Menopause headache (paroxysmal, monotonous or sharp) is a common occurrence. Severe pain during menopause is often observed in women who have previously suffered from migraines. How to solve a problem? Read on.
Climax (perimenopause) Is a difficult period in a woman’s life when there is a natural biological extinction of reproductive functions and the production of sex hormones by the ovaries. As a result, the hormonal background changes.
As a rule, it occurs at the age of 45–55 years, but it can come much earlier - at 30–35 years. It lasts about 5 years, then normalizes.
The psycho-emotional background is also changing. May be observed psychalgia - headache of psychogenic origin. Frequent companions: depression, anxiety disorders, neurasthenia.
The permeability of the vascular walls by the age of 40-50 worsens, cholesterol plaques form on them, and atherosclerosis develops. Here is another factor that provokes pain.
The nature and causes of headache
Pain provoking factors:
- Stretching and compression of blood vessels, jumps in blood pressure (BP) and, as a result, oxygen starvation of the brain.
- Unstable psychological state caused by hormonal changes: depression, insomnia, anxiety, increased irritability.
- Changes in the musculoskeletal system due to a decrease in the concentration of collagen and an increase in the expenditure of calcium by the body. The result is muscle tension and cramping with pinched nerve fibers.
- Weather conditions, nicotine, alcohol, fatty foods, preservatives are environmental factors to which a perimenopausal woman reacts more acutely.
The nature of the headache:
- Migraine with aura - begins with a neuralgic phenomenon. About 30 minutes before it, flashes or flickering lights around objects appear in front of her eyes.
- Migraine without aura is a more common type of pain that occurs on one or both sides of the head. It is accompanied by nausea, intolerance to loud sounds and bright light.
- Stress pains of medium or moderate strength. Most often extend to the entire head, but sometimes focus in the back of the neck and pass to the base of the cheekbones.
- Sinus pain - provokes inflammation sinuses (sinuses in the frontal part, behind the bridge of the nose and in the cheekbones) and in connection with this there is a natural difficulty in the outflow of mucus.
Menopausal migraine - a violation of the vegetative system, accompanied by severe pain in the head. Attacks are often localized on the one hand, can be accompanied by nausea and even vomiting.
Doctors note a hereditary predisposition and exacerbations during menopause. With the approach of menopause in the female body, the level changes estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. Hormonal fluctuations affect the course of migraine (if it has a history) or provoke its initial appearance.
Often, increased pain is observed in women who suffered from them during menstruation.
Frequent companions of headache during menopause:
- tension in the muscles of the neck and shoulders,
- causeless fear
- panic attacks,
- memory impairment
- lump in the throat,
- nausea and vomiting,
- burning sensation in the frontal and occipital,
- noise in the head and loss of coordination,
- numbness of the limbs
- visual impairment
- loss of taste and smell
- increase or decrease in blood pressure (BP),
- hot flashes (heat, sharply turning into chills),
- violation of the genitourinary system (frequent urination),
- rapid breathing.
So that the situation does not worsen (a stroke does not occur, mental illnesses have not developed, etc.), it is important to stop these symptoms in a timely manner.
Methods of treating headaches during menopause depend on provoking factors, the severity of the symptom, and the individual characteristics of the female body.
Hormone replacement drugs:
If headaches are caused by an increase in blood pressure, help with antihypertensive drugs is needed, and if the pressure jumps and is accompanied by tachycardia, it is recommended to take Nifedipine.
If the pain syndrome occurs with severe stress, it can be removed with analgesics or antispasmodics. Old-school doctors often prescribe an antidepressant Amitriptyline.
In case of chronic migraine and exacerbation of attacks with the onset of menopause, a comprehensive drug treatment is recommended:
- beta-blockers (BAB),
- calcium antagonists, or calcium channel blockers (CCLs),
- serotonin antagonists,
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,
- muscle relaxants.
Use of homeopathic remedies with phytoestrogens for the relief of climacteric migraine attacks, synthetics are preferable due to fewer contraindications and side effects.
But note: self-medication is unacceptable, and all the funds from the arsenal of homeopathy must be prescribed by a specialist individually.
- Estrovel (Russia) - a multicomponent biologically active food supplement (BAA) of complex action with extracts of soybean, wild yam root, nettle leaf. Enriched with vitamins and minerals.
- Klimadinon (Germany) - contains tsimitsifugi racemata rhizome extract with pronounced estrogen-like effect.
- Feminal (Croatia) - part of clover extract with over 40% isoflavones.
- Climactoplan (Germany) is a homeopathic remedy that normalizes the work of many organs and systems of a woman. WITH cimicifuga, cuttlefish ink, lahezisom (snake venom), ignatation, sanguine.
- Remens (Austria) - a homeopathic remedy in drops or tablets with a set of active ingredients: tsimitsifuga racemose, cuttlefish secret, pilocarpus, snake venom, sanguine canadian.
Other homeopathic remedies: Tsi-Klim, Climaton, Medisoya, Cloverol, Mens, Klimonorm, Inoklim, Klimakt-Hel.
In folk medicine, there are many recipes based on medicinal herbs to alleviate the manifestations of menopause and relieve headaches. The simplest of them are herbal teas. If desired, you can add honey or a little lemon juice to the drink.
Plants for tea picking to choose from (it is better to brew 1-2 components, and after a week to change the composition):
For headaches, doctors advise giving up salty and fatty foods, foods with preservatives, stabilizers, flavor enhancers.
Include in the diet: cereals, vegetables, fruits, low-fat meats, fish. Choose boiled, baked or stewed foods.
Follow the drinking regime: you need to drink at least 2 liters of clean water per day.
Eating habits can negatively affect one's well-being. Long breaks between meals can cause a pain attack. Therefore, fractional nutrition is recommended - in small portions up to 5 times a day (the last snack should be light).
Exercise & Massage
Physical activity prevents stagnation in the body, diseases of the musculoskeletal system and cardiovascular pathology.
The choice of exercises depends on the general condition of the woman and the presence of her chronic diseases. Beneficial effects: swimming, yoga, regular walks in the fresh air.
Massage will help reduce the frequency of headache attacks, especially if they provoke pinching of the nerve endings in the neck. General and collar massage courses are recommended.
Answers on questions
What if pills do not help? If you can’t stop the pain with medication, the attack may be caused by hypoxia (oxygen starvation). We must go out into the fresh air, take a walk. If you are sure that the symptom is not related to blood pressure, massage your neck or drink a relaxing herbal infusion.
Why do pains occur daily? This is a consequence of hormonal changes in the body of a woman.
What causes the right side of the head to hurt? The exact cause can only be determined by a doctor, but most often right-sided pains are associated with migraine, spinal pathologies, stress, myositis (inflammatory damage to the muscles).
What happens during menopause?
Menopause marks the end of a woman's reproductive period. This is a natural process that occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. If there is no menstruation during the year without other obvious reasons, then menopause is considered to have come.
The period preceding menopause is called perimenopause. Perimenopause can last from several months to several years. It happens, though infrequently, that the menstrual cycle is normal until the abrupt final stop. But much more often due to hormonal fluctuations, it becomes irregular during the period of perimenopause, with the alternation of several normal cycles with missed periods. Perimenopause is also associated with a number of symptoms, including:
- The tides
- Vaginal dryness
- Night sweats
- Mood swings
- Weight gain.
With the onset of menopause, estrogen levels are steadily declining, although this process can occur on an irregular basis. The body also begins to produce less progesterone and testosterone. All of these hormonal fluctuations can affect the appearance or course of migraines.
How can menopause affect migraines?
This can happen in several ways. If your migraines were based on hormonal causes, then during the period of perimenopause the attacks may intensify or become more frequent. Especially if before that migraine attacks usually occurred on the days of ovulation or menstruation. Sometimes even those women who have never suffered from a headache begin to experience migraine attacks.
But with the final onset of menopause, and, consequently, with the cessation of hormonal fluctuations, you can find significant relief. That is, seizures will become much more rare or less powerful.
How to prevent seizures or ease their course during menopause?
Changes in diet and lifestyle in many cases can alleviate the course of seizures or prevent their onset. So, some foods serve as common migraine triggers:
- Alcohol, especially red wine
- Mature cheeses such as Parmesan
- Milk products
- Smoked products
- Nutritional supplements (aspartame, monosodium glutamate, tyramine).
Well-known migraine triggers are also:
Dehydration. Sometimes drinking just a glass of water in the early stages of an attack is enough to stop its development.
Lack of sleep. Insomnia is a common symptom of menopause. Unfortunately, it can trigger a migraine attack.
Stress. Nervous tension weakens the body's defenses, making it more vulnerable to disease, and migraines are on this list. Relaxing techniques at the end of the day, such as yoga or meditation, can help you relieve stress and prevent an attack.
Violation of posture. Poor posture or a long stay in the same position leads to tension in the muscles of the neck, neck and shoulders, which can trigger a migraine attack. There is a tendency to migraines and those suffering from osteochondrosis. Try during the day and especially during monotonous work to warm up periodically and do stretching exercises of the upper half of the body.
Weather changes. Sometimes a migraine trigger is subject to various weather conditions, from the coming rain to magnetic storms. Particularly sensitive people respond with attacks to any change in weather conditions.
Changes in the environment. People prone to migraines can react with an attack to any disturbance in comfort: loud noises, bright light, pungent smell.
Based on the foregoing, it is necessary to listen to your own body, know your personal migraine triggers and try to prevent them. The course intake of some supplements sometimes helps: vitamins B2 and B12, magnesium, vitamin D, coenzyme Q10, as well as the introduction of foods rich in phytoestrogens (soy, apples, cherries, rice, potatoes) into the diet. Often helps reduce the amount of salt consumed.
Regular physical activity may reduce the frequency of migraine attacks. It is good when playing sports in the fresh air - a half-hour daily walk with a quick step or a jogging session in the park supplies the body with oxygen and activates blood flow, which is enough to prevent migraines. To prevent the sport, on the contrary, from provoking an attack, drink water during exercise and properly warm up the muscles before training. In addition, increase the pace of classes gradually, moving from warm-ups to high-intensity loads (gradually).
If changes in lifestyle are not enough to alleviate the condition, then “heavy artillery” comes in hormone replacement therapy. Fortunately, it is quite possible to alleviate hormonal fluctuations and thereby reduce the frequency of seizures. During the early perimenopause, hormonal fluctuations will help smooth out oral contraceptives. During late perimenopause, when menstrual periods become irregular, it can be patches or vaginal suppositories with estrogen.
But here there are pitfalls. Hormone replacement therapy can relieve menopause symptoms such as hot flashes or night sweats. But in the case of migraines, not everything is so simple, since it is impossible to predict with certainty whether hormone replacement therapy will help or, conversely, worsen seizures. It all depends on the individual characteristics of the body. If, when taking hormone replacement drugs, you find that the course of the migraine has worsened, you must notify the attending physician about this, and he will change the drug to another or offer alternative methods of treatment. In addition, due to the high side risks, hormone replacement therapy can be resorted to only for a limited period, usually no more than two years.
Alternative therapy are herbal supplements (the only recognized alternative therapy that can regulate hormonal imbalances). But in this case, only a course, short-term treatment is possible, since the phytoestrogens of herbs can disrupt the production of the body's own hormones.
Since hormone imbalance is at the heart of menopausal migraines, taking common analgesics such as ibuprofen, paracetamol or aspirin usually does not have the desired therapeutic effect. Medicines of a higher level, with possible effectiveness, carry great risks and high cash costs. In world practice, only hormone replacement therapy is the generally accepted method of treating menopausal migraines.
However, any methods of alleviating the course of migraines do not mutually exclusive. In other words, they can be used in various combinations. So, for many women, for example, changes in lifestyle coupled with the use of alternative dietary supplements work well.
Thus, a whole range of reasons can underlie migraines, and what causes a migraine in one person can relieve a migraine in another. So, for example, caffeine and cocoa can have the opposite effect on migraines. The same goes for hormones. Some women may find significant improvement with the onset of menopause, while in others the frequency and course of seizures may worsen.
Can a headache with menopause?
At the onset of menopause, there is a sharp decrease in female hormones - estrogens and prostegerones, which belong to the steroid hormonal group.
It is this group that is responsible for the full functioning of the urogenital, nervous and autonomic systems of the female body.
Deficiency of these hormones forms a complete change in the hormonal background and vital functions, provoking a vivid manifestation of menopausal syndrome.
First of all, these are severe headaches with hot flashes, hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating), irritability, sleep disorder and other signs.
Accordingly, if a woman after 35 years of age begins to experience headaches of various etiologies, then often this fact is a harbinger of the onset of menopause.
Characteristic symptoms and signs
Menopausal headache has its own characteristics associated with the constant exposure to a causative factor in the absence of pathology therapy.
Often menopausal cephalgia is accompanied by various symptoms, which depend on the pathogenetic nature of the development of the process.
- sudden headaches, exciting temporal lobes and forehead,
- often there is a darkening in the eyes, tightness, heaviness in the head, especially in the back of the head,
- there may be migraine attacks, accompanied by photo-phonophobia, there are urges to nausea, sometimes vomiting,
- headaches or migraines with menopause usually accompanied by hot flashes: redness of the face, neck, upper half of the body, as well as increased sweating,
- unmotivated lability of the nervous system occurs - a state of irritability, fear, anxiety, anger, aggressiveness, or, conversely, constant tearfulness (tearfulness),
- unpleasant sensations of difficulty breathing, swallowing, dry skin and mucous membranes (eyes, mouth, vagina) appear
- frequent urination, including incontinence,
- rapid aging sets in,
- change in body weight, more weight gain occurs,
- the development of various diseases, sometimes very dangerous, is possible,
- stopping the menstrual cycle,
- completion of childbearing function.
Conventional painkillers do not provide effective relief.
Therefore, headaches during menopause require a full medical examination.
Only a thorough screening of the hormonal background will help identify the true cause of their origin for the appointment of competent therapy.
During menopause, climacteric syndrome occurs - a complex of symptoms that appear during the period of general age-related involution, accompanied by the extinction of the woman's reproductive system.
The climacteric period is characterized by a change in neuro-vegetative, metabolic and endocrine, as well as other vital functions.
This process is complemented by the occurrence of violations of the psychoemotional and psychogenic state of women of varying degrees of intensity and duration.
In medical practice, two types of menopause are distinguished - physiological and pathological.
- Physiological - it proceeds quite mildly, without manifesting severe symptoms. A woman lives and works a full, fulfilling life, without needing additional treatment.
- Pathological - it proceeds hard, exhausting the female body, usually you have to turn to doctors and be seriously treated, otherwise health can be completely undermined. At the same time, some pathologies can be smoothed out, and some remain almost until the end of life.
Menopause periodically divided into three types of development of the condition:
Premenopause - the initial stage before menopause, the period until the last menstruation.
Menopause - begins after the last menstruation.
Postmenopause is a stage from the last menstrual cycle until the last days of life.
Each stage is characterized by its own characteristics, as well as certain sequential changes in the body.
This is the first phase of the onset of menopause, which is characterized by hormonal disorders of a central nature.
With the occurrence of involution of the hypothalamus (higher regulatory center), sensitivity to the influence of estrogens begins to appear.
This process causes a violation of regulatory functions on the principle of reverse regulation. That is, there is a decrease in hormones that provide a normal tone of the vessels of the brain and the body as a whole.
The mechanism of hormone decline leads to vasospasm, arterial and intracranial hypertension, which provokes the occurrence of headaches.
Therefore, hormonal imbalance is perceived as the primary manifestation at the onset of menopause. However, a decrease in estrogen on this one is not enough for menstruation to stop.
Menstruation can be irregular, fast or slightly plentiful, and not every egg cycle is released. Therefore, the possibility of conception is very difficult, but exists.
Premenopause can have an early stage - from 35 years old, middle - from 45 years old and late - from 55 years old, which is extremely rare.
This is the last independent menstruation, which is established only conditionally. Therefore, under menopause, they determine a long period (at least 12 months) after menstruation, during which the woman did not have PMS.
The level of female hormones drops to a critical level, reproductive functions cease.
This is the last stage of menopause, in which the production of hormones is completely stopped. The size of the ovaries decreases, and the function of their work in the body of a woman is completed completely.
Synthesis of hormones continues only the adrenal cortex, but in a very small volume. There is a complete restructuring of the body and adaptation of all systems to a new state of functioning.
Many women between the ages of 40 and 50 suffer from severe headaches that develop against menopause. This problem affects more than half of the fair sex of middle age. The problem significantly spoils the quality of life, because constant unpleasant symptoms greatly affect performance and mood. Headaches with menopause are often accompanied by nervous breakdowns, from which others suffer. For menopause, several types of headache are characteristic, for which different types of treatment are suitable. In the fight against migraine, women use a wide variety of methods from traditional and traditional medicine.
Brief description of the condition
Intense headaches are a constant companion of menopausal syndrome. In the process of the development of the disease, strong hormonal disorders occur in the body. Joints, stomach and head can be very painful. The condition can be very complicated if a woman often experiences emotional disorders.
Severe pain is accompanied by a state of depression. A woman who is exposed to such symptoms is constantly in a broken state, sleep disturbances often occur, autonomic disorders develop, accompanied by severe pain in the joints and chest.
REFERENCE! If a woman often experienced severe migraines in her youth, the intensity of headaches during menopause can increase by 50-60%, which leads to an incredible blow to health and emotional state.
Painful symptoms require quick treatment, as they spoil the quality of life. There are many effective ways to deal with headaches with menopause.
The nature and causes of severe headache
The condition manifests itself in the form of an intense headache in the frontal, parietal, occipital or temporal areas. Pain in the head is observed in almost 90% of cases of diagnosis of menopause.
They can be caused by the following reasons:
1. Neuralgia in the neck and head. Inflamed nerve endings can be irritated due to hormonal disruptions in the body, which provokes intense pain.
2. Increased intracranial or blood pressure due to fatty blockages in the vessels. Pressure problems are often observed in women after 40 and can cause severe migraines.
3. Depletion of the walls and dysfunction of the vessels of the brain. Such disorders often lead to sharp spasms due to vasodilation, which is accompanied by intense pain.
4. Tension of the cervical and shoulder region. In this state, the muscle tissue is in constant tension, and blood circulation also deteriorates. Due to insufficient rush of blood to the brain, intense pain begins.
5. Head and neck injuries. Even injuries sustained at an early age can provoke severe pain in the head during menopause.
6. Hormonal disorders. Sudden changes in the concentration of hormones in the body lead to intense headaches. Disorders in the endocrine system - one of the main causes of severe headaches with menopause.
The presence of bad habits, such as smoking or addiction to alcoholic beverages, can increase the intensity of pain.
In the absence of timely treatment, a headache with menopause can lead to the development of dangerous complications. The consequences of the development of pathology depend on the cause of its appearance. If migraine with menopause is associated with problems in the vessels, a stroke or heart problems are possible. If the cause is neuralgic pain, their intensity will constantly increase. With the appearance of headaches due to problems with the cervical region of the spine, an extreme stage of osteochondrosis may develop.
ATTENTION! If the headaches do not go away for a long time, you should undergo a medical examination, since the symptom can be caused by cancer
The primary cause of cephalgia with menopause is considered a change in the hormonal background, as well as metabolic processes in the body of a woman.
It is from these problems that the following arise:
- Stretching and contraction of blood vessels (hot flashes), pressure surges, lack of oxygen. All this has a negative effect on the brain and provokes pain in the head.
- Instability of the mental state, a constant change of mood, nervousness, stress, depression, insomnia - these are pronounced companions of menopause that cause headaches.
- Decreasing collagen levels causes excessive consumption of calcium in the body, which leads to changes in the bones and spine. Tension, spasm of muscle and nerve fibers are provocateurs of pain.
- The provocateurs of menopausal cephalgia can be external factors, for example, weather changes or the use of alcohol, nicotine, preservatives, fatty foods and so on.
The causes of headaches are many. Let us dwell on the most common.
Factors provoking hormonal imbalance:
- hereditary predisposition in the early stages of attack,
- pathology of the reproductive system or certain organs,
- transmission of genital infections (chlamydia, tripper, mycoplasmosis, gonorrhea, syphilis),
- uncontrolled or unsystematic adoption of contraceptive hormonal drugs,
- thyroid or pancreas disease,
- adrenal dysfunction,
- a large number of abortions,
- abdominal surgery
- very early or, on the contrary, late onset of sexual relations,
- prolonged sexual abstinence and many others.
In most cases, hormonal imbalance causes dysfunction of the pituitary and hypothalamus, which ensure the normal functioning of the nervous and endocrine system.
Typically, hormonal failure in the female body occurs at 42-50 years, lasts about five years, and then gradually subsides.
This is a condition characterized by high blood pressure. For many women during menopause, it becomes a haunting norm.
The causes of the varied:
- hormone disruptions
- chronic diseases
- reproductive problems
- persistent depressive or stressful conditions.
These pathologies contribute to an increase in blood volume in the body, which affects the cardiovascular system. An increase in cardiac output leads to the development of arterial hypertension.
In most cases, it depends on the following factors:
- endocrine dysfunction,
- childbirth was over the age of 30,
- the presence of diabetes
Symptoms that help to timely respond to pathology:
- the occurrence of a headache,
- the appearance of a rapid heartbeat,
- a sharp change of mood,
- cystitis (frequent urination).
Arterial hypertension leads to atherosclerosis, heart attack and stroke. Therefore, this pathology requires serious treatment.
Cramping of cerebral vessels
This pathology is called cerebral angiospasm - a narrowing of the lumen of the arteries of the brain or acute vascular dystonia (vascular crisis).
It manifests itself in the form of intense and prolonged contractions of the smooth muscles of the vascular wall.
There are several types of vascular spasms, accompanied by various symptoms. The cause of the occurrence is a mass of diseases.
Risk factors for menopause:
- intoxication of different origin,
- bad habits: smoking, alcoholism, drug addiction,
- sleep disorder, stressful situations, severe overload and overwork,
- sudden change in weather conditions, magnetic storms, dehydration,
- consumption of strong drinks (coffee, tea),
- hereditary stroke.
Menopause headaches can be caused by increased intracranial pressure. The causes of many, including hormonal changes.
Symptoms are similar: headaches with hot flashes, unstable psycho-emotional state, fever, etc.
This pathology is characterized by the following symptoms during menopause:
- against the background of hormonal imbalance, the concentration of harmful cholesterol increases, plaques appear on the walls of blood vessels, narrowing of the lumen and impaired circulation,
- in the female body, the concentration of sodium chloride increases, which leads to swelling of the lower and upper extremities, face, neck,
- in most cases, obesity or overweight is observed,
- the risk of hypertrophy of the heart muscle increases.
Pathology of the cervical spine
Cervical osteochondrosis is a degenerative disease of the spine. At the same time, destructive processes capture not only the vertebrae and joints, but also the ligaments and intervertebral discs.
In the presence of this pathology during menopause, symptoms begin to worsen. With damage to the cervical spine, the following changes will occur:
- headaches in the occipital, parietal or temporal region, which are aggravated by movement of the neck,
- pain can cause loss of consciousness
- when you stand up sharply, black dots appear in front of your eyes,
- a feeling of stuffiness and tinnitus,
- gradual hearing loss,
- gradual loss of vision
- the appearance of snoring in a dream
- voice changes (hoarseness, weakness, etc.),
- tooth decay
- numbness of the face and neck,
- pressure surges.
Quite often, with menopause, this disease leads to the development of an intervertebral hernia.
The process of menopause is quite strongly influenced by the state of health and the psyche of a woman before the onset of menopause.
According to practice, menopause neurosis manifests itself in the first stage of the premenopasal period, and earlier than all other symptoms.
This is due to a change in appearance:
- the appearance of the first gray hair and wrinkles,
- change in body weight, usually women begin to gain weight,
- deterioration of the skin.
When menopause occurs, metabolic processes are disrupted, which leads to these changes.
The psychosomatics of a woman loses the usual compensation, which develops:
- increased suspiciousness
- acute sensitivity even to trifles,
- mood swings
- unmotivated outbursts of emotions,
- behavioral demonstration,
- inappropriate emotions and reactions.
Many women at this stage lose their self-confidence.
Thoughts that they will cease to be as desirable for their partners cause internal instability and external aggression.
Good results in the fight against nervousness during this period gives active care for your appearance.
There are cases of a different nature, when during menopause a woman completely loses interest in her appearance, health and even social status.
Symptoms of menopausal neurosis are diverse, and their duration is unlimited. This can occur over 3-6 months or drag on for 15-18 years, and sometimes for the rest of your life.
With the development of the pathological form of menopause, the help of a qualified specialist is required, which will help relieve neurotic syndrome.
Why does it hurt every day?
There are many reasons that provoke headaches in the menopause. However, medicine distinguishes four main factors:
- neurotic syndrome
- pathology of the cervical spine,
- sudden pressure drops,
- vascular problems of the brain.
The localization of pain is different, as is the duration. Daily headaches are associated with a certain pathology, to which the body reacts in this way.
Do not engage in self-diagnosis or self-medication. It is necessary to consult a doctor, undergo examination and find out the origin of pain.
With the help of competent treatment, you can significantly alleviate your condition.
Pathogenesis of pain
The development of menopause is the aging of the hypothalamus and dysfunction of the homeostatic centers that are located in it and the limbic system.
This process entails the occurrence of subsequent disorders, the development or exacerbation of pathologies.
The pathogenesis of headaches consists in circulatory disorders.
The increase in intracranial pressure is caused by the following factors, which are caused by a decrease in hormones:
- violation of the venous outflow,
- violation of the regulation of venous tone,
- sodium and water retention,
- increase in circulating blood volume.
It is a low concentration of estrogen that leads to a delay in vital substances (sodium and water) for the brain.
This process provokes the development of arterial hypertension, which leads to a change in the value of blood in the arteries.
In fact, a vicious circle is formed in which each chain depends on the other and entails subsequent violations.
These processes occurring during menopause, contribute not only to the occurrence of headaches, but also their intensity and duration.
Осложнения и последствия для организма
Complications of headaches during menopause can become very serious, since they are usually characterized by high intensity. In the presence of concomitant pathologies, the consequence of this symptom will be a stroke.
A critical situation can be avoided by timely screening of the hormonal background and its correction.
The prognosis of advanced headaches during menopause is characterized by a long and difficult to treat.
It is necessary to identify the cause in a timely manner, take measures and prevent the condition of the woman.
What to do with a headache with menopause?
Treatment of headache in menopause is directly related to the correction of hormonal changes.
After identifying why the headache hurts, additional therapy is carried out, which allows you to relieve pain by anesthesia.
For example, a highly effective remedy is herbal tablets Vincanor, which are prescribed to women during menopause.
The complex uses hormone replacement therapy to maintain a normal level of estrogen, combined with NSAIDs (non-steroidal drugs) and sedatives.
For milder correction of menopause, biphasic drugs are often used, which contain both estrogens and progesterones.
Despite the fact that menopause is a natural physiological phenomenon, it is important to undergo a full examination in order to timely diagnose possible pathologies.
Women who have crossed the line at 40 are better prepared in advance for menopause. It is necessary to visit a therapist, gynecologist and neurologist once every six months.
The following tests are usually prescribed:
- general blood analysis,
- biochemical blood test to check the entire lipid spectrum,
- glucose tolerance test
- hemostasio and coagulogram in order to study the degree of blood coagulation,
- mammography to exclude neoplasms in the mammary gland,
- radiography of the cervical spine,
- two-photon densitometry to exclude the development of osteoparosis,
- Ultrasound scan for blood vessels.
The remaining differential studies are carried out on the basis of an anamnesis or signs of a pathological manifestation during the onset of menopause.
For example, if a woman has a history of problems with the cardiovascular system, cardiography is prescribed.
In any case, preparatory measures for menopause will help to pass this difficult period with a minimum of discomfort.
Quick Relief for Pain Relief
At the time of the onset of pain, it is recommended to take painkillers, as well as additionally carry out procedures to stop the attack.
Help to cope with pain:
- warm baths with herbs or essential oils,
- effectively just steaming your legs,
- make a herbal decoction (from mint, hawthorn) or drink green tea with lemon balm,
- put a compress on a sore spot
- create conditions for a comfortable stay in silence and relax,
- drink sedatives and try to sleep.
To effectively deal with menopause, it is necessary that the drugs are selected and prescribed by a specialist.
Treatment with folk remedies
Alternative medicine is used quite widely to treat pain in the head. The use of folk remedies helps to regulate hormonal homeostasis and vascular tone, while giving an analgesic effect.
The recipe is pine.
Collect pine buds and brew 1 tbsp. l 1 liter of boiling water. It is advisable to use a thermos. The composition is infused overnight, take half a cup 4-5 times a day. The course of admission is 30 days.
Take mint, currants and nettles (dry leaves) for 1 tbsp. L., brew boiling water, put on fire, hold for 5 minutes. Drink broth warm on an empty stomach half a cup in the morning. The course of admission is 21 days.
To maintain all the functions of the female body during menopause and to eliminate pain, vitamin complexes, homeopathic preparations, and herbal remedies are taken.
Effective remedies for menopause.
|Vincanor||Take 1-2 tablets. 3-4 times a day|
|Remens||Assign 1 tab. or 10 drops 3 times / day|
|Extrovel||Take 1-2 capsules daily with meals|
|Qi Klim||Take together with food 1 tablet twice a day.|
What is the best treatment?
How to treat headaches during menopause should be decided only by the attending physician. Therapeutic therapy is selected based on the medical history and data after examination of the woman.
With pathological symptoms, in addition to drug therapy, physiotherapy is usually prescribed.
- electrophoresis with therapeutic solutions to the neck,
- compresses according to Shcherbak,
- laser therapy
- Exercise therapy (physiotherapy exercises).
There are independent methods:
- method of relaxation, meditation, self-hypnosis,
- self-massage of the head and neck,
- breathing exercises.
Preventive measures and recommendations
A huge role in menopause is played by the proper organization of your own lifestyle:
- Give up bad habits, nicotine constricts blood vessels and causes severe cephalgia.
- Keep track of your inner state, be harmonious and tuned in to positive emotions, avoid stress.
- Adjust the mode of work and rest, take breaks at work.
- Night sleep should be at least 8-9 hours.
- Proper dietary fractional nutrition with the inclusion of vegetable protein, fruits and vegetables, as well as limiting fatty foods helps to maintain a normal weight.
- Drinking regimen should be at least 1.5-2 liters per day.
- Sports activities will help maintain a good shape and good mood.
- A new interesting hobby will distract a woman from this difficult period from unnecessary thoughts and neuroses.
My doctor did not take risks and refused to prescribe hormonal drugs, having prescribed me Extrovel. It turned out that this is a safe means of complex action. Not only my head passed, but my lower back and stomach stopped worrying.
I take Remens - this is a homeopathic medicine that has no contraindications. My sister used it before, helped a lot and I am very pleased. But still it is worth consulting a doctor.