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How to hunt ducks

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The scarecrow hunting method described in the article is used by many hunters. It is quite easy to learn if you know about the correct choice of the place of their installation, as well as the behavior of a duck on a flight. Schemes with photo material that will not leave more questions are clearly shown below. The important question of choosing these artificial lures is touched upon, the nuances and secrets of selection are described. It is important to consider the weight of gunpowder and the size of the fraction, which in autumn differs from other seasons.

What time of day do birds fly

The method is suitable for hunters who can correctly prepare for the process and who can wait. For a positive result, it is important to collect all the missing information, learning the subtleties and nuances of professional hunters. This article is useful for beginners. Many began to engage in hobbies precisely from hunting birds. This is easily explained by simplicity and affordability. We will try to reveal as many questions as possible in order to convey positive experience.

Like many other migratory birds, ducks migrate to the territory of Azerbaijan, India, Iran every autumn. A long journey is full of danger and unpredictability, which affects the behavior of a bird that has been in an alarming state all this time.

It is difficult for hunters to conduct targeted fire at night or at dusk, due to low visibility. Having understood the trend, the birds make the main long flights at this time of day. In the daytime, you can safely prepare for the process, find a suitable place, put stuffed animals, check weapons. Next, we will talk about various nuances and features of the process, because without this information the effect will be blurred, you should carefully prepare and study the theory.

Features of the autumn holding: the size of the fraction and the weight of gunpowder

As in the hunt for any other game, it all starts with the stage of training the hunter and weapons. First of all, everyone checks his own gun, customizing it for himself. Particular attention is paid to the butt. We advise you to conduct a training session on throwing up and aiming at dusk in order to hone your actions, not to hesitate and not to miss during the flight of the flock. Thanks to the "rehearsal" you can adapt to twilight and train your eyes to distinguish between different objects. Another feature is that closer to autumn, each duck has a good fat layer, which means that the bird is more resistant to shot wounds. In professional jargon, it is called being strong on a wound.

The main question is what kind of shot to shoot: due to the presence of fat, we recommend using a fraction of at least No. 3, up to 5-7 numbers. The weight fraction in the cartridges is about 35g, experience in shooting at flying targets will be only a plus. Be sure to take advantage of training if you can. This will provide targeted shooting and the chances of knocking out a bird increase. Check the accuracy and battle of the gun before the hunt, for example in the morning. Do sighting at different distances. This allows you to more confidently hold weapons and produce accurate shots.

A portion of gunpowder should be adjusted in increments of 0.05 g, and fractions of 1 g. In the event that a device to reduce recoil is not installed on the gun, it is highly recommended that you reduce the weight of the shot, at least not increase it without shooting. Autumn is a time when game is extremely careful. When shooting a bird it’s better not to miss, otherwise remembering the place of attack she will not return there. Under special circumstances, you can catch several different flocks in one place, at the time of their flight to feed.

The last feature is the speed and height of movement of the flock. Being able to correctly determine the speed and altitude of the flight, you will not be unnecessarily firing into the air. Such actions are fraught with wounded animals, who have enough strength to fly away from the shooter at an unattainable distance, and fall, give off a breath. It is highly recommended that you learn how to determine the distance to a flying target. If you do not know how to do this, then wounded or misses are simply guaranteed, not to mention the fact that such empty shots will only scare the flocks, which at any exposure do not land to the scarecrows.

Drake hunting in spring

In the spring, when duck hunting is prohibited, and you can shoot only drakes, it is better to use a decoy duck. To do this, the hunter arranges a hut or other shelter on the shore of the reservoir, if there is no time. A hut is best made from vegetation that grows in a pond where hunting will be carried out. Shelter should be spacious so that the hunter can freely shoot from it. It is also important that the section of water where the decoy duck will be clearly visible from the shelter.

As decoy use domestic or tamed wild duck. Once upon a time, hunters themselves raised decoy ducks, because they knew that the success of hunting depends on them. For this, a young duckling was constantly picked up, fed from his hands, stroked, did everything to make him accustomed to a person. Then a special leather strap was put on his foot. When the bird got used to it and stopped fiddling this strap with its beak, a rope was tied to it and the duck was allowed to go into shallow water.

Usually, the duck very quickly got used to such “jewelry” and behaved calmly on the water. Then, the bird was gradually taught to sit on a wooden circle, which came down to the water during the hunt. After that, the bird was fired at blank cartridges so that it was not afraid of shots.

A good decoy should behave actively and constantly give voice, thereby attracting a drake. The hunter's task is to constantly monitor everything that happens, because decoys are sometimes attacked by birds of prey. When the drake flies up, the hunter should aim well and shoot. You can’t shoot a drake if it is close to a decoy duck so as not to hurt it.

Hunting with scarecrows can also be successful. With stuffed animals imitating sitting ducks, you can hunt from spring to late autumn. But such a hunt is the most prey in the fall, about a month after the opening of the duck hunting season. At this time, birds begin to gather in numerical flocks, usually in large bodies of water. Having determined such a place, the hunter needs to place stuffed animals near.

Previously, stuffed ducks were made independently. Today there is no such need, since stuffed animals can be purchased in hunting stores at an affordable price. Arranging the stuffed animals, which should be 15-20, the hunter needs to disguise himself among the vegetation. In order for the stuffed animals not to be carried far from the coast, special sinkers are tied to them.

When choosing a place for shelter, it should be borne in mind that ducks will fly up to the scarecrows from the windy side. The hunter, depending on whether he is left-handed or right-handed, should be positioned so that shooting from this place is as convenient as possible.

Hunting duck from a boat

No less interesting way to get ducks is hunting from the approach or from the porch by boat. This way you can hunt with or without a dog. The essence of hunting is to find birds hiding in the supports and approach or swim to them as close as possible. Such a hunt is successful in the summer. At this time, old ducks not yet shot let the hunter close to themselves, however, like young ones who have no experience.

Ducks are successfully hunted with spaniels. For such a hunt, the dog must be well trained and obedient to the owner. The task of the dog is to raise the birds from the thicket, thereby substituting them under the hunter's shot. After a successful shot, the spaniel must bring and serve the dead duck. Despite the fact that the spaniel is considered the best breed of dog for duck hunting, any gundog can be used instead, if any.

To hunt any ducks, the gun must have a heap of battle. The universal fraction for hunting these birds is No. 5, although the size of the fraction can vary depending on the type of ducks from No. 7 to No. 3. It must be remembered that the duck is a very careful bird, so you should hunt it carefully. A patient person who respects all the rules of hunting can always count on good prey.

The importance of proper preparation for duck hunting

Despite the fact that we have already said that duck hunting is considered one of the most successful, often from young hunters one can hear words that during the day they did not fire a single shot, because the game simply didn’t It was. But when you get to know such hunters more closely, it becomes clear that the point here is not that there were no ducks, but that the hunters themselves did not know the conditions and methods of conducting such a hunt. That is why, they returned home without trophies and were disappointed about the time wasted.

Unfortunately, this can happen with those hunters who just go to a new hunting place (you can read about how to navigate the terrain without a map here). However, the correct organization of the hunt itself and the correct preparation for it - all this can reduce the risk of possible failures. That is why, we suggest that you now learn about what a hunter should know when setting out on hunting for waterfowl species of game ...
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Hunters conditionally divide all ducks into 2 species - real ones (river ducks - mallard, gray duck, broad-toed nibble, wig, pintail, teal and other species), and diving ducks (sea black, black-headed black and others). The hunter must be able to distinguish which duck is in front of him. A hint for them is the habitats of these birds, which are associated with the peculiarities of their diet.

So, river ducks tend to feed in shallow water and in the thicket of aquatic vegetation, can go on land in the evening or at night. The conditions of their behavior at the feeding places, as well as the routes of flights to feeding and back should be studied in advance by the hunter. And, here's how to find a hunter on a hunt - read here.

Dives on land do not feed, but forage under water. They prefer to stay and relax in open water.
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Types of duck hunting

As for the choice of the method of hunting, it is good to hunt ducks from the approach and without dogs, and if you take a dog with you, then from the porch and from the boat. If you consider yourself a hunter who likes to wander through the woods and shallow reservoirs, then you have every chance to meet a gray or crack duck. They fly right out from under the hunter's feet, and it’s important not to get confused and shoot with endurance, releasing the duck from itself to the distance of the shot.
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Duck hunting with a dog

Hunting Ducks with a Dog

If you cannot imagine hunting without the help of your dog, then in your case you should beware (as many hunters do it right) that you will ruin your girlfriend dog by duck hunting. Indeed, this is true. A young friendly dog, which is also insufficiently disciplined, is simply not suitable for such a hunt. Feeding game will not only provoke the young dog, but also the old one, and even the dog can break the rack and chase the duck. Therefore, experts recommend using exclusively well-trained and adult dogs, cops, who know how to serve game to the hunter, and not carry it, as can sometimes be observed, to the other side of the river for feeding ducks on flights.

If you still decide to hunt with a dog, then taking into account the special conditions of such hunting, these are marshy swamps and reeds, it is better to take a dog of the spaniel breed, which will cope well with its task of raising ducks on the wing, catching wounded birds and giving prey to the hunter .

It is interesting to hunt ducks in the swamps and water meadows with spaniels. It is difficult for a dog to work in tall grass, but even in such conditions a well-trained spaniel can do its job. Good results are shown by duck hunting with a dog on the banks of small rivers. In this case, the main thing is that the hunter walks along the coast from the leeward side, then his dog can smell the game by smell.
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What to look for when choosing stuffed animals

There is an opinion among professional and experienced hunters that the use of stuffed animals is the most effective way to achieve a positive result in competition with the bird. A variety of duck species react to them, including a rather rare, diving one. In the selection phase, pay particular attention to quality. There are many different options for domestic and foreign production. If you want to buy a domestic product, we recommend reading the special literature and the opinions of real hunters (we recommend the forum of hunters forum.guns.ru), using one or another form. We do not describe all the pros and cons of a particular company or brand, due to the variety of representatives on the market.

Those who are not limited in material means or can afford to buy foreign stuffed animals, we recommend German and Italian products. For many years they have been showing themselves well in our conditions and realities. It is extremely important that they stay well on the water, do not change shape due to the influence of various external factors. If the shot was hit, it was quickly and easily restored. Check that the stuffed animals do not glare from the rays of the sun. There is an important aspect known to experienced hunters that in the morning stuffed animals may be covered with dew or drizzle. All this can give high glare, which scare away a cautious bird. We strongly recommend that you check the product for the absence of such a problem, or be sure to ask sellers or acquaintances of hunters if the selected brand is “sick” with this scourge.

We advise you to take a closer look at the place chosen for hunting. For example, discarded garbage (foil from a pack of cigarettes) can ruin the whole thing with one glint of the sun's beam. If one flying individual sees flashing on the ground, it will alarm the entire flock, it will pass by. This is the bitter experience of many hunts. Compactness. If the stuffed animals will be full size from foam, plastic or any other material that does not decrease in size during transportation, then sometimes this becomes a serious problem. Having experience, we can say that the large flock of artificial ducks you can arrange, the better, but first you need to bring them back in place.

If possible, buy them from materials that are easily disassembled to a minimum volume. Or from those that easily add up (rubber). In any case, the final choice is yours, we just give advice from the experience gained. Let's talk a little about the arrangement. It is best to install them within 15-25 meters from the hut or shelter. Such a small distance is due to the fact that the target must be hit as accurately as possible, accurately and powerfully.

Conditions for a successful duck hunt

Even a hunter with not the greatest experience can quite successfully go to the duck. Especially if you properly prepare and take into account some points.

Weather: the most suitable for hunting a wild duck is considered cloudy, with light rain and wind. Then the birds look for suitable shelter and often change their location.

Hunting location: Experienced hunters usually know where fishing is best. For a beginner, if he is not very well acquainted with such information, it is better to join those who have hunted here before. In principle, ducks can be found in any body of water, even near settlements. However, there is a high probability of confusing wild ducks with domestic ones walking freely. In the rest, flowing and standing reservoirs are shelters for ducks preparing for flight, therefore they can be used by hunters for their own purposes.

Weapons: you need to practice handling the gun, and it’s not just the accuracy, the butt angle should be right for you and fit snugly on the shoulder, the belt should not interfere, cling to the bushes, you can remove it altogether. In early autumn, it is better to take a small fraction No. 6-9. When the bird picks up fat, molds, covers with a strong feather, you can take No. 5.

And you definitely need to train in shooting. Ducks fly pretty fast. Experienced hunters give advice: train on teal, they move simply with super speed!

Another simple but important tip: when going hunting in a swampy remote area, especially alone, you definitely need to take communication equipment, a compass, and necessary supplies in case of loss of the road.

Hunting with a dog

The dog is a real helper: when hunting a duck, she will find a bird and lift it to the wing, combing the reeds and reeds, and she will get wounded or killed game. Not even a bad option, in which there is at least one dog for a group of hunters. It often happens that she can find "alien" wounded animals that other hunters have not found.

Suitable dog breeds:

  • Spaniel - thanks to its small size, it easily makes its way in dense thickets, swims and dives perfectly. It does without a rack, immediately raises the bird on the wing. Particularly trained spaniels even stand on their hind legs and jump so that the owners can see where they are. This breed has an excellent scent, young dogs are trained quite easily and quickly.
  • Pointing - when a game is detected, makes a stand so that the hunter can throw up a gun. It is better to choose a wire-haired type of drathaar or kurtshaar for searching for a bird in the thicket. The downside is that a large dog is not suitable for hunting in marshy areas. К тому же взрослеют легавые довольно поздно, нужно затратить немало времени и сил, чтобы нормально обучить ее для промысла водоплавающей дичи.
  • Лайка – ловкая, юркая собака подходит для выслеживания дичи в камышах или тростниках. Имеет хорошую шерсть, поэтому охотиться с ней можно до поздней осени. Ее короткий лай при обнаружении птицы дает охотнику сигнал готовиться к стрельбе. Laika is well trained, moreover, the same animal can be a universal hunter for different animals and birds.

In addition, you can hunt a duck even with a "non-special" dog, if she is capable of this and shows a desire: good results often show dachshunds, setters, Labradors, Fox Terriers and other breeds.

For caution, remove the collar from the dog before hunting so that it does not catch on a bush, grass, or driftwood. This can damage not only the hunt, but the dog itself.

Hunting on flights

Before leaving for wintering, ducks fly several times from the resting place to the feeding place. Usually this happens on a morning and evening dawn. The task of hunters is to find out where flight routes lie, to choose the most convenient place and trap the bird there. A good opportunity to practice accuracy, shooting at a moving target. For hunting, cloudy calm evenings are well suited. Lurking, you need to behave very carefully, as ducks react to any movement and noise. The hunter waits until the birds are at a distance of a shot, carefully aims and shoots. The target should either be above the hunter, or you need to shoot after.

Scarecrow hunting

Plastic or rubber stuffed animals create an imitation of a bird sitting on the water. Since ducks tend to pack in flocks for departure, they are likely to descend to where their relatives are already. It is important for the hunter to choose the right stuffed animals, imitating the necessary breeds, and reasonably arrange them so that the bait looks natural. The distance between the stuffed animals should be on the order of a meter, because a heaped bird is usually scared and is preparing to take off, which means that flying ducks are wary of landing here. About a dozen or two products are used, the ropes are fixed with the help of weights. You can connect their ropes into one whole and thus manage the "flock." Such hunting is good where there are no very high thickets, otherwise the birds may not see artificial ducks from above.

Hunting with replanting

The most important condition for such fishing is a good decoy. This is necessarily a female, with a loud, slightly hoarse strong voice, not shy, active, resembling a wild individual. She also needs to be trained - for example, to be in a cold pond for a long time. A strap is put on her paw, the cord from which is fixed with a peg. It is nice to have two decoy ducks, to arrange them so that they do not see each other, but hear. Perekryachivaya birds will lure the game, primarily drakes.

The hunter takes refuge in natural objects or makes himself skradok. The main thing is that from there he can clearly see the water surface and shoot.

Hunting from the approach

From the approach, they hunt the duck for two or a larger group of participants. The task of one part of the team to scare the bird, the other - to wait for the desired target and shoot. For such a hunt, you need to choose convenient places: so that you can not only more or less freely move, but also get shot ducks. That is, dense thickets of reeds will be uncomfortable, it is difficult for a person to get through if the prey falls in the middle of such thickets.

This duck hunt has several options: one person can scare floating or sitting birds in place, the other can come closer for a convenient shot. Or vice versa, the arrows wait on the spot, and their comrades walk along the edge of the reservoir, scaring the birds from the reeds. This option is good for late autumn, when the duck is already quite scared and takes off at the slightest danger.

As well as from the approach, they hunt from the porch - they use the boat to move around the pond.

Hunt for the day

A well-fed duck after morning feeding arrives in a secluded quiet place where he spends most of the day. Usually this is a quiet hidden part of the reservoir. The hunter's task is to find this place in advance, in the dark to take the desired position on the shore. Consider the direction of the wind, sunlight that can blind and interfere with shots. Ducks are not returned by the whole flock, but individually, in pairs, in small groups, broods. Therefore, you can manage to get a few trophies, if you behave wisely.

An interesting hunt on the lunar path: with a bright moon for night feeding, the duck falls exactly on the lunar path, where it is easy to shoot it. It is advisable to do this from a boat. There are other, less popular, but interesting and successful ways of hunting a wild duck.

Hunting ducks on flights

How to hunt ducks on flights

For firing on flights, it is best to face the dawn. You need to stand still, choosing a place for yourself near a tree or bush. When choosing a place to shoot, you should take into account how convenient it will be for you to go from here to look for wounded animals. In this case, a dog who is trained to serve game can help. Shooting must be conducted to theft or directly above you. Counter shots, as practice and experience show, are in most cases unsuccessful.

You can shoot at evening dawns no more than 30 minutes after sunset. To conduct night shooting is strictly prohibited. Also, the hunter must clearly remember the rules of the shooting. No shots at random or at random. In the best case, you simply miss the mark, in the worst you can injure someone else, or leave behind numerous wounded animals.

It is quite another thing when you hunt in the afternoon, taking a place in an ambush where ducks flock for a day. The most important thing here is to find a good place to shoot. And, here you can find places for such days, if you watch the birds fly at evening dawn.

In the daytime, and better still in the evening, going around the canals and lakes on a boat, not digging too deep into the lining, you can find such places for days and look at them closer. Depending on the conditions of this area, you will need to choose a seat for yourself - either on the shore or in a disguised boat, or maybe on an island.

Since ducks have their favorite places for day-to-day activities, you can hunt well there in the evening and in the morning dawn, if you previously make a tent for yourself or a temporary shelter.

Duck hunting with decoy and decoy

If you don’t have a decoy duck on hand, you can lure the ducks yourself, making sounds similar to their quacking, or use a special decoy for this.

For such a hunt with decoy, you should choose a place in the reeds or on the shore, and make a hut for yourself. To prepare the hut, you can use the material that you will find right there - shrubs, brushwood, reeds. Since river ducks love grassy places, especially in cold weather, you should choose these. By the way, it will be more convenient for you yourself to get dead ducks and you don’t need your boat.
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Hunting Diving Ducks

To shoot at the diving ducks that live on the lakes and seaside, you can also use a boat that you camouflage on the edge of the reeds. The same reeds and reeds are suitable for masking a boat. In late autumn, flocks of diving prefer to stay in deep places and you should not build your hut in remote backwaters, but to set it up if you decide to put it on the shore - close to clean water bodies. During the day, such dives will keep open water, and in the evening they will readily sit down to stuffed animals.

You will need to put 10-15 stuffed animals in front of a hut you prepared in advance. It is recommended that they be displayed in random order along the reach. If you hunt diving ducks, then, on the contrary, they should be set in open water with a herd in a deep place. And, the distance to the stuffed animals should be no more than 30 meters, so that you can shoot at flying ducks in case they still do not sit down, but when they fly up, they will decrease. By the way

if you are hunting from a hut - it’s not worth picking up wounded birds during the hunt, they will attract new flocks, and if you start to pick them up, you will scare away the ducks.

Learn more about diving hunting here.
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Hunting ducks with semolina

On decoys it is good to lure crack, gray ducks and pintail, broad-nosed and teal, not forgetting to imitate the voice of birds. However, diving and skiving do not go for decoys, so you need to shoot them when they fly up to the scarecrows.

To use the decoy itself is most convenient for dawns. Being still at a far distance and having heard the quacking of flying ducks, the hunter can give several urges and wait for the ducks to fly up. If you want to lure birds at close range, then here you will need a lot of experience, and the smallest false sound is enough to scare away the birds and nullify all your efforts to prepare for the hunt.
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Hunting for ducks when flying to winter

As a rule, in autumn, ducks gather in large flocks and in the daytime they stay on rivers and ponds together, far from the coast, and prepare for departure for wintering. Drive up to them in such circumstances is not an easy task, and here we need a lot of hunting experience, patience and endurance. The hunter will need a stable shuttle, which will have low sides, and which can be masked under reeds or reeds. At the same time, the shuttle should be masked only on its front. When approaching the birds you should not rush, move in the wind and try not to make noise. If the hunter notices that the birds have been alert, he should stop. When the birds calm down again - he can continue his movement. Moreover, it is very important that the hunter himself is sitting on a disguised shuttle and not move. He can lie, if it is convenient for him, but the main thing is that he is ready to open fire as soon as the shuttle approaches the birds at a distance of a shot.

Such a hunt is best done in the fall, in company with another hunter. Thus, you can alternate, and alternately will row one, and the other - to shoot.

Duck Hunting Over the Span

When it comes to departure for the winter, you can practice hunting on flights. At the same time, I want to note that

the first are teal crackers, wide-nosed teasers, chikri whistlers, pintails, worms, and the last to fly black, cracks and dives ...

In this case, it is very important for the hunter to establish the flight path. To do this, he needs to find out where the ducks stop to feed and where they rest. You can find out in the dark, and helps to determine the location of the flock of birds, its quacking. At dawn, before dawn, flocks of ducks rise to fly away. The direction of their flight will be the path along which almost all flocks fly. On this path, from dawn to sunset, a hunter can hunt ducks from a hut. He will have to shoot at the entrance, but only at the distance of the right shot.
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What fraction to use for hunting ducks

For autumn duck hunting it is recommended to use fraction No. 4, No. 5, No. 6. At the same time, the firing range should not exceed a distance of 35 meters ...

Today we talked about the types of duck hunting, and how to properly prepare for such a hunt. It turned out that your success will depend on the correctness of your preparation and whether you will return home empty-handed or not.

And how do you prefer duck hunting? Share your hunting experience with us.

The article was prepared based on materials from V. Sokolovsky taken from free sources.

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