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Aloe vera home growing

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Aloe can be found on the windows of many Russians. Its value is not only decorative, but also in the healing properties of juice. But it can be taken from healthy plants. You can grow aloe at home if you know the features of care. They will vary slightly depending on the species of this houseplant. Plants should be grown in comfortable conditions.

Species of aloe grown in the house

Aloe home plant varies in appearance, depending on the species. In nature, this plant is succulent high, forms thickets. Aloe is homemade in comparison with wild relatives - a dwarf, a hybrid.

Most often grown (description and photo):

Aloe vera has a short stem, fleshy smoky green leaves that are collected in a socket. The plate of the sheet is all in white spots. The edges of the spikes. It blooms, but rarely, but if aloe is treated at home according to all the rules, then it will throw out an inflorescence similar to a brush. Flowers are inconspicuous, yellowish.

Aloe tree It also has another name - agave. Growing fast. Gray-green leaves, resembling swords, are located on the stems, forming a rosette. Flowers are a rare occurrence, but if they appear, please the eye with red, yellow or pink inflorescences. On some plants, the flower is scarlet.

Aloe motley, with a tiger-colored green leaf, grows up to 30 cm. Rosettes are arranged in a spiral. It is appreciated by flower growers because of decorativeness. There is only one answer to the question of how often aloe blooms: pink or yellow inflorescences resembling tassels are not often seen.

Any of these varieties can be used as a therapeutic and cosmetic product. Beauticians all over the world prepare anti-aging, medicinal preparations with leaf juice.

In order for the plant to please, you need to know how to care for aloe at home.

Watering Rules

Aloe with proper care at home grows rapidly. When watering aloe, you must follow this rule:

  1. In summer, once every 7 days is enough, but plentiful. If the agave begins to bloom, watering increases.
  2. In winter, when the plant is resting, it grows very slowly, moisture consumption is minimal, it is enough to water once every 15 days.

And how to water aloe so as not to harm:

  • Do not allow stagnation of moisture. The roots in the water rot. The lack of moisture in the soil is easily determined: usually the fleshy leaves become flat, and the tops are curled.
  • To prevent stagnation, a drainage pillow made of expanded clay, brick chips, and small gravel helps.
  • Before planting aloe, the bottom of the pot is drilled in several places, so that excess water flows into the pan, otherwise the earth becomes covered with green bloom.
  • It is forbidden to water from above. It is better to pour water into the pan and put a flower in it.
  • Use water at room temperature. If water is taken from the system, then it is pre-settled.
  • In the summer around the plant create increased humidity by spraying
  • Once every two months, special fertilizers are added to water for irrigation and fed to a home doctor.

How to care for aloe vera

As mentioned above, growing aloe vera at home is not at all difficult if you know the right technique. Although this plant does not require careful care, there are still certain recommendations that you need to know in order for the aloe to grow well and remain healthy. You can buy aloe vera for growing at home in the store. When buying aloe vera, pay attention to its condition. The plant should be healthy, without damage, marks and spots. You should not buy a plant with saggy leaves. Aloe age can be determined by its root system. The larger the root system, the older the plant. It is better to buy a young plant.

Having acquired a healthy, young aloe plant and bringing it home, you need to take care of planting it in a suitable pot. It should be noted that the growth and health of aloe directly depends on such vital factors as sunlight, water and soil type.

Sunlight for Aloe

Aloe vera needs bright light for growth, but too bright light can damage the leaves. Dark brown or orange spots may appear on the leaves, indicating sunburn. These spots can be either single or cover the entire surface of the sheet. Therefore, it is better to keep aloe in a shady place where direct sunlight does not fall. Aloe pot is best placed on a windowsill on the east or west side.

Aloe Fertilizer and Soil

The soil for growing aloe should be good drainage. It is recommended to use sandy soil. Today in stores you can buy special soil for growing cactus plants. Fertilizing the soil is recommended once a year, it is best to do it in the spring. It is recommended to use organic fertilizers for this.

How to water aloe at home

Aloe vera has fleshy leaves that allow the plant to retain water. Therefore, the need for water in this plant is very low and excessive watering can cause decay. Water aloe only when the soil is dry. It is enough to water aloe once or twice a month.

Aloe is recommended to be grown in pots with drainage holes through which excess water will leave.

Aloe transplant at home

A healthy aloe vera plant grows very quickly and produces many processes. If the plant has outgrown the size of the pot, or if its root system has ceased to fit in the pot, you should think about transplanting it. For transplanting, it is better to use terracotta pots, as they are porous and well drain water. And it’s better to use wide, rather than deep pots, since the aloe root system grows in breadth rather than in depth. Water aloe during a transplant and do not water after that for three weeks. Color change after transplantation is a common occurrence for this plant.

Adverse Conditions for Aloe

Although growing aloe vera is easy, adverse conditions can adversely affect this plant. Most often, a discoloration and sagging leaves are observed. In this case, the problem most often lies in improper drainage, poor lighting or cold. Although this plant needs a small amount of water, a complete lack of water can cause thinning of the leaves. Slow growth of aloe may be due to excessive watering or excess fertilizer. Lack of light and increased alkalinity of the soil can also slow down the growth of aloe.

If you want to use aloe for medicinal purposes, choose the leaves that are closest to the soil. Use a gel-like substance, and do not use yellowish juice, as it is toxic. When applied topically, this juice can cause contact dermatitis, and when taken orally, it can cause stomach cramps, diarrhea, and redness of the urine.

Lighting Features

We talked about how to water aloe, it is time to talk about lighting. Any home flower is demanding on a certain light mode. Place agave on a sunny windowsill. With regards to the winter period, it can withstand blackout well, avoiding artificial highlighting.

To form a uniform arrangement of leaves, indoor flowers, including the agave, are moved to the balcony for the summer. You need to set so that direct sunlight does not fall on it and does not burn.

Correct care for the agave, which means creating temperature conditions: in the summer from +22 to 26 degrees, in winter within +10 and slightly higher.

Transplant Rules

Indoor flower needs replanting. This procedure is usually carried out with the onset of spring days. If you correctly transplant the agave, then it quickly takes root and begins to form new leaves.

Before transplanting aloe at home, divide the plants by age. If the plant is young, he needs to change the pot and soil annually. Old after 2 or 3 years. It is necessary to plant heavily overgrown ages, regardless of age.

After preparing the container and soil, separate the plant with a knife from the pot. From the roots you need to shake off the old earth, cut off the darkened roots. The same operation is carried out with damaged roots. Having placed the flower in the center, you need to add soil and compact it.

When aloe is transplanted, a lot of diverse planting material remains:

  • root shoots
  • accidentally broken leaves
  • cut stalk from the top. By the way, the top is specially cut to get a new plant.

What method of breeding aloe choose

There are several ways to reproduce aloe, each requires its own approach. Therefore, it will be necessary to determine if there is no experience, and choose one thing:

  1. The seeds. Not all flower growers decide on this method, because it takes a whole year to get a flower. It looks like this: sowing seeds, getting seedlings, caring for her, creating certain conditions. Have to mess around like a little child.
  2. Growing aloe from a leaf is a practical method. Nip off planting material, sprinkle a section activated carbon. Let it lie to him for 5 days, to dry. Then immerse in the ground by 5 cm, cover with a jar. Since the leaf is without root, planting is carried out in moist soil, covered with a jar from above. The created greenhouse effect accelerates the development of the root system (10-15 days).
  3. Now let's figure out how to grow aloe from a shoot. Take the right part from a healthy plant. The shoot must have up to 8 leaves. Trim the aloe in the right place and remove the planting material to dry for five days. Before planting an aloe sprout, it is necessary to make sure that the lower leaves reach the moist soil. The shoot is well rooted on the illuminated windowsill. The first signs that the plant gave roots will appear in about a month.
  4. Ages are propagated by children. This is the name of the shoots coming from the root. If aloe babies are rootless, they can also be used as planting stock. The root system will then develop.

Plant diseases and pests, how to fight

Agave unpretentious plant, but affected by disease or pests, looks depressing.

Consider the most common problems.

PROBLEMCAUSEMETHOD OF SOLUTION
Root rot, leaf lightening, decay of the lower part of the plantExcessive wateringReduce the intensity, wait until the earth dries. If the problem persists, transplant in any way.
Sudden falling of leavesWhen watering, cold water was used or the plant stands in the coldPour with warm, settled water, find a more suitable place
Brown spotsNot enough moistureIncrease watering
Soft spotsFungusApply fungicide to the treatment, ventilate the room
Strong stretching plantLack of lightMove to lighted window

There are insects that can cause irreparable harm. You need to beware of scale insects, spider mites, mealybugs, thrips. Measures to combat them are the same as with other indoor plants.

Conclusion

pictured aloe marloth / A.marlothii

Centennial must be in every family. It is advisable to put a flower pot in the bedroom to get enough oxygen at night.

Aloe, growing in the house, is associated with many signs:

  • protects the house and residents from the evil eye, damage, brings good luck,
  • people live happily ever after
  • agave bloom is associated with the angel who settled in the house.

If the plant is used for medicinal purposes, then you need to take leaves from the oldest. How to determine the age of aloe? This can be done using the height of the plant: if above 20 cm, then about 3 years.

Video “A centenary in the house”

About the methods of keeping indoor plants described in the video.

Aloe requires good lighting throughout the year. The light must be natural, sunny. Aloe at home should be left on the windowsills, and in summer it is better to take the flower pot out onto the balcony. The most favorable for placement are the eastern and western sides of the room.

Too bright sunlight is contraindicated. There is a risk of sunburn, which occurs as brown or yellow spots. It is forbidden to use special lamps, as they can lead to diseases.

If the soil has been correctly selected and all the rules for caring for the plant are followed, there is no need to add fertilizers. They should be used only if the flower is slowly growing or has any disease.

Organic fertilizers are considered the most suitable for aloe vera. It is recommended to add them in the spring once a month. You can choose universal or complex fertilizers for indoor plants. Before use, you should carefully read the instructions. It is recommended to add half a single dose of fertilizer.

An important point of care is watering. It depends on the size of the flower and the season. In summer, the plant should be watered abundantly, with a frequency of 2-3 times a week. In winter, during a period of slow growth, water should be added only after the earth has completely dried. You can add water to the pan and then the flower will take exactly as much water as it needs.

Basic requirements for water for irrigation and flower care:

the water should not be hard, it is advisable to use spring water, and not from the tap,

before irrigation, water must be defended during the day,

the water should not be too cold or hot, the optimum temperature for watering is + 18-22 degrees.

In order to avoid flooding the plant, it should be grown in a pot with drainage holes (excess moisture will come out through them). At the bottom of the pot you need to add expanded clay. Before watering the plant, it is recommended to pour water from the pan or water it after the plant has absorbed all the water.

The plant is quite fast growing. Therefore, he will have to change flowerpots and soil often. Choose a pot should be especially careful. It is recommended to choose a ceramic flowerpot, which without fail will have several drainage holes and a pallet. The diameter of the pot should be several cm larger than the previous one.

After choosing a pot for transplanting, special attention must be paid to the soil. It is recommended to grow aloe vera in a universal substrate for home flowers. You can make the soil yourself. Mandatory components of such land should be:

If it was decided to independently create the necessary soil, in the future care will have to include the mandatory addition of organic fertilizers.

What is aloe vera and agave, what is the difference between them, where is the birthplace of the plant?

Aloe is an excellent tool that helps relieve pain and accelerate the healing process of cuts, and also cures chronic diseases. There are a lot of varieties of this plant. But the most common in our region are:

  • Aloe is tree-like (and also called “agave”)
  • Aloe vera

Aloe refers to succulent plants that do not require abundant watering. In winter, it should be watered no more than once a month, in the summer a little more often.

IMPORTANT: Plants, there are no more than 500 species, which are mainly distributed in Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.

The healing properties of the plant:

  • Pain relief and faster healing of cuts
  • Facilitates the course of bronchopulmonary disease
  • Reduces stomach pain
  • Improves eye disease
  • Aloe is indispensable in cosmetology for skin and hair
  • The plant has many beneficial components that strengthen the immune system.
The beneficial properties of aloe

Aloe is good for both pulp and juice. Lower thick leaves are suitable for pulp. When the tip of the leaf began to dry out a little, this means that the plant gave the maximum share of nutrients and the leaf is ready for use.

To use the pulp, you need to put the sheet in the refrigerator for several days and, rinsing with boiled water, remove the skin. Now the pulp can be used.

Agave is most often used for external use, namely for:

  • Wound healing and eczema
  • Soothing Dermatitis
  • Boils Healing
  • Acceleration of tissue regeneration in case of burn or frostbite
  • Facilitation of the course of varicose veins
  • Skin moisturizing
  • Wrinkle reduction
  • Reducing itching with an insect bite
  • Strengthening hair, getting rid of dandruff
  • Postoperative Scar Smoothing

Aloe vera is used for internal use, namely for:

  • Immunity strengthening
  • Stabilize blood sugar
  • Digestive Disorder Prevention
  • Heart muscle strengthening
  • Gum Solutions
  • Reducing inflammation in arthritis
  • Improving the genitourinary system

But there are contraindications for the use of both plants. So:

  • Aloe vera can not be used for people with a low blood sugar, since this plant can lower the rate even more.
  • People who have experienced spasm of blood vessels should also carefully approach the use of plants. Since aloe leads to the fact that the vessels become even wider.
  • It is also not advisable to use aloe for pregnant women. Не исключен риск кровотечений.
  • Столетник запрещен при онкологии, так как он способствует росту клеток в организме и не исключено, что именно раковые клетки будут размножаться при использовании растения.
  • With purulent wounds, first you need to remove the pus, and after that use the agave. Since the top of the skin will heal, and the pus inside will remain.

What pot and soil are needed for planting aloe vera, agave?

Planting or transplanting any type of aloe is desirable in the spring. It is during this period that vegetation begins, and the plant has already faded during transplantation.

The plant that you plant for the first time will need to be replanted in a year. More mature plants are transplanted every 2-3 years, depending on the growth of aloe.

It is very simple to determine whether a plant needs a transplant: if you take out the aloe from the pot and see that the roots are densely intertwined, but there is no mail land, this means that the plant urgently needs to be transplanted.

Pots are mainly made of plastic or clay. And in this and that variant there are advantages and disadvantages:

  • Plastic pots are light and cheap. But because of their lightness, they become unstable and crack easily.
  • The roots in the plastic pots are arranged more evenly and the holes are easier to make.
  • In clay pots, moisture evaporates faster, so you need to water aloe more often.
  • Clay pots well retain the temperature necessary for the plant, so aloe will be protected from overheating. In such pots, plants can even be planted in the ground for the summer.

If during transplantation you saw that the root system is wide, then you need to take a larger diameter pot. Roots growing deeper into the vessel require a higher pot.

IMPORTANT: The size of the aloe transplant pot must match the size of the root system. The bottom of the pot should have openings for draining liquid.

If you transplant plants in large pots, and in the old ones plant a new scarlet, then the plastic container should be thoroughly washed with hot water and soap, and the clay should be heated in the oven. So you will prevent a possible attack of pests on new residents.

Now we turn to the issue of soil for the plant. For aloe, an ideal option would be a combination of turf land and charcoal, as well as sand and humus in equal parts.

The day before the transplant or planting, the plant must be carefully watered. Then loosen the soil from the above components and carefully place the aloe in the pot. Make sure that the root neck is a few centimeters above the poured soil. The earth needs to be thoroughly trampled and watered.

When you plant or transplant a flower, you need to put it in a dark place and not water it for several days. If there is excess moisture in the pot, this can lead to rotting of the roots.

How to propagate, plant and grow aloe vera, agave apex, from a shoot without root, leaf and seeds?

Aloe can be propagated in many ways. Let's look at each of them. The first way is cuttings. In this way, reproduction is possible year-round, but it is better to carry out the process of reproduction in the summer.

Cuttings are located on the sides of the stem of the plant. The breeding process is as follows:

  • Cut the stalk at the base and dry for 5 days in a dark place.
  • Coat the cut with chopped charcoal.
  • Plant the cuttings after 5 days in wet sand at a distance of 5 cm from each other to a depth of 1 cm.
  • Moisten the sand lightly regularly, and when the first roots appear, increase watering.
  • After 7 days, plant the cuttings in pots.
  • The mixture for young plants must be selected in the same way as indicated previously.
Cuttings

Aloe can be propagated by leaf. For this:

  • Cut or pinch off the sheet at the base and place it in a dark place.
  • You need to keep it there until the cut point dries.
  • Plant the leaf in sandy soil to a depth of 3 cm and water regularly until you see the sprouts.

Aloe can be propagated if you use shoots, i.e. children of the plant. It is very easy to do. You only need to carefully dig up the young plants and transplant them into a separate pot with soil, in which the sand mixture exceeds.

Aloe propagation is also carried out using seeds. This is a rather time-consuming task, which will require planting seeds at the end of winter at room temperature. It is necessary to monitor regular watering and soil quality. It should consist of sand, turf and sheet land in equal parts.

After seedlings, seedlings need to be transplanted into small boxes with the same soil composition. When the plants are already strong enough, you can plant them in pots.

Leaf propagation

The last way is the top propagation of plants. In this case, you need a tip of aloe with 7 leaves, which must be put in a jar of water. After the plant takes root, it needs to be transplanted into a pot.

What to do to make aloe bloom?

Blooming aloe is a very rare event, because even in the greenhouse this process takes place once every twenty years. And then, only special conditions are needed. And at home, the flowering plant is almost impossible to see.

During flowering, aloe grows from 30 to 80 cm peduncle, on which are large inflorescences of tubular flowers. Different species have different flower colors.

Aloe bloom

If you are still determined to see aloe bloom at home, then you need to wait until the plant is 10 years old. Choose a winter period for preparation, because the plant needs a period of rest before an important event.

  • The temperature in which aloe will be located should be low (10-14 degrees). But additional lighting should be installed in the room to extend daylight hours.
  • Maintain dry indoor air to prevent root decay.
  • For watering, use a water pan in which you will immerse the pot with the plant for 10 minutes.

Under such conditions, it is possible to see the flowering plant. Aloe flower has a very strong smell due to the large amount of nectar.

IMPORTANT: You can’t stay indoors for a long time with a flowering plant, as you may feel a severe headache.

When the aloe blooms, the temperature can be raised by 10 degrees, but the light should be in the room with the flower for as long as possible. If aloe grows in you for more than 20 years, but does not bloom, then the conditions for it are not suitable. At rest, the plant can always be, therefore it is called the agave.

In places of origin, aloe blooms 1-2 times a year. Most often, the plant blooms once a year for 6 months, from early spring to early fall.

What and how to feed the agave, aloe vera in spring, summer, autumn, winter?

When aloe grows, it needs to be fed 2 times a month. Choose plants that fertilize cacti and succulents.

  • Use liquid mineral fertilizer, but be careful not to drop drops on aloe leaves.
  • With the advent of summer, the plant must also be fertilized twice a week with an integrated fertilizer for cacti. This helps to stimulate growth and improve the general condition of the plant.
  • Before you fertilize the plant, you need to thoroughly moisten the soil. Since an excessive concentration of salts can adversely affect the plant without prior watering. Therefore, only when the soil is wet can you use fertilizer.
  • If you just bought aloe, then top dressing should be used a month after planting. When plants propagate at home, fertilizer is carried out after the appearance of sprouts.
  • After the first feeding of young aloe, the next should be carried out no earlier than half a year later.
  • If you planted a young aloe in special soil for cacti or succulents, then feeding for 8-9 months is not required.
  • The application of top dressing is carried out only on a healthy plant, a diseased flower must first be cured.

Diseases of the flower of aloe vera, agave - the ends of the leaves turn yellow and dry out: what to do?

Aloe is most often affected by root and dry rot. Let's look at each of these diseases in more detail:

  • Roots rot with heavy and frequent watering. If you diagnose the disease in time, you can save the plant.
  • If you see that aloe does not grow, and the stem dries, then most likely the plant is sick.
  • Check the roots and remove the rotten parts. Pour the remaining roots with coal powder and plant in fresh soil, with a significant predominance of sand.
  • Resume watering after only 3 weeks.
  • A plant with completely rotten roots should be propagated by cuttings. Keep the cut portion healthy.
  • A completely damaged plant that could not be saved should be thrown away with a pot and soil.
    dry rot affects plants that are in the wrong place. Aloe in this case begins to dry very quickly. There are no control measures in this case, since the process of plant death occurs very quickly.
Aloe disease

It also happens that aloe leaves turn yellow. In this case, we can talk about this reason:

  • The plant was cramped in the pot in which aloe grows. The root system in aloe develops quite quickly. Therefore, the drying leaves of aloe signals the need for transplantation.
  • Excessive watering. Aloe should not be flooded. And if you saw yellow leaves, and the plant has been replanted recently, then you should dig the ground and get to the root. If you notice rot in the soil or on the roots, this may be the reason for the color change of the leaves.
  • Incorrect placement. Aloe is extremely unpretentious, but still needs enough light.

IMPORTANT: In order to return aloe leaves to their former bright light, carefully monitor the place where you determined the pot with the plant, as well as the amount of watering. You should also not overfeed the plant with fertilizer. Since an excess of components can lead to yellowing leaves and weakening of the stem and root of the plant.

Take care of aloe vera carefully and do not overdo it with care. Then you can enjoy the rich color and powerful leaves of the plant.

The magical properties of aloe

Finally, let's talk about the magical properties of this plant. If someone does not know, then perhaps after reading this information, he will immediately go to the aloe flower shop. For those who have a plant at home, it will be useful to find out interesting information about their plant. And you should also observe, perhaps, some magical signs already exist in your home.

  • Aloe is the protector of the house and its residents from an accident.
  • In the places of origin of the plant, its leaves are hung above the front door, as a protection from troubles and attract good luck.
  • The ancient Egyptians brought the leaves as a gift to the gods, as a healing remedy.
  • In Western Europe hundreds of years ago, the agave was considered a plant that brings love and faith to the hearts.
  • According to bio-energetics, aloe in a house with sick people is of particular value. Indeed, in this case, the plant is an aura cleaner.
  • To protect yourself from the evil eye, hang a dried leaf of aloe over the front door.
  • Talismans were made from aloe roots. To do this, they were dried, put in a bag and hung on the neck or hidden in an inner pocket.
  • The plant was used to attract grooms and love. Drying 13 leaves was burned on day 13 and ash was developed in front of the house. But it is important to sincerely ask for forgiveness from the plant during the picking of leaves.

If your aloe bloomed, it means that you and your family will soon smile luck and happiness. So let each of us at least once a year blooms this plant.

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