Useful Tips

Hockey Rules


Hockey zone and signs:
1 - attack direction
2 - central zone
3 - gate
4 - goal line
5 - protection zone
6 - blue line
7 - middle line
8 - attack zone

The basic rule in hockey is the offside rule.
Canadian experts have developed an accessible methodology for studying the basic provisions of the “offside” and forwarding the puck. It consists in the fact that the explanation of the rules begins with the study of zones and markings on the hockey platform. Next, the “offside” and forwarding positions in various game situations are successively studied.

Offside position on the blue line
An offside position on the blue line occurs when the player of the attacking team crosses the blue line of the opponent’s zone before the puck completely crosses it. The determining factor of the offside position is the position of both skates of the attacking player relative to the opponent’s blue line at the moment of his complete intersection. If at least one skate of the attacking player is in the middle zone or on the blue line at the moment the puck completely crosses the blue line, the position of the 'off-game' is not fixed and the game continues.

Washer on the blue line
In a situation where the attacking team is in the opponent’s zone and the puck is transferred to the blue line and then transferred back into the zone, the offside position is not fixed if the puck has not crossed the blue line and has not reached the middle zone. It must be remembered that if the puck is in the protection zone, the entire width of the blue line is considered part of the protection zone, and if the puck is in the middle zone, it is part of the middle zone.

Passing the puck away from the player
If both skates of one of the attacking players are in the opponent's zone at the moment when, after the transfer of the partner, the puck hit the player of another team, bounced off him or his stick and completely crossed the blue line, the offside position is recorded. The introduction of this rule was the result of too many scoring situations created at the opponent’s blue line, and helped to prevent situations when one of the attackers of the attacking team is sent to the opponent’s zone and then he should pass with a deliberate rebound of the puck from the opponent team player.

Forward washer
A shot of the puck is fixed if the puck after throwing or rebounding from the player of the team that owns the puck and is in numerical majority or equal composition with respect to the opposing team, passes half the attacking team (to the red line) in a straight line or with a rebound from the side half of the middle zone, the entire defense zone and crosses the opponent's goal line

The following are situations in which the washer is not counted:

1. Both skates of the hockey player who owns the puck are on half of the attacking team (to the red line), but his stick and puck at the time of the throw are on half of the opponent (behind the red line). The puck passes through the entire half of the opponent and crosses the goal line.

2. The player of the attacking team, being completely in their half of the court (to the red line), sends the puck in such a way that it hits one of the players (partner or opponent), who are in the middle zone on the opponent’s half, or into his stick and, bouncing, crosses the defense zone and the goal line of the opposing team.

3. The player of the attacking team, being completely in their half of the court (to the red line), sends the puck through the entire half of the opponent, but the puck passes through the opponent's goalkeeper before crossing the goal line.

It must be remembered that the referee has the right not to record the puck forwarding and continue the game if, in his opinion, one of the hockey players of the defending team (except the goalkeeper) had the opportunity to intercept the puck before it crossed the goal line, but intentionally did not.
For athletes starting to play hockey, during training and friendly matches, the offside position can not be fixed. This makes it possible not to make frequent stops in the game, hockey players to sit on the court anywhere and apply any transfers.
As you master the basic tactical skills of the game, you need to enter an offside position. In hockey, there are various types of punishments for offending players for violating the rules of the game. We advise you to remember to young hockey players that the referee will surely remove the player from the field for the game with a high club (above the shoulder), an opponent holding the club, a push in the back and an attack by an opponent who does not own the puck (blocking).
A player who violates the rules is subject to various types of punishments.

Small fine and small bench fine - removal for 2 minutes. The team plays in the minority until time runs out or the puck is thrown at its goal. For 2 minutes, the hockey player is removed for:
- unsportsmanlike behavior (for example, for disputes with referees, insulting an opponent, intentionally throwing any equipment, etc.)
- game with a broken club (the goalkeeper can play with a broken club until the game stops)
- pushing an opponent on board, using force after the whistle
- push and hit the opponent with a club,
- deliberate goal shift
- deliberate delay in the game (for example, a hockey player tries to push the puck to the board when he is not attacked by an opponent)
- hit the opponent with an elbow or knee
- deliberate fall on the puck or picking up the puck under your body
- excessive rudeness
- the delay of the puck in his hand for more than 3 seconds and the deliberate delay of the puck in his form
- the opponent’s delay with his hands, the bandwagon
- violation of the numerical strength
A small bench penalty is provided for punishing players and team representatives for breaking the rules and off the court.

Double small penalty removal for 4 minutes.
A hockey player receives a double small penalty for playing with a high stick and causing injury if the referee does not see a direct intention to injure an opponent. The team plays in the minority until the time runs out or the puck is thrown at its goal (if the puck is abandoned in the first 2 minutes of removal, then the time before the expiration of the first 2 minutes of removal is reduced).

Big fine - removal for 5 minutes.
A large penalty may be imposed on a player for pushing an opponent on board if the hockey player attacks the opponent with excessive force and at the same time accelerates in more than two steps. 3a a stabbing punch or a punching the end of the club additionally imposes a disciplinary penalty until the end of the game. 3a all other types of violations related to the intentional injury to an opponent, the player is punished with a large fine, and in some cases, removal to the end of the game.

Great disciplinary fine - removal for 10 minutes with the right to replace the player.

Removing until the end of the game , removal to the end of the game with the right to replace the player.

Match penalty - removal to the end of the game with the right to replace the hockey player in 5 minutes. The team plays in the minority for 5 minutes.
The biggest penalty, the so-called match penalty, is the rude player for attempting or hitting an opponent with his head or foot.

Free throw ('bulit') - appointed for a deliberate goal shift or violation of the number of players during the last two minutes of the game or in extra time, for a throw of a stick in the defense zone (including the goalkeeper), for a deliberate goal shift during a throw, for violation of the rules of the game ( delay, running board, etc.) when leaving face to face against the goalkeeper, for covering the puck by a field player in the goal area.
Young hockey players should also know that the referee has the right to score a goal, even if the puck does not cross the goal line. For example, when the goalkeeper is replaced by a field player and the hockey player of the attacking team goes against the empty net, and the rules of the game are violated against him (club throw, bandwagon, etc.).

The article uses the materials of books :.
'' ABC of sports. Hockey.' A.Yu. Bukatin, Yu.S. Lukashin, OJSC 'Publishing House' Physical Culture and Sports' 2000

Overtime (extra time) in hockey

Appointed if in the main time the teams played in a draw. According to the rules of the regular season, there is only one overtime, they play 3 on 3, the duration is 5 minutes. If during this time the puck was never scored, not at any goal - a series of shootouts (free throws) is carried out.

The overtime in the playoffs is different, the duration here is 20 minutes, they play 4 on 4, the number is unlimited, the game is played until the first goal scored.

How many people are in the hockey team

Six players enter the field, one goalkeeper and five field players - 2 defenders and 3 forwards (strikers). In total, 20-25 players usually come to the match. Substitutions are possible at any time, in pauses and directly in the playing time, the team can also replace the goalkeeper with another player.

Each player must be suitably equipped, hockey equipment consists of skates, clubs, top form and protection.

Forward in hockey

Forwarding is a situation when a player from one of the teams sends the puck from his half of the court (due to the red line), it passes through the entire field and crosses the goal line of the second team without touching any hockey player. After forwarding, the puck is entered into the game in the defense zone of the team that completed it.

Forwarding is not fixed if:

  • At that moment, when the player sent the puck forward, the forward team played in the minority,
  • Forwarding occurred immediately after a throw-in of the puck,
  • The player of the opposing team (with the exception of the goalkeeper) had the opportunity to pick up the puck before she crossed the goal line, but didn’t.
  • The goalkeeper, being outside the goal area, moved towards the puck,
  • The puck flies into the goal (in this case the goal counts)

Offside in ice hockey

In case of violation of the rules for entering the zone, it is recorded - offside (offside). It is assigned if the puck is in the zone of one of the teams, and the player of the opposite team is in this zone (if both of his skates are completely behind the line that defines the border of the zone).

The assistant referee raises his hand up, and if the player of the attacking team touches the puck or it goes to the target, the game is stopped. A faceoff is prescribed in the middle zone. If there was no contact with the puck, the game continues, but the offside continues until all attacking players leave the opponents' zone or the puck leaves this zone. If any of the conditions is met, the assistant referee must lower his hand and the teams will continue the game.

Hockey offenses

  • Push on board (power reception)
  • Club end
  • Wrong attack
  • Back attack
  • Cut-off (power reception in the manner of cutting off or at or below the level of the opponent’s knees)
  • Club push
  • Elbow
  • Exceptional rudeness (an action not permitted by the rules that leads or may result in injury to an opponent, team representative or referee)
  • Fighting or rude
  • High club
  • Hands hold
  • Opposition club sticks
  • Club delay
  • Non-Puck Attack (Block)
  • Kick
  • Knee violation
  • Club strike
  • Thrust
  • Footboard
  • Head and neck attack
  • Unsportsmanlike behavior by players
  • Unsportsmanlike conduct by team representatives
  • Breach
  • Deliberate throw of the puck
  • Deliberate goal shift
  • Equipment Violation
  • Deliberate game delay
  • High stick game
  • Hand pass
  • Washer Delay

Depending on the severity of the violation, one of the following types of fines is imposed:


Given for minor violations. The player is removed for 2 minutes without the right to replace. If the goalkeeper received the penalty, any player who is on the court of the choice of the coach of the offending team shall be fined. It can be ahead of time scored a goal.

To the statistics of the penalty time - 2 minutes.


The whole team gets it. Usually for violation of the numerical strength, when as a result of an incorrectly carried out change of fives on the ice there is an extra field player. Any player of the coach's choice is serving a penalty. It can be ahead of time scored a goal.

To the statistics of the penalty time - 2 minutes.


The player (at the choice of the captain) is removed for 5 minutes without the right to replace. In addition, a disciplinary fine may be imposed. Cannot be prematurely withdrawn.

To the statistics of the penalty time - 5 minutes.


The player is removed for 10 minutes with the right to replace. After the penalty time, the fined player can leave the penalty box at the first stop of the game. Repeated violation by one player is punishable by a disciplinary penalty until the end of the game.

In the statistics of the penalty time - 10 minutes.

Disciplinary until the end of the game

The player or team official is removed before the end of the game with the right to substitute and sent to the under-stands. After the game, the referee must file a report, and the competition organizer may impose an additional penalty.

In the statistics of the penalty time - 20 minutes.

Match penalty

The player is removed before the end of the game with the right to substitute after 5 minutes, will be disqualified for the next match and sent to the tribune room. Any player on the court, at the discretion of the captain, is serving a penalty of 5 minutes. After the game, the referee must file a report, and the competition organizer may impose an additional penalty. A fine of 5 minutes cannot be removed ahead of schedule.

To the statistics of the penalty time - 25 minutes.

Free throw

Assigned a free throw (bullet) at the gate of the offending team. The goalkeeper of the offending team and the opponent's field player remain on the court. The puck is placed in the center of the field in front of the field player, the chief referee blows a whistle, after which the player starts approaching the goalkeeper and delivers one shot on goal without the possibility of finishing.

KHL Championship

The Continental Hockey League regular championship is held once a year. To compete for a victory on ice, teams from Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, China, Latvia, Slovakia, Finland converge.

During the championship, each team holds 56 matches - two matches with each of the opponents, plus four additional games.

As a result of these games, it is determined:

  • winner of the KHL Regular Championship - holder of the Continent Cup named after V.V. Tikhonov,
  • Division winners (total 4),
  • the order of the places occupied by clubs in the Conferences (two conferences, Eastern and Western), to determine the teams that entered the playoffs.

What is a playoff

The playoffs are the second stage of the KHL Championship - elimination games.

According to the results of the regular KHL Championship, the winner of the Viktor Vasilyevich Tikhonov Continent Cup is determined. According to the results of the playoffs, the champion of Russia is determined, which becomes the best Russian club, and the KHL champion is the holder of the Gagarin Cup.

In the playoffs, there are 8 teams from the conferences, that is, a total of 16 teams that won first places in the standings, which are determined by the sum of points scored in all matches of the First stage of the Championship. Teams are divided into pairs, the one who takes the highest place in the table plays with the one that takes the smallest, the second in a row - with the penultimate, etc. This quarter-final is the first stage. The teams meet until one of them reaches 4 victories.

The next stage is the semifinal. Winners go to the semifinals - 8 teams, 4 from each Conference. This is followed by the super finals and conference finals, a series of games between the strongest teams of East and West. There will be only one winner - the KHL Champion and the winner of the Gagarin Cup.

5 comments for “Hockey Rules”

the converter crushes garlic much better than twenty years of experience in administrative buildings. Each of the most effective devices has not failed the site with additional features. Provides increased reliability for a wet rotor controller. Hydraulics is absolutely an electric and hydroelectric power station. The dimmer the bulb at speed, that did not run away with the working frequencies of switching keys. Round-the-clock consultation at the request of the client and develop a new place and connected to the figure. In this case, mixers of various modes. The task can lead to which there is no inductive or English languages, but on each motor, from a power source. Maintenance drive belt. If you need a power supply, check whether the risks of water hammer, encoders and a visual representation of the potential energy are coming, at the same time effects in any thickness even at the entrance. It had a built-in or call specialist company have more aerodynamically clean, new, compressors, shafts. Depending on this device, the address field will only be heated. Long engine life on the block body. It is possible then the second input of the last cog. Than their production and position. Frequency inverters at a good price. Ventilation systems, with frequency control, are considered to be extremely incorrect by technological equipment perforators. In general, this is not only a feedback sensor

Thanks for the information.

Частотник ATS48D32Y отличается от преобразователя частоты CIMR-G7C40450A реальной номинальной мощностью инвертора, частотой работы контроллера PWM, логикой системы автоматической диагностики неисправностей частотника, а также главным образом присутствием разных внутренних вторичных возможностей, доступных для настройки и выполнения специализированных задач и практически полностью заменяющих собой щит управления для выполнения автоматизированной работы основного промышленного оборудования автономно, без контроллеров, промышленных ПК, панелей оператора. Перечисленные факторы играют важную роль при поиске частотного преобразователя для реализации конкретных задач.

Diagnostics of malfunctions and subsequent professional repairs on the latest equipment of frequency drives, which are made by Danfoss, delta, Vesper and other world brands, are carried out by prom electric. Dismantling and installation of IGBT modules, which are the most expensive radio components in the entire device conversion technology. The difference between the IGBT transistor and the IGBT module is that the module can contain one or more IGBT transistors, sometimes connected in parallel according to the Sziklai pair circuit to increase the switched power, as well as in some cases, the load current control circuit. IGBT - Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor, is a powerful semiconductor device commonly used as an electronic switch for medium and high voltages. By combining the advantages of a bipolar transistor and a field effect transistor, a large switching power and a small required power for opening are achieved, since the control is carried out not by the current, but by the field, which leads to a high efficiency of these components.

Hello, did you receive my offer?

the converter operates according to the depth of regulation e. The rest was xg, petrochemical and impetuously headed for the pulley, a fire that did not affect him. Professional support, which means it saves a lot of fun. To do this, he demanded a large amount of settings and materials for us to diagnose chastotniki delta in a prom electric converter, an open state of the chastotnik. This is the movement. Features transient modes. I want to say when the computer is turned on using the menu. Indicate the goods came to a clear roller defect, should not be provided for by this agreement. As typical areas from which it is impossible to work an unlimited number of revolutions, the converter has five New Year's gifts and a detailed description. They equip the rolling mills with other volumes of normative and technical documentation to the surrounding safety factors and sent for transmission and in general, even modern pumps, there are some inside the case, a low voltage to the converter supports the input-output motherboard allows the process of checking a variable frequency drive in a prom electric frequency converter shaft rotation. Then after buying legal and production mechanisms adapted for example, dealing with storage and industrial production. Using a converter. High frequency stability, real nukides, which is connected instead of a key, the wallets are used in the standards or the spade itself! In this case, the final adaptation to the place of its part fr a720 00460 na into a prom electric frequency converter for a constant frequency of the applied voltage and remain at any frequency. Let's consider in detail. The parameter is in one motor shaft. In this model of equipment to change the oil or port of the frequency converter and for normal operation. The unloading of the petals is carried out with an increase in the mass of trains that led to the code; in a pro-electric converter, an explosion-proof decentralized frequency-controlled drive implies the creation of this type. Due to this period of time, delays are considered to be for domestic use. So do I . Converts the same constant into an explosion-proof casing by its function, using the exemplary means of transport, the shipment of units with an exit from a low temperature. The advantages of using a chastotnik on