Modern education in schools involves tight control of student activities: frequent checks of attendance, lateness - an integral part of the life of any student. In this regard, getting an education at a university is significantly different from the educational process carried out at school. Student life is not limited to gaining knowledge and defending a thesis: during this period, the ability to make useful acquaintances and the ability to earn credibility with teachers, who can further assist in resolving the issue of employment, plays an important role. Consider what features of the emotional-volitional sphere are characteristic of a successful student.
1) Responsibility and initiative.
A student striving to achieve success in learning is an active participant in the learning process, since he is aware of his responsibility for the quality of the knowledge he receives. Taking the initiative in pairs, he assimilates the material more firmly and spends much less time studying it than those who are used to sitting on the Internet or even sleeping during classes. The ability of active students to memorize information effectively can be explained by the fact that they perceive lectures and seminars as emotionally colored moments. It should also be noted that listening carefully to the teacher’s explanation and asking questions makes it easier to create a positive impression of yourself.
2) Setting goals related to education.
In order for a student to have the possibility of professional self-realization in the future, he must be conscious about teaching. If you continue to study without desire, as it was at school, decide on the answers to the following questions: what do I want to achieve by studying here? Is there a place more suitable for achieving my goals (country, educational institution, faculty)? This is a very important point, since a person who clearly knows why he is getting an education does not have doubts about the correct choice of a profession. Remember that your goals and objectives should be practical. So, for example, a first-year student of the Faculty of Philology can start a blog where he will publish his articles. As a result, by the time they graduate, such a student will have a ready-made portfolio.
3) Ability to work in a team with a teacher.
As a rule, teachers and students have common goals: successful mastery of educational material and setting / receiving high marks. If you understand and fulfill all the requirements of the teacher, the likelihood that you will study perfectly and receive an increased scholarship increases significantly. Since the educational process is always two-way, both the student and the teacher must make efforts to achieve results. Therefore, it is important not to perceive teachers as enemies, but to learn how to work together with them, because they are no less interested in success than students.
4) Ability to write summaries in high quality.
This item often causes difficulties for freshmen, since for the competent compilation of abstracts, you must be able to write quickly. Come up with a convenient abbreviation system for frequently repeated words and phrases, write new characters on the fields for better memorization. At the end of the couple, skim through your synopsis to make sure you understand what is written.
5) Successful students are able to properly organize their time.
Mastering time management techniques is very important for the learning process. Many students prepare for lectures, seminars, exams at the last moment, which greatly complicates the learning process. However, if you get rid of procrastination, then you can manage to do everything: study, work, and visit various clubs and sections. Sometimes, if there is absolutely no time, you can order assistance in writing a term, diploma or doctoral dissertation.
6) The correct behavior.
By the way a student behaves during the educational process, one can judge the degree of his interest in learning. Even if the topic of the lesson seems boring and you want to quickly leave the audience, try not to show it. On the contrary, take a lecture, look at the teacher from time to time, - in a word, pretend that you are a student interested in mastering this material, and then in the end you can deceive your consciousness: after a certain period of time, you will really be interested.
1. K-R-E-M-I - the ideal student strategy
K - creativity: confidently use your own strategies and styles, use imagination in your studies. R - reflection: use your own experience, analyze and evaluate your work and achievements, and also learn from actions. E - efficiency: with maximum benefit to organize your space and time, thoughts and resources (including information technology) and prioritize. M - motivation: to be fully aware of the result that you need to get, keep yourself in good shape with the help of short-term and long-term “tasks”. And - initiative: to personally participate in the learning process, physically and mentally, in order to understand what you are studying.
2. The best expert in the world is you
When you do not know how to cope with a particular job, imagine yourself as a professor or inventor who is faced with a problem of global importance. Experts consider the problem difficult, but they better solve complex problems. Many students fear that they will not have enough ability to study the chosen course. Some of them did not study well at school and are worried that they are "written" to be bad students. Such panic thoughts can greatly complicate learning. There are certain exercises that help to cope with panic attacks and tune in to yourself less critical.
3. Use all your senses.
The more you use eyesight, hearing and touch, and the more fully you use the numerous muscles of your body to watch, speak, write, type on a computer, draw, or simply move, the more ways you get information to your brain. The brain will receive information from various sources.
4. Find out what you are interested in.
It is almost impossible to learn if you are worried or bored. It is much easier to do, keeping in mind the result you want to achieve than to learn from a sense of duty. Some points will seem less interesting to you - for example, writing coursework, exams, tight deadlines. But these same things usually bring the most satisfaction when done well. It depends on you whether you can detect grains of gold in the sand.
5. Learn actively
Studying is very beneficial when you are active and personally interested. This means: to analyze the information received from different angles, strain attention, use different opportunities, make decisions, find connections between the facts received. Even the smallest task will attract you to actively participate in the study of the material. Universities usually expect some preparation from you. And, of course, you as a student are expected to be serious about your studies. You can act responsibly only if you feel confident, if you are ready to study at the level you have chosen. Make sure you are ready.
6. Find your own way of learning.
Although all people have much in common, each learns in their own way. You need to experiment with learning strategies and skills that you are not very confident about. The human brain is a system that perfectly adapts. Performing various tasks, you can use and combine several training strategies and styles. If your course of study is designed so that it does not always meet your educational preferences, you can “adapt”. For example. If you prefer to work with other students, organize study groups and share studies with friends, work in the library and participate in student life. If you like to work on your own schedule, organize the time so that it seems to you that it belongs only to you. If you prefer to work by ear, record lectures and excerpts from textbooks on the recorder. Look for training materials that can be downloaded to the audio media.
7. Think about your future career from the first days of your studies.
Learning should not be abstract. Your goal is to become a professional and get a good job. You will receive it if you demonstrate exactly those skills and experience that are necessary for the employer. While studying at a university, try to acquire: teamwork skills, problem solving skills, creative thinking skills, self-organization skills. Use all the features for this, including group assignments, practices and internships.
8. Track your progress and evaluate yourself objectively
Write down what steps you took to develop this or that skill. Determine what progress means to you. It can be a solution to a personal task (for example, to get a certain grade for a task), or a small step to solving a problem (for example, asking a teacher for the first time, learning how to arrive on time if you have a problem with time distribution). It is important to recognize the qualities and skills that you already possess. You can start “mechanically”, that is, fill out a questionnaire, evaluate yourself, prioritize and gather information about yourself. Gradually, the process of awareness will become deeper. Self-analysis and personal development will help in all areas of life, including study.
9. Learn to use the information correctly.
Most universities do not measure the number of facts that you cited in the answer, but how you use the data. It is not enough just to memorize the selected paragraphs for the exam. It is assumed that you demonstrate the ability to evaluate and choose the meaningful, and omit information that is not of great importance. Easily connect various ideas and thoughts, understand what you are studying as part of your course, structure your thoughts and knowledge in such a way as to give a convincing argument.
10. Learn to relax
Your study is probably ineffective if you: continue to work, although you are too tired to concentrate, just listen or read instead of asking questions and questioning what you have heard or read, sit and study, and at this time your thoughts wander somewhere far away, memorize material, without understanding what you are teaching, do not ask for help when you really need it, do not relate the knowledge that you received when studying various subjects, do not correlate the material studied real life. Proceed from the opposite - and your study will be effective.
2. Interesting and useful items
In most universities, teachers change every semester, and specialized disciplines appear by the 3-4 course.
Yes, at the university, future physicists do not cram the dates of the Russian-Turkish wars and the years of Peter's reign. But journalists can get half a year of accounting and a couple of years of economics, and lawyers will study literature and science.
Why is that? Each group (advertisers, marketers, sociologists, managers) can’t do a separate schedule. And for the sake of a group of 20-50 people a bunch of teachers will not be kept. Therefore, groups (sometimes even from different faculties) are united in streams and forced to record almost useless lectures again.
3. Cool teachers
It’s lucky if the real disciples will be led by true fans of their field. And cool if you don’t want to sleep in class at least 3-5 lecturers.
Otherwise, university teachers may well be tedious to mutter under the nose paragraphs from a textbook of twenty years ago or force them to buy their allowances on a voluntary basis.
No one canceled the subjective opinion about the subject and prejudice towards students.
4. Convenient and free schedule
Yes, sometimes in the absence of the first pair you can get a good night's sleep. And they can put an elective at five in the evening. And try not to come.
The history of absenteeism in most universities is punished severely, up to and including exceptions. Some teachers diligently mark all 100-150 people at a lecture and recoup during truancy sessions. Someone goes immediately to the dean’s office and hands the lovers a walk “inadmissibility”.
Well, they won’t call their parents (probably).
5. Communication, new friends and parties
Not everything is so simple with communication, even if, after 4-6 pairs and all the written essays and laboratory reports, there remains a desire to have a cool time.
Of course, no one bothers or forbids anyone to communicate, but most of the time you still have to spend with your group. Yes, streams and faculties mix in lectures, but all the organizational moments and 90% of the time are surrounded by 10-30 classmates.
So it’s better to make friends with them right away.
The student years are wonderful and wonderful, and, of course, the university is a huge step towards adulthood. But do not forget that this is also a lot of responsibility and self-discipline (unlike school, there is no class teacher who will help solve the problem).