctors warn that abrasions from asphalt can become a source of tetanus infection.

Recommended Action:

  • Keep an eye on the baby when it is on the changing table, bed, sofa or chair. It will be enough for a matter of seconds to begin to move, push its legs off the surface and fall.

As soon as the child learns to roll over, he should not fall from anywhere, so the furniture should be equipped with a special side.

  • Do not go down the stairs with the stroller in which the child is sitting, he may outweigh and fall out.
  • When exposing a stroller with a child on the balcony, you need to be sure that the child will not be able to get out of it on his own if he wakes up when you are not nearby. Your balcony should be well protected from objects falling from above.
  • Do not place furniture close to the window. A small child does not reach the windowsill, but can climb it if he crawls into furniture that is pushed to the window - a table, chair or sofa.
  • Do not leave the stroller near the house. In winter and spring, icicles can fall from the roof into it, but it is even more dangerous when our fellow citizens throw everything out of the windows, even faulty TVs.
  • Take your child only to such playgrounds where protective coatings are used. This should be a layer of shavings of not less than thirty centimeters, straw, sand, fine gravel or synthetic, shock-absorbing elastic materials.
  • Do not leave children unattended on a swing - this is one of the most dangerous forms of entertainment in terms of injuries.

injuries in particular?

Injuriesthe set of injuries that occurred in a certain group of the population for a certain period of time. The highest level of injuries is observed in men aged 20-49 years, and in women - 30-59 years old, and in all age groups this indicator is significantly higher in men.

According to the Russian Scientific and Practical Center for Traumatology and Orthopedics, the injuries structure is dominated by household injuries - 56.1%, street injuries - 17.5%, children - 16.5%, sports - 6.8%, industrial 1.3%, road transport 1.8 %

The highest rates of injuries are observed in large cities, and there is a “seasonality” of damage - the number of injuries in winter increases.

Household injuries are the most common type of injury. It is in everyday life and on vacation that a person relaxes as much as possible and ceases to comply with the elementary safety rules when handling sharp-cutting objects, electricity and other sources of increased danger.

Household injuriesinclude accidents arising out of touch with the victim’s production activities - in a house, apartment, courtyard, etc. The leading cause of these injuries (about a third of cases) is homework - cooking, cleaning and repair of premises, etc. Among injuries, bruises, injuries, burns, etc. predominate. Most often damage the brush. About a quarter of household injuries occur when falling in the yard, in the apartment. Less commonly, injuries are received in various domestic excesses. A significant role in their occurrence belongs to alcohol intoxication, especially on holidays and weekends. According to statistics, an average of 25-30% of all injuries are related to alcohol.

Household injuries in men occur 3-4 times more often than women, and in people 18-25 years old, as well as in older people with inhibited reactions and impaired coordination of movement, they occur 4-5 times more often than people 45- 50 years,

A special category is the household injuries of children.

Most often, children between the ages of 1-4 are injured at home, who do not yet have sufficient skills in handling household appliances, cannot sensibly assess the traumatic situation, and need special attention and control by parents

In general, the fall of children is about 1 /3 all domestic injuries and in 30% of cases require hospitalization. Children fall from strollers, from cribs, from the hands of parents, children are often falling from open windows, electric shock, boiling water, etc.

About 20% of all injuries and accidents at home constitute poisoning by gas, chemicals, and drugs.

In the private sectorwhere the stoves are heated with wood, carbon monoxide poisoning occurs when the owners close the chimneys ahead of time in order to “keep” the heat, and as a result pay with health.

With the distribution in the home of various electrical equipment (TVs, refrigerators, computers, laptops, electric shavers, electric gas lighters, electric fireplaces, electrified toys and other electrical appliances) - Cases of household electrical injuries have become more frequent.

first aid

Most often, domestic injuries occur for reasons that depend on us. This is largely due to:

Carelessness negligence, haste, lack of accuracy, inept handling of hot liquids, fire, chemicals, electric and gas appliances, etc.

In children, this is joined by: lack of skills, knowledge, abilities, prudence, hyperactivity, curiosity, mischief and disorderly conduct, etc.

Over 70% of household injuries and injuries of varying severity occur as a result of falls:

On a slippery uneven floor in the kitchen and corridors, with stools, on an unlit stairwell, jagged steps, in bad weather in the yard.

In old age often people fall due to dizziness, as a result of cerebrovascular accident, heart weakness, and reassessment of their physical capabilities.

Especially dangerous head injuries. In case of nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness (even short-term), dizziness, the victim should be sent to the hospital or a doctor should be called to the house.

Injured - A very common type of household injury. They can be applied with a sharp object (knife, fork, razor, scissors) and other household items. If the wound is superficial, then severe bleeding usually does not happen. With deep wounds, the bleeding is usually severe and very difficult to stop, in which case it is urgent to seek medical help.

Burnsavailable with careless, inept handling of fire, hot liquids, hot objects, gas and electric appliances, stoves and in other circumstances, mischief with matches, careless handling of pyrotechnic means.

For burns of varying degrees, it is necessary, first of all, to immediately provide first aid, which includes:

Saving the life of the victim (remove from the focus of burn injury, fire, extinguish burning clothing, if necessary, carry out artificial respiration, closed heart massage, etc.).

Termination of thermal agent and cooling of the damage site. Regardless of the nature of the injury, the substance that caused the burn, it is necessary to wash the wound with plenty of water, put a sterile dry dressing or dressing moistened with an antiseptic solution (furatsilin, furagin, etc.). Even if the injury is minor, it is necessary to seek help and advice from a specialized burn ward or a trauma center in the community. It should be remembered that limited, but deep burns in the area of ​​the brush, face, joints can lead to serious complications, such as:



-long loss of function and disability.

It is categorically contraindicated in the provision of first burn aid the application of ointments on a fat basis, various vegetable oils (sea buckthorn, sunflower, etc.), baking soda, urine and other substances to the wound surface.

Pain reduction (cooling, rest with the immobilization of a damaged limb, analgesics).

domestic injuries

Personal Injury Prevention in many respects depends not only on the appropriate structures that ensure a safe life, life and relaxation of citizens, but also on the citizens themselves, on their personal care for preserving their own life and health.

Of course, it is impossible to give recommendations for all occasions, but there are a number of aspects, knowing about which you can reduce the risk of household injuries.

First of all:

Consolidation actions of educational authorities, the rule of law, the public of the city in order to prevent and reduce all types of injuries, including domestic.

Carrying out complex of practical measures of organizational, methodological, educational and explanatory orientation with various categories of the population.

Creature in preschool and educational institutions, a network of classrooms, corners on traffic safety, repair and construction activities and the reconstruction of streets and roads, pedestrian crossings, playgrounds and sports grounds in the yards.

Equipment places for rest and safety in places of rest and bathing people, etc.

In everyday life:

Follow for serviceability of electrical wiring and electrical appliances.

Strictly follow instructions on the use of home appliances. Electric stoves must be with a closed spiral.

The floors in the room should not be slippery. Correctly choose rugs for toilet rooms, kitchens, where the floor is covered with linoleum or tiles. Falls are especially dangerous for older people, so elderly people should walk around the apartment in rubber-soled slippers.

After each use of the gas stove, close the taps. on the stove and on the inlet pipe. Before leaving the house, the apartment to check whether gas is closed.

To teach children proper handling of heating devices and compliance with fire safety rules in winter in homes where there is no steam heating. Unacceptable games for children with matches. All medicines should be stored out of the reach of children.

In connection with the increasing incidence of allergic diseases, especially for women associated with the use of detergents and cleaners, to exclude the storage of household chemicals in the kitchen and in places accessible to children. Close packaging carefully. Washing, cleaning with synthetic products is best done with rubber gloves, especially with sensitive skin.

Lead a healthy lifestyle, do not abuse alcohol, remember that in a state of intoxication it is easy to get injured and poisoned.

Adults and children should always know and remember: prediction and prediction of possible consequences in a given situation, increased attention and vigilance not only in extreme conditions, but also in everyday life, compliance with the Rules of the road will help to avoid injuries and injuries, save life and health for many years.

Author: Avramov V.I. - Head of the surgical department of the 37th mountains. f-ki

Editor: Arsky Yu.M.

Computer layout and design: I. Zgirskaya