Useful Tips

Chess Education Online


Choosing a child an activity outside the home: a circle, a section, organizing family leisure, wise parents will remember about chess. The famous Soviet teacher Vasily Sukhomlinsky said: "Without chess, it is impossible to imagine a full-fledged upbringing of mental abilities and memory." These are not just words: research shows that children who play this game are better educated, more organized and balanced.

From this article you will learn

The use of chess for children

The whole list of qualities, the development of which is facilitated by the ancient game, is difficult to convey. Here are a few key benefits:

  • Ability development reason and think logically. The game requires consideration of each step, the ability to anticipate the possible reaction of the partner, the ability to solve multi-task problems.
  • A game of chess can influence growth of creativity and imagination. During the game, both hemispheres of the brain work, which increases the ability to think outside the box.
  • Strengthening sports skills: A long stay in a static position forms perseverance, endurance, attentiveness, the ability to play correctly and the desire to win. The game requires composure and restraint.

Chess lessons improve memory, learn responsibility and independence. Not for nothing that many kindergartens introduce additional classes in this sport as a preparation for school.

When to start training

Disputes, how many years to teach the game, do not give a definite answer.

  • They introduce the rules of the game, starting from 3 yearswhen children are keenly interested in everything around.
  • AT 4 years the child has better communication skills.
  • AT 5 years a trained child will already be able to anticipate the opponent’s move.
  • Many of the grandmasters mastered the basics of the game, having first taken up chess at this age, and 6-7-year-olds were already worthy opponents to adult players.

There is a photo of the future grandmaster Jose Raul Capablanca, where he plays with his father for four years.

But the goal of raising a new champion is not worth setting. It is better to introduce a game form of training.

The main thing is to interest the baby at any stage. If possible, it is better to start teaching children chess at home. Firstly, parents know better how to entice a child, secondly, there is no attachment to the regime, and thirdly, family ties are strengthened and the budget is saved.

How to interest a kid with a game

As you know, the forbidden fruit is sweet. Use this principle as follows. Before acquainting a child with chess, periodically get the game, arrange the figures, you can even play several games with a family member or friends in front of the kid.

To his questions and requests to play, answer that this is for older children and that he will be able to play it, but later, when he grows up. After that, remove the game away so that the child could not get it himself.

Important! Be adamant and don’t go to meet the child’s requests to give him a game. Remember that at these moments his desire will grow and your child will soon begin to dream of getting to know chess better.

After some time (from 2 weeks to two months), solemnly inform the child that he has already grown up and is ready to join this great game. But the first acquaintance should be short-lived (no more than 10 minutes) Give your child the opportunity to touch the pieces, board, ask questions, but you need to start learning the rules of the game in the next lesson, which should also be short-lived (no more than 10-15 minutes).

Thus, your child will look forward to the first acquaintance with chess and each subsequent lesson. Remember that all people and especially children value what is in short supply.

You can also interest a child by letting him see a cartoon about chess, such as Fixies.

Rules of the game

The first lesson in many respects depends on whether the baby will be interested in the game. It is good at first for children to simply watch the competition between parents or loved ones, this is a kind of preparatory period.

If you are interested, you can come up with a fairy tale about a chess country in which battles are fought. The goal of the game is to deprive the enemy king of the ability to move.

The fight is conducted according to special rules, and each piece has a position on the board and advantageous opportunities:

  • Pawn takes only one step on the plane of the board forward (the first time maybe two), and eats the opponent’s figure diagonally. It turns into any shape if it manages to reach the opposite edge of the board.
  • One step can go and kingTrue, in any direction.
  • Queen (Queen) - the most powerful in the whole game. It moves directly and sideways, and diagonally.
  • The horse the move is unusual: it bounces through the remaining figures into two cells and one sideways, with the sort of letter “G”.
  • Officer (elephant) moves diagonally to the desired number of cells.
  • BUT round (rook) forward or laterally.
  • All the pieces are removed from the board, you cannot eat a king, you can only declare a mat.

It is interesting! In the Middle Ages, the queen was one of the weakest figures. The Queen of Spain, Isabella, granted him special powers, inventing new rules.

Learning process

It’s better to prepare the kid in advance for training, to give a cartoon about chess, to tell their story. In the first lessons, give a description of the current figures, introduce them to their capabilities and differences from others. Each is better to devote a separate lesson.

Then show how they work in conjunction with each other. Since it is undesirable for classes to last more than twenty minutes, this can take a whole year.

At this stage, it is important to often play with the child, for example inGuess the action figure": The blindfolded child is given an object, and he must guess the names of the figures. Or ask to list all the differences between one character of the game from another.

You need to teach your baby to arrange all the objects on the board correctly. Once he remembers how the main "heroes" act, where their place is on the board, you can step by step teach the rules of the game. At first, it is recommended to arrange scenes with a small number of figures.

A little chess player who has mastered the basics must understand the basic principles:

  • Always provide cover for his king.
  • You can only give characters to the game if they donate in favor of a coup.
  • The weaker the figure, the closer to the center she must stand.
  • It is advisable to play the whole chess army. The toy army is strong in its entirety, in addition, each figure has its own role, the kid must understand this.
  • The value of the figures is different.A rook is more expensive than a pawn, and the king, although influential, is helpless. It is advisable to first neutralize the opponent’s chess queen.

Many kids do not like the black color of the figures. It must be explained that white has only one advantage: it gives the right of the first move.

On a note! At first you can play only with pawns, then offer to play simple sketches with the participation of other figures.

When the student has mastered all the rules, introduce him to the basic chess concepts: what is castling, gambit and how to play etudes.

In the video below, an experienced children's chess trainer tells where to start and what to focus the child on when learning to play the game at first.

If the child does not want to play, do not insist. It is better to maintain interest in the process than to get quick results. Learning under pressure will do harm rather than benefit and enjoy.

Useful Tips

In order to maintain interest in the game and increase the skill of the baby, there are several recommendations from teachers of chess schools:

  • Winning the game will be an incentive, but often don't give in to crumbsotherwise, he will decide that further training is not necessary. But if he loses all the time, he will quickly lose interest in chess.
  • It is better play at regular intervals and duration of classes. At first, they should be brief.
  • Interested in more: draw and sculpt figures, watch cartoons about chess. A preparatory stage for a game of chess may be playing drafts.
  • Useful after the game to discuss its progresswhat mistakes were made and what actions were successful. A timely hint will be useful.
  • Need to celebrate a child’s successpraise for non-trivial solutions.
  • Preschoolers should not participate in tournaments: losing can hurt the psyche of children.
  • Useful to tell tales of chess pieces. You can take the crumbs to classes in a circle or use computer programs, but it is better if he will be trained with loved ones. The pre-school lifestyle is most affected by the parental behavior model.

On a note! Many teachers advise you to purchase a set with large wooden figures coated with shiny varnish: the kids are delighted with them.

See how an experienced trainer conducts his training and what he focuses on the student.

People teaching a child should also develop their skills and experience, firstly, he will begin to ask questions, and secondly, soon a former beginner can outgrow a teacher.

Which textbook to choose

Are there many tutorials available now? as well as online books on the game of chess for children. Teaching them helps to achieve the desired effect. Choose a technique from the following:

  • The book "Chess for children "written by Igor Sukhin, a researcher at the Institute for Educational Theory, is one of the most effective. He is known as the author of a textbook for babies from two years old. It has simple tasks that allow young chess players to gradually get to know the game from scratch.
  • Grandmaster Anatoly Karpov's book for children - a textbook written in a playful manner. Each picture in it is an illustration with Disney characters, its material will certainly interest the reader.
  • The book of Vladimir Grishin is called "Chess alphabet". Written back in the Soviet period, it still does not lose popularity. It will be useful for parents to familiarize themselves: they will find many new things for themselves.
  • A child who knows how to read well can be offered a book by Maria Fominykh, a self-instruction book. The author is a grandmaster, champion and organizer of chess tournaments.

Important! No best book or instruction will have an effect if teaching children chess is not systematic. Than to sort out the techniques, it is better to carefully study one of them.

If there is a circle in the kindergarten, write the son or daughter in it. Video lessons and workshops from the Internet can also be useful. The main thing is that the time spent by the preschooler at the computer does not exceed the recommended. Didactic materials, books - all this will work if the parents sincerely support the child’s desire to learn chess wisdom.

The young chess player, playing even occasionally, will later master mathematics and other exact sciences more easily. The impact of the game on personality formation is difficult to overestimate. It will not be possible to guess whether the baby will become a grandmaster or not, but that he will grow up independent, will learn to win and lose, analyze and make a decision - definitely.

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Online Chess Lessons - Information

Hello! Do you want your child to start playing chess ?! It is possible that you have already attended several classes at school, but maybe you did not succeed. Therefore, we undertake to help you learn chess online. On our website of the Children and Youth Commission of the St. Petersburg Chess Federation you will find a series of chess lessons for beginners, for children and their parents.

A lot of chess trainers all over Russia conduct their classes precisely in these lessons. The book of Kostrov Vsevolod and Davletov Jalil "Chess for children, parents and teachers" for the whole 25 years. It's time to put it on the Internet, so that everyone can get the opportunity to learn how to play chess, or repeat the material at home, even without a textbook.

If you have any question related to chess lessons, but unfortunately you could not find the answer on the site, then just write to us. Or ask a question in a special comment form. And in the very near future after your appeal we will publish a detailed explanation.

Table of contents

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At what age should training begin?

You can teach a game of chess to any kid. To do this, you should have patience and creativity. In order to give the kid the first lessons of the game. it is enough to have minimal experience yourself. The first acquaintance with the board and the figures is allowed for the child to arrange at the age of three. At this time, the kid already speaks, knows a decent amount of words, knows how to move, draw, sculpt, shows interest in the world around him, satisfying him in games.

First lesson

  • Explain to the child. that the chessboard is a battlefield, and the figures are a toy army. List the names of each piece for the child, starting with the "infantry" - pawns. Let the child practice putting them on the board in a line, using the second and seventh horizontals on each side. Show your child how a pawn walks and defeats other pieces.
  • Play a game with the kid using only pawns in the game. The goal of victory is to “eat” enemy pawns or to quickly reach the opposite horizontal line. From such a trial batch it will be clear whether your child likes the game or not.
  • Explain to the child the names and possibilities of the remaining figures. The main one is the king, the strongest is the queen, and somewhat weaker is the rook (there are two of them). Paired are a horse and an elephant. Demonstrate how these pieces move on the board.
  • The kid arranges the figures on his own. If in doubt or makes mistakes - give help. Explain that the queen must be placed on the field according to its color.
  • Now remind the kid the rules of the game, re-name with him the pieces, their rules of moves and opportunities in the battle.
  • Introduce the kid with the concepts of "check" and "checkmate", demonstrate the simplest options for each situation. At the same time, try to explain to the kid that victory does not depend on the number of pieces, but on a successful move or a combination thereof.
  • The kid must confidently repeat all the material covered. If it goes astray, correct it. Explain the movement of the rook, display the position when it is used to declare a checkmate in one move. Give the baby the opportunity to do everything several times on their own.
  • By the same principle, tell us about the elephant - how it walks and fights. If the child understands everything about him and the rook, he will be able to master the queen very quickly.
  • Arrange all the pieces, try to play a real game. At the same time, do not forget to remind the baby how this or that figure walks if the child sometimes shows uncertainty. Play as often as possible, try to parse and analyze all the mistakes made.

Remember that you should not give in to the baby in the game. The child must understand the rules of the game in order to learn how to analyze not only his own, but also your moves. Do not forget to praise the child for a successful move. Having completed all the recommendations, you can independently teach your child to play chess from scratch.

Easy rules for a difficult game

All parents dream of raising a smart and successful child. For this, many people spare no effort and time, working with their child, defining it in various sections and circles. The game sections are most popular, as in children the game is the leading way to learn about the world. However, they should be not only exciting, but also useful. In this regard, it is useful to recall that chess is considered the most intellectual game.

What is the benefit for children

The famous Soviet teacher V.A. Sukhomlinsky said: "Without chess, it is impossible to imagine a full-fledged upbringing of mental abilities and memory."

Trying to comprehensively develop a child, do not miss the opportunity to teach your baby to play chess. Usually this task is posed to the older generation of the family - grandfather, grandmother, but, having refreshed their skills, parents can also cope. After all, the benefits of playing chess for a kid are obvious:

  • this game makes you think
  • to win, you need to be as attentive and focused as possible, and this teaches the child to predict the result of his actions,
  • with the help of a game of chess, children develop and train logical thinking,
  • the desire to win makes you show ingenuity, and losing teaches you not to lose heart and treat yourself self-critically, analyze your activities,
  • a game of chess develops perseverance and composure, which is especially true for very active kids.

What do the experts say?

Psychologists and educators argue that the best age to start learning chess is three years.The fact is that during this period the baby begins to realize himself independent, shows a keen interest in everything around him, asks countless questions: “Why?”, Sincerely gives himself to what is interesting to him (draws, sculpts, collects constructors) and loves games.

In addition, the beginning of learning to play chess is a purely family affair, and this strengthens the emotional relationship of the baby with loved ones.

In addition, parents should ensure that the child does not overwork from the game. Otherwise, he will quickly lose interest in a new kind of activity.

How to motivate a child

At a younger preschool age, children quickly light up with some activity, but also cool off just as quickly. Chess is a creative game, it requires not only to devote time to it, but also to exercise patience, and this is an impossible task for some children. How to motivate a baby? Psychologists recommend several methods for this:

  • Personal example. It's no secret that children copy the behavior of adults. Therefore, if the baby sees that dad or grandfather is playing chess, then he will definitely want to play with them.
  • Maintaining interest in the game. To do this, arrange a family chess tournament, and instruct the child to help prepare someone close to him. So the baby will not only train himself, but will also feel his importance among relatives. Also be sure to let your child win. But this should be done only if he is really on the path to victory.
  • Visit the chess sectionso that the child sees that his peers do not just learn to play, but compete as adults, build a training plan and are genuinely captured by activity.

Teaching methods

Children learn best from their parents - this is an indisputable truth that has been proven for centuries. Therefore, mothers and fathers need to know some simple rules for teaching a young child how to play chess:

  • Tell us about the origin of chess., that this is one of the oldest competitions that have survived to this day.
  • Imagine a chessboard as a battlefield. Tell us about the functions of each “fighter”: pawns play the role of infantry, the king is the general of the entire army, etc.
  • Devote one lesson to each figure. Explain how the pawns go, how they “eat” the pieces, how they occupy the positions of other pieces (except for the king, of course). Try to play the game with pawns alone. Who takes all - he won.
  • At the next entry-level lesson, askso that the kid himself placed the pieces on the board. If he gets very confused, help him and repeat the rules of placement.
  • Explain the rules of the game, the essence of the concept of "check" (which means “a threat to the king” in Persian) and how to escape from it (“eat” a menacing figure). Also tell us about the hopelessness for the king of the position of "mat" (not for nothing that in Arabic is "death"). The child at this stage must understand that the number of pieces the opponent has is not important, much more significant is how successful the move is.
  • Explain the functions of the rook, how the elephant, the queen walk.
  • Play a real game but do not be lazy again and again to repeat to the kid how chess pieces move.
    Another method of teaching chess is a computer program, but this option is suitable for older children who own a computer. But keep in mind that playing with an electronic simulator will take several hours of communication with your dear person.

Chess is an ancient and very wise game, which teaches not only to win, but also to justify it. Teach your child this exciting game, and you will bring up not only a worthy opponent, but also establish strong emotional ties with him.

More interesting!

Chess is an ancient intellectual game that has not lost its relevance even today, one and a half millennia after its appearance. She invariably entered the educational course of Indian, Persian and Arab rulers and military leaders, European kings and knights, Russian tsars and knights.

Provide the necessary mood for the child. Of course, children's consciousness is significantly different from the mind of a teenager or adult - and this must be taken into account before starting to learn. A child in preschool knows the world mainly through the game, so take advantage of this feature of his thinking. Turn in his mind a chessboard into a fabulous country, where two kings, their servants and troops come together in battle.

You can even come up with some simple story - the main thing is that the child feels interest and is carried away by the process. For example, white pieces can be arbitrarily designated as the light army of Good, and black - as the forces of Darkness, having connected them with a plot, there are a lot of corresponding legends and myths.

Start small. Chess is a difficult game, and an attempt to teach a child how to play it will not immediately lead to anything good. To master this art with the baby you need to gradually, so that he does not feel overloaded with information and fatigue. The first time 10-15 minutes a day is enough.

Then you can already begin to study the rules directly in the game. Start with a simple pawn move and then ascending. If you feel that the interest of the child from lesson to lesson is increasing, you are doing everything right. Spend the first battle. After the child has learned that the chessboard, and the figures are troops, you can proceed directly to the game, that is, the “battle”.

Tell him what is considered a victory in it, what is “check”, “checkmate”, “pat”, etc. Remember that it is best to submit it in a figurative form, in the form of a fairy tale or a story - so these concepts will be better absorbed the kid. After this, you can conduct a test battle, for example, using only one pawn. The child must understand how the pieces walk, how they can "eat" the enemy, etc.

Over time, games need to be complicated, made more interesting - because chess is not just entertainment, but a game that requires serious brain work. There are many resources and videos on the Internet that tell you how to properly teach your child how to play chess. But here it is important to understand that it depends on the level of the mentor how quickly and efficiently the baby will absorb the material. Sometimes a boring presentation discourages him from all his desire to spend his time studying this game.

Therefore, the best solution would be to choose courses where an experienced and professional teacher can teach a child how to play chess. Such classes are held, in particular, and in the club of children's creativity "House of the White Rabbit." They do not just give children information about this game, but they bring up respect for it and a desire to learn it for their own development.

What is worth knowing?

Chess is an incredibly fascinating, interesting and rather complicated board game. It promotes the development of logic, spatial-shaped thinking and intelligence in adults and children. In addition, in the process of the game, concentration, attentiveness and perseverance are formed, which is often not enough for kids at an early age.

Many parents who are fond of chess want to introduce their child to this game as early as possible. Experts in the field of intellectual games believe that the optimal age for teaching children chess is 4-5 years, however, you can show chess pieces to your son or daughter much earlier.

Learn from scratch

So, we teach the child to play chess. Where to begin? First of all, pick up beautiful souvenir chess that can interest the crumbs. Show the kid all the pieces, in a joking manner explain what functions each of them performs, and then show him the battlefield - a chessboard.

If the child categorically does not want to use the board, but he likes to just play with the pieces, it is better to move them away and get them out later, when the crumbs are a little older. Next, using the board, you need to demonstrate to the kid how pawns and other pieces go, and how to "eat".

For beginner children, playing chess can be done only with pawns. Remove all other pieces and invite the child to bring his pawns to your side of the field. Your task, accordingly, is to transfer your figures to the side of the baby. Naturally, at first it’s better to succumb to the peanut so that it does not get upset; otherwise, after one or two losses, the crumb will lose all desire to play.

Learning to play chess well is not as difficult for children as for adults. Kids very quickly absorb any information and are able to calculate moves several steps forward. Be sure that playing chess will be extremely useful for your child, so try to allocate time for training.

Instead of a conclusion

Chess is a very addictive intellectual game. It was invented more than two hundred years ago and has always been considered a sign of dignity and greatness. Today it is an official sport that is recognized in all countries of the world. But, unfortunately, not everyone can boast the ability to play this game.

The advantages of chess include the following factors:

  • Develop intellectual abilities, the ability to think rationally, think ahead
  • Train memory and attention
  • The will to win and character are brought up
  • Develop the ability to control themselves and respond,
  • In general, the game is very interesting, a large number of different figures develop a fantasy.

Scientists argue that people who know how to play chess since childhood, in the future become strong and important personalities. Therefore, many parents want to accustom their child to such a game in early childhood. Is it worth it to do and what do you need to know for this?

What should parents know?

The child’s consciousness has enough free space, so it is at this age that you need to accustom him to various activities. But for this it is necessary to create the right conditions so that the baby understands what they want from him.

To teach a child the skill of this game, you yourself need to understand a few things:

  • Subtleties of a game of chess, names of pieces, their moves, terminology,
  • Child-centered psychology
  • The mood of the baby, he wants it or not.

If parents set a goal to teach their child how to play chess, then they need to consider several factors:

  • The age of the child. It’s better to start from preschool or primary school,
  • Temperament of the baby. If, for example, the child is a bright sanguine person, then you should not expect him to sit for two hours and study quietly. In this case, you need to choose a game method.
  • The level of development of the child. Each baby develops in its own way, at different times they begin to talk, walk, eat on their own. Also with gaming skills. What one baby can understand and do at four years old will be available to another at six. This is a normal phenomenon, which should be paid special attention. If you don’t choose the right moment, relying on the child’s abilities, you can permanently instill an aversion to this game.

And most importantly, to teach a child how to play chess, you need to be patient. You should not expect that after several classes he will begin to replay you. This should be primarily a game that he likes and only with time, if he wants to, he will consolidate his skills.

Lessons for beginner chess players

Chess is a very interesting game, but rather difficult. It requires attention, mental abilities, patience, rational thinking and control. If you start learning in preschool kids, then you should understand that some concepts are not available to them, so the level must be omitted.

Chess lessons should be held calmly and with pleasure for both players. The child should receive new information gradually, in small quantities and without any screaming.

  • To familiarize the kid with the board. You can use the methods of association, for example, it can be a place of battle, where the cubes are the place of each warrior. It is necessary to tell how the board should lie correctly. You need to be prepared for the questions: why is it of two colors? Why are there so many cells on it? What signs are drawn around the edges?
  • After reading the board, go to the figures, using the association method, bring the figures to the battlefield as warriors. It is worth explaining that the two colors of the figures indicate rivals.
  • The first few exercises. First, put all the pieces on the board, arrange them in place. Explain to the kid who the pawns are and say the names of all the pieces. Another exercise is to arrange the pieces from the youngest (pawns) to the king.
  • At this stage, the basics of the chess game should be studied. First, the child must know the names of all the figures and correctly arrange them with the help of an adult.
  • Then you need to go to the rules of the game. Tell everything in detail, but so that the baby understands. It is necessary to start with simple phrases and each time to check whether this is available to the student or not. It is especially worth paying attention to the concepts of “check” and “checkmate”. In this case, you can also use the association method and use game concepts, for example, “capture” and “defeat”.
  • All situations need to be shown with examples using figures. But do not expect that the child will immediately remember all the names and their moves. This requires a minimum of three workouts.
  • When the child knows all the names and moves, you can start the game again. It is necessary that the kid independently put his pieces on the board. You only need to prompt if the child asks or is mistaken.
  • Before the game, the child must say the rules. Especially pay attention to the part that cannot be done, and what is considered wrong when playing chess.
  • It is very important to give in at the first games, to give the child to win. Better to have his move first. This will give him confidence and interest. If there is a permanent defeat, then he will simply be disappointed and quit playing.
  • If the child has lost, you can agree on a rematch or play it right there. Both partners should want to play and be satisfied in any situation.

When playing chess with a child, parents or teachers should understand that the main goal is not to educate the future Olympic champion, but to instill love for this game. The student should understand the essence and purpose of the game. Therefore, you should pay maximum attention to the moment of interest. Perhaps the child will want to learn when he sees this on TV or watches how adults play.

In this case, there can be no talk of violence. Otherwise, you can instill in your child hatred for this game. And if you force him, then he can play, know all the rules and moves, but it certainly will not bring any result. Teaching children requires patience, self-control and commitment.