The conclusion of goslings in an incubator at home is considered a profitable and interesting affair. A person who breeds birds will be able to sell meat and provide his family with a useful product. Goose eggs, which can be eaten, are also highly valued. They have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the brain, perfectly saturate the body and are rich in vitamins A, B, B, K. Breeding goslings in an incubator and subsequent keeping of birds is a simple task. It is enough to know the basic rules and recommendations for the cultivation process to go without problems.
Egg selection for incubation
Any experienced poultry farmer knows that there are two methods of breeding goslings - natural and artificial. In the first case, a hen is used, which is an adult goose. For artificial breeding goslings in an incubator at home, you need an incubator. It can be purchased for a different number of eggs.
Goslings incubation will be successful if you select good eggs in advance. An ovoscope will be useful for this. With its help, you can determine how high-quality copy. Even before testing, too small and large eggs should be weeded out, as well as with cracks and other defects on the shell.
When using an ovoscope, pay attention to the following:
- the yolk should be centered,
- protein should not contain dark spots,
- when turning, the yolk independently returns to the correct position.
If you yourself keep birds and plan to take eggs from them for evaporation of goslings in an incubator, then you can affect the quality of specimens. To do this, feed adults with a balanced diet, correctly calculate the number of males and females, every day bring geese to the pasture. In this case, most eggs will be of high quality.
How to remove goslings in an incubator?
Eggs should not be stored before being placed in an incubator for more than 7 days. The geese rush through the day, so you have to wait until enough specimens are gathered. Storage temperature should be 10-15 °, and the eggs lie only on their side with a blunt end up. In order for the embryos not to die, they should be turned over to the other side after 4 days. If stored for longer than a week, the chance of getting live and healthy chicks will be significantly reduced.
Breeding goslings at home is carried out according to certain rules. They should not be violated, since the number of surviving and healthy chicks depends on this. If you have to grow artificially for the first time, you need to familiarize yourself with the process in detail.
Basic incubation rules:
- Maintain the correct temperature. In the first days of 38 degrees, and then until the end of the incubation, the temperature is reduced to 37 degrees.
- Watch the humidity level. Water in special grooves should be constantly.
- Turn the eggs 180 degrees in time, setting the egg with the blunt end up.
The question of how goslings are brought out in an incubator is quite simple to answer. The scheme of actions is always the same, and it is suitable for each person. Before laying, rinse the eggs in a weak solution of potassium permanganate in order to disinfect them. Place in liquid for 3 minutes a couple of hours before laying. To prepare the solution, mix 5-7 crystals of potassium permanganate in 1 liter of water, the temperature of which is 30 °. The amount of solution can be increased, while maintaining the specified proportions. After the eggs are washed, they can not be wiped with a rag. It is necessary to let them dry on their own so as not to break the protective shell.
Place the transferred eggs in the incubator on a wire rack. Put them on their side and nothing else. The first week you need to maintain a temperature of 38 °, above it should not rise. Use a street thermometer to control temperature. For hatching goslings in the incubator at home, spray the eggs for the first 7 days, and then do not spray the week. From 15 days to spray again
You should immediately mark the shell with a simple pencil, signing the bookmark date on it. This is necessary in order to know when they are about to hatch. It is especially useful if one or more bookmarks will be held later. Mark the top with the letter B, and the bottom with the letter H, which helps not to get confused when turning the eggs.
Turn the eggs at least three times a day so that the embryo does not grow to the wall. Do this after the same amount of time. It is important to perform the action quickly so that the eggs do not have time to cool. If the incubator has an auto-flip function, it is recommended to set the frequency to 4 hours. It is important to remember that from day 26 of incubation, the eggs do not need to be turned over.
The first 10 days, the eggs do not cool. Then once a day, turn off the incubator and open the lid for 5-10 minutes. In the second half of the incubation, the cooling time is increased to 20-30 minutes, performing procedure 2 in the morning and in the evening.
Therefore, you need to continue the evaporation of the goslings. As for the temperature, it should remain at around 37.8 °. You should start spraying the eggs with warm water, doing this once a day (you can use a weak solution of potassium permanganate). Experienced breeders recommend adding 5 drops of vinegar to a glass of water. This is necessary in order to soften the shell. It is advisable to cool the embryos immediately after spraying for 20 minutes.
The first inspection and rejection of eggs is done on the 10th day of incubation. On day 21, you need to check the fetus again with an ovoscope. The contents of the egg should be dark, the lumen can only be at the blunt end. The boundaries of the air chamber are uneven. If the fetus is dead, then it will be displayed as a dark spot without vessels. In this case, the egg should be removed to make room for better warming.
On about 28 days, you need to remove the eggs, lay a piece of cloth on the grate so that the kids do not damage their legs. Open special vents on the incubator lid. Soon the chicks will hatch, and you need to prepare for this. Lower the temperature to 37 °, and raise the humidity to 90%. Spray with potassium permanganate every 6 hours. There were cases when chicks appeared earlier than a month. Therefore, how many days goslings are hatched in an incubator is a moot point.
How many chicks will hatch?
Often you can hear the question, how many days to bring goslings at home. It is usually set by beginner poultry farmers. The term is individual for each case. But on average, they appear no earlier than after 28 days and no later than after 31. The first to crack the shell are the chicks from small eggs, and then the rest. If there are problems with incubation, and one of the babies cannot crawl out into the light on its own, human intervention will be required. Help should be started in a day from the beginning of the bite.
How goslings hatch
It will be useful for every beginner poultry breeder to watch a video of how goslings hatch in an incubator. It will help to better understand the process and in the future feel more confident when the kids begin to peck. At the end of the incubation period, the chicks begin to actively knock on the shell. Just listen. If in doubt, attach an egg to your ear.
The following can be said about the conclusion of goslings in an incubator at home. It was successful if the chicks themselves began to hatch for 28-30 days. This can take anywhere from an hour to a day. If the process dragged on, you need to help the baby hatch. You can only be released if the shell is bloodless, otherwise the chick will die.
If a man approached the removal of goslings responsibly, then it will end successfully. Most chicks hatch, and you can start to look after them.
How to correctly bring goslings in a home incubator
To place eggs in an incubator should be for breeding goslings at home in a horizontal position. Before laying, it is advised to quartz for up to 10 minutes. Heavily soiled should be cleaned with a soft brush.
In order to facilitate the task of turning over in the future, experienced farmers can put a cross on one side and a toe on the other.
Before starting to lay eggs in a home incubator, the device itself is recommended to warm up to a temperature of about 38 degrees.
When laying eggs, the temperature regime remains unchanged. . So you will avoid sticking the embryos to the shell. From 8 to 12 days, the temperature is somewhere around 37.5 degrees. In this case, the eggs are cooled for no more than 10 minutes. To do this, turn off the device and open the cover. Cooling is important because the nuclei have a lot of heat and can die due to overheating.
You can independently determine whether the egg has cooled sufficiently. Bring it to the eyelid. If it is neither warm nor cold, you can continue the incubation.
On 13-21 days, the temperature remains at 37.5 degrees. Cooling needs to be done a couple of times.
per day and spray eggs with a solution of potassium permanganate.
On days 22-27, the temperature should be lowered to 37 degrees, and cooling should be done twice in half an hour. Do not forget about spraying.
Eggs are placed in a special tray on the 28th day. In this case, ventilation should be increased, the temperature should be left the same, Humidity is up to 75%. Spraying with potassium permanganate is carried out after 4 to 6 hours. Geese hatching starts on day 29 and ends on day 31.
How to store eggs
Eggs should be properly stored before incubation at home. You need to place them on your side, the temperature is set between 8 - 15 degrees, humidity is 75 - 80%. Shelf life should not exceed 8 days. After this period, the percentage of hatching geese decreases.
On the 5th day of storage, it is recommended to turn the eggs once a day. There are exceptions when you need to store them longer than the specified period. Then be sure to turn them over several times a day. There is a good method of preservation. It involves heating eggs for a short period of time.
They are placed in an incubator or in another device. There, within an hour, heating occurs at a temperature of no more than 37.2 degrees. Then they are returned to the place of storage. This creates an illusion, as if a goose sits in a nest.
Before laying in the unit, each egg must be checked for cracking and unsuitable removed.
How to sort
Eggs are collected for subsequent hatching of goslings a couple of times a day to get them cooled. Geese rush through the day somewhere in the morning.
It is best to collect eggs in the morning and afternoon. In the collection process, they should be selected, focusing on the appearance of each.
Too large and too small in size, having an irregular shape and with notches should be set aside.
Before laying in the device for the output of goslings at home, each egg is examined using an ovoscope. Eggs with a uniform whole shell, having a dark yolk in the center, which, when rotating, moves away from the location and comes back, are considered full-fledged and suitable for receiving future geese. Protein should be thick and not have spots.
Useful tips and tricks
Even a beginner can get chicks using a special device. If in the case of a brood hen that will hatch future geese for about 3 weeks, you have to trust nature, then here the microclimate will be controlled by the microchip of the machine.
Most modern appliances are electronics dependent. Modes of humidity and temperature are important here. Do not let any of them drift.
If you maintain the relationship between temperature and humidity, and change them, depending on the day of the procedures, you can get a healthy and viable offspring.
Each poultry farmer with experience acquires subtleties in setting up the system of his device.
Much depends on its model and the type of geese. No machine can replace your knowledge and do without human control. The main mistakes made by beginner poultry farmers are called improper temperature conditions, inadequate process control, the wrong place for the device, and excessive humidity.
It is important to record such data - when the eggs were collected, the laying, the expected date of hatching of the chicks, the serial number of the clutch and the number of the cage. The last two indicators are able to conduct further normal identification of young animals. So you will not get confused after the second or third bookmark. You need to correctly choose the place where you will install the unit. He well controls the work of his internal system, but the rest of his possibilities largely depend on the choice of location. To get a good result, it is recommended to place the car in a room with a stable microclimate. In such a room it should not be very warm and not very cold, medium dry and humid. Strong temperature extremes are best avoided. The device must not be placed in direct sunlight. An optimal place can be a free and spacious room with a good ventilation system. My experience of incubating goose eggs at home, incubation errors and practical tips, as well as an interesting video. Many novice poultry breeders make a number of mistakes when incubating goose eggs, leading to low rates of hatching of goslings from eggs, in this article I will share my experience and give some tips on how to properly store and incubate goose eggs in a domestic incubator at home. When the geese begin to lay their eggs, (usually their laying starts in the early spring), the eggs must be regularly, daily taken from the nests. Why do you need to do this? Often several geese lay eggs in turn at the same nest, and even the chickens can lay their eggs there, as a result, the eggs accumulate and hatch, the temperature storage of eggs intended for incubation is violated. Every day, take eggs from the nests regularly and store them in an open container (for example, in a basket) and in a room with an air temperature of about + 12 ° C. Do not store goose eggs in the refrigerator, there the temperature is + 6 ° C, which is unacceptable for hatching eggs. In addition, eggs are very often contaminated, so it is advisable to sanitize them before storage. You can do this in several ways, for example, gently wipe the eggs with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or a 1.5% solution of hydrogen peroxide. Then rinse with warm water and dry. How many goose eggs can I store? The optimal shelf life of goose eggs is no more than 2 weeks; with further storage, the eggs partially lose their incubation qualities. Preparing the incubator. We turn on the incubator and set the temperature to 37. 8 ° C, wait until the incubator warms up, the ventilation holes for the time of heating can still be closed. Pour boiled water in the incubator's tank (if you pour ordinary water it starts to bloom quickly), in the first days we maintain humidity at the level of 60 - 65%. How to regulate humidity in an incubator? Humidity is regulated by changing the area of the trays with water, the larger the area of the trays, the greater the humidity in the incubator. If your incubator does not have a humidity sensor, then you can use an ordinary household barometer by placing it in the incubator. Before loading, eggs should be marked with a pencil on both sides, for example, with a cross on one side, and with a zero on the opposite side to control egg turning. The eggs before laying must warm up to room temperature, cold eggs can not be laid in the incubator! Lay eggs horizontally on the grid of the incubator tray. Turning goose eggs should be done 6 times a day. The table shows the temperature and humidity for the incubation of goose eggs. Goose egg incubation schedule: table. On the 9th day of incubation, the temperature is slightly reduced to 37.6 ° C. On day 9, goose eggs need to be checked on an ovoscope, if during this period the circulatory system of the embryo does not show up in the egg, then this is an unfertilized egg and needs to be rejected. I recommend reading a detailed article on our website - ovoscopy of eggs. Note! The most important point in incubating goose eggs is egg cooling:
Incubation of goose eggs at home: my experience
Egg collection and storage
Incubation of goose eggs in an incubator
The last two indicators are able to conduct further normal identification of young animals. So you will not get confused after the second or third bookmark. You need to correctly choose the place where you will install the unit.
He well controls the work of his internal system, but the rest of his possibilities largely depend on the choice of location.
To get a good result, it is recommended to place the car in a room with a stable microclimate. In such a room it should not be very warm and not very cold, medium dry and humid.
Strong temperature extremes are best avoided. The device must not be placed in direct sunlight.
An optimal place can be a free and spacious room with a good ventilation system.
My experience of incubating goose eggs at home, incubation errors and practical tips, as well as an interesting video.
Many novice poultry breeders make a number of mistakes when incubating goose eggs, leading to low rates of hatching of goslings from eggs, in this article I will share my experience and give some tips on how to properly store and incubate goose eggs in a domestic incubator at home.
When the geese begin to lay their eggs, (usually their laying starts in the early spring), the eggs must be regularly, daily taken from the nests.
Why do you need to do this? Often several geese lay eggs in turn at the same nest, and even the chickens can lay their eggs there, as a result, the eggs accumulate and hatch, the temperature storage of eggs intended for incubation is violated.
Every day, take eggs from the nests regularly and store them in an open container (for example, in a basket) and in a room with an air temperature of about + 12 ° C.
Do not store goose eggs in the refrigerator, there the temperature is + 6 ° C, which is unacceptable for hatching eggs.
In addition, eggs are very often contaminated, so it is advisable to sanitize them before storage. You can do this in several ways, for example, gently wipe the eggs with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or a 1.5% solution of hydrogen peroxide. Then rinse with warm water and dry.
How many goose eggs can I store?
The optimal shelf life of goose eggs is no more than 2 weeks; with further storage, the eggs partially lose their incubation qualities.
Preparing the incubator. We turn on the incubator and set the temperature to 37. 8 ° C, wait until the incubator warms up, the ventilation holes for the time of heating can still be closed. Pour boiled water in the incubator's tank (if you pour ordinary water it starts to bloom quickly), in the first days we maintain humidity at the level of 60 - 65%.
How to regulate humidity in an incubator?
Humidity is regulated by changing the area of the trays with water, the larger the area of the trays, the greater the humidity in the incubator. If your incubator does not have a humidity sensor, then you can use an ordinary household barometer by placing it in the incubator.
Before loading, eggs should be marked with a pencil on both sides, for example, with a cross on one side, and with a zero on the opposite side to control egg turning.
The eggs before laying must warm up to room temperature, cold eggs can not be laid in the incubator! Lay eggs horizontally on the grid of the incubator tray.
Turning goose eggs should be done 6 times a day.
The table shows the temperature and humidity for the incubation of goose eggs.
Goose egg incubation schedule: table.
On the 9th day of incubation, the temperature is slightly reduced to 37.6 ° C.
On day 9, goose eggs need to be checked on an ovoscope, if during this period the circulatory system of the embryo does not show up in the egg, then this is an unfertilized egg and needs to be rejected. I recommend reading a detailed article on our website - ovoscopy of eggs.
Note! The most important point in incubating goose eggs is egg cooling:
To do this, you can get a mesh tray with eggs from the incubator and put on two bars so that the air evenly ventilates all the eggs in the tray. Egg cooling time is 20 minutes, after which the egg tray should be immediately put back into the incubator.
Starting from the second week of incubation, the number of egg rotations can already be reduced to 4 times a day.
Starting from the 20th day of incubation, you need to irrigate the eggs with warm water 3 to 4 times a day, for this you can use the usual spray gun for spraying flowers. It is important that the water is clean and slightly warm, it is not recommended to spray eggs with cold water.
After 28 days of incubation, the eggs do not need to be rotated and cooled, we maintain a temperature of 37-37.4 ºС, humidity 75%.
We spray the eggs with warm water every 5 hours so that the shell is not so hard, and the chicks can peck it. Яйца, в которых птенцы уже проклюнулись опрыскивать уже ненужно.
Срок инкубации гусиных яиц 30 дней, вывод гусят происходит на 30 день инкубации, но может продолжаться ещё пару дней.
During this period, carefully inspect the eggs, if the gosling does not hatch, look at the egg on an ovoscope, then make a small crack in the shell of the nestling beak and slightly dig through the shell to provide airflow to the nestling. Within a few hours, the chick will continue to hatch from the shell on its own.
From the incubator’s chamber, immediately remove the empty shell from the hatched goslings; take the goslings themselves onto a heating pad in a cardboard box.
I highly recommend watching a video where the author shares his experience and gives useful tips on incubating goose eggs.
Another interesting video: incubation of goose eggs at home.
Hatching goslings in an incubator at home
Breeding goslings in an incubator is an interesting creative process, nowadays accessible to every owner who decided to start breeding this noble bird at home. I would like to share my experience in breeding large gray breed chicks.
Now, outside the window, spring and goose eggs have been ripening in our incubator for the third week. I have been breeding this bird for the fourth season, although the total experience of artificial hatching of chickens is about 10 years, so when incubating a waterfowl I can highlight the following points:
- Goose eggs are more demanding on the incubation regimen, after 2 weeks from the moment of laying, they need daily spraying.
- When breeding, goslings are more in need of human help at the time of exit from the egg (a thicker shell and an uncomfortable embryo pose; help is needed in aligning the chick's neck).
- If the hatchability of chickens during home incubation reaches 90%, then goslings, subject to all necessary parameters, are in the order of 50-60%.
Some of my friends look at eggs in an ovoscope on days 10-11. In the fertilized egg, in the yolk from above, a dark red dot should be visible - the embryo. In the unfertilized - the germinal disk is clean. In cuffs (eggs with dead embryos), blood rings are visible. They are removed from the incubator.
Personally, I don’t use an ovoscope; I check the damaged eggs three weeks after laying to the touch. An unfertilized egg is lighter in weight and is beaten with gentle agitation.
Excretion process features
The ideal incubator incubator with automatic egg rotation, which I have been using for several seasons in a row to breed young animals, hatches chickens, ducklings and turkey poults well.
But when breeding goslings, I do not recommend using automation. It is better to turn the eggs by hand, they are at least 2 times heavier than other birds, and the automatic movement of the incubator lattice may not work somewhere in the middle of the bookmark. This can lead to sad consequences, since you, relying on the mechanism, will be less likely to look into the incubator.
On the Internet they write that the temperature during the incubation of eggs for the first 3 weeks should be 37.8 degrees.
I try to adhere to these parameters, but personally, on my incubator model with manual temperature setting, it’s unrealistic to accurately capture these 0.8 degrees.
But even if you set the temperature perfectly, all the same, in the center of the incubator, directly under the heaters and around the perimeter, the temperature will be slightly different.
Under natural conditions, under the hen, based on Internet data, the temperature is within 40 degrees, and at the edge of the nest 5-6 degrees lower. The brood hen seems to know this, and every half hour it lays eggs from the center to the edge of the nest and vice versa. The main thing, when artificially hatching chicks, is to imitate the brood hen in everything and periodically lay eggs in the apparatus.
At the moment, in addition to the incubator, I use a goose as a hen. Perhaps the second individual will soon be laying on eggs.
He sent the nest with soft straw, under which he laid sod with a thickness of 3-5 cm, to create natural conditions for moisture control. To ensure that during incubation the bird is not disturbed by lice and ticks, it is better to process the nest.
There is a good folk way - pour straw mixed with a pharmacy chamomile under straw. Whole grain feed and water should be near the nest. It is better not to give wet food during the incubation period in order to avoid an upset gastrointestinal tract.
This season I decided to conduct an experiment, since the incubation conditions of goose and duck eggs are practically the same, laid them in the incubator at the same time. Let's see what happens.
Conclusion of goslings in an incubator at home: instruction
Breeding goslings of different breeds at home can be carried out in 2 main ways: natural (hatching goslings) and artificial. According to the first method, goslings hatch thanks to a brood hen (adult bird). The second - goose eggs are placed in an incubator.
Incubation of goose eggs will be successful only if the best eggs are selected for it. For this purpose, poultry farmers use an ovoscope. Before checking, an external inspection of the material should be carried out and small and huge specimens, as well as those on which cracks and other shell damage appear, should be weeded out.
Sort and bookmark rules
How to remove goslings in an incubator? Breeding a bird is a simple matter, but a responsible one. For starters, you should choose only full-fledged instances for bookmarking. To do this, they need to be examined with an ovoscope.
Inspecting the eggs with an ovoscope, pay attention to:
- the location of the yolk (ideally, it should be in the middle),
- if there are dark spots on the protein (if any, the sample is screened out),
- during rotation, the yolk must independently return to its original place,
- the shell is clearly visible,
- the yolk is dark in color, around it you can see a thick protein,
The eggs in the incubator are usually the same medium size. Therefore, specimens are sorted before bookmarking and placed into the device of the same size.
In the incubator, domestic goose specimens are placed lying down. Before placing them, the temperature in the device should be kept at 38 ° C. After horizontal laying, the temperature inside the incubator is reduced to the usual daily level.
The necessary conditions
How to properly carry out the output of geese of different breeds in an incubator at home? Goslings are removed only in certain conditions. The goose, like the duck, rushes through the day, so in order to collect a lot of eggs for laying, you need some time.
How many days is it permissible to store eggs before placing them in an incubator? Instances are not stored for more than a week at a temperature of 10–15 ° C before being placed in the device. If you exceed the weekly storage duration, the brood will be significantly reduced.
Hatching goslings in an incubator at home should be carried out according to the rules.
Instructions on which cultivation should be carried out, both goslings and ducklings:
- It is necessary to constantly monitor the temperature. Initially, the temperature in the incubator should be 38 ° C, and then 37 ° C.
- Maintain a certain level of humidity. In the ditches, the water should be constantly.
- Rotate specimens in time, laying them on one side, then on the other.
Sorted specimens are placed in a home goose incubator. Putting them follows strictly to one side. Correct temperature conditions for goslings are very important. When laying, it must be kept at 38 ° C. The temperature for breeding goslings should be kept under control. To do this, you can use a conventional thermometer.
Next, you need to mark the dates on the surface of the eggs in the incubator. You can use a simple pencil for this. Thanks to such marks, it can be assumed when the chicks hatch. You should also mark the top and bottom, so as not to confuse them when turning.
It is necessary to periodically evaporate goslings in a home incubator. To evaporate, you sometimes need to turn off the device and open its cover. At the same time, it is worth providing a temperature indicator of 37.8 ° C.
Hatching goslings in an incubator involves spraying eggs with water or a weak solution of manganese. Some poultry farmers advise adding a few drops of vinegar to the solution, which will help soften the shell.
After 3 weeks, the fetus should again be examined with an ovoscope. If the vessels are not visible when viewed from the inside, then it’s bad: the embryo is dead and this specimen is not suitable for goslings. It must be removed from the device.
After 28 days after laying the eggs, you need to stretch and lay the laying material on the grate. Litter is a piece of cloth that helps the hatched birds not to damage the paws. Also open the vents on the cover.
Soon goslings will hatch, so you need to lower the temperature to 37 ° C, and the humidity to 90 ° C. Every 6 hours you need to irrigate the bookmark with a solution of manganese.
Hatching of domestic goslings from an egg may begin ahead of schedule, that is, the incubation duration is variable.
Turn and spray
How to help a chick come into the world? To successfully remove goslings, you must correctly flip the incubation tab. It is best to turn it over no less than four times a day.
When breeding both ducks and geese, to determine which eggs were turned upside down, you need to put a mark on their sides. With the help of simple tags, you can easily understand which side you want to rotate the bookmark.
Turn the eggs three times a day to avoid the growth of the embryo of the caterpillar to the wall. Coups should be carried out at regular intervals and quickly so that they do not have time to cool, and offspring hatch from them.
Many modern incubators are automatic, which have an auto-flip function. The frequency of coups should be 4 hours. On the 26th day and later, you do not need to turn the bookmark over.
To hatch goslings and ducklings faster, the bookmark needs to be irrigated. There is a specific schedule for this procedure. Spray should be the first week, and then 7 days to refrain from this procedure. For spraying, use a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Irrigation needs to be restored from the 15th day.
“When I incubate eggs, I always try to cool them,” say experienced poultry farmers. And they are absolutely right. From the 7th day you should feel like a “perfect brood” and imitate her behavior towards chicks. Thus, you can positively affect the hatchability of geese.
The first 10 days, the specimens are not cooled. After this ra
Some incubator models
|Name:||Wed prices:||Number of eggs||Features|
|Blitz 120 C10||18 000||120||digital|
|Blitz 48 C10||9 500||48||digital|
|The ideal hen EP-1||5 000||63||automatic one mode|
|IFH Output||50 000||750||farmer's|
|IFH-500||89 000||500||Automatic and semi-automatic|
|TGB 280 VLRA BIO||22 000||280||Auto|
|Blitz Base||42 000||520||Auto|
|Poseda M-33||12 500||150||Auto|
In order not to interfere with the natural laying process, but to take an still warm egg, you need to observe the bird for some time. Usually a goose rushes in the morning and at the same time. Therefore, it is possible, without disturbing the birds, to collect eggs that have not yet cooled. If you know that the geese should still shoot, then check the nests in the evening.
This bird differs from other domestic ones in that it very reverently approaches the arrangement of the nest, covering it abundantly with its fluff, and when the egg is laid, it covers it. Therefore, there is a possibility that you may not notice eggs in it, which means that you are required to carefully and accurately look at the nests. And naturally, the nest must always be kept clean and its flooring regularly updated. It is imperative to clean the pen itself daily to reduce the chances of the bird to bring dirt and droppings into the nest.
So, you have collected the goose eggs, but now they need to be stored correctly until the amount you need is collected for laying in the incubator. It will also increase your chances of acquiring goslings.
We store eggs at a temperature of 10-15 ° C in a position on the side. The duration of storage of goose eggs for breeding young animals should not exceed eight days. Starting from the fifth day, it is necessary to turn the egg over to the opposite side once a day. If you need to store them longer than this period, then you need to turn them over twice a day. But every day, the percentage of hatchability will decrease.
There is another method of storing eggs for breeding goslings, which is somewhat reminiscent of a natural process. Its essence is that for some time (about one hour a day), the collected eggs are placed in an incubator and warmed up, and then transferred to a normal storage location. This repeats the natural process when a bird comes to the nest every day to lay another egg.
To begin with, it is enough just to visually inspect the eggs and discard too large, too small or even irregularly shaped. You also need to check for cracks and damage - such a product is not suitable for breeding offspring.
Before the bookmark itself, it will not be superfluous to examine them with an ovoscope. So you can more accurately determine whether the eggs you collected are suitable for hatching goslings.
The main signs of an egg that you can use to bookmark:
- fairly uniform shell surface,
- the yolk is dark in color and is located in the center of the egg,
- dense protein, has no spots,
- if you turn the egg, then the yolk slowly returns to its place.
- An egg suitable for incubation can be seen in the photo.
|1||1 - 7 day||37,8||67%||every 120 minutes||not|
|2||8-14 day||37,8||54%||every 120 minutes||2 times a day for 5 minutes|
|3||15 - 27 day||37,5||54%||every 120 minutes||2 times a day for 20 minutes|
|4||28 - 29 day||37,2||72%||not||2 times a day for 10 minutes|
- The eggs in the incubator are laid horizontally.
- During the first 7 days, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 38 ° C, and during this period neither spraying nor cooling is required.
- Starting from the second day, we turn each egg five times a day so that the embryos do not stick to the walls of the shell.
- From day 8 and day 12, the temperature is required to be slightly lowered to 37.5 ° C. During this period, cooling is already required - about ten minutes. Do this by turning off the incubator and opening the lid. Cooling is very important for the embryo, because it can even die from overheating. You can check if the egg has cooled down by simply leaning it against the outside of your palm. If it is cold, you can turn on the incubator again.
- At 13-21 days the temperature is maintained the same, but the eggs have cooled for about half an hour. Since environmental humidity is important for brood, now it must be set to 65%.
- After 28 days, the eggs are laid out on a special tray, where they are sprayed with potassium permanganate and properly ventilated.
Already on the 29th day goslings may appear. If you follow the instructions, the brood will be great. The process of laying eggs in an incubator is shown in the photo. And for clarity, the same can be seen in the video.
Features of incubation of goslings
Incubation is a method of artificial breeding of young geese in a special agricultural machine. The first feature of this type of obtaining goose offspring is that it also depends on many natural factors, under the influence of which the livelihoods of an adult bird were.
- diet and feed composition for poultry during active egg laying,
- the correct ratio of the number of males and females in the farm,
- regularity of walking geese,
- microclimatic conditions in the house, etc.
After all, all this directly affects the formation and quality of the eggs, of which, subsequently, chicks will be born in the incubator.
The second feature of goslings incubation is the influence of artificially created environment factors and the incubation regime. Breeding of chicks can occur both in home-made and in industrial devices.
From how the farmer organizes the livelihoods of poultry in his farm, and also creates the conditions for the incubator, the hatching rate of goslings will depend.
How to choose goose eggs for incubation?
In order to get healthy goose offspring, it is necessary to correctly select eggs for incubation.
For incubation of goose eggs at home, only those specimens that meet the following criteria should be used:
- there are no spots, blackouts in the protein part when viewed through an ovoscope,
- during overturning, the yolk can always return to its original location, which is also visible with an ovoscope,
- the shell has a flat surface,
- the yolk is always in the center, which will also help to find out the ovoscope,
- weight corresponds to the norm: 120-140 g (light breeds), 160-180 g (heavy breeds),
- sizes are in the range of 8-10 cm - in length and 4-5 cm - in width,
- having the right shape
- produced from geese 2-4 years old, no more.
Goose egg versus chicken and quail
All eggs, the sizes of which go beyond these limits, i.e., small and too large, belong to the category of marriage.
The laying of goose eggs in the device is carried out only after a thorough inspection of the shell.
Such a surface inspection is intended to identify all cracks and other defects on the shell.
All defective units also need to be rejected, because the embryo cannot form in them.
It is recommended that when examining the eggs before laying in the device, use a special translucent device - an ovoscope.
Storage and processing of goose eggs before laying in the incubation machine
Инкубация гусиных яиц в домашних условиях предусматривает особый режим их хранения до закладки в инкубатор. После сбора у гусей яйца должны находиться в положении на боку в среде, температурный режим в которой не превышает диапазон от 8 до 15 градусов.
Влажность же воздуха должна быть в пределах от 75 до 80 %. If the storage of goose eggs for further incubation lasted more than eight days, it is already irrational to use them for planned purposes. After a week, the chances of hatchability of chicks are significantly reduced in eggs. This speaker is shown in the table below:
|No. p / p||Storage duration||Derivability|
|1||5 days||79,8 %|
|2||10 days||72,7 %|
|3||15 days||53, 7 %|
|4||20 days||32,5 %|
Specialists in the breeding of geese at home are advised to turn over the eggs, which are intended for further incubation, starting from the fifth day of their storage.
And creative farmers came up with another interesting way to preserve eggs: to heat the goose product daily, for example, in the same incubator, for an hour, followed by return to the storage place.
What temperature should be maintained during temporary heating? It should be about 37.2 degrees, but no more.
This method in the practice of poultry farming was called "as in a nest." It helps to create an effect when a goose sits on eggs in a nest to hatch.
The next important point requiring detailed consideration is how to properly process the eggs before laying in the incubator. There are different views on how to wash a goose product.
Some farmers tend to think that washing them is not recommended. This can adversely affect hatchability. From this point of view, eggs of low and medium contamination are best cleaned with a soft brush and sprayed with disinfectant solutions (factory or own)
But with intensive contamination of the shell, you should still resort to this procedure. Since carefully cleaned and disinfected eggs must be sent to the incubator. They are washed using:
- hydrogen peroxide,
- potassium permanganate.
At home, a solution of one of these substances in water is prepared (from 0.5 to 3%). The egg is lowered into the vessel with the solution for two to three minutes, after which it is rinsed and dried.
It is forbidden to wipe them with a rag, napkin, so as not to damage the protective shell. At the same time, such a temperature of the solution is needed that will be 5 degrees higher than the temperature of the goose product itself.
After cleaning and disinfection, the eggs are ready to hatch geese in an incubator.
Rules for laying goose eggs in an incubator
The eggs are placed in the incubator in a horizontal position.
In an incubation cabinet, eggs are placed in a horizontal position labeled with crosses and zeros. This is done to facilitate the turning of eggs from one side to the other.
What temperature should be in the incubator at the time of laying the eggs? The device must first be warmed up to the inside air temperature of 37.8-38.0 degrees and, at the same rates, lay down the goose product. This helps to prevent the embryo from sticking to the shell.
After the egg is laid, the success of the process will depend on how correctly the incubation mode of goose eggs is maintained, namely:
- adjustable air temperature
- maintain proper humidity
- regular and timely egg rolling.
In order for incubation of goose eggs at home to be productive, it makes sense to consider the entire incubation process and its features in stages from A to Z.
Turning and spraying eggs
Incubation of geese at home involves the constant turning of eggs in an incubator with the goal of uniform heating at least 4 times a day.
In order not to get confused which side you need to rotate the egg, it is assumed that it is marked with various convenient symbols on both sides (for example, the symbols X and O).
This applies specifically to manual rotation.
Modern production incubators are distinguished by an automatic mode of rotation of the trays, for which the desired interval is set. The day before the goslings hatch in the device, the eggs stop turning.
If you want to know how to remove goslings in an incubator, it is important to take note of one more rule: to produce regular irrigation of incubated eggs.
You need to start spraying the eggs from the fifth day of stay inside the device. For this, a weak solution of potassium permanganate is most often used. Spraying helps cool goose eggs in an incubator.
From 10 days spraying is performed twice a day, from 20 - three times, from 24 - four times. From the 28th day, irrigation ceases and is not resumed before the appearance of the chicks.
Temperature values in the goose egg incubator
The temperature in the incubator for goose eggs should be maintained at such a level that there is no hypothermia during the first 15 days and overheating in the last days of incubation.
The key rules in accordance with which the incubation temperature is maintained are the following principles:
- Warming up the incubator before laying to 37.8-38 degrees.
- The temperature rises in the first four hours to 39 degrees, so that the eggs are heated to 37.7 degrees.
- Maintaining the first two days of a temperature of 38 degrees. Lowering it from the third day to 37.8 degrees.
- The decrease in the indicator inside the incubator from the fifth day to 37.6 degrees.
- Lowering the temperature from the tenth day to 37.5 degrees.
- Lowering the indicator on the 28th day to 37.3 degrees. With it, goslings are withdrawn in the incubator at home.
The cooling process during the incubation of goose eggs is vital. The eggs are quite large in size, the embryos warm well and, if the temperature is not observed, can die from overheating. Daily egg cooling is practiced by turning off the device for half an hour so that there is no sudden temperature drop.
Ventilation and humidity in the incubator
The humidity in the incubators for the removal of geese with their own hands, as well as in industrial-type devices should be quite high. Initially, it is set at 70% and remains so throughout the first week of incubation. From the 8th to the 27th day, it can decrease slightly - up to 60%.
The conclusion of goslings in the incubator at home is made necessarily at high humidity - from the 28th day it rises to 90% and remains at that level until the final completion of the incubation cycle.
This is extremely important because the shell of goose eggs is very thick and hard. It's hard to peck her chick. And from high humidity, it softens somewhat, making it easier for the chick to get out of it. Ventilation should always be open.
The table below shows the incubation of goose eggs, which reflects indicators of a comfortable temperature and humidity regime:
|Incubation days||Air temperature||Air humidity|
|1st to 2nd||38 ̊С||70 %|
|3rd to 4th||37.8 ° C||70 %|
|5th to 9th||37.6 ̊С||70 %|
|10th to 27th||37.5 ° C||60 %|
|28th to 30th||37.3 ° C||90 %|
Hatching goslings in an incubation device
The incubation period of goose eggs takes a total of 30 days. If you determine on which day the first signs of hatching of goslings occur, we can confidently talk about the 29th day. In this time interval, you can notice the bite of the shell.
On the question of what day the mass hatching of chicks begins, all farmers agree on the answers: on the 30th day of incubation. If we talk about how many days hatching ends, then practice shows that the whole process can sometimes stretch to 32 days.
One of the reasons for the protracted hatching process may be problems for goslings with release from under the shell. In this case, a very careful, accurate mechanical influence of the farmer may be required.
You should look at the doubtful eggs through an ovoscope, determine the location of the beaks and in these areas make holes in the shell so that the chicks can continue to act on their own.
Common mistakes of new farmers
Poultry farmers who do not have the experience and sufficient knowledge of how to breed goslings in an incubator often make mistakes that lead to the death of goose offspring and to poor hatchability results. They violate a number of rules, which, on the contrary, are extremely important to adhere to so that the geese do not suffer.
The reasons newcomers have low chick hatch rates are as follows:
- Sharp temperature changes. They can lead to both overheating of eggs and hypothermia. The result is death of the embryos. If there is a threat of power outages, you need to take care of the purchase of a generator. Rule: you can not dramatically change the temperature regime.
- A frivolous attitude to moisture indicators, unwillingness to monitor and regulate it within the required limits. Rule: humidity should be increased / decreased always on time.
- Wanting to control the hatching of goslings in an incubator, inexperienced poultry farmers can often open the incubator and look inward. The result is supercooling of the sample and the death of the chicks. Rule: minimal mechanical intervention in the process of the birth of offspring (only at the extreme need to help the chick get out of their shell).
- Trying to save on the expense of resources, some beginners resort to turning off or dimming the light in the incubator. The result is fading of the embryos. Rule: the removal of goslings in the incubator should be accompanied by a stable lighting regime. It is strictly forbidden to turn off the light or change its mode.
- Beginning poultry farmers, trying to see their first brood as soon as possible, can pick up the chicks from the incubator too early, long before they are completely dry. The result is hypothermia and death of the newborn chick. Rule: hatching goslings in an incubator provides for their stay inside the device until they are completely dry.
The egg incubation process requires special attention from poultry farmers. It can be accomplished both in home-made incubators and in production devices.
Factory machines provide ample opportunities for regulating the microclimate inside, which is of key importance for the hatchability and survival of chicks. Creating favorable conditions for eggs is the key to obtaining healthy goose offspring.
To see in detail the process of incubation of geese eggs in practice, we offer you to watch a selection of videos: